2022 소방 경력채용 생활영어 해설 JackLee (2022-05-13 / 259.7KB / 125회)
8 / 23 【 생활영어 】 1. 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? Colds and the flu are . They can spread to other people and make them sick. ① feasible ② protective ③ contagious ④ imperative 2. 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? Anything that the search benefits the survivability of victims. Because of modern protective gear, firefighters can quickly move deeper into a burning structure than ever before. ① speeds up ② leaves out ③ takes down ④ breaks down 3. 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? Nothing is quite as smooth as it seems. The surface of any object is covered in microscopic lumps and bumps that snag against anything they touch. The result is a force that stops things moving freely, and we call that force . ① friction ② buoyancy ③ magnetism ④ acceleration 4. 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? A:.Good afternoon, doctor. I guess I suffer from . B: Good afternoon, Martin. I am so sorry to hear that. What made you think so? A:.Last night, I ate dozens of uncooked oyster with my friends. During the dinner time, it was alright. But after my friends left, I kept vomiting. Also, I have a severe pain in my stomachache. B: Oh, that’s too bad. What else? A: I had no choice but to stay in the bathroom because of diarrhea. B: I think your assumption is unfortunately right. Let me give you a prescription so that you could get some medicine. ① heart attack ② food poisoning ③ chronic diseases ④ severe constipation 5. 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? A: How do you get along with your roommate? B: Seohee? She’s great! We get along very well, except ... A: Except what? B: Well, we’re really very different, you know. A: How so? B: I guess Seohee is a little messy. I’m neat. A: B: Yes, it is sometimes. Life is frantic in the mornings because we have such different lifestyles. And at night, I like to study and go to bed, but Seohee watches TV all night, and doesn’t do her homework till the last minute. ① How selfish you are! ② I am glad to hear that. ③ That must be difficult! ④ Please accept my condolences. 6. 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? A: It’s Chaewon, isn’t it? I’m Jiwon. We met last May. B: I’m sorry, but ______________________? A:.We met at the conference in Brighton. I used your mobile phone when my battery ran out. B: Oh, Jiwon! Of course. I’m sorry. How could I forget! You used it to call friends in Australia. A: I called a taxi! B: Just kidding. It’s good to see you again. ① how are things going ② can you jog my memory ③ is this a good time to talk ④ why don’t you give me a call 7. 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? A: Hey! How come you are so late? B:.Sorry. I forgot that there was a change in the bus schedule. A: You’re always . B: I’ll make sure it doesn’t happen again. ① diligent ② punctual ③ systematic ④ disorganized 9 / 23 8. 빈칸에 공통으로 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? Give yourself . Often when we feel frustrated or upset we only concentrate on the bad things or the mistakes we’ve made instead of giving ourselves for what we do right. Allow yourself to feel confident about the things you have accomplished, even if you’ve messed up in other areas. ① credit ② disbelief ③ negligence ④ intelligence 9. 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? See your present crisis for what it really is. You are not stuck in the middle of an incomprehensible situation. What is happening to you now is an part of the continuity of learning. The knowledge which you are gaining about yourself and others at this time will serve as the groundwork of your future decisions and actions. While some learning situations are joyous in nature, others are characterized by pain and suffering. ① opaque ② integral ③ devious ④ ineligible 10. 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? M: Have you ever invested in any stocks? W: No, but how hard it could be. Just buy when it goes down and sell when it goes up. M: . ① Easier said than done ② Killing two birds with one stone ③ An apple a day keeps the doctor away ④ An angular stone is bound to be hit by chisel 11. 빈칸에 공통으로 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? Traffic accidents involving elderly are on the rise, and many are caused by jaywalking. For their safety, elderly should use a crosswalk when crossing the roads. ① motorists ② drivers ③ pedestrians ④ police officers 12. 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? A: This is 119. What’s your emergency? B: HELP! HELP! I need an ambulance! A: Okay, sir, what’s the address? B: It’s Sejong-ro. I need an ambulance! A: Okay, sir, what’s the nature of the emergency? B: There’s a guy lying here. He’s not conscious. He’s not breathing! A: Okay. He’s not breathing? He’s unconscious? B: Right. A:.Okay, sir, an ambulance is on the way. But I . I’ll help you over the phone until they get there. B:.The neighbor is doing CPR, but the guy isn’t responding. He’s not moving and he’s not breathing. A: Okay, sir, the ambulance is on the way. They’ll be there in minutes. Did you witness what happened to the man?B: No, I didn’t see what happened. A:.Okay, sir, I’ve dispatched all this information to the paramedics. Keep up the CPR until they get there. ① ask you to call the police ② need you to start CPR right now ③ want you to be far away from the scene ④ want to know if you have any chronic diseases 13. 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? A: Tony, what’s the matter? You look awful! B: I’ve been so sick all afternoon, with a very bad .stomachache and a fever. A: Did you take any medicine? B: Yes, but it didn’t do any good. I feel worse. A: What did you eat? B: Not much. Just a hamburger for lunch. A: ? B: Rare. A: Rare? B: I always eat my hamburgers rare. A: Well, I guess it might cause the trouble. ① How was it cooked ② What else did you eat ③ What drink did you have ④ What ingredients did you put 10 / 23 14. 