영어.pdf 2020 경찰 1차 영어 해설 영스파.pdf 2020 경찰 1차 영어 해설 이충권.pdf - 3 - 1. 다음 밑줄 친 단어의 의미와 가장 가까운 것은? Although doctors struggled to contain the epidemic, it has swept all the world. ① include ② suffer from ③ prevent the spread of ④ transmit 2. 다음 밑줄 친 표현의 의미와 가장 가까운 것은? If you take risks like that you’ll wind up dead. ① blow up ② end up ③ make up ④ use up 3. 다음 빈칸에 들어갈 단어로 가장 적절한 것은? The detectives some clues of the hit-and-run accident and could successfully arrest the real criminal. ① obliterated ② distorted ③ complimented ④ scrutinized 4. 다음 빈칸 ㉠, ㉡에 공통으로 들어갈 단어로 가장 적절한 것은? I looked her ㉠ in the face. To unbreak my heart was like trying to ㉡ a circle. That is, it was impossible. ① court ② overhead ③ square ④ trace 5. 다음 빈칸 ㉠, ㉡에 공통으로 들어갈 단어로 가장 적절한 것은? As this case seems to be more complicated than we have ever expected, we are to request the ㉠ from the police in order to work it out. So far North Korea has habitually and blatantly violated the ㉡ by the UN, in relation to the matters of developing nuclear weapons. ① approval ② encouragement ③ neutralization ④ sanction 6. 다음 문장 중 어법상 가장 적절하지 않은 것은? ① I’m feeling sick. I shouldn’t have eaten so much. ② Most of the suggestions made at the meeting was not very practical. ③ Providing the room is clean, I don’t mind which hotel we stay at. ④ We’d been playing tennis for about half an hour when it started to rain heavily. 7. 다음 문장 중 어법상 가장 적절하지 않은 것은? ① No sooner had he seen me than he ran away. ② Little I dreamed that he had told me a lie. ③ Written in plain English, the book has been read by many people. ④ When I met her for the first time, I couldn’t help but fall in love with her. 8. A에 대한 B의 응답으로 가장 적절하지 않은 것은? ① A: Oh, I’ve forgotten my phone again! B: Typical! You’re always forgetting your phone. ② A: Is your shirt inside out? I see the seams. B: Actually, they’re supposed to show. ③ A: Where can I get a cheap computer? B: Shopping online is your best bet. ④ A: Would you like some strawberry shortcake? B: Sure, help yourself to more. 9. 다음 대화의 빈칸에 들어갈 표현으로 가장 적절한 것은? A: How many bottles of wine should I prepare for tonight’s party? I heard there will be many guests. B: The more, the better. Unfortunately, however, I won’t be able to be with you at the party because of the urgent matters in my office tonight. Instead, ? A: Of course! You are always welcome to my world. ① can you give me a raincheck for this ② will you give my best regards to them ③ shall I go home ④ are you being waited on 10. 우리말을 영어로 옮긴 것 중 어법상 가장 적절한 것은? ① 그들은 참 친절한 사람들이야! ⟶ They’re so kind people! ② 그녀는 곰 인형을 하나 가지고 있었는데, 인형 눈이 양쪽 다 떨어져 나가고 없었다. ⟶ She had a teddy bear, both of whose eyes were missing. ③ 가장 쉬운 해결책은 아무 일도 하지 않는 것이다. ⟶ The most easiest solution is to do nothing. ④ 애들 옷 입히고 잠자리 좀 봐 줄래요? ⟶ After you’ve got the children dress, can you make the beds? 11. 다음 글의 제목으로 가장 적절한 것은? Imagine that after studying word pairs such as red/blood and food/radish, you are given red as a cue and recall that blood went with it. This act of recall strengthens your memory of the two words appearing together, so that next time you are given red, it will be easier for you to recall blood. Remarkably, however, recalling that blood went with red will also make it more difficult later to recall radish when given food! When practicing red/blood, it is necessary to suppress retrieval of recently encountered “red things” other than blood, so that your mind is not littered with irrelevancies that could interfere with the recall of the word you seek. But there is a cost to suppressing retrieval of unwanted items such as radish: they are less accessible for future recall, even to a cue (food) that would seem to have nothing to do with “redness.” ① The Advantage and Disadvantage of Studying Word Pairs ② The Art of Matching Word Pairs ③ The Importance of Recalling Word Pairs ④ The Proper Way of Practicing Word Pairs 12. 다음 글의 흐름으로 보아 <보기>의 문장이 들어갈 곳으로 가장 적절한 것은? < 보 기 > When the adversity is threatening enough or comes without warning, it can unbalance the leader at a single stroke. There are times when even the best leaders lose their emotional balance. ( ㉠ ) Leadership brings with it responsibility, and responsibility, in times of serious adversity, brings emotional confusion and strain. ( ㉡ ) In this sense responsibility is like a lever, which can upset a leader’s emotional balance when adversity presses down hard on one end. ( ㉢ ) Even a leader as great as Lincoln was floored more than once in this way. ( ㉣ ) Other times the effect is cumulative, coming after a period of sustained high tension―of pressure on one end and resistance on the other―until finally the leader’s equanimity begins to give way. The point is that every leader had their emotional limits, and there is no shame in exceeding them. ① ㉠ ② ㉡ ③ ㉢ ④ ㉣ 【영 어】 - 4 - 13. 