소방   조회수 9047 2021.04.03. 16:33

2021 소방 영어 문제 해설 - 2021.4.3.

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영어정답(2021-04-03 / 440.5KB / 4,789회)


2021 소방 영어 해설 영스파(2021-04-03 / 345.8KB / 4,842회)


 A - 10 / 35 1. 밑줄 친 부분과 의미가 가장 가까운 것은? There was the unmistakable odor of sweaty feet. ① accessible ② distinct ③ desirable ④ complimentary 2. 밑줄 친 부분과 의미가 가장 가까운 것은? Candidates interested in the position should hand in their resumes to the Office of Human Resources. ① emit ② omit ③ permit ④ submit 3. 밑줄 친 부분과 의미가 가장 가까운 것은? It is easy to understand the conflict that arises between humans and nature as human populations grow. We bring to every encounter with nature an ancient struggle for our own survival. In the old days, all too often it was nature — her predators, winters, floods, and droughts — that did us in. ① confrontation ② reproduction ③ encouragement ④ magnificence 4. 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? When the fire alarm sounds, act immediately to ensure your safety. The fire alarm system is designed and engineered to provide you with an early warning to allow you to safely the building during an urgent situation. ① exit ② renovate ③ demolish ④ construct 5. 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? A: Ryan and I are having a chess match today. Do you think I’ll win? B: Of course, you’ll win. I’m . After all, I’m betting ten bucks that you’ll win. A: Thanks. ① counting on you ② worn out ③ expecting company ④ all ears 6. 다음 글의 요지로 가장 적절한 것은? To demonstrate that you are thankful, you should say “thank you” immediately when you walk into the room and do the interview. This is a step that many people forego and do not remember, but when you do it, you demonstrate a level that is above the average candidate. So, you should say something to the interviewer like the following: “Thank you for inviting me to have this interview. I appreciate the time that you have committed to talk to me about this available position.” You don’t have to fluff up your words or try to make it into something fancy. Instead, keep it simple and to the point to show your gratitude to the interviewer. ① 면접자는 면접 시간 약속을 철저하게 지켜야 한다. ② 면접자는 면접 요청을 받으면 최대한 빨리 답장해야 한다. ③ 면접자는 면접관에게 곧바로, 간단히 감사를 표현해야 한다. ④ 면접에서 자신의 의견을 말할 때는 근거를 정확히 밝혀야 한다. 7. 다음 글에서 필자가 주장하는 바로 가장 적절한 것은? It’s drilled into us that we need to be more active to lose weight. So it spins the mind to hear that a key to staying thin is to spend more time doing the most sedentary inactivity humanly possible. Yet this is exactly what scientists are finding. In light of Van Cauter’s discoveries, sleep scientists have performed a flurry of analyses on large datasets of children. All the studies point in the same direction: on average, children who sleep less are fatter than children who sleep more. This isn’t just in America — scholars all around the world are considering it because children everywhere are both getting fatter and getting less sleep. ① 과도한 다이어트는 건강에 좋지 않다. ② 수면 부족은 체중 증가와 관계가 있다. ③ 균형 잡힌 식습관은 수면의 질을 높인다. ④ 신체 성장을 위해 충분한 수면이 필요하다. 【 영어 】 A - 11 / 35 8. 밑줄 친 부분 중 어법상 틀린 것은? Honey’s role as a primary sweetener was challenged by the rise of sugar. Initially made from the sweet juice of sugar cane, sugar in medieval times was very expensive and time-consuming ① to produce. By the eighteenth century, however, sugar — due to the use of slave labor on colonial plantations — ② had become more affordable and available. Honey is today ③ far more expensive than sugar or other artificial sweeteners. While ④ considering as something of a luxury rather than an essential, honey is still regarded with affection, and, interestingly, it continues to be seen as an ingredient with special, health-giving properties. 9. 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? When you provide basic medical care to someone experiencing a sudden injury or illness, it’s known as first aid. In some cases, first aid consists of the initial support provided to someone in the middle of a medical . This support might help them survive until professional help arrives. In other cases, first aid consists of the care provided to someone with a minor injury. For example, first aid is often all that’s needed to treat minor burns, cuts, and insect stings. ① profession ② emergency ③ qualification ④ breakthrough 10. 