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2016 국가직 9급 영어 해설 김영국 (2017-10-06 / 324.9KB / 6,382회)


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영 어 2 책형 1 쪽 영 어 문 1. 밑줄 친 부분에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? The campaign to eliminate pollution will prove ________ unless it has the understanding and full cooperation of the public. ① enticing ② enhanced ③ fertile ④ futile 문 2. 밑줄 친 부분과 의미가 가장 가까운 것은? Up to now, newspaper articles have only scratched the surface of this tremendously complex issue. ① superficially dealt with ② hit the nail on the head of ③ seized hold of ④ positively followed up on ※ 밑줄 친 부분에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것을 고르시오. [문 3~문 4] 문 3. A : I'd like to get a refund for this tablecloth I bought here yesterday. B : Is there a problem with the tablecloth? A : It doesn't fit our table and I would like to return it. Here is my receipt. B : I'm sorry, but this tablecloth was a final sale item, and it cannot be refunded. A : ______________________________________ B : It's written at the bottom of the receipt. ① Nobody mentioned that to me. ② Where is the price tag? ③ What's the problem with it? ④ I got a good deal on it. 문 4. A : Hello? Hi, Stephanie. I'm on my way to the office. Do you need anything? B : Hi, Luke. Can you please pick up extra paper for the printer? A : What did you say? Did you say to pick up ink for the printer? Sorry, ________________________________ B : Can you hear me now? I said I need more paper for the printer. A : Can you repeat that, please? B : Never mind. I'll text you. A : Okay. Thanks, Stephanie. See you soon. ① My phone has really bad reception here. ② I couldn't pick up more paper. ③ I think I've dialed the wrong number. ④ I'll buy each item separately this time. 문 5. 우리말을 영어로 잘못 옮긴 것은? ① 나의 이모는 파티에서 그녀를 만난 것을 기억하지 못했다. → My aunt didn't remember meeting her at the party. ② 나의 첫 책을 쓰는 데 40년이 걸렸다. → It took me 40 years to write my first book. ③ 학교에서 집으로 걸어오고 있을 때 강풍에 내 우산이 뒤집혔다. → A strong wind blew my umbrella inside out as I was walking home from school. ④ 끝까지 생존하는 생물은 가장 강한 생물도, 가장 지적인 생물도 아니고, 변화에 가장 잘 반응하는 생물이다. → It is not the strongest of the species, nor the most intelligent, or the one most responsive to change that survives to the end. 문 6. 글의 제목으로 가장 적절한 것은? After analyzing a mass of data on job interview results, a research team discovered a surprising reality. Did the likelihood of being hired depend on qualifications? Or was it work experience? In fact, it was neither. It was just one important factor: did the candidate appear to be a pleasant person. Those candidates who had managed to ingratiate themselves were very likely to be offered a position; they had charmed their way to success. Some had made a special effort to smile and maintain eye contact. Others had praised the organization. This positivity had convinced the interviewers that such pleasant and socially skilled applicants would fit well into the workplace, and so should be offered a job. ① To Get a Job, Be a Pleasant Person ② More Qualifications Bring Better Chances ③ It Is Ability That Counts, Not Personality ④ Show Yourself As You Are at an Interview 문 7. 글의 내용과 일치하지 않는 것은? Most writers lead double lives. They earn good money at legitimate professions, and carve out time for their writing as best they can: early in the morning, late at night, weekends, vacations. William Carlos Williams and Louis-Ferdinand Céline were doctors. Wallace Stevens worked for an insurance company. T.S. Elliot was a banker, then a publisher. Don DeLilo, Peter Carey, Salman Rushdie, and Elmore Leonard all worked for long stretches in advertising. Other writers teach. That is probably the most common solution today, and with every major university and college offering so-called creative writing courses, novelists and poets are continually scratching and scrambling to land themselves a spot. Who can blame them? The salaries might not be big, but the work is steady and the hours are good. ① Some writers struggle for teaching positions to teach creative writing courses. ② As a doctor, William Carlos Williams tried to find the time to write. ③ Teaching is a common way for writers to make a living today. ④ Salman Rushdie worked briefly in advertising with great triumph. 영 어 2 책형 2 쪽 문 8. 