다음 글의 제목으로 가장 적절한 것은? Scientists hope to someday establish beyond a doubt that aging and all the nefarious things that go with it can be indefinitely postponed simply by reducing the amount of food and calories we consume. Take note that in the prevention of Alzheimer’s disease, maintaining an ideal weight may not be enough. Studies have shown that the risk of Alzheimer’s disease is more closely linked to caloric intake than to weight or body mass index (BMI). This means that a junk food junkie who is blessed with a high metabolic rate that keeps her from gaining weight may still be at a higher risk for developing a memory problem. If we consider the logic that explains how caloric restriction exerts its beneficial effects on the body and mind, this makes a lot of sense. The amount of age-accelerating *oxygen free radicals generated from our diet is related to the amount of calories we consume, not to our weight. Thus a person with a high metabolic rate who consumes greater calories may actually be producing more harmful forms of oxygen than someone with a slower metabolic rate. *oxygen free radicals 활성 산소 ① The Relation between BMI and Alzheimer’s Disease ② The Instruction of How to Reduce the Risk of Alzheimer’s Disease ③ The Influence of Ingesting Calories on the Body and Mind ④ The Side Effect of Having Junk Food on Human Metabolism 14. 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 내용으로 가장 적절한 것은? Life is full of hazards. Disease, enemies and starvation are always menacing primitive man. Experience teaches him that medicinal herbs, valor, the most strenuous labor, often come to nothing, yet normally he wants to survive and enjoy the good things of existence. Faced with this problem, he takes to any method that seems adapted to his ends. Often his ways appear incredibly crude to us moderns until we remember how our next-door neighbor acts in like emergencies. When medical science pronounces him incurable, he will not resign himself to fate but runs to the nearest *quack who holds out hope of recovery. His urge for self-preservation will not down, nor will that of the illiterate peoples of the world, and in that overpowering will to live is anchored the belief in supernaturalism, . *quack 돌팔이 의사 ① and the number of its supporters has increased dramatically ② which caused ancient civilizations to develop into modern ones ③ which has had a positive effect on medical science ④ which is absolutely universal among known peoples, past and present 15. 다음 빈칸 ㉠, ㉡, ㉢에 공통으로 들어갈 단어로 가장 적절한 것은? One study that measured participants’ exposure to thirty-seven major negative events found a curvilinear relationship between lifetime adversity and mental health. High levels of adversity predicted poor mental health, as expected, but people who had faced intermediate levels of adversity were healthier than those who experienced little adversity, suggesting that moderate amounts of stress can foster ㉠ . A follow-up study found a similar link between the amount of lifetime adversity and subjects’ responses to laboratory stressors. Intermediate levels of adversity were predictive of the greatest ㉡ . Thus, having to grapple with a moderate amount of stress may build ㉢ in the face of future stress. ① resilience ② impression ③ creativity ④ depression 16. 다음 빈칸 ㉠, ㉡에 각각 들어갈 표현으로 가장 적절한 것은? The most obvious salient feature of moral agents is a capacity for rational thought. This is an uncontested necessary condition for any form of moral agency, since we all accept that people who are incapable of reasoned thought cannot be held morally responsible for their actions. ㉠ , if we move beyond this uncontroversial salient feature of moral agents, then the most salient feature of actual flesh-and-blood (as opposed to ridiculously idealized) individual moral agents is surely the fact that every moral agent brings multiple perspectives to bear on every moral problem situation. ㉡ , there is no one-size-fits-all answer to the question “What are the basic ways in which moral agents wish to affect others?” Rather, moral agents wish to affect ‘others’ in different ways depending upon who these ‘others’ are. ㉠ ㉡ ① However That is ② Furthermore Otherwise ③ To put it briefly After all ④ In particular Even so 17. 다음 빈칸 ㉠, ㉡에 각각 들어갈 단어로 가장 적절한 것은? The sun is slowly getting brighter as its core contracts and heats up. In a billion years it will be about 10 percent brighter than today, heating the planet to an uncomfortable degree. Water ㉠ from the oceans may set off a runaway greenhouse effect that turns Earth into a damp version of Venus, wrapped permanently in a thick, white blanket of cloud. Or the transformation may take some time and be more gentle, with an increasingly hot and cloudy atmosphere able to shelter microbial life for some time. Either way, water will escape into the stratosphere and be broken down by UV light into oxygen and hydrogen. Oxygen will be left in the stratosphere－perhaps ㉡ aliens into thinking the planet is still inhabited－while the hydrogen is light enough to escape into space. So our water will gradually leak away. ㉠ ㉡ ① accumulating misunderstanding ② evaporating misleading ③ flowing persuading ④ seeping expelling 18. 