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2022 간호직 8급 영어 문제 해설 - 2022.4.30.

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 2022년도 지방공무원 간호 8급 공개경쟁임용 필기시험 영 어 A 책형 1 쪽 영 어 ※ 밑줄 친 부분에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것을 고르시오. [문 1. ~문 2.] 문 1. I am aware that my driver’s license will __________ in about two weeks. ① expire ② expose ③ explore ④ express 문 2. He studied very hard not to _____________ his parents because of poor grades. ① back up ② let down ③ look up to ④ come down with ※ 밑줄 친 부분의 의미와 가장 가까운 것을 고르시오. [문 3. ~문 5.] 문 3. The reason you can’t tickle yourself is that when you move a part of your own body, a part of your brain monitors the movement and anticipates the sensations that it will cause. ① blocks ② suffers ③ expects ④ stimulates 문 4. Perfect privacy is attained when we are completely inaccessible to others. ① rejected ② achieved ③ imagined ④ sacrificed 문 5. If left untreated, the infection can give rise to many other complications. ① prefer ② delay ③ cause ④ eliminate 문 6. 두 사람의 대화 중 가장 어색한 것은? ① A: Do you mind if I borrow your book? B: Of course not. Here you are. ② A: Mary is the winner of the cooking contest. B: Great! She must be excited. ③ A: What’s wrong? You look unhappy. B: I’m worried about my father. He is very sick. ④ A: It’s too hot. Let’s dive into the water. B: Long time no see. How have you been? 문 7. 밑줄 친 부분에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? A: You are not in a good mood. B: I didn’t win the English speech contest yesterday. A: Oh, dear. Sorry to hear that. B: I spent so much time and energy on the contest. A: Come on. Remember you gave it a wonderful try. _____________________ B: I guess you’re right. Thanks. ① I don’t have a good memory. ② You won the contest. ③ That’s what matters. ④ May I help you? ※ 우리말을 영어로 잘못 옮긴 것을 고르시오. [문 8. ~ 문 9.] 문 8. ① 그는 지금 자신에게 화가 나 있다. → He is angry with himself now. ② 나는 말하던 것을 멈추고 주위를 둘러보았다. → I stopped to talk and looked around. ③ 그는 그가 듣고 있는 것을 거의 믿을 수 없었다. → He could hardly believe what he was hearing. ④ 많은 다른 선택권이 있었다. → There were a number of different options. 문 9. ① 나는 그를 전에 어디에서도 본 기억이 없다. → I don’t remember seeing him anywhere before. ② 나는 이 음악을 들을 때마다 나의 어머니가 항상 생각난다. → Whenever I listen to this music, I always think of my mother. ③ 다행히 그녀는 지난 밤 트럭에 치이는 것을 모면했다. → Luckily, she escaped from running over by a truck last night. ④ 나의 어머니는 종종 영화를 보는 중에 잠이 드신다. → My mother often falls asleep while watching a movie. 2022년도 지방공무원 간호 8급 공개경쟁임용 필기시험 영 어 A 책형 2 쪽 문 10. 다음 글의 요지로 가장 적절한 것은? Whether it’s Beyonce’s “Naughty Girl,” Taylor Swift’s “Untouchable” or Eminem’s “Lose Yourself” that inspires you to work out harder, everyone knows that listening to tunes during exercise is a proven way to boost your workout performance and duration. The faster the better, right? High-tempo music ― the type that equates to about 170 heartbeats per minute ― reduces perceived effort and boosts cardiovascular benefits more than lower tempos, according to a new study published Sunday in the journal Frontiers in Psychology. Music can arouse and boost mood before exercise, dampen perceptions of pain and fatigue during a workout, and inspire bursts of effort, performance and endurance, researchers discovered. ① 운동 후에 음악을 들으면 피로감이 감소한다. ② 빠른 템포의 음악을 들으면서 운동하면 운동의 효율이 높아진다. ③ 음악은 근력 운동 시 사람의 심리 상태를 불안하게 할 여지가 있다. ④ 빠른 템포의 음악은 분당 170회의 심장 박동수에 해당하는 템포의 음악을 말한다. 문 11. 다음 글의 주제로 가장 적절한 것은? Dubai is one of the hottest and driest places on earth. In the past, there was no air-conditioning, or even electricity. How did people in Dubai survive in this severe weather? They invented a type of air-conditioning that did not require electricity: the wind tower. A wind tower stands tall above a house. It catches the wind and moves it inside. The air is cooled down when it meets cold water that flows through the underground canal in the building. This air cools the inside of the building. The buildings are made with thick walls and have small windows; these help keep cool air in and heat out. Most houses are built very close together with high walls and ceilings. This also helps create more shade and reduce heat. Although modern buildings in Dubai are air-conditioned and no longer use wind towers for cooling, wind towers still remain an important architectural symbol in Dubai. ① the history of air-conditioning systems ② different ways to build towers in Dubai ③ the difficulties of living in a dry climate ④ how houses were traditionally cooled in Dubai 문 12. 다음 글의 제목으로 가장 적절한 것은? According to the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute’s annual report in 2017, the United States accounts for more than a third of worldwide military spending. China is second in military spending, but its expenditures are only a third of those of the United States. Russia spends about a ninth as much. U.S. efforts to get European allies to bear more of the defense burden have been largely unsuccessful, although Britain, France, and Germany spend more per capita on defense than any country except the United States. ① China’s Growing Military Power ② Europeans’ Need for Military Power ③ A Gap in Worldwide Military Spending ④ U.S. Efforts to Spend More on the Military 문 13. 