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2022 소방 영어 문제 해설 - 2022.4.9.

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영어1정답(2022-04-09 / 230.3KB / 4,010회)

 

2022 소방 영어 해설 JackLee (2022-05-13 / 303.8KB / 485회)

 

 19 / 23 【 영어 】 Companies that aim to address all customer segments end up addressing no one. Salespeople who chase every single lead chase no deals. We are obsessed with having as many irons as possible in the fire, ruling nothing out, and being open to everything. However, this can easily destroy success. We must learn to close doors. A business strategy is primarily a statement on what not to engage in. Adopt a life strategy similar to a corporate strategy: write down what not to pursue in your life. In other words, make calculated decisions to disregard certain possibilities and when an option shows up, test it against your not-to-pursue list. It will not only keep you from trouble but also save you lots of thinking time. Think hard once and then just consult your list instead of having to make up your mind whenever a new door cracks open. One person was seriously injured when a fire broke out in a single family home in Maywood, Illinois. According to fire officials, the fire started in a first-floor bedroom around 7:30 a.m. and spread throughout the house. A male occupant of the home _______________ first- and second-degree burns on his arm. He was taken to Loyola University Medical Center for treatment of his injuries. No other injuries were reported, but the home was uninhabitable. The cause of the fire is under investigation. 1. 밑줄 친 부분과 의미가 가장 가까운 것은? An attempt to control the main body of fire is critical. This may be the best thing to assist in protection of exposures. ① crucial ② disparaging ③ negligible ④ sensible 2. 밑줄 친 부분과 의미가 가장 가까운 것은? The amount of radioactivity was infinitesimal and seemed to present no danger at all. ① incessant ② substantial ③ microscopic ④ expansible 3. 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? Winter residential building fires _______________ only 8 percent of the total number of fires in the U.S., but they resulted in 30 percent of all fire deaths and 23 percent of all fire injuries. ① abided by ② agreed to ③ adhered to ④ accounted for 4. 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? (Anna and coworkers stand outside of the building.) Anna: We got out in less than 6 minutes! Good job, people! Wait. Where’s Pete? Jim : I know where he is. I’ll go get him. Anna: No! Never go back into a burning building! The fire department is coming. (Anna shouts to Pete.) Stay calm, Pete. ____________________ ① Let’s get in again. ② Help is on the way! ③ The emergency is over. ④ Call the fire department. 5. 밑줄 친 부분과 의미가 가장 가까운 것은? ① staying focused on a single goal at a time ② getting a definite answer that we need to know ③ being engaged in as many activities as we can ④ providing important details as shortly as possible 6. 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? ① sustained ② scraped ③ dismissed ④ discontinued 20 / 23 7. 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? One of well-known events in Navajo history took place during World War II. At the time, the U.S. government used secret codes to send radio and telegraph messages. However, the Japanese were quick to decipher them. The Americans needed a simple, yet _______________, code. Then a group of Navajo soldiers created a new code using the Navajo language. Very few people outside the Navajo Nation speak Navajo. The language is difficult to learn. Not only was the code much faster to use than Morse code, it was also extremely difficult for others to crack. Some people say the Navajo code helped the United States win some important battles in the war. Today the Navajo Code Talkers are heroes. ① standard ② predictable ③ unbreakable ④ convenient 8. 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? Visitors to Redwood National Park, California cannot help but feel inspired by the unbelievable enormity of the coast redwoods, the tallest and oldest trees on earth. The tallest redwood on record, known simply as “the Tall Tree,” is 600 years old and stands more than 350 feet. These majestic examples of timeless nature, which can only be found in California and Oregon, take 400 years to mature and can live to be 2,000-plus years old. Emerging from the darkened paths on foot, bike or horseback, visitors may be shocked to find it is still daylight, and still the 21st century, in a place where _________________________. ① time seems to stand still ② various species of animals live ③ the tallest and oldest trees disappeared ④ outdoor excursion opportunities abound 9. 