다음 글의 흐름으로 보아 <보기> 문장 뒤에 이어질 글의 순서로 가장 적절한 것은? < 보 기 > Ankle and heel pain are the most common ailments seen by foot doctors, especially among runners and those who play sprinting sports, such as basketball or tennis. ㉠ Above all, it is most important to rest and take it easy until the injury fully heals. ㉡ While some injuries to the foot are serious and may require a trip to the doctor’s office, most minor sprains can be treated at home. ㉢ They also suggest keeping the foot elevated when possible and making sure to wear comfortable shoes with plenty of support. ㉣ Sports physicians recommend icing the bruised area, gently stretching and massaging the foot, and taking anti-inflammatory drugs to help alleviate the pain. ① ㉣－㉡－㉠－㉢ ② ㉡－㉠－㉣－㉢ ③ ㉢－㉡－㉣－㉠ ④ ㉡－㉣－㉢－㉠ - 5 - 19. 글쓴이의 주장과 가장 일치하는 것은? Some psychologists believe that insight is the result of restructuring of a problem after a period of non-progress where the person is believed to be too focused on past experience and get stuck. A new manner to represent the problem is suddenly discovered, leading to a different path to a solution heretofore unpredicted. It has been claimed that no specific knowledge, or experience is required to attain insight in the problem situation. As a matter of fact, one should break away from experience and let the mind wander freely. Nevertheless, experimental studies have shown that insight is actually the result of ordinary analytical thinking. The restructuring of a problem can be caused by unsuccessful attempts in solving the problem, leading to new information being brought in while the person is thinking. The new information can contribute to a completely different perspective in finding a solution, thus producing the Aha! Experience. ① 통찰력이 있는 사람은 보통 문제의 재구성을 통해 해결책을 찾는다. ② 문제 해결 실패의 경험들을 겪으면서 통찰력 획득이 가능해진다. ③ 문제에 집착을 하지 않을 때 그 문제의 재구성이 이루어진다. ④ 대조되는 능력인 분석적 사고와 통찰력을 갖춰야 문제를 해결할 수 있다. 20. 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 내용으로 가장 적절한 것은? What was arguably the all-time greatest example of selection bias resulted in the embarrassing 1948 Chicago Tribune headline “Dewey defeats Truman.” In reality, Harry Truman trounced his opponent. All the major political polls at the time had predicted Thomas Dewey would be elected president. The Chicago Tribune went to press before the election results were in, its editors confident that the polls would be correct. The statisticians were wrong for two reasons. First, they stopped polling too far in advance of the election, and Truman was especially successful at energizing people in the final days before the election. Second, the telephone polls conducted tended to favor Dewey because in 1948, telephones were generally limited to wealthier households, and Dewey was mainly popular among elite voters. The selection bias that resulted in the infamous Chicago Tribune headline was accidental, but it shows the danger and potential power－for a stakeholder wanting to influence hearts and minds by －of selection bias. ① encouraging others to hop on the bandwagon ② inspiring people to wag the dog ③ instigating the public to be underdogs ④ tempting American adults to be swing voters
영어.pdf 2019 경찰 2차 영어 해설 영스파.pdf 2019 경찰 2차 영어 해설 정수현.pdf 2019 경찰 2차 영어 해설 이충권.pdf 2019 경찰 2차 영어 해설 김형섭.pdf 2019 경찰 2차 영어 해설 양익.pdf 2019 경찰 2차 영어 해설 장종재.pdf 2019 경찰 2차 영어 해설 샐리정.pdf 2019 경찰 2차 영어 해설 이동기.pdf 2019 경찰 2차 영어 해설 정일현.pdf 2019 경찰 2차 영어 해설 더하프.pdf 2019 경찰 2차 영어 해설 이서윤.pdf - 3 - 1. 다음 밑줄 친 단어의 의미와 가장 가까운 것은? She was becoming exasperated with all the questions they were asking. ① infuriated ② imperturbable ③ oblivious ④ pompous 2. 다음 빈칸에 들어갈 단어로 가장 적절한 것은? The Kortek University Library welcomes gifts of books and other cultural heritage materials that extend and ( ) existing collections. ① attenuate ② manacle ③ complement ④ incapacitate 3. 다음 빈칸에 공통으로 들어갈 단어로 가장 적절한 것은? ㉠ ( ) is when I’m doing something that makes me happy just to be doing it. ㉡ I’m not making ( ) of you. I admire what you did. ① happiness ② sense ③ fortune ④ fun 4. 다음 각 단어와 그 뜻풀이가 가장 적절하지 않은 것은? ㉠ perennial: happening or done in the same period of time ㉡ arbitrary: not based on any principle, plan, or system ㉢ obscure: unknown and difficult to understand or deal with ㉣ plagiarize: to use another person’s idea or work without any permission ① ㉠ ② ㉡ ③ ㉢ ④ ㉣ 5. 각 문장에서 문맥상 가장 적합한 단어가 순서대로 나열된 것은? Solidad Bank requires that all customers present two pieces of photo ㉠(identification / idiosyncrasy) when cashing a check. The new subway line will enable residents to travel directly to the airport ㉡(by train / by the train). The fact that Butcher himself was a farmer provided ㉢(ratification / rapport) with his subjects. ㉠ ㉡ ㉢ ① identification by train rapport ② idiosyncrasy by the train ratification ③ identification by the train ratification ④ idiosyncrasy by train rapport 6. 