밑줄 친 부분 중 문맥상 낱말의 쓰임이 적절하지 않은 것은? Egg yolks range dramatically in color, but yolk variations are caused by dietary differences rather than genetic ones. Yolk color is ① influenced primarily by the pigments in the chicken feed. If the hen gets plenty of yellow-orange plant pigments known as xanthophylls, the pigments will be deposited in the yolk. Hens receiving mash with yellow corn and alfalfa meal will ② lay eggs with medium yellow yolks. Those fed on wheat or barley produce lighter yolks. A totally colorless diet, such as white corn, will yield a ③ colorful yolk. For cosmetic reasons alone, farmers avoid giving chickens a colorless diet, because consumers ④ prefer a yellowish hue to their yolks. 11. 밑줄 친 부분 중 문맥상 낱말의 쓰임이 적절하지 않은 것은? For most adults, the ability to drive a car is an integral part of our sense of empowerment and freedom. We ① seldom think of what it would be like if we couldn’t just “jump in the car and go.” But that feeling of complete freedom to go where you want and when you want is such a deep part of how we all function that it seems inconceivable to any of us to ② lose that mobility and freedom. But for senior citizens, there will come a time when they will need to stop driving. The causes are many, but the most common reason that calls for senior citizens to stop driving is ③ enhanced eyesight. While much can be done to preserve the eyesight of senior citizens, if their ability to see becomes a hazard behind the wheel, they will have to be told that it’s time to let that ④ precious freedom go. 12. (A)와 (B)에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? Mental preparation is great advice in many situations — including social situations. Whether you’re about to walk into a job interview or going to a dinner party, a little mental preparation might make things go more smoothly. (A) , you might imagine yourself successfully talking to several new people. Or you might picture yourself making good eye contact and asking questions that keep the conversation flowing. Of course, you don’t have control over everything. (B) , one thing you can control is your own behavior. A little mental preparation can help you feel calm enough to be your best self in social situations. (A) (B) ① In contrast Therefore ② For example However ③ In contrast Nevertheless ④ For example Furthermore A - 12 / 35 13. (A)와 (B)에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? When you’re a first responder, work hours are often long and unpredictable. Firefighters can’t control when a fire starts; they just have to stop it, no matter how inconvenient the time. (A) , police officers can’t leave a crime scene just because their scheduled shift is over and it’s time to go home. They have to make sure the situation is safe before leaving. Because of the time commitment alone, first responders make substantial personal sacrifices. Whatever activities, hobbies, or family time they enjoy often takes a backseat to their service to the community. (B) , time isn’t the only thing first responders sacrifice. Every day, they put their safety on the line for our benefit. They run into dangerous situations so that we don’t have to, sometimes risking their lives in the process. (A) (B) ① On the contrary Similarly ② In short Moreover ③ Consequently Nevertheless ④ Likewise However 14. 주어진 글 다음에 이어질 글의 순서로 가장 적절한 것은? As the body rebuilds its muscles, the muscles also increase in strength and capacity. Usually, the old tissue is discarded before the synthesis of new tissue. Consuming a lot of protein will help to provide raw material to help with the synthesis of new tissue. (A) They are happening; you don’t see them until the changes are substantial enough for you to notice. This is especially true if you have a lot of body fat. (B) Your body will constantly be burning fat and building new tissue, which can give you the idea that you still look the same. (C) Regarding the synthesis of new tissue, keep in mind that it will take a bit of time to start seeing body changes. However, this does not mean that the changes are not ongoing. ① (A) — (B) — (C) ② (A) — (C) — (B) ③ (B) — (A) — (C) ④ (C) — (A) — (B) 15. 주어진 글 다음에 이어질 글의 순서로 가장 적절한 것은? There are hundreds of gas stations around San Francisco in the California Bay Area. One might think that gas stations would spread out to serve local neighborhoods. (A) The phenomenon is partly due to population clustering. Gas stations will be more common where demand is high, like in a city, rather than in sparsely populated areas like cornfields. (B) But this idea is contradicted by a common observation. Whenever you visit a gas station, there is almost always another in the vicinity, often just across the street. In general, gas stations are highly clustered. (C) Moreover, there are many factors at play. Locating a gas station is an optimization problem involving demand, real estate prices, estimates of population growth, and supply considerations such as the ease of refueling. ① (A) — (C) — (B) ② (B) — (A) — (C) ③ (C) — (A) — (B) ④ (C) — (B) — (A) 16. 