다음 글의 내용과 일치하지 않는 것은? The most common injuries incurred in physical activity are sprains and strains. A strain occurs when the fibers in a muscle are injured. Common activity-related injuries are hamstring strains that occur after a vigorous sprint. Other commonly strained muscles include the muscles in the front of the thigh, the low back, and the calf. A sprain is an injury to a ligament ― the connective tissue that connects bones to bones. The most common sprain is to the ankle; frequently, the ankle is rolled to the outside when jumping or running. Other common sprains are to the knee, the shoulder, and the wrist. ① Both sprains and strains are likely to occur in physical activity. ② You can hurt your hamstrings after a powerful sprint. ③ Jumping or running can cause an ankle sprain. ④ You are more likely to sprain your shoulder than your ankle. ※ 어법상 옳지 않은 것을 고르시오. [문 14. ~ 문 15.] 문 14. ① He is the person I need to talk to about my daughter. ② My final exams are starting next week, so I’ve got to study hard. ③ This story was about the incidents that were happened in the 1920s. ④ I was just going to clean the office, but someone had already done it. 2022년도 지방공무원 간호 8급 공개경쟁임용 필기시험 영 어 A 책형 3 쪽 문 15. ① The speaker said a few thing that was interesting. ② We saw John coming back with a drink in his hand. ③ This book is one of the best novels I have ever read. ④ We were absolutely amazed at the response to our appeal. 문 16. 주어진 문장이 들어갈 위치로 가장 적절한 것은? Animals move for many reasons. All animals move about in certain ways during their lives. They may swim, walk, crawl, run, fly, or swing through trees. However, all animal movements have something in common. ( ① ) When an animal moves, its nervous system, muscular system, and skeletal system work together in three stages. ( ② ) First, an animal’s nervous system receives a signal from the environment. Second, its nervous system processes the signal. ( ③ ) Finally, its nervous system signals the muscles, which contract, causing the skeleton to move. ( ④ ) They move to obtain food, defend and protect themselves, maintain homeostasis, and find mates. 문 17. 주어진 글 다음에 이어질 글의 순서로 가장 적절한 것은? Television is addictive. For example, when a set breaks, most families rush to have it repaired, often renting one if the repair process takes longer than a day or two. (A) At first, most volunteers did well, reporting that they were spending more time with their children, reading, and visiting friends. Then, within a month, tension, restlessness, and quarreling increased. (B) Not one volunteer lasted more than five months without a television set. Once the sets were on again, people lost their anxieties and returned to normal. (C) When “nothing’s on TV,” people experience boredom with their lives, not knowing what to do with themselves. Perhaps the best example of television addiction was an experiment in Germany in which 184 volunteers were paid to go without television for a year. ① (A) - (B) - (C) ② (B) - (A) - (C) ③ (B) - (C) - (A) ④ (C) - (A) - (B) 문 18. 글의 흐름상 가장 어색한 문장은? Vervet monkeys use a variety of alarm calls to warn each other of different kinds of predators. ① A vervet monkey that emits a loud bark communicates to the rest of the group that a leopard has been spotted. ② This type of alarm call sends everybody up to the trees. ③ A short, interrupted, cough-like sound means that an eagle is near, and monkeys hurry to take cover under thick bushes. ④ The vervet monkeys are rarely found in most Asian countries. If a snake has been seen by a member of the troupe, he or she will make a soft whirring noise that immediately prompts everybody to stand up and look around the grass cautiously. 문 19. 밑줄 친 부분에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? For some young people, school is the only place in their lives where they know they are safe and can form trusted, enduring relationships. It is, therefore, a _____________ that many students who are affected by trauma also have trouble engaging at school. They may attend school with the best of intentions, hoping to form friendships, feel connected to their teachers, and succeed at the day’s tasks. Yet they can find themselves defiant, demanding, and disengaged ― unable to learn and confused about why they can’t relate and bond with others. ① cruel irony ② perfect solution ③ classroom activity ④ learning opportunity 문 20. 밑줄 친 부분에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? There’s one problem with the pessimist’s perspective: progress is taking place everywhere. Humanity has improved by many measures ― life expectancy, education, religious tolerance, and gender equality. But that success has become the water in which we swim, and like fish, we take the water for granted. While we fail to notice the positive, our brains naturally emphasize the negative. As neuropsychologist Rick Hanson described in his 2013 book Hardwiring Happiness, we are designed to focus on the beasts that are still out there in the deep rather than on those we have tamed. But with practice, we can ______________________. Hanson’s advice: when you hear a great story, achieve something in your own life, or just find yourself in a beautiful place with those you love, deliberately rest your mind on that experience and stay with it. ① help our brains give the good stuff equal weight ② gradually adjust to the pessimistic viewpoint ③ altogether avoid seeking out optimism ④ be left feeling helpless and anxious

수정 2022 간호직 8급 영어 해설 전경식.pdf Rudy 2022-05-14 10:46
수정 2022 간호직 8급 영어 해설 전경식.pdf Rudy 2022-05-14 10:37
수정 2022 간호직 8급 영어 해설 전경식.pdf Rudy 2022-05-14 10:34
등록 2022 간호직 8급 영어 해설 전경식.pdf jangdre 2022-05-03 00:38
등록 2022 간호직 8급 영어 해설 성정혜.pdf 화룡 2022-05-02 10:17
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