다음 대화문 중 어색한 것은? ① A: Hi, Yusoo. What is your plan for the coming vacation? B: Well, I have been to New York. ② A: I guess people of this town need a refuge nearby. B: Exactly. People must have lost their places. ③ A: Where did the accident take place? B: Over there. I saw the water rise over the bank. ④ A: Help is on the way, sir. Where is the fire? B: In the kitchen. The curtains caught fire when I cooked. 15. 다음 글의 요지로 가장 적절한 것은? Why do some companies succeed while others fail? The answer that I came up with is that winning companies win because they have good leaders who nurture the development of other leaders at all levels of the organization. The ultimate test of success for an organization is not whether it can win today but whether it can keep winning tomorrow and the day after. Therefore, the ultimate test for a leader is not whether he or she makes smart decisions and takes decisive action, but whether he or she teaches the others to be leaders and builds an organization that can sustain its success even when he or she is not around. The key ability of winning organizations and winning leaders is creating leaders. ① Leaders are born with their leadership. ② The only one leader should make decisions. ③ Organizations must change to hinder its success. ④ Winning organizations are able to create good leaders. 16. 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? Each year, many people die from choking on objects that obstruct their airways and cause . Choking is in fact the fourth leading cause of unintentional death. However, there is a simple technique you can use to help expel a trapped object from another person’s airway. You can even use a version of this technique on yourself. The technique is called the Heimlich maneuver, or abdominal thrusts. Abdominal thrusts lift your diaphragm and expel air from your lungs. This causes the foreign object to be expelled from your airway. ① slackness ② paralysis ③ restoration ④ suffocation 17. 다음 글의 요지로 가장 적절한 것은? Stress is simply a response which you create in the interpretation of an event. Two people might find that a given event results in quite different responses. For example, an after dinner speech might strike fear into the heart of an inexperienced speaker while a strong orator views it as a wonderful opportunity to share his thoughts. Understanding that the perceived negative effects of an event or task may be mentally manipulated and conditioned towards the positive, will allow you to be a peak performer in all circumstances. ① 스트레스는 모든 질병의 근원이 된다. ② 연설을 잘하기 위해서는 상당한 연습이 필요하다. ③ 한번 부정적으로 인식된 것은 쉽게 바뀌지 않는다. ④ 부정적으로 인식된 것을 긍정적으로 전환하는 것이 중요하다. 18. 다음 글의 내용과 일치하지 않는 것은? The Seoul Metropolitan Government plans to designate public spaces including Han River parks and public transportation as no-drinking zones. The city government will announce legislation of the revised ordinance on March 24, allowing the mayor and district heads to ban drinking in parks, public transportation, government offices, and educational institutions. City Council will vote on the revision after the local elections on June 1. If the revision passes, it will take effect six months after the proclamation and those violating the regulation will be subject to fines of up to 100,000 won. According to the city’s online survey of 1,000 citizens, the majority of respondents supported designating riverside parks as no-drinking zones. However, those opposed believe the revision limits individual freedom. A city government official said that even if the revision is passed, the government will try to ban drinking only in a limited area during scheduled times to avoid excessive regulation. ① 서울시는 한강공원과 대중교통 등의 일부 공공장소에서 음주 금지 규정을 시행하고 있다. ② 개정안에 따르면 해당 규정을 위반할 경우 10만 원 이하의 과태료가 부과된다. ③ 온라인 설문조사에서 응답자의 대다수는 강변 공원들을 음주 금지 구역으로 지정하는 것에 동의했다. ④ 음주 금지 구역 지정에 반대하는 사람들은 개인의 자유 제한을 우려한다. 11 / 23 19. 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? The movement of products of combustion in a high-rise often creates a greater to life and firefighting efforts than the fire itself. Smoke and hot gases may block escape routes and hamper fire suppression efforts. ① hazard ② fortune ③ authority ④ exposure 20. 다음 글의 내용과 일치하지 않는 것은? If a fire started in your home, would your kids know what to do? It’s important to regularly review fire safety with kids so you will all be prepared in the event of a fire emergency. Childcare providers, teachers, and parents should work together to teach children of all ages about fire safety. First, teach children about smoke detectors: Why they are installed, how they work, and the sound that they make. Children need to be able to associate the sound with a fire. Adults should change batteries regularly to avoid having the alarm go off because its battery is low. This could frighten a child. Second, instruct kids how to check doors to see if they are hot, and if so, how to find another way out. Fire safety for children includes having them find a towel to use for handling, touching or grabbing items to avoid burns and to also use the towel or cover to protect their faces and cover their mouths. Finally, teach children what to do in the event that their clothes catch fire. Make sure they understand “stop, drop, and roll.” Act it out for them and have them practice with you. Many fire-related injuries can be avoided or minimized if a child heeds this advice instead of running. ① 보육 제공자들, 교사들, 학부모들은 모든 연령대의 어린 이들에게 화재 안전 교육을 해야 한다. ② 연기 감지기의 설치 이유, 작동 방식, 경보음 등에 대 해 아이들에게 가르쳐야 한다. ③ 화재 발생 시 문이 뜨거운지를 확인하는 등 구체적인 탈 출 방법들에 대한 교육이 필요하다. ④ 화재 발생 시 부상을 최소화하기 위해 아이들에게 빨리 뛰어나가도록 교육해야 한다.