밑줄 친 부분 중 어법상 어색한 것은? The leaves of Camellia sinensis, an evergreen shrub from Asia, ① have been used to make tea for thousands of years. Tea became an important trading commodity following its introduction to Europe in the early 1600s, ② after that the forerunner of the East India Company was established to facilitate global trade in tea and many other products. Although this company’s monopoly on tea trade with the American colonies, and the taxes ③ imposed on the American colonies for this desired leaf, instigated a pivotal party in the harbor of Boston that contributed to the start of the Revolutionary War and founding of the USA, the East India company’s activities in other parts of world were no less profound. The desire ④ to control not only in tea but also its production led to arrangements between the East India Company and Great Britain that brought the planting of tea to major regions of colonial India (and later of Africa), contributing to the domination of these areas by the British Empire and the latter’s control of global trade. 10. 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? A well-known teacher of writing once gave a story back to a student and said, “This couldn’t happen.” The student answered, “But it really did happen.” The teacher meant something different. She meant that she did not believe it could have happened, because the characters in it didn’t talk and act like real people. When you write a story, you want to make readers think they are reading about something that actually could happen. The question of whether it is fiction, or actually based on real life, is not important as long as the writing _________________________. ① is seen as a personal act ② is practiced in the course ③ makes it seem true and real ④ conveys it in more bold forms 21 / 23 11. 주어진 글 다음에 이어질 글의 순서로 가장 적절한 것은? One afternoon I had a run that turned out to be one of the most difficult cases of my career. A man was walking behind an SUV parked in a lot. (A).My training told me that any broken blood vessels were being compressed, and if we moved the car he would hemorrhage internally and his heart could stop beating. (B) The man was conscious and talking and didn’t seem to be in any real distress. But I knew better. (C) A passing car going too fast hit the SUV, pinning the man up against a wall. The bumper was pressing against his thighs and the rear trunk door was pinning his chest to the wall. ① (A)-(B)-(C) ② (A)-(C)-(B) ③ (B)-(C)-(A) ④ (C)-(B)-(A) 12. 주어진 글 다음에 이어질 글의 순서로 가장 적절한 것은? It all began that morning at the Gulf Oil Refinery located in the southern part of the city near the international airport. A truck loaded with crude oil overflowed and caught on fire. (A) The fire started shortly after 5 a.m., and the last of the flames were not extinguished until nine days and six hours later at 11:16 a.m. on a Tuesday morning, August 26th. (B) In the end, this conflagration was the “worst of times” that any of us could have ever imagined. But the heart of this story is the bravery exhibited during this disaster. (C) Over 600 firefighters fought this fire. This was undoubtedly the single most tragic and difficult year in the life of any Philadelphia firefighter. ① (A)-(C)-(B) ② (B)-(A)-(C) ③ (B)-(C)-(A) ④ (C)-(A)-(B) 13. 다음 글에서 전체 흐름과 관계없는 문장은? Direct attack, the most widely known technique, suffocates the flames as the water is aimed at the base of the fire. ① Aiming the stream of water at the base of the fire, this technique works best using a concentrated, powerful jet of water that suffocates the flames. ②With so many variables possible in an emergency, a firefighter must be attentive to the things they can control. ③In order for this to work effectively, the firefighters must have a clear and direct line of sight to the fire. ④If this method is used on a fire in a non-vented area, then there will be less steam and the fire will be extinguished faster. 14. 밑줄 친 부분이 가리키는 대상이 나머지 셋과 다른 것은?Once Gandhi ji was told that the laborers working on tea estates were treated very unfairly by their masters and they were paid just a little for fourteen hours of hard work in the estate. Gandhi ji decided to go there personally to find out the truth. When the owner came to know that Gandhi ji was coming, ① he declared that he would shoot Gandhi ji. Gandhi ji’s friends requested him to cancel ②his visit. Gandhi ji did not listen to them. One night the owner of the estate woke up from deep sleep by a gentle knock at the door. ③ He opened the door to recognize the visitor. He could not believe his eyes, for it was Gandhi ji himself standing in front of him. “I have heard that you want to shoot me,” said Gandhi ji. “Here I am alone. You may do whatever you want.” The owner was impressed with his courage and fearless face and promised to pay fair wages to ④ his laborers. 22 / 23 15. 