글의 흐름상 가장 어색한 문장은? One of the largest celebrations of the passage of young girls into womanhood occurs in Latin American and Hispanic cultures. This event is called La Quinceañera, or the fifteenth year. ① It acknowledges that a young woman is now of marriageable age. The day usually begins with a Mass of Thanksgiving. ② By comparing the rites of passage of one culture with those of another, we can assess differences in class status. The young woman wears a full-length white or pastel-colored dress and is attended by fourteen friends and relatives who serve as maids of honor and male escorts. ③Her parents and godparents surround her at the foot of the altar. When the Mass ends, other young relatives give small gifts to those who attended, while the Quinceañera herself places a bouquet of flowers on the altar of the Virgin. ④Following the Mass is an elaborate party, with dancing, cake, and toasts. Finally, to end the evening, the young woman dances a waltz with her favorite escort. 문 9. 주어진 문장이 들어갈 위치로 가장 적절한 곳은? He dismally fails the first two, but redeems himself in the concluding whale episode, where he does indeed demonstrate courage, honesty, and unselfishness. Disney's work draws heavily from fairy tales, myths, and folklore, which are profuse in archetypal elements. ( ① ) Pinocchio is a good example of how these elements can be emphasized rather than submerged beneath a surface realism. ( ② ) Early in the film, the boy/puppet Pinocchio is told that in order to be a "real boy," he must show that he is "brave, truthful, and unselfish." ( ③ ) The three principal episodes of the movie represent ritualistic trials, testing the youth's moral fortitude. ( ④ ) As such, like most of Disney's works, the values in Pinocchio are traditional and conservative, an affirmation of the sanctity of the family unit, the importance of a Higher Power in guiding our destinies, and the need to play by society's rules. 문 10. 글의 내용과 일치하지 않는 것은? Stanislavski was fortunate in many ways. He was the son of a wealthy man who could give him the advantages of a broad education, the opportunity to see the greatest exponents of theatre art at home and abroad. He acquired a great reputation because he had set high goals and never faltered along the hard road leading to them. His personal integrity and inexhaustible capacity for work contributed to making him a professional artist of the first rank. Stanislavski was also richly endowed by nature with a handsome exterior, fine voice and genuine talent. As an actor, director and teacher, he was destined to influence and inspire the many who worked with him and under him or who had the privilege of seeing him on the stage. ① Stanislavski was born with attractive features. ② Stanislavski remained uninfluential on his colleagues throughout his life. ③ Stanislavski's father was affluent enough to support his education. ④ Stanislavski became a top-ranked artist by the aid of his upright character and untiring competence. ※ 밑줄 친 부분과 의미가 가장 가까운 것을 고르시오. [문 11 ~ 문 12] 문 11. It was personal. Why did you have to stick your nose in? ① hurry ② interfere ③ sniff ④ resign 문 12. Newton made unprecedented contributions to mathematics, optics, and mechanical physics. ① mediocre ② suggestive ③ unsurpassed ④ provocative 문 13. 어법상 옳은 것은? ① Jessica is a much careless person who makes little effort to improve her knowledge. ② But he will come or not is not certain. ③ The police demanded that she not leave the country for the time being. ④ The more a hotel is expensiver, the better its service is. 문 14. 글의 제목으로 가장 적절한 것은? Character is a respect for human beings and the right to interpret experience differently. Character admits self-interest as a natural trait, but pins its faith on man's hesitant but heartening instinct to cooperate. Character is allergic to tyranny, irritable with ignorance and always open to improvement. Character is, above all, a tremendous humility before the facts ― an automatic alliance with truth even when that truth is bitter medicine. ① Character's Resistance to Truth ② How to Cooperate with Characters ③ The Ignorance of Character ④ What Character Means 문 15. 글의 주제로 가장 적절한 것은? Children who under-achieve at school may just have poor working memory rather than low intelligence. Researchers from a university surveyed more than 3,000 primary school children of all ages and found that 10 % of them suffer from poor working memory, which seriously impedes their learning. Nationally, this equates to almost 500,000 children in primary education being affected. The researchers also found that teachers rarely identify poor working memory and often describe children with this problem as inattentive or less intelligent. ① children's identification with teachers at school ② low intelligence of primary school children ③ influence of poor working memory on primary school children ④ teachers' efforts to solve children's working-memory problem 영 어 2 책형 3 쪽 문 16. 