다음 빈칸 ㉠∼㉢에 들어갈 단어로 가장 적절한 것은? In new relationships, people often ( ㉠ ) themselves slowly, sharing only a few details at first, and offering more personal information only if they like and trust each other. When they started becoming friends, for instance, Deepak and Prasad shared mostly routine information with each other. As they got to know and trust each other more, they started sharing their opinions on things such as politics, relationships, and religion. Only after they had known each other for quite a while did they feel ( ㉡ ) talking about more personal things, such as Prasad’s health problems or the challenges in Deepak’s marriage. Although people in some relationships begin sharing ( ㉢ ) information very quickly, self-disclosure usually moves in small increments. ㉠ ㉡ ㉢ ① disclose social inclusive ② close social intimate ③ disclose comfortable intimate ④ close comfortable inclusive 7. 다음 각 문장 중 어법상 가장 적절한 것은? ① Not only she is modest, but she is also polite. ② I find myself enjoying classical music as I get older. ③ The number of crimes in the cities are steadily decreasing. ④ The car insurance rates in urban areas are more higher than those in rural areas. 8. 다음 각 문장을 유사한 의미의 다른 문장으로 바꾸어 쓰고자 한다. 어법상 가장 적절하지 않은 것은? ①Were it not for your assistance, I would have difficulty. ⟶ But for your assistance, I would have difficulty. ② As the work was done, I had nothing to do. ⟶ The work done, I had nothing to do. ③ They made us copy the script. ⟶ We were made copy the script. ④ He seemed to have been sick. ⟶ It seemed that he had been sick. 9. 한국어를 영어로 옮긴 것 중 가장 적절한 것은? ① 나는 창문 옆에 앉아 있는 그 소녀를 안다. ⟶ I know the girl sat by the window. ② 그 산을 오르는 데에는 대략 두 시간이 걸린다. ⟶ That takes about two hours to climb the mountain. ③ 소음 때문에 짜증이 나서 그녀는 그 카페를 떠났다. ⟶ Annoying by the noise, she left the cafe. ④ 자유는 책임을 동반한다는 사실을 우리는 인정해야 한다. ⟶ We should admit the fact that freedom is accompanied by responsibility. 10. A에 대한 B의 응답으로 가장 적절하지 않은 것은? ① A: How did you like the movie you saw yesterday? B: Wait, please don’t spoil it for me. ② A: James, what’s your goal for this year? B: Well, I want to learn to play the violin. ③ A: How is your group project going, Peter? B: Not very well. It’s harder than I thought. ④ A: Your cap looks great. Where did you get it? B: I bought it at a flea market last Saturday. 11. 다음 글의 내용과 가장 일치하지 않는 것은? The coffee tree has smooth, ovate leaves and clusters of fragrant white flowers that mature into deep red fruits about 1/2 inch. The fruit usually contains two seeds, the coffee beans. Arabica Coffee yields the highest-quality beans and provides the bulk of the world’s coffee, including 80% of the coffee imported into the United States. The species is thought to be native to Ethiopia, where it was known before 1000. Coffee’s earliest human use may have been as a food; a ball of the crushed fruit molded with fat was a day’s ration for certain African nomads. Later, wine was made from the fermented husks and pulps. Coffee was known in 15th-century Arabia; from there it spread to Egypt and Turkey, overcoming religious and political opposition to become popular among Arabs. At first proscribed by Italian churchmen as a heathen’s drink, it was approved by Pope Clement VIII, and by the mid-17th century coffee had reached most of Europe. Introduced in North America in 1668, coffee became a favorite American beverage after the Boston Tea Party made tea unfashionable. ① Coffee tree has white flowers that grow into deep red fruits. ② Most of the world’s coffee is believed to originate from Ethiopia. ③ Coffee was popular in America after the Boston Tea Party. ④ Coffee was considered to be profane by Pope Clement VIII. 【영 어】 - 4 - 12. 다음 글의 내용과 가장 일치하는 것은? The 2010 US Census shows that America’s ethnic and racial makeup is changing. Compared to 2000, the percentage of the population identified as white shrank, from 75.1% to 72.4%. Every other ethnic category increased, except for Native Americans, which remained unchanged at 0.9%. The biggest growth came from the Hispanic population, which grew from 12.5% in 2000 to 16.3% of the population ten years later. Those identified as belonging to two or more racial categories also climbed to 2.9% in 2010 from 2.4% ten years earlier. ① 미국 원주민 인구 비율은 2000년과 2010년 사이에 0.9%p(퍼센트 포인트) 증가했다. ② 히스패닉 인구 비율은 2000년과 2010년 사이에 16.3%p(퍼센트 포인트) 증가했다. ③ 둘 이상의 인종 범주에 속하는 인구 비율은 2010년에 미국 인구의 2.4%였다. ④ 백인 인구 비율은 2000년에 미국 인구의 75.1%였다. 13. 다음 글의 흐름으로 보아 <보기>의 문장이 들어갈 곳으로 가장 적절한 것은? < 보 기 > However, the concept of a rational action also incorporates the concept of a reason, and reasons need not be egocentric. The concept of a rational action can be seen to be quite complex: it is a hybrid concept. A rational action is one that is not irrational. Any action that is not irrational counts as rational; that is, any action that does not have (is not believed to have) harmful consequences for you or those for whom you care is rational. ( ㉠ ) So rationality does involve, if only indirectly, the egocentric character of an irrational action. ( ㉡ ) The fact (belief) that anyone will benefit from your actions is a reason. ( ㉢ ) Reasons are not limited to facts (beliefs) about benefits to you or those for whom you care. ( ㉣ ) Thus an action that has (is believed to have) harmful consequences for you can be rational if (you believe) there are compensating benefits for others, even if you do not care about them. ① ㉠ ② ㉡ ③ ㉢ ④ ㉣ 14. 