다음 글의 주제로 가장 적절한 것은? As the climate changes, experts predict that weather events such as hurricanes, tornadoes, and blizzards will increase in severity over the coming years. Since firefighters are usually central to the emergency response to these types of events, more intense weather-related events will require larger and more complicated responses from fire departments. Planning for an increased number of bigger weather-related events must be done sooner rather than later. It’s not just about having enough firefighters. This type of planning is a community concern because it affects budgets and resources in the community as well as larger regions. ① Urgent global warming effects ② Fund-raising for the fire department ③ Roles of firefighters in the digital world ④ Influence of climate change on firefighting 16. 다음 글에 드러난 필자의 주장으로 가장 적절한 것은? Corporate bragging is sharing with others how incredibly busy you are and how very hard you work — not just in passing, but rather as a central, focal point of conversation. If you take a step back and think about it, you’ll probably agree that corporate bragging is also a boring, nonproductive topic of conversation. I’ve observed many conversations centered around corporate bragging and I’ve yet to see a single person even slightly interested in hearing about someone else’s busyness. Let’s be realistic. Would you be interested in hearing about how busy I am? I hope not. I’d rather be around people who discuss interesting aspects of life ― and I’m sure you would too. ① 바쁘다는 핑계로 주변 사람을 소홀하게 대하지 마라. ② 다른 사람을 기다리게 하지 말고 약속을 꼭 지켜라. ③ 자신의 분주함을 대화의 중심 소재로 삼지 마라. ④ 직장 내에서 힘들어하는 사람의 이야기를 잘 들어 주어라. 17. 비상시 청각 장애인을 보조하는 요령에 관한 다음 글의 내용과 일치하는 것은? ∙ Get the person’s attention via a visual cue or a gentle touch on their arm. Do not approach the person from behind. ∙ Face the person, make eye contact when speaking to them as they may rely on lip reading and communicate in close proximity. ∙ Speak clearly and naturally. Do not shout or speak unnaturally slowly. ∙ Try to rephrase, rather than repeating yourself. ① 시각적 신호나 신체 접촉으로 주의를 끈다. ② 얼굴을 정면으로 보고 말하지 않는다. ③ 알아들을 수 있도록 큰 소리로 매우 천천히 말한다. ④ 고쳐 말하지 않고 동일한 어구를 반복하여 설명한다. 18. 다음 글의 요지로 가장 적절한 것은? Anyone who has decided to become a firefighter knows that there is a lot of hard work ahead of them. To develop a successful career as a firefighter, don’t forget that firefighters spend a lot of time with their colleagues as well as with members of the public. So, in between strength and tactical training, you’ll want to brush up on your communication skills. You need to know how to listen effectively and convey important information as clearly as possible. Practice and experience will help you tailor your communication style to different types of personalities and situations. ① 장애물을 분석하여 적절한 해결책을 제시해야 한다. ② 위기 상황에서도 유연하게 대응하는 역량을 키워야 한다. ③ 심리적 압박 속에서도 효과적으로 임무를 수행해야 한다. ④ 효과적으로 듣고 정확하게 전달하는 의사소통 역량을 키워야 한다. 23 / 23 19. Paraceratherium에 관한 다음 글의 내용과 일치하지 않는 것은? Paraceratherium is the largest land mammal to have lived. It was a gentle giant, which could be as tall as 5.5 meters at the shoulder. Paraceratherium belonged to the group of mammals called perissodactyls — hoofed mammals with odd number of toes. It was also an early rhinoceros, but unlike its living relatives, had no horns on its snout. This huge beast had long front legs and a long neck, which it used like a giraffe to reach leaves on the high branches of trees. In comparison with the rest of its body, Paraceratherium’s skull was quite small. Males were larger than females, and had heavier heads with more dome-shaped skulls. Remains of Paraceratherium have been discovered in Europe and Central Asia, where it lived between 30 and 16 million years ago. ① 발가락이 홀수이면서 발굽이 달린 포유류에 속한다. ② 초기 코뿔소였고 지금의 친족들처럼 코에 뿔이 있었다. ③ 두개골은 몸의 다른 부분에 비해 상당히 작았다. ④ 유해가 유럽과 중앙아시아에서 발견되었다. 20. 다음 글의 내용과 일치하는 것은? Naples is listed among one of the biggest cities in Italy and is listed as most famous after the historic cities of Rome and Milan. If you are planning your vacation in July, it is the best time to visit Naples as the weather is quite pleasant. It is not too hot, and you can enjoy the warm weather in the city. The costs for living and traveling within the city are quite affordable and you can observe the beautiful art museums and explore the historical places as well. The culture of the city is depicted in every corner and street, and you can also buy handmade jewelry and other traditional art pieces as well. Another attraction for tourists is the coastal area, which mesmerizes the tourists by its beauty and boat trips are offered at very cheap prices. If you love cruise ship rides, then Naples is the best place to enjoy these trips. You can enjoy local Italian food on board, and get served with the perfect Italian cuisine and seafood as well. ① 나폴리는 이탈리아에서 로마와 밀라노보다 더 유명한 관광지이다. ② 나폴리는 7월에 기온이 높아서 여행에 적합하지 않다. ③ 나폴리는 여행 경비가 많이 들고, 보석과 공예품을 구입하기가 어렵다. ④ 나폴리는 크루즈 배로 여행하며 지역의 해산물을 즐기기에 적합하다.

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