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2021 해경 2차 영어 문제 정답 - 2021.11.6.

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영어정답(확정답안) 1. 공채.pdf(확정답안) 2. 함정요원.pdf(2021-11-08 / 632.8KB / 499회)

 

 2021년도 하반기 경찰공무원 채용시험 문제지 영 어 CODE:02 1/5 영 어 4. 5. 6. 다음 밑줄 친 부분에 들어갈 말로 가장 옳은 것은? John : I scored two tickets to the championship game on Saturday! Amy : I can’t believe it! It’s been sold out for months. John : You’ll come with me, right? Amy : I wish I could, but my brother wants me to babysit his kids. John : Can’t you say no? Amy : I already said I would, and I can’t _________________________ now. ① be taken aback ② retract my words ③ hold my tongue ④ jump down my throat 다음 밑줄 친 부분 중 어법상 가장 옳지 않은 것은? ⓐ Affording a home in one of Britain’s opulent seaside towns has long been way out of reach, even for ⓑ the moderately rich. But now it seems that house prices in two of the smartest resorts have tumbled significantly in the last year. In the boating haven of Salcombe in South Devon, prices ⓒ have fallen 8.2%, according to the Halifax. And in Sandbanks in Dorset, ⓓ renowned of being the UK’s most expensive resort, prices went down 5.6%. ① ⓐ ② ⓑ ③ ⓒ ④ ⓓ 다음 문장 중 문법적으로 옳은 것은 모두 몇 개인가? ⓐ Admitted what you say, I still don’t believe it. ⓑ The novel written by Henry reads very well. ⓒ My family was all so proud when I graduated with a master’s degree. ⓓ Hungry as the man was, he said he would rather die of hunger than selling his watch. ⓔ Many a girl wishes to see the film. ⓕ Not until did he spend three days at the university hospital was the final diagnosis made. ⓖ The teacher told us that the earth was much larger than the moon. ① 2개 ② 3개 ③ 4개 ④ 5개 1. 2. 3. 다음 밑줄 친 부분에 들어갈 단어로 가장 옳은 것은? The Diary of Anne Frank has been read by millions. People are drawn to the story of Anne and her family because it reminds us that the human spirit has enormous ____________ even in the face of terrifying evil. ① resiliency ② haughtiness ③ implication ④ remuneration 다음 중 밑줄 친 단어와 의미가 가장 반대되는 것은? His parsimony was legendary throughout the film world. ① elope ② stinginess ③ lavishness ④ conglomerate 다음 글의 밑줄 친 부분에 들어갈 말로 가장 옳은 것은? Children experiencing phonological dyslexia struggle to break down words into their component parts. They generally have no trouble understanding and repeating a word in its entirety, but may be unable to understand how the word is composed of various sounds. Difficulty with this skill, known as decoding, becomes clear when a child is asked to spell a word, at which point sounds must be matched with written symbols. Children with phonological dyslexia often falter when encountering a new word, as they struggle to understand how the letters fit together one-by-one to form a concrete unit. This lack of sequencing ability extends beyond the realm of linguistics. When shown a series of colours or numbers, children with dyslexia have shown difficulty _____________ in which they were shown. ① expressing their imagination ② understanding other’s thoughts ③ recalling the order ④ feeling anxiety 2021년도 하반기 경찰공무원 채용시험 문제지 영 어 CODE:02 2/5 7. 8. 다음 글의 제목으로 가장 옳은 것은? Hunger and food unsecurity have been called America’s “hidden crisis”. At the same time, and apparently paradoxically, obesity has been declared an epidemic. Both obesity and hunger are serious public health problems, sometimes co-existing in the same families and the same individuals. Their existence sounds contradictory, but those with insufficient resources to purchase adequate food can still be overweight, for reasons that researchers now are beginning to understand. Policy-makers and the public need to better grasp this apparent paradox if our nation is to grapple with these threats to the well-being of many children and adults, and avoid potentially damaging policy prescriptions arising from a mistaken belief that food insecurity and obesity cannot co-exist. ① The Paradox of Hunger and Obesity in America ② The Changing face of Hunger in America ③ Threats to the Well-being of many Americans ④ How to make Public Health Policies in America 다음 글의 제목으로 가장 옳은 것은? Chen hypothesised that if you are forced to grammatically distinguish present from past, you will naturally disassociate present actions from their future consequences. By analysing data across language groups around the world, Chen confirmed his theory, showing that speakers of futureless languages saved more money, retired richer, and practiced less unhealthy behaviour, like smoking, when compared to speakers of futured languages. These results held true not only when comparing two countries, but even when comparing two similar families within the same localised area. ① Language analysis in two countries ② Grammatical distinction in tense ③ The rich and the poor within the similar area ④ Language usage in the future and the past 9. 10. 