다음 <보기>에 이어질 글의 순서로 가장 적절한 것은? < 보 기 > One of the greatest paradoxes we wrestle with is our own dark or shadow sides. ㉠ Storms always pass. Just as there has never been a day that did not give way to night or a storm that lasted forever, we move back and forth on the pendulum of life. We experience the good and the bad, the day and the night, the yin and the yang. ㉡ This balancing act is difficult, but it is a part of life. If we can see this as an experience as natural as night following day, we will find more contentment than if we try to pretend that night will never come. Life has storms. ㉢ We often try to get rid of them, but the belief that we can banish “dark sides” is unrealistic and inauthentic. We need to find a balance between our own opposing forces. ① ㉠－㉢－㉡ ② ㉡－㉠－㉢ ③ ㉢－㉠－㉡ ④ ㉢－㉡－㉠ 15. 다음 글의 밑줄 친 부분 중 가리키는 대상이 나머지 셋과 다른 것은? Monte, a 20-month-old chocolate Labrador, is a cure dog and was trained to help autistic children like Jacob. Jacob, now six, suffers from autism and goes to a school in Ontario, Canada. ㉠He needs more care compared to other kids his age. He seems to like Monte, as they become friends and learn from each other. Monte’s key functions are to keep Jacob from running away and to help ㉡his parents supervise their son. ㉢He also helps teachers and special educators. But most of all, he is a good friend of Jacob’s and connects ㉣him to the real world as much as possible. ① ㉠ ② ㉡ ③ ㉢ ④ ㉣ 16. 다음 글의 주제로 가장 적절한 것은? Deforestation can destroy natural habitats for millions of species. To illustrate, seventy percent of Earth’s land animals and plants live in forests, and many cannot survive the deforestation. Deforestation also deprives the forest of its canopy that blocks the sun’s rays during the day and holds in heat at night. This disruption leads to more extreme temperature swing that can be harmful to plants and animals. Furthermore, trees help maintain the water cycle by returning water back into the atmosphere. Without trees to fill these roles, many former forest lands can quickly become deserts. ① The process of deforestation by desertification ② Efforts to prevent deforestation around the world ③ Negative effects of deforestation on the environment ④ A bitter controversy over forest development 17. 다음 글의 밑줄 친 부분에 들어갈 내용으로 가장 적절한 것은? When an argument is inevitable, it is important to avoid putting others on the defensive. Statements that use are effective to this end. For instance, if a colleague is not contributing enough to a project, instead of saying, “You aren’t helping enough,” try, “I feel stressed from all this work.” This sounds less accusatory, so it avoids making the other person defensive. The less people have their back up against the wall, the better the chance they will be open to dialogue about problems. ① “we” instead of “I” ② “I” instead of “you” ③ “you” instead of “I” ④ “I” instead of “we” 18. 다음 글의 밑줄 친 부분에 들어갈 단어로 가장 적절한 것은? One of Raoul Francé’s most surprising claims was that plants are capable of . They try their best to get what they want and to avoid what they do not want. Some plants defend themselves against ants that steal their nectar. They will close their flowers when the ants are nearby; the flowers will open only when there is enough dew on the stems to prevent the ants from climbing up. Some kinds of acacia are even capable of making a deal; they reward certain types of ants with nectar in return for warding off other insects. ① intent ② tension ③ firmness ④ consistency - 5 - 19. 다음 글에서 추론할 수 있는 내용을 아래와 같이 작성할 때, 밑줄 친 부분에 들어갈 내용으로 가장 적절한 것은? Like our electronics’ reliance on cloud storage, many companies are turning to crowdsourcing to solve complex problems. In this fluid staffing model, project teams come together like flash mobs of talent. They assemble, learn, contribute, and then disband. This model of work demands heightened levels of collaboration and learning. To contribute, individuals must swiftly ramp up their understanding of the situation, the problem, the players, the options, etc. They must then learn how to quickly assemble expertise, without the benefit of long-term relationships. When the flash of collective brilliance ends, they must let go and move on to the next rapid-learning, rapidcontribution cycle. Business strategist Jennifer Sertl has observed, “Our role as conduit is more vital than our role as source in this knowledge economy.” Much like I found with my research for the book Multipliers, the critical skill of this century is not what you hold in your head, but your ability to tap into and access what other people know. ↓ The best leaders and the fastest learners know how to . ① make effective strategies coping with social changes ② harness collective intelligence ③ interpret relationships between collaboration and expertise ④ protect knowledge and information 20. 