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2017.10.07 07:00

2017 지방직 7급 영어 문제 해설 (9)

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영 어 B 책형 1 쪽 영 어 문 1. 밑줄 친 부분에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? Many species of insects, like katydids and walking sticks, resemble leaves. This form of mimicry, in which animals _____________ themselves as uninteresting and inedible objects to evade predators, is known as masquerade. *katydid : 미국산 여칫과(科)의 곤충 *walking stick : 대벌레 ① clone ② detain ③ camouflage ④ domesticate 문 2. 밑줄 친 부분에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? Jane Fox : Hello, this is Jane Fox from Prime Company calling. May I speak to Mr. Kim? Ted Kim : Good morning, Ms. Fox. This is Ted Kim. Jane Fox : Hi, Mr. Kim. I'd like to place an order for a number of your Comfort desk units. Ted Kim : Sure. How many are you interested in ordering? Jane Fox : I'd like 75 units by the end of the month. Could I get an estimate before placing an order? Ted Kim : Of course. I'll have it for you by the end of the day. Jane Fox : Sounds good. ______________________________ Ted Kim : Certainly. Our delivery dates depend on your location, but we can usually deliver within 14 business days. ① Are the estimates accurate? ② Can you give me an approximate cost? ③ Do you ship door-to-door? ④ Is it the major cause of delayed delivery? 문 3. 주어진 글 다음에 올 글의 순서로 가장 적절한 것은? Neuroscientists and those in middle age or beyond know that brains alter and slow as we grow older. Processing speed, which is a measure of how rapidly our brains can absorb, assess and respond to new information, seems to be particularly hard hit. Most people who are older than about 40 perform worse on tests of processing speed than those who are younger, with the effects accelerating as the decades pass. (A) But in older people, brain scans show, the white matter can be skimpier and less efficient. Messages stutter and slow. (B) Scientists suspect that this decline is due in large part to a concomitant fraying of our brain's white matter, which is its wiring. (C) In young brains, these messages whip from neuron to neuron with boggling speed. (D) White matter consists of specialized cells and their offshoots that pass messages between neurons and from one part of the brain to another. ① (A) - (B) - (D) - (C) ② (B) - (D) - (C) - (A) ③ (C) - (D) - (B) - (A) ④ (D) - (A) - (C) - (B) 문 4. 글의 요지로 가장 알맞은 것은? The French philosopher, Rene Descartes, wrote, "The reading of all good books is like a conversation with all the finest men of past centuries." American humorist Will Rogers observed, "A man only learns in two ways, one by reading, and the other by association with smarter people." People have always appreciated the educational value of reading, but recent research also suggests that reading habits can have an effect on our wallets as well. One study found that children and adolescents who had strong reading habits were more likely to be successful as adults. Another study found that people from low-income backgrounds who liked to read as children and adolescents were more likely to increase their financial and social position when they became adults than those who did not. According to a United States government survey on reading in 2002, levels of income correlated very strongly with reading habits: people who read a lot tended to have higher incomes than people who did not read often. The American Success Institute lists reading as a key component in 'mastering life,' their tenth principle of success. ① Reading is overly appreciated in educational institutions. ② Reading can have a significant effect on one's income. ③ Reading can be an effective way to develop communication skills. ④ Reading is the best way to become knowledgeable in social studies. 문 5. 밑줄 친 부분과 의미가 가장 가까운 것은? In the first decades of its existence, photography was dubbed 'sun painting,' a phrase often intended to be derisive, and one which epitomized the seemingly inescapable confrontation of photography's mechanical character to the painter's artistic freedom. ① encapsulated ② compared ③ attributed ④ idealized 문 6. 밑줄 친 부분에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? America, to many Asians, once represented ideals of life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness. People whose lives were _____________ by poverty or tyranny or both at least knew there was a place where freedom was said to ring. The place's existence stirred hope in the most hopeless circumstances, and millions emigrated and found better lives there. ① proscribed ② aggregated ③ interrogated ④ enlivened 문 7. 어법상 옳은 것은? ① She was noticeably upset by how indignant he responded to her final question. ② Obviously, this state of affairs is known to the ambassadors, who reacts unfavorably to it. ③ I walked on as briskly as the heat would let me until I reached the road which led to the village. ④ Although there are some similarities in the platforms of both candidates, the differences among them are wide. 영 어 B 책형 2 쪽 ※ 밑줄 친 부분 중 어법상 옳지 않은 것을 고르시오. [문 8. ~ 문 9.] 문 8. In countries where religion ① has been closely identified with ② a people's culture, as in Hinduism and Islam, religious education has been essential ③to be maintained the society and ④ its traditions. 