다음 중 밑줄 친 부분에 들어갈 말로 가장 옳은 것은? An acid is a compound that dissociates in a solution of water to form hydrogen ions and negatively charged ions. Some acids are known as strong acids because they break up almost completely in water. Hydrochloric acid is a very strong acid because most of its molecules decompose, producing hydrogen ions and chloride ions. ____________________. Vinegar, which is a dilute solution of acetic acid, is an example of a weak acid. ① It is an important industrial chemical for many applications ② Each combines with a hydroxide ion of a base to form a water molecule ③ In a complex process and at a high energetic cost, it is secreted by parietal cells ④ Others, called weak acids, dissolve only slightly 다음 글에서 내용의 흐름상 가장 옳지 않은 것은? Of equal importance in wars of conquest were the germs that evolved in human societies with domestic animals. ① Infectious diseases like smallpox, measles, and flu arose as specialized germs of humans, derived by mutations of very similar ancestral germs that had infected animals. ② Cows and other livestock which are not receiving enough lime eat the bones of other animals to relieve the craving in wars of conquest. ③ The humans who domesticated animals were the first to fall victim to the newly evolved germs, but those humans then evolved substantial resistance to the new disease. ④ When such partly immune people came into contact with others who had had no previous exposure to the germs, epidemics resulted in which up to 99 percent of the previously unexposed population was killed. Germs thus acquired ultimately from domestic animals played decisive roles in the European conquests of Native Americans, Australians, South Africans, and Pacific islanders. 2021년도 하반기 경찰공무원 채용시험 문제지 영 어 CODE:02 3/5 11.다음 글의 밑줄 친 부분에 들어갈 말로 가장 옳은 것은? Tactile communication is not entirely different from the sense of touch in humans. While insects have an underdeveloped nervous system compared to vertebrate animals, the principle of tactile communication is the same in that it must entail physical contact. Most people are familiar with the fact that honey bees perform dances to indicate the location and quality of surrounding food sources. However, because these dances take place inside the beehive, the visual qualities are irrelevant. Instead, the movements are perceived by the other bees through vibrations that are transmitted through the hive. Another example of tactile communication can be seen in a phenomenon known as ‘tandem running’. While walking in a line, ants will place their antennae on the ant in front of them. When they can _____________ behind them, they stop and wait for the other ants to catch up. ① go back to the ants ② insist on moving fast ③ no longer feel the antennae of the ant ④ give up going on their own way 12. 13. 다음 글을 읽고 추론할 수 없는 것은? A hundred years ago, nearly every food item that was consumed came from local regions. Nowadays, however, because we often crave fruit that is either exotic or not in season, the average fruit or vegetable at your local grocery store has likely traveled hundreds or even thousands of kilometers from its place of harvest. To diminish this practice, the “locavore” movement has been steadily gaining momentum. Participants try to purchase only local food-that is, food that was grown in an area within a 160-kilometer radius from where it is sold. Not only does this help the environment by reducing gasoline consumption, but studies have also shown that shorter transit times help to preserve the quality and taste of the food. ① Members of the locavore movement go without exotic food items. ② Access to exotic food was greater a hundred years ago. ③ Food that is not in season takes more time to transport. ④ Food that is grown and delivered locally tends to be of good quality. 다음 밑줄 친 단어와 의미가 가장 가까운 것은? Electric cars also are a key part of China’s efforts to curb its unquenchable appetite for imported oil and gas, which communist leaders see as a strategic weakness. ① infallible ② aesthetic ③ insatiable ④ formidable 2021년도 하반기 경찰공무원 채용시험 문제지 영 어 CODE:02 4/5 14. 15. 다음 글의 밑줄 친 ⓐ, ⓑ 에 들어갈 말로 가장 옳은 것은? Assertive behavior involves standing up for your rights and expressing your thoughts and feelings in a direct, appropriate way that does not violate the rights of others. It is a matter of getting the other person to understand your viewpoint. People who exhibit assertive behavior skills are able to handle conflict situations with ease and assurance while maintaining good interpersonal relations. ⓐ , aggressive behavior involves expressing your thoughts and feelings and defending your rights in a way that openly violates the rights of others. Those exhibiting aggressive behavior seem to believe that the rights of others must be subservient to theirs. ⓑ , they have a difficult time maintaining good interpersonal relations. They are likely to interrupt, talk fast, ignore others, and use sarcasm or other forms of verbal abuse to maintain control. ⓐ ⓑ ① In contrast Thus ② Similarly Furthermore ③ However Nonetheless ④ Accordingly On the other hand 다음 중 밑줄 친 단어와 의미가 가장 가까운 것은? If any man was slow in obeying orders, the sergeant would rebuke him like a ton of bricks. ① come up with ② come down on ③ come on to ④ come out in 16. 17. 다음 중 영작이 가장 옳지 않은 것은? ① 비록 그 소식이 방 안에 있는 모든 사람들을 놀라게 했지만, 그들은 아무 일도 일어나지 않았던 것처럼 자신의 일을 하려고 애썼다. → Although the news came as a surprise to all in the room, everyone tried to do his work as though nothing had happened. ② 그녀는 생각에 몰두해 있는 것처럼 보였기 때문에 처음에 나는 그녀에게 말을 걸어봐야 할지 어떨지 몰랐다. → She seemed to be so wrapped up in her thoughts that at first I wondered if I should speak to her. ③ 10분은 프로젝트를 마치기에 너무 짧은 시간이다. → Ten minutes is too short a time to finish the project. ④ 밀레니엄 세대는 더 나이 든 세대가 하는 것보다 식료품과 외식, 주유비, 그리고 이동전화 요금 청구서에 더 많은 비용을 지불하고 있다. → Millennials are spending more on groceries, restaurant orders, gas and cellphone bills than older generations do. 주어진 글 다음에 이어질 글의 순서로 가장 옳은 것은? The metaphors or analogies that we chose to think about ourselves can have different effects on our understandings and our actions. ⓐ Someone who is guided by this metaphor would probably encourage the person to “vent” and express that anger to release the growing pressure. ⓑ An example of this is when we say that anger was building up inside us like steam in a pressure cooker and that the steam has to be let out or the cooker will explode. ⓒ For example, Michael White and David Epston explain that if we think that people and relationships are like complex machines, we will probably see their problems as malfunctions in the machinery and the solution would be to repair them, as a mechanic would. ① ⓒ - ⓑ - ⓐ ② ⓐ - ⓑ - ⓒ ③ ⓐ - ⓒ - ⓑ ④ ⓒ - ⓐ - ⓑ 2021년도 하반기 경찰공무원 채용시험 문제지 영 어 CODE:02 5/5 ※ 18. 다음 글을 읽고 물음에 답하시오. (18. ~ 19.) Sand dunes are closely associated with areas of high aridity, and their formation depends on a steady supply of wind, loose sediment, and some form of obstacle that causes sediment to settle and accumulate. Dune enlargement is accomplished by several interrelated types of erosion: in saltation, medium-sized particles are catapulted into the air and transported horizontally, typically covering a distance of around four times their altitude while “bouncing” along the way. As they violently collide with the surface, they encounter larger particles that are too massive to be moved by wind, dislodge them, and roll them along the ground in a process known as creep. Additionally, bits of sand advance by way of suspension, whereby they are lofted high into the air and form massive dust storms that can completely obscure the distinction between the sky, the horizon, and the earth. Each of these modes of transport contributes to persistent accretion as the prevailing wind continually propels sediment up the windward side of the dune until the leeward side collapses. The fact that this subsidence often creates a slope of between 30˚ and 34˚ supports the assertion that there is an ideal angle, called the angle of repose, which makes the perpetual expansion of the dune feasible. 위 글에서 퇴적물이 자리를 잡고 축적되는 이유로 가장 옳은 것은? ① the lack of a slope ② the presence of an impediment ③ the cessation of wind ④ the absence of erosive force 19. 20. 글에서 사구의 확장에 최적인 각도가 존재한다는 주장을 뒷받침하는 것은? ① the reality that dunes typically occur only when certain environmental conditions are met ② studies that revealed leeward and windward sides of dunes have different compositions ③ data that suggests dunes form specifically in areas with consistent prevailing winds ④ the tendency of the slumping face of dunes to result in a fairly predictable slope 다음 글의 밑줄 친 부분에 들어갈 말로 가장 옳은 것은? Ancient manatees, remaining in the sea, had the abundance of food along the water’s edge, and the species developed traits that would help survival in the changing habitat. Front limbs changed from legs into flippers, which were more useful for swimming. But nails, which are analogous to human fingernails, remained on the tips of the flippers. As on land, these nails are useful for grabbing objects underwater. Another significant set of changes relates to the structure of manatees’ pelvic bones. In modern manatees, the entire bone has become smaller, and the left side usually weighs more than the right. The pelvic bone is also no longer attached to the spine. In both mammals and fish, these mutations are associated with the loss of limbs attached to the pelvis, such as hind legs. These limbs are a burden to manoeuvring in the ocean, so while the shrunken pelvis and undeveloped hind legs __________ on land, in the sea they provide an advantage. Manatees’ hind limbs have, in fact, completely disappeared from their exterior bodies. ① are basically dedicating ② would be fatal mutations ③ can move more efficiently ④ are quite vulnerary

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