다음 글에서 추론할 수 있는 내용을 아래와 같이 작성할 때, 밑줄 친 부분에 들어갈 내용으로 가장 적절한 것은? Vicious crimes can contribute to a sense of anxiety among citizens who feel defenseless against the perpetrators. Continued concern over public protection has triggered recurring discussions about violence in media, political and social arenas, and the proliferation of a plentitude of theories about the cause of violence, which attribute it variously to war, drug addiction, class or race frustrations, even suggesting that it is inherently present in cultural identity. As part of an effort to understand the predisposition to violence, scientists have attempted to speculate on a biological explanation for this behavior. Some scientists have considered a direct relationship between the likelihood a person will commit a violent crime and the level of serotonin, an organic compound believed to play an integral role in the regulation of mood, sleep, and appetite, present in the brain. In the central nervous system, serotonin is part of the biochemistry that is related to several psychological conditions; depression, migraines, bipolar disorder, and anxiety are all linked to an overproduction or underproduction of the compound. If violent behavior could be clinically linked to an imbalance in brain chemicals, then scientists would be able to control aggressive tendencies through medication before the behavior escalates. ↓ The scientific research to find the biological cause of violent behavior aims to . ① increase the ability of society to recognize potential threats ② understand how the brain chemistry reacts to artificial drugs ③ conceive efficacious remedies to alleviate offensive dispositions ④ help scientists augment the rates of violent crimes occurring
영어-A.pdf 영어-C.pdf 2019 지방직 9급 영어 해설 영스파.pdf 2019 지방직 9급 영어 해설 조재권.pdf 2019 지방직 9급 영어 해설 이동기.pdf 2019 지방직 9급 영어 해설 이충권.pdf 2019 지방직 9급 영어 해설 김기훈.pdf 2019 지방직 9급 영어 해설 손진숙.pdf 2019 지방직 9급 영어 해설 심우철.pdf 2019 지방직 9급 영어 해설 헤더진.pdf 2019 지방직 9급 영어 해설 김소영.pdf 2019 지방직 9급 영어 해설 승주영.pdf 2019 지방직 9급 영어 해설 김범재.pdf 2019 지방직 9급 영어 해설 망가진영어.pdf 2019 지방직 9급 영어 해설 장종재.pdf 2019 지방직 9급 영어 해설 박철우.pdf 2019 지방직 9급 영어 해설 김재운.pdf 2019 지방직 9급 영어 해설 손재석.pdf 2019년도 지방공무원 9급 등 공개경쟁임용 필기시험 영 어 A 책형 1 쪽 영 어 ※ 밑줄 친 부분의 의미와 가장 가까운 것을 고르시오. [문 1.～문 2.] 문 1. I came to see these documents as relics of a sensibility now dead and buried, which needed to be excavated. ① exhumed ② packed ③ erased ④ celebrated 문 2. Riding a roller coaster can be a joy ride of emotions: the nervous anticipation as you’re strapped into your seat, the questioning and regret that comes as you go up, up, up, and the sheer adrenaline rush as the car takes that first dive. ① utter ② scary ③ occasional ④ manageable 문 3. 두 사람의 대화 중 가장 어색한 것은 ① A: What time are we having lunch? B: It’ll be ready before noon. ② A: I called you several times. Why didn’t you answer? B: Oh, I think my cell phone was turned off. ③ A: Are you going to take a vacation this winter? B: I might. I haven’t decided yet. ④ A: Hello. Sorry I missed your call. B: Would you like to leave a message? 문 4. 밑줄 친 부분에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은 A: Hello. I need to exchange some money. B: Okay. What currency do you need? A: I need to convert dollars into pounds. What’s the exchange rate? B: The exchange rate is 0.73 pounds for every dollar. A: Fine. Do you take a commission? B: Yes, we take a small commission of 4 dollars. A: ______________________________? B: We convert your currency back for free. Just bring your receipt with you. ① How much does this cost ② How should I pay for that ③ What’s your buy-back policy ④ Do you take credit cards 문 5. 밑줄 친 부분 중 어법상 옳지 않은 것은 Each year, more than 270,000 pedestrians ①lose their lives on the world’s roads. Many leave their homes as they would on any given day never ②to return. Globally, pedestrians constitute 22% of all road traffic fatalities, and in some countries this proportion is ③as high as two thirds of all road traffic deaths. Millions of pedestrians are non-fatally ④ injuring ― some of whom are left with permanent disabilities. These incidents cause much suffering and grief as well as economic hardship. 문 6. 어법상 옳은 것은 ① The paper charged her with use the company’s money for her own purposes. ② The investigation had to be handled with the utmost care lest suspicion be aroused. ③ Another way to speed up the process would be made the shift to a new system. ④ Burning fossil fuels is one of the lead cause of climate change. 문 7. 주어진 글 다음에 이어질 글의 순서로 가장 적절한 것은 There is a thought that can haunt us: since everything probably affects everything else, how can we ever make sense of the social world? If we are weighed down by that worry, though, we won’t ever make progress. (A) Every discipline that I am familiar with draws caricatures of the world in order to make sense of it. The modern economist does this by building models, which are deliberately stripped down representations of the phenomena out there. (B) The economist John Maynard Keynes described our subject thus: “Economics is a science of thinking in terms of models joined to the art of choosing models which are relevant to the contemporary world.” (C) When I say “stripped down,” I really mean stripped down. It isn’t uncommon among us economists to focus on one or two causal factors, exclude everything else, hoping that this will enable us to understand how just those aspects of reality work and interact. ① (A)－(B)－(C) ② (A)－(C)－(B) ③ (B)－(C)－(A) ④ (B)－(A)－(C) 문 8. 