문 9. A graph of monthly climatological data ① shows the warmest, coolest, wettest and driest times. Also, weekends are ② highlighting on the graph to help you quickly locate the weekend weather ③should you have activities ④ planned. 문 10. 어법상 옳지 않은 것은? ① She approached me timidly from the farther end of the room, and trembling slightly, sat down beside me. ② When she felt sorrowful, she used to turn toward the window, where nothing faced her but the lonely landscape. ③ In evaluating your progress, I have taken into account your performance, your attitude, and for your improving. ④ The Main Street Bank is said to give loans of any size to reliable customers. 문 11. 다음 대화 중 가장 어색한 것은? ① A : What's happening? Why the long face this morning? B : Does it show? I'm feeling a bit under the weather. ② A : Have you decided where you want to travel this summer? B : Well, actually I am open to suggestions at this point. ③ A : I can't believe the water faucet is leaking badly again. B : Does it mean that you are going to get a huge bill? ④ A : I'm staying in Room 351. Do you have any messages for me? B : Let me check.... I'm afraid we're fully booked up tonight. ※ 다음 글에서 전체 흐름에 가장 부합하지 않는 문장을 고르시오. [문 12. ~ 문 13.] 문 12. Liberalism includes a broad spectrum of political philosophies that consider individual liberty to be the most important political goal, and emphasize individual rights and equality of opportunity. ① Although most Liberals would claim that a government is necessary to protect rights, different forms of Liberalism may propose very different policies. ② They are, however, generally united by their support for a number of principles, including extensive freedom of thought and freedom of speech, limitations on the power of governments, the application of the rule of law, a market economy and a transparent and democratic system of government. ③ Like the similar concept of Libertarianism, Liberalism believes that society should be organized in accordance with certain unchangeable and inviolable human rights, especially the rights to life, liberty and property. ④Nonetheless, the Liberal Party of Canada, colloquially known as the Grits, is the oldest federal political party in the country. It also holds that traditions do not carry any inherent value, and that social practices ought to be continuously adjusted for the greater benefit of humanity. 문 13. Internet cookies are small information files that websites put onto personal computers. ① Online shoppers should know that the cookies have advantages both for them and for merchants. ② The main function of cookies is to give Internet users quick access to webpages. For example, because of cookies, customers on e-commerce sites can keep items in their shopping carts while they look at additional products and then check out with ease whenever they are ready. Cookies also allow a website to remember personal information such as a consumer's name, home address, email address, and phone number, so that these items do not have to be reentered. ③Some people believe that cookies will damage their computers, but this is not true. For online sellers, cookies provide an important advantage. ④ They allow the sellers to collect information about visitors to a website. Merchants can then use this customer data for advertising and other marketing purposes. Although there are concerns about what sellers might do with private information, it is clear that cookies have their benefits. ※ 우리말을 영어로 잘못 옮긴 것을 고르시오. [문 14. ~ 문 15.] 문 14. ① 그녀의 남편은 부인이 옷값으로 얼마를 지불하는지 혹은 어디서 구입하는지에 관심이 없다. → How much she pays for her clothes or where she buys them does not interest her husband. ② 그는 하나의 일을 끝내자마자 다른 일을 하도록 요청을 받았다. → No sooner had he finished one task than he was asked to do another one. ③ 장학금이 제공되는 아홉 개의 부문은 다음 목록에서 볼 수 있다. → Nine categories of which scholarships will be offered can be seen to the following list. ④ 그가 현재 양호한 재정 조건하에 있다는 사실 외에는 나로서는 보고할 새 소식이 없다. → Other than the fact that he is now in good financial condition, I have no news to report. 문 15. ① 높은 굽이 항상 여성에게 국한된 패션 품목은 아니었다. → High heels were not always a fashion item limited to women. ② 프랑스 신발 디자이너인 하디는 신발이 거대한 심리적 효과를 지닌다고 말한다. → Hardy, a French shoe designer, says that shoes have a huge psychological impact. ③ 남성들은 왜 여성들이 이상하게 생긴, 높은 신발에 그들의 안락함을 희생하는지 의아해 할 수도 있다. → Men may wonder why women sacrifice their comfort over oddly-shaped, elevated shoes. ④ 높은 굽을 신는 가장 중요한 목적은 여성으로 하여금 더 크고, 날씬하고, 섹시하게 느끼도록 하는 것이다. → The most important point of wearing high heels is to make a woman to feel taller, slimmer and sexier. 영 어 B 책형 3 쪽 문 16. 우리말을 영어로 가장 잘 옮긴 것은? 의사들은 하루 음주량이 소주 다섯 잔을 초과하지 않도록 하고, 과한 음주 후에는 2~3일 동안 알코올성 음료를 자제 하라고 권고한다. ① Doctors recommend that we do not drink as much as 5 shots of soju a day and stay away from alcoholic beverages for 2~3 days after excessive drinking. ② Doctors recommend no more than 5 shots of soju a day and keep away from any kind of alcoholic beverages for 2~3 days after heavy drinking. ③ Doctors recommend drinking no more than 5 shots of soju every day and making sure that we refrain from excessive drinking for 2~3 days after a party. ④ Doctors recommend that we not drink more than 5 shots of soju a day, and that we refrain from alcoholic beverages for 2~3 days after heavy drinking. 