글의 내용과 일치하는 것은? A new study by Harvard researchers may provide a compelling reason to remove canned soup and juice from your dining table. People who ate one serving of canned food daily over the course of five days, the study found, had significantly elevated levels ― more than a tenfold increase ―of bisphenol-A, or BPA, a substance that lines most food and drink cans. Public health officials in the United States have come under increasing pressure to regulate it. Some of the research on BPA shows that it is linked to a higher risk of cancer, heart disease, and obesity. Some researchers, though, counter that its reputation as a health threat to people is exaggerated. The new study published in The Journal of the American Medical Association is the first to measure the amounts of BPA that are ingested when people eat food that comes directly out of a can. ① 하버드의 새로운 연구가 통조림 음식의 안전성을 입증하였다. ② 비스페놀 A와 암, 심장병, 비만의 연관성이 과장되었다는 데에 모든 학자들이 동의한다. ③ 통조림 음식으로부터 사람의 몸에 유입된 비스페놀 A의 양이 아직 측정되지 않았다. ④ 미국의 보건 관리들은 비스페놀 A를 규제하라는 압력을 점점 더 받고 있다. 문 17. 주어진 글 다음에 이어질 글의 순서로 가장 적절한 것은? All animals have the same kind of brain activation during sleep as humans. Whether or not they dream is another question, which can be answered only by posing another one: Do animals have consciousness? (A) These are three of the key aspects of consciousness, and they could be experienced whether or not an animal had verbal language as we do. When the animal's brain is activated during sleep, why not assume that the animal has some sort of perceptual, emotional, and memory experience? (B) Many scientists today feel that animals probably do have a limited form of consciousness, quite different from ours in that it lacks language and the capacity for propositional or symbolic thought. (C) Animals certainly can't report dreams even if they do have them. But which pet owner would doubt that his or her favourite animal friend has perception, memory, and emotion? ① (A) - (B) - (C) ② (A) - (C) - (B) ③ (B) - (C) - (A) ④ (C) - (B) - (A) 문 18. 밑줄 친 부분 중 어법상 옳은 것은? ①As the old saying go, you are what you eat. The foods you eat ②obvious affect your body's performance. They may also influence how your brain handles tasks. If your brain handles them well, you think more clearly, and you are more emotionally stable. The right food can ③ help you being concentrated, keep you motivated, sharpen your memory, speed your reaction time, reduce stress, and perhaps ④even prevent your brain from aging. ※ 밑줄 친 부분에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것을 고르시오. [문 19~문 20] 문 19. There's a knock at your door. Standing in front of you is a young man who needs help. He's injured and is bleeding. You take him in and help him, make him feel comfortable and safe and phone for an ambulance. This is clearly the right thing to do. But if you help him just because you feel sorry for him, according to Immanuel Kant, ______________________. Your sympathy is irrelevant to the morality of your action. That's part of your character, but nothing to do with right and wrong. Morality for Kant wasn't just about what you do, but about why you do it. Those who do the right thing don't do it simply because of how they feel: the decision has to be based on reason, reason that tells you what your duty is, regardless of how you happen to feel. ① that wouldn't be a moral action at all ② your action is founded on reason ③ then you're exhibiting ethical behavior ④ you're encouraging him to be an honest person 문 20. A group of tribes and genera of hopping reptiles, small creatures of the dinosaur type, seem to have been pushed by competition and the pursuit of their enemies towards the alternatives of extinction or adaptation to colder conditions in the higher hills or by the sea. Among these distressed tribes there was developed a new type of scale ― scales that were elongated into quill-like forms and that presently branched into the crude beginnings of feathers. These quill-like scales lay over one another and formed a heat-retaining covering more efficient than any reptilian covering that had hitherto existed. So they permitted an invasion of colder regions that were otherwise uninhabited. Perhaps simultaneously with these changes there arose in these creatures a greater solicitude for their eggs. Most reptiles are apparently quite careless about their eggs, which are left for sun and season to hatch. But some of the varieties upon this new branch of the tree of life were acquiring a habit of guarding their eggs and ________________________________. With these adaptations to cold, other internal modifications were going on that made these creatures, the primitive birds, warm-blooded and independent of basking. ① hatching them unsuccessfully ② leaving them under the sun on their own ③ keeping them warm with the warmth of their bodies ④ flying them to scaled reptiles


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2016 국가직 9급 식용작물 문제 해설 (2017-10-06) 2016 국가직 9급 안전관리론 문제 정답 (2021-05-02) →2016 국가직 9급 영어 문제 해설 +24 (2017-10-06) 2016 국가직 9급 응용역학 문제 해설 +1 (2017-10-06) 2016 국가직 9급 임업경영 문제 해설 (2017-10-06)
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