다음 글의 내용과 일치하는 것은 Prehistoric societies some half a million years ago did not distinguish sharply between mental and physical disorders. Abnormal behaviors, from simple headaches to convulsive attacks, were attributed to evil spirits that inhabited or controlled the afflicted person’s body. According to historians, these ancient peoples attributed many forms of illness to demonic possession, sorcery, or the behest of an offended ancestral spirit. Within this system of belief, called demonology, the victim was usually held at least partly responsible for the misfortune. It has been suggested that Stone Age cave dwellers may have treated behavior disorders with a surgical method called trephining, in which part of the skull was chipped away to provide an opening through which the evil spirit could escape. People may have believed that when the evil spirit left, the person would return to his or her normal state. Surprisingly, trephined skulls have been found to have healed over, indicating that some patients survived this extremely crude operation. ※ convulsive: 경련의 ※ behest: 명령 ① Mental disorders were clearly differentiated from physical disorders. ② Abnormal behaviors were believed to result from evil spirits affecting a person. ③ An opening was made in the skull for an evil spirit to enter a person’s body. ④ No cave dwellers survived trephining. 2019년도 지방공무원 9급 등 공개경쟁임용 필기시험 영 어 A 책형 2 쪽 문 9. 다음 글의 주제로 가장 적절한 것은 As the digital revolution upends newsrooms across the country, here’s my advice for all the reporters. I’ve been a reporter for more than 25 years, so I have lived through a half dozen technological life cycles. The most dramatic transformations have come in the last half dozen years. That means I am, with increasing frequency, making stuff up as I go along. Much of the time in the news business, we have no idea what we are doing. We show up in the morning and someone says, “Can you write a story about (pick one) tax policy/immigration/climate change?” When newspapers had once-a-day deadlines, we said a reporter would learn in the morning and teach at night―write a story that could inform tomorrow’s readers on a topic the reporter knew nothing about 24 hours earlier. Now it is more like learning at the top of the hour and teaching at the bottom of the same hour. I’m also running a political podcast, for example, and during the presidential conventions, we should be able to use it to do real-time interviews anywhere. I am just increasingly working without a script. ① a reporter as a teacher ② a reporter and improvisation ③ technology in politics ④ fields of journalism and technology 문 10. 글의 흐름상 가장 어색한 문장은 Children’s playgrounds throughout history were the wilderness, fields, streams, and hills of the country and the roads, streets, and vacant places of villages, towns, and cities. ①The term playground refers to all those places where children gather to play their free, spontaneous games. ②Only during the past few decades have children vacated these natural playgrounds for their growing love affair with video games, texting, and social networking. ③Even in rural America few children are still roaming in a free-ranging manner, unaccompanied by adults. ④ When out of school, they are commonly found in neighborhoods digging in sand, building forts, playing traditional games, climbing, or playing ball games. They are rapidly disappearing from the natural terrain of creeks, hills, and fields, and like their urban counterparts, are turning to their indoor, sedentary cyber toys for entertainment. ※ 밑줄 친 부분의 의미와 가장 가까운 것을 고르시오. [문 11.～문 12.] 문 11. Time does seem to slow to a trickle during a boring afternoon lecture and race when the brain is engrossed in something highly entertaining. ① enhanced by ② apathetic to ③ stabilized by ④ preoccupied with 문 12. These daily updates were designed to help readers keep abreast of the markets as the government attempted to keep them under control. ① be acquainted with ② get inspired by ③ have faith in ④ keep away from ※ 밑줄 친 (A), (B)에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것을 고르시오. [문 13. ～문 14.] 