밑줄 친 부분이 가리키는 대상이 나머지 셋과 다른 것은? A way of testing a fire safety management plan in a building, fire drills are considered training exercises for all involved. Everyone in a building must comply with ① them, including staff, students, and visitors. ② They help building users learn and remember alternative escape routes and allow fire wardens to practice their evacuation role. Shortcomings in fire drills can be identified and rectified. ③ They are planned events, but advance warning should not normally be given to building users. This ensures ④ they react normally when the fire alarm sounds and are not unnaturally prepared. False fire alarm activations and evacuations do not count as fire drills as they are unplanned. A - 13 / 35 17. 밑줄 친 부분이 가리키는 대상이 나머지 셋과 다른 것은? Gregory Bare, a Bloomington firefighter, was at home getting ready to go to bed when he noticed his neighbor’s house was on fire. Even though ① he was off duty and did not have access to his protective clothing or equipment, Bare leaped into action. After reporting the fire to 911 operators, he ran over to find his neighbor struggling to get out of her window. Removing the screen and helping her escape, ② he learned that an additional resident remained inside. With the front of the home burning, Bare entered through the rear where there was no smoke or fire, woke up the sleeping housemate, and escorted ③ him out of the home to safety. Several firefighters called to the scene credited Bare with saving the two residents. After review, ④ his action will likely be recognized at the Bloomington Fire Department’s annual awards banquet. 18. Hansberry에 관한 다음 글의 내용과 일치하지 않는 것은? Hansberry was born on May 19, 1930, in Chicago, Illinois. She wrote The Crystal Stair, a play about a struggling black family in Chicago, which was later renamed A Raisin in the Sun, a line from a Langston Hughes poem. She was the first black playwright and, at 29, the youngest American to win a New York Critics’ Circle award. The film version of A Raisin in the Sun was completed in 1961, starring Sidney Poitier, and received an award at the Cannes Film Festival. She broke her family’s tradition of enrolling in Southern black colleges and instead attended the University of Wisconsin in Madison. While at school, she changed her major from painting to writing, and after two years decided to drop out and move to New York City. ① The Crystal Stair라는 연극 작품을 썼다. ② 29세에 New York Critics’ Circle 상을 수상했다. ③ 가문의 전통에 따라 남부 흑인 대학에 등록했다. ④ 학교에서 전공을 미술에서 글쓰기로 바꿨다. 19. 다음 글에서 전체 흐름과 관계없는 문장은? Genetic engineering of food and fiber products is inherently unpredictable and dangerous — for humans, for animals, for the environment, and for the future of sustainable and organic agriculture. ① As Dr. Michael Antoniou, a British molecular scientist, points out, gene-splicing has already resulted in the “unexpected production of toxic substances in genetically engineered (GE) bacteria, yeast, plants, and animals.” ② So many people support genetic engineering which can help to stop the fatal diseases. ③ The hazards of GE foods and crops fall basically into three categories: human health hazards, environmental hazards, and socioeconomic hazards. ④ A brief look at the already-proven and likely hazards of GE products provides a convincing argument for why we need a global moratorium on all GE foods and crops. 20. 다음 글의 내용과 일치하지 않는 것은? A local Lopburi inn owner, Yongyuth, held the first buffet for the local monkeys in 1989, and the festival now draws thousands of tourists every year. The Lopburi people revere the monkeys so much that every year they hold an extravagant feast for them in the ruins of an old Khmer temple. Over 3,000 monkeys attend the banquet of fruit, vegetables and sticky rice, which is laid out on long tables. Before the banquet, Lopburi locals perform songs, speeches and monkey dances in honour of the monkeys. The Lopburi people believe that monkeys descend from Hanuman’s monkey army, who, according to legend, saved the wife of Lord Ram from a demon. Since then, monkeys have been thought to bring good luck and are allowed to roam where they please in the city, even if they do cause chaos and tend to mug people. ① Lopburi 여관의 주인이 원숭이를 위한 뷔페를 처음 열었다. ② Lopburi 사람들은 원숭이를 매우 존경해서 매년 호화로운 잔치를 연다. ③ Lopburi 사람들은 연회가 끝나면 원숭이 춤을 춘다. ④ 원숭이가 행운을 가져다준다고 여겨진다.

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