문 17. 밑줄 친 부분에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? The intrinsic value of the biosphere is not rejected but is integrated with a recognition that man makes up part of the universe and cannot exist without conservation of the biosphere and the ecosystems which comprise it. In this perspective all sectors of the environment have a value not only in their short-term utility to humans, as the earlier exclusively anthropocentric approach would have it, but also as indispensable elements of an interrelated system which must be protected to ensure human survival. While this ultimate aim of human survival remains anthropocentric, humans are not viewed as apart from or above the natural universe, but as an interlinked and interdependent part of it. It follows that because all parts of the natural web are linked, they _____________________________________. ① must each be protected and conserved ② cannot exist without human survival ③ support the exclusively anthropocentric view ④ may be devoid of the intrinsic value ※ 다음 글의 내용과 일치하지 않는 것을 고르시오. [문 18. ~ 문 19.] 문 18. The first grain elevator was built by Joseph Dart in 1842. Before that, grain was loaded and unloaded by hand, a back-breaking job that took several days. The elevator consisted of a large wooden structure that served as a storage bin for the grain. The elevator allowed ships to be unloaded at a rate of over 35,000 liters per hour, leading to ships docking, unloading, and departing all within the same day. The elevator was an ideal store for grain as it was cool, dry, and free of pests that could endanger the crop. The only risk was from fire in the wooden elevator since grain dust is highly flammable. Despite being the first person to actually build one, Joseph Dart claimed not to be the inventor of the elevator, saying instead that he had based his designs entirely on those of Oliver Evans. ① Joseph Dart designed the first grain elevator from scratch. ② The first grain elevator was cool, dry, and prone to fire. ③ Joseph Dart made the first grain elevator in the nineteenth century. ④ The first grain elevator had a large storage bin for grain. 문 19. Crazy Horse was one of the most famous of all Native American leaders. His exploits and brave resistance to white settlers opening up the homelands have become legendary. Tasunkewitko, to give him his true name, was a chief of the Oglala tribe of the Sioux nation. He defiantly repelled incursions by the 'white man' into Sioux territory in the northern Great Plains, from about 1865 until his death in 1877. His courage has ensured him a permanent place in western sagas. Early skirmishes included resisting government plans to build a road to access the goldfields of Montana in 1865. Then in Wyoming he was involved in the massacre of a troop of 80 men commanded by Captain William J. Fetterman in 1866, and the Wagon Box Fight of 1867. In an attempt to defuse such conflicts, reservations were set up for the local tribes under the Second Treaty of Fort Laramie in 1868, but Crazy Horse continued to lead hunting expeditions outside these limits. ① Crazy Horse is well-known for his fierce resistance to the aggressions by white settlers. ② Crazy Horse attempted to defuse conflicts brought about by the Second Treaty of Fort Laramie. ③ Crazy Horse played a role in the killing of Captain Fetterman's soldiers. ④ Crazy Horse fought against the road construction to the Montana goldfields. 문 20. 글의 제목으로 가장 적절한 것은? In England, even as the agents of the East India Company grew rich importing cotton, the English wool industry raised a hue and cry over the impact of cotton on the domestic economy. The problem from the perspective of the wool industry was simple: clothing made of Indian cotton was more comfortable and attractive to Britain's expanding 'middling sort' in the seventeenth century than were most woolens. The East India Company shipped ever-increasing amounts of cotton back to Britain, making its shareholders and the new clothiers who worked in cotton very wealthy. The wool industry, however, suffered as more and more people embraced the new fabric for their daily needs. Several times during the seventeenth century powerful interest groups interceded before parliament and the monarch, demanding, and often getting, stiff import duties on Indian cotton in an effort to buoy the wool trade. The most amusing manifestation of the legal attempt to shore up woolens was when parliament passed a bill in 1678 mandating that corpses had to be wrapped in wool when they were buried in a Church of England funeral. Another somewhat bizarre incident was the official legal requirement that Scottish kilts be woven from thirteen yards of wool. Overnight, every Scot serving in the military had to be clothed in a huge swath of wool. ① The Roles of the East India Company in England ② General Uses of Wool in England in the 17th Century ③ The Prosperity of the British Wool Industry in the 1600's ④ The Impact of Indian Cotton on the English Wool Industry

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