문 13. In the 1840s, the island of Ireland suffered famine. Because Ireland could not produce enough food to feed its population, about a million people died of (A) ; they simply didn’t have enough to eat to stay alive. The famine caused another 1.25 million people to (B) ; many left their island home for the United States; the rest went to Canada, Australia, Chile, and other countries. Before the famine, the population of Ireland was approximately 6 million. After the great food shortage, it was about 4 million. (A) (B) ① dehydration be deported ② trauma immigrate ③ starvation emigrate ④ fatigue be detained 문 14. Today the technology to create the visual component of virtual-reality (VR) experiences is well on its way to becoming widely accessible and affordable. But to work powerfully, virtual reality needs to be about more than visuals. (A) what you are hearing convincingly matches the visuals, the virtual experience breaks apart. Take a basketball game. If the players, the coaches, the announcers, and the crowd all sound like they’re sitting midcourt, you may as well watch the game on television ― you’ll get just as much of a sense that you are “there.” (B) , today’s audio equipment and our widely used recording and reproduction formats are simply inadequate to the task of re-creating convincingly the sound of a battlefield on a distant planet, a basketball game at courtside, or a symphony as heard from the first row of a great concert hall. (A) (B) ① If By contrast ② Unless Consequently ③ If Similarly ④ Unless Unfortunately 문 15. 주어진 문장이 들어갈 위치로 가장 적절한 것은 The same thinking can be applied to any number of goals, like improving performance at work. The happy brain tends to focus on the short term. ( ① ) That being the case, it’s a good idea to consider what short-term goals we can accomplish that will eventually lead to accomplishing long-term goals. ( ② ) For instance, if you want to lose thirty pounds in six months, what short-term goals can you associate with losing the smaller increments of weight that will get you there? ( ③ ) Maybe it’s something as simple as rewarding yourself each week that you lose two pounds. ( ④ ) By breaking the overall goal into smaller, shorter-term parts, we can focus on incremental accomplishments instead of being overwhelmed by the enormity of the goal in our profession. 2019년도 지방공무원 9급 등 공개경쟁임용 필기시험 영 어 A 책형 3 쪽 문 16. 우리말을 영어로 잘못 옮긴 것은 ① 혹시 내게 전화하고 싶은 경우에 이게 내 번호야. →This is my number just in case you would like to call me. ② 나는 유럽 여행을 준비하느라 바쁘다. →I am busy preparing for a trip to Europe. ③ 그녀는 남편과 결혼한 지 20년 이상 되었다. →She has married to her husband for more than two decades. ④ 나는 내 아들이 읽을 책을 한 권 사야 한다. →I should buy a book for my son to read. ※ 다음 글의 내용과 일치하지 않는 것을 고르시오. [문 17.～문 18.] 문 17. In the nineteenth century, the most respected health and medical experts all insisted that diseases were caused by “miasma,” a fancy term for bad air. Western society’s system of health was based on this assumption: to prevent diseases, windows were kept open or closed, depending on whether there was more miasma inside or outside the room; it was believed that doctors could not pass along disease because gentlemen did not inhabit quarters with bad air. Then the idea of germs came along. One day, everyone believed that bad air makes you sick. Then, almost overnight, people started realizing there were invisible things called microbes and bacteria that were the real cause of diseases. This new view of disease brought sweeping changes to medicine, as surgeons adopted antiseptics and scientists invented vaccines and antibiotics. But, just as momentously, the idea of germs gave ordinary people the power to influence their own lives. Now, if you wanted to stay healthy, you could wash your hands, boil your water, cook your food thoroughly, and clean cuts and scrapes with iodine. ① In the nineteenth century, opening windows was irrelevant to the density of miasma. ② In the nineteenth century, it was believed that gentlemen did not live in places with bad air. ③ Vaccines were invented after people realized that microbes and bacteria were the real cause of diseases. ④ Cleaning cuts and scrapes could help people to stay healthy. 문 18. Followers are a critical part of the leadership equation, but their role has not always been appreciated. For a long time, in fact, “the common view of leadership was that leaders actively led and subordinates, later called followers, passively and obediently followed.” Over time, especially in the last century, social change shaped people’s views of followers, and leadership theories gradually recognized the active and important role that followers play in the leadership process. Today it seems natural to accept the important role followers play. One aspect of leadership is particularly worth noting in this regard: Leadership is a social influence process shared among all members of a group. Leadership is not restricted to the influence exerted by someone in a particular position or role; followers are part of the leadership process, too. ① For a length of time, it was understood that leaders actively led and followers passively followed. ② People’s views of subordinates were influenced by social change. ③ The important role of followers is still denied today. ④ Both leaders and followers participate in the leadership process. ※ 밑줄 친 부분에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것을 고르시오. [문 19.～ 문 20.] 문 19. Language proper is itself double-layered. Single noises are only occasionally meaningful: mostly, the various speech sounds convey coherent messages only when combined into an overlapping chain, like different colors of ice-cream melting into one another. In birdