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2019.04.27 13:25

2019 경찰 1차 영어 문제 해설 (16)

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 - 3 - 【영 어】 1. 다음 밑줄 친 단어의 의미와 가장 가까운 것은? Defeat at this stage would compromise their chances of reaching the finals of the competition. ① rate ② fancy ③ reduce ④ squander 2. 다음 밑줄 친 표현의 의미와 가장 가까운 것은? She went for a long walk to work up her appetite. ① accommodate ② annihilate ③ gratify ④ whet 3. 다음 빈칸에 들어갈 단어로 가장 적절한 것은? He’s a actor who has played a wide variety of parts so splendidly. ① versatile ② sterile ③ futile ④ volatile 4. 다음 ㉠, ㉡에 공통으로 들어갈 단어로 가장 적절한 것은? · The food supplies were ( ㉠ ) to meet the needs of the flood victims. · They are blaming their failure on ( ㉡ ) preparation. ① ambiguous ② thorough ③ inadequate ④ sufficient 5. 다음 ㉠, ㉡, ㉢에 들어갈 단어들로 가장 적절한 것은? Efficiency means producing a desired outcome rapidly, with the ( ㉠ ) amount of cost. The idea of efficiency is specific to the interests of the industry or business, but is typically advertised as a ( ㉡ ) to the customer. The salad bars, self-service gasoline, ATMs, and microwave dinners are some good examples. The interesting element here is that the customer often ends up doing the work that previously was done for them. This means that the customer may end up ( ㉢ ) more time and sometimes more money in order for the business to operate more efficiently. ① ㉠ most ㉡ loss ㉢ saving ② ㉠ minimum ㉡ benefit ㉢ spending ③ ㉠ maximum ㉡ benefit ㉢ spending ④ ㉠ least ㉡ loss ㉢ saving 6. 다음 밑줄 친 부분 중 어법상 가장 적절하지 않은 것은? Each color has different qualities ㉠associated with it and ㉡affect our moods and feelings. Some combinations of colors naturally go well together while ㉢others can feel discordant. Take care ㉣not to bring too many colors into a room since this can confuse the energy and end up being too stimulating. ① ㉠ ② ㉡ ③ ㉢ ④ ㉣ 7. 다음 밑줄 친 부분 중 어법상 가장 적절하지 않은 것은? Social psychologists at the University of Virginia asked college students to stand at the base of a hill while carrying a weighted backpack and ㉠estimate the steepness of the hill. Some participants stood next to close friends whom they had known for a long time, some stood next to friends they had not known for long, some stood next to strangers, and ㉡the others stood alone during the exercise. The participants who stood with close friends gave significantly ㉢low estimates of the steepness of the hill than those who stood alone, next to strangers, or next to ㉣newly formed friends. ① ㉠ ② ㉡ ③ ㉢ ④ ㉣ 8. 다음 문장들 중 어법상 가장 적절한 것은? ① They are looking forward to meet the President. ② The committee consists with ten members. ③ Are you familiar to the computer software they use? ④ Radioactive waste must be disposed of safely. 9. 우리말을 영어로 옮긴 것 중 가장 적절한 것은? ① 밤 공기가 뜨거웠지만 그들은 푹 잤다. ⟶ Hot as the night air was, they slept soundly. ② 어젯밤에 경찰은 행방불명된 소녀를 찾았다고 말했다. ⟶ Last night the police have said that they had found the missed girl. ③ 교통 신호등이 파란색으로 바뀌어 나는 출발했다. ⟶ The traffic lights were turned green and I pulled away. ④ 불리한 증거가 없어서 그는 석방되었다. ⟶ Being no evidence against him, he was released. 10. A에 대한 B의 응답으로 가장 적절하지 않은 것은? ① A: After a long day at work, I’m really tired. B: That makes two of us! ② A: Do you remember the name of the bar we went to last Friday? B: Oh man, it’s just on the tip of my tongue. ③ A: I am so excited to see this film. B: Me too. The film got two thumbs up from all the critics. ④ A: I am feeling a little under the weather. B: It’s not actually raining now! 11. 다음 글의 내용과 가장 일치하지 않는 것은? An idea came to me, and I turned off the lights in the studio. In the darkness, I put the cello’s spike into a loose spot on the carpet, tightened the bow and drew it across the open strings. I took off my shirt and tried it again; it was the first time in my life I’d felt the instrument against my bare chest. I could feel the vibration of the strings travel through the body of the instrument to my own body. I’d never thought about that; music scholars always talk about the resonating properties of various instruments, but surely the performer’s own body must have some effect on the sound. As I dug into the notes I imagined that my own chest and lungs were extensions of the sound box; I seemed to be able to alter the sound by the way I sat, and by varying the muscular tension in my upper body. ① 화자는 어둠 속에서 첼로 연주를 했다. ② 화자는 태어나서 처음으로 첼로를 연주했다. ③ 음악 학자들은 여러 악기들이 가진 공명의 특성들을 말한다. ④ 화자는 연주할 때 본인의 자세가 첼로 소리에 영향을 준다고 생각했다. 12. 다음 글에서 유추할 수 있는 내용으로 가장 적절한 것은? The primary purpose of peppers, as with all fruits, is to disperse seeds. However, just as fruit attracts helpful organisms which spread the seeds, like birds, it also attracts harmful microbes that destroy seeds, like fungus. Studying wild pepper plants, a group of international researchers found that in areas with a high prevalence of fungus, peppers contained more capsaicin, a natural antifungal agent. These findings support the hypothesis that environmental factors trigger adaptive responses in the chemistry of fruits. ① Birds are always helpful in dispersing fruits’ seeds. ② Capsaicin in peppers attracts not only helpful but also harmful organisms. ③ Fruits’ chemistry can be influenced by the microbes in their environment. ④ The more capsaicin peppers contain, the better they taste. - 4 - 13. 다음 글의 흐름으로 보아 <보기>의 문장이 들어갈 곳으로 가장 적절한 것은? < 보 기 > And those are qualities you want in any candidate. If you are trying to decide among a few people to fill a position, take a look at their writing skills. ① It doesn’t matter if that person is a marketer, salesperson, designer, programmer, or whatever; their writing skills will pay off. That’s because being a good writer is about more than writing. ② Clear writing is a sign of clear thinking. Good writers know how to communicate. They make things easy to understand. They can put themselves in someone else’s shoes. They know what to omit. ③ Writing is making a comeback all over our society. ④ Look at how much communication happens through instant messaging and blogging. Writing is today’s currency for good ideas. Thus, it is essential to welcome people with good writing skills into your organization. 14. 다음 글의 요지로 가장 적절한 것은? Drawing a line is making a distinction between two categories which only differ in degree. Where there is a continuum, such as that between rich and poor, for some purposes, such as deciding who should be eligible for tax relief, it is necessary to draw a line between what is to count as rich and what as poor. Sometimes the fact that a line could have been drawn elsewhere is taken as evidence that we should not draw a line at all, or that the line that has been drawn has no force; in most contexts this view is wrong. For example, in Britain the speed limit in built-up areas is 30 miles per hour (mph); it could have been fixed at 25 mph or 35 mph. However, it in no way follows from this that we should ignore the speed limit, once the line between speeding and driving safely has been set. ① 두 범주를 구분하는 선긋기는 비록 그 기준이 자의적일지라도 존중될 필요가 있다. ② 모든 자의적인 구분은 배격되어야 한다. ③ 부유층과 빈곤층의 경계는 언제나 명확하다. ④ 정도의 차이만 있는 두 범주를 구분하는 것은 불필요하다. 15. 다음 글의 제목으로 가장 적절한 것은? While most desert animals will drink water if confronted with it, for many of them the opportunity never comes. Yet all living things must have water, or they will expire. The herbivores find it in desert plants. The carnivores slake their thirst with the flesh and blood of living prey. One of the most remarkable adjustments, however, has been made by the tiny kangaroo rat, who not only lives without drinking but subsists on a diet of dry seeds containing about 5% free water. Like other animals, he has the ability to manufacture water in his body by a metabolic conversion of carbohydrates. But he is notable for the parsimony with which he conserves his small supply by every possible means, expending only minuscule amounts in his excreta * and through evaporation from his respiratory tract. *excreta 배설물 ① Survival of Desert Animals ② The Way the Kangaroo Rat Copes with Lack of Water ③ The Small Amounts of Water the Kangaroo Rat Drinks ④ The Effect the Environment Lacking in Water Has on Animals 16. 다음 밑줄 친 부분에 들어갈 내용으로 가장 적절한 것은? The sociologist Glen Elder proposed that there is a sensitive period for growth—late teens through early 30s—during which failures are most beneficial. Such a pattern seems to promote the trait sometimes called equanimity. We learn that trauma is survivable, so we don’t plunge too deeply following setbacks. Nor, conversely, do we soar too high on our successes. Some businesses in Silicon Valley and on Wall Street make a point of hiring ex-pro athletes to their staffs. It’s not just that their high profile draws business. It’s because athletes are good at recovering from their failures. “We needed people who could perform and not get emotionally attached to losses,” a Chicago oil trader told the New York Times, explaining why the firm likes athletes on the trading floor, particularly in ugly economic times like these. The image is of a rider easy in the saddle * . *saddle (말의) 안장 ① Nothing can so surprise her—either for good for ill—that she’ll be knocked off. ② A setback in any area will mean in your mind that you’re a failure categorically. ③ We should hope for the rider’s dominant position early and often. ④ You could wind up in a position where success reveals itself all at once. 17. 다음 ㉠, ㉡에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? Much has been made of India’s growing middle class, but it is only the wealthiest of the urban population who can claim a typical Western middle-class lifestyle. ( ㉠ ), India’s population is still rural and impoverished, and this poorer demographic is driving India’s continued population growth. ( ㉡ ), by 2030 India’s population is projected to surpass that of China. The majority of this population will be concentrated in the poorest regions, where basic necessities are scarce. ① ㉠ Therefore ㉡ Instead ② ㉠ By and large ㉡ In fact ③ ㉠ On the contrary ㉡ Besides ④ ㉠ Nonetheless ㉡ In contrast 18. 다음 글의 내용과 가장 일치하는 것은? Inappropriate precision means giving information or figures to a greater degree of apparent accuracy than suits the context. For example, advertisers often use the results of surveys to prove what they say about their products. Sometimes they claim a level of precision not based reliably on evidence. So, if a company selling washing powder claims 95.45% of British adults agree that this powder washes whiter than any other, then this level of precision is clearly inappropriate. It is unlikely that all British adults were surveyed, so the results are based only on a sample and not the whole population. At best the company should be claiming that over 95% of those asked agreed that their powder washes whiter than any other. Even if the whole population had been surveyed, to have given the result to two decimal places* would have been absurd. The effect is to propose a high degree of scientific precision in the research. Frequently, however, inappropriate precision is an attempt to mask the unscientific nature of a study. *decimal place 소수점 자리 ① 광고에서 사용하는 수치는 최대한 정밀해야 한다. ② 이용자 수는 특정 세제의 표백 효과를 뒷받침한다. ③ 세제의 표백 효과를 입증하기 위해서는 더 엄밀한 조사가 필요하다. ④ 필요 이상으로 정밀한 정보를 제시하는 연구는 비과학적인 경우가 많다. - 5 - 19. 다음 빈칸 ㉠과 ㉡에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? Mass political opinion can be sort of like guessing the number of marbles in a glass jar. Most people’s guesses will miss the mark, but the average guess of a large enough crowd is generally very accurate. The idea that the masses generally come up with good overall decisions is sometimes referred to as the “wisdom of crowds,” and it really does work amazingly well for some things. The problem is that in politics we don’t see the glass jar for ourselves—we view it through the lens of the media, and the media show us a(n) ( ㉠ ) view of politics. This goes a lot further than liberal or conservative bias. Thus, we should be aware of such media biases in order to minimize the likelihood that they’ll throw off our political judgment, even though there’s no way to permanently ( ㉡ ) them. ① ㉠ apocalyptic ㉡ implant ② ㉠ distorted ㉡ fix ③ ㉠ balanced ㉡ overcome ④ ㉠ conflicting ㉡ promote 20. 다음 보기에 이어질 글의 순서로 가장 적절한 것은? < 보 기 > There is a widely held notion that does plenty of damage: the notion of ‘scientifically proved.’ It is nearly an oxymoron* . The very foundation of science is to keep the door open to doubt. *oxymoron 모순어법(양립할 수 없는 개념을 함께 사용하는 수사법) ㉠ Therefore, certainty is not only something useless but is also in fact damaging, if we value reliability. ㉡ Therefore, a good scientist is never ‘certain.’ Lack of certainty is precisely what makes conclusions more reliable than the conclusions of those who are certain, because the good scientist will be ready to shift to a different point of view if better evidence or novel arguments emerge. ㉢ Precisely because we keep questioning everything, especially our own premises, we are always ready to improve our knowledge. ① ㉠-㉢-㉡ ② ㉢-㉠-㉡ ③ ㉠-㉡-㉢ ④ ㉢-㉡-㉠

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  • profile
    오아이오 (*.62.213.233) 2019.04.27 15:20

    지문이 확실히 짧아서 좋네 

  • profile
    수처작주 (*.217.73.197) 2019.04.28 13:02

    감사합니다.

  • profile
    Davinchi (*.53.228.98) 2019.04.28 18:03

    솔직히 그렇게 어렵지는 않았는데 다들 어렵다고 하네요..... 너무 눈높이가 낮게 공부해서 그럴거에요~ 일행 준비하신 분들이라면 쉽게쉽게 풀렸을 겁니다. whet단어 문제도 나머지 단어가 문맥상 말이 안되기 떄문에 충분히 맞힐 수 있는 문제였어요 apocalyptic이라는 단어도 어려운 단어에 속하지만 이 단어가 정답 고르는데 영향을 끼치지는 않았죠.. 

  • 방구석합격자 (*.11.88.50) 2019.04.28 21:14

    @Davinchi  이분은 오늘도 방구석에서 평가나 하고 있네 ㅋㅋㅋㅋㅋㅋㅋㅋㅋㅋㅋㅋㅋㅋㅋㅋㅋ

     

    다빈치님 합격은 언제하실려고 ㅋㅋㅋㅋㅋㅋㅋㅋㅋㅋㅋㅋㅋㅋㅋㅋㅋㅋㅋㅋㅋㅋ

  • profile
    Davinchi (*.53.228.98) 2019.04.30 19:53

    @방구석합격자  ㅎㅎㅎㅎㅎ 올해 출관직 합격 예정이에요~ 드디어 공시 탈출~~ㅎㅎㅎ 

    님도 얼른 탈출하세요~ 작년에도 봤던거 같은데 ㅋ 

    무튼 이번에 경찰영어는 무난했습니다. 경찰영어에서 단어가 어려웠다고 해봤자 그 어려운 단어 때문에

    답을 못고를 정도는 아니였어요~ 소거로 충분히 풀 수 있었죠~ 

    어려운 단어 나왔다고해서 쫄지마시고 차분히 푸시면 누구나 쉽게 풀 수 있습니다~

  • profile
    박스타 (*.230.42.233) 2019.05.03 19:20

    @Davinchi  안녕 사회복지학개론 공부한 사람

  • profile
    청솔은희 (*.71.150.164) 2019.04.28 18:59

    올해 1월부터 공부 시작해서 지방교행 준비하는 수험생입니다.

    23분 영어 95 나왔습니다.

    이번 국가직 모의고사 삼아서 시험 봤었는데, 국가직보다 좀 더 어렵네요.

    원래 경찰이 국가직보다 쉬운 건지 어려운 건지 모르겠습니다만,

    이번 경찰 시험은 집에서 풀어봐도 확실히 어려운 게 느껴집니다.

     

    그리고 ebs 수능특강이나 평가원 모의고사에서 그대로 낸 문제가 8문제내요 무려. ;;

    제가 수능형 공부 타입이라 수능 교재로 공시 준비하는데,

    솔직히 놀랐음. ;;

  • profile
    ytou**** (*.236.178.161) 2019.04.28 22:05

    어디서나왔나요 ??

  • profile
    ㄱㄷㅎㅈㄷㄱㅁㄹㅇ (*.65.44.187) 2019.04.29 15:42

    이충권쌤 해설이 국가직 9급 해설이예요~~

  • profile
    기출이 2019.04.29 16:12

    @ㄱㄷㅎㅈㄷㄱㅁㄹㅇ  제보 감사합니다. 수정했어요^^

  • 유인 (*.248.62.103) 2019.05.04 20:44

    어렵네요 ㅠㅠ 겨우 75점..

  • profile
    제철음식 (*.203.153.172) 2019.05.10 07:06

    영스파 해석 너무 개떡같이 해놨다. 내가 영어를 못하는 줄 알았는데 다른 사람 해석보니까 이해가 바로 되버리네. 특히 14번 sometime 으로 시작 하는 문장.

  • profile
    모찌모찌팡팡 (*.119.172.104) 2019.05.11 22:45

    국가직 9급 국영한 올 만점인데 경찰 국-3 영-6 한-3 경찰 분들 대단합니다 시험 어려워요

  • profile
    JLoveU (*.237.172.100) 2019.05.20 20:02

    평가원에서 지문 긁어가지고 내니까 수준이 확 높아졌네. 요즘 경찰영어는 9급과 7급 사이? 한 8급 정도라고 봐도 무방할 듯.

  • 별명2 (*.142.172.236) 2019.09.06 11:03

    기출이님 이충권쌤 해설 경찰 2차 해설입니다

  • profile
    기출이 2019.09.06 11:18

    @별명2  수정완료!

    제보 감사드립니다

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168 서울시 9급(6월) 2019 서울시 9급 행정법 문제 해설 (4) 2019.06.15 6599
167 서울시 9급(6월) 2019 서울시 9급 행정학 문제 해설 (3) 2019.06.15 4894
166 서울시 9급(6월) 2019 서울시 9급 화학 문제 해설 2019.06.18 309
165 서울시 9급(6월) 2019 서울시 9급 환경공학 문제 해설 2019.06.18 192
164 서울시 9급(6월) 2019 서울시 9급 회계학 문제 해설 2019.06.19 1049
163 국회직 8급 2019 국회직 8급 전과목 문제 정답 - 2019.05.04. (5) 2019.05.11 8179
162 국회직 8급 2019 국회직 8급 경제학 문제 해설 (2) 2019.07.07 3074
161 국회직 8급 2019 국회직 8급 국어 문제 해설 (10) 2019.05.24 9654
160 국회직 8급 2019 국회직 8급 영어 문제 해설 (4) 2019.07.12 3922
159 국회직 8급 2019 국회직 8급 행정법 문제 해설 (12) 2019.05.19 9672
158 국회직 8급 2019 국회직 8급 행정학 문제 해설 (10) 2019.05.16 7788
157 국회직 8급 2019 국회직 8급 헌법 문제 해설 (6) 2019.05.22 7966
156 해경 1차 2019 해경 1차 일반직 전과목 문제 정답 - 2019.04.13. 2019.05.08 5386
155 경찰 1차 2019 경찰 1차 전과목 문제 정답 - 2019.04.27. 2019.04.27 7857
154 경찰 1차 2019 경찰 1차 경찰학 문제 해설 (2) 2019.04.27 7728
153 경찰 1차 2019 경찰 1차 과학 문제 해설 (5) 2019.04.27 1871
152 경찰 1차 2019 경찰 1차 국어 문제 해설 (7) 2019.04.27 14349
151 경찰 1차 2019 경찰 1차 사회 문제 해설 2019.04.27 7606
150 경찰 1차 2019 경찰 1차 수학 문제 해설 (7) 2019.04.27 3104
» 경찰 1차 2019 경찰 1차 영어 문제 해설 (16) 2019.04.27 22827
148 경찰 1차 2019 경찰 1차 한국사 문제 해설 (15) 2019.04.27 22785
147 경찰 1차 2019 경찰 1차 형법 문제 해설 (5) 2019.04.27 9328
146 경찰 1차 2019 경찰 1차 형사소송법 문제 해설 (1) 2019.04.27 7870
145 해경 1차 2019 해경 1차 전과목 문제 정답 - 2019.04.13. (5) 2019.04.14 10899
144 해경 1차 2019 해경 1차 해사법규 문제 해설 2019.07.12 760
143 고3 모평학평 2019 4월 학력평가 과학탐구 문제 해설 - 2019.04.10. 2019.04.11 284
142 고3 모평학평 2019 4월 학력평가 국어 문제 해설 2019.04.11 1055
141 고3 모평학평 2019 4월 학력평가 사회탐구 문제 해설 2019.04.11 710
140 고3 모평학평 2019 4월 학력평가 수학 문제 해설 2019.04.11 341
139 고3 모평학평 2019 4월 학력평가 영어 문제 해설 2019.04.11 1346
138 고3 모평학평 2019 4월 학력평가 한국사 문제 해설 2019.04.11 1243
137 기상직 9급 2019 기상직 9급 전과목 문제 정답 - 2019.04.06. (2) 2019.04.08 5254
136 기상직 9급 2019 기상직 9급 국어 문제 해설 (8) 2019.04.09 12769
135 기상직 9급 2019 기상직 9급 영어 문제 해설 (8) 2019.04.09 11702
134 기상직 9급 2019 기상직 9급 한국사 문제 해설 (26) 2019.04.09 18819
133 소방직(경채) 2019 소방직 경력채용 전과목 문제 정답 - 2019.04.06. 2019.04.06 1683
132 소방직(경채) 2019 소방직 경력채용 생활영어 문제 (1) 2019.04.06 1953
131 소방직(경채) 2019 소방직 경력채용 소방법 문제 해설 2019.04.06 323
130 소방직(경채) 2019 소방직 경력채용 소방학 문제 2019.04.06 805
129 소방직(경채) 2019 소방직 경력채용 영어 문제 (2) 2019.04.06 2169
128 소방직 2019 소방직 전과목 문제 정답 -2019.04.06. 2019.04.06 4874
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서버에 요청 중입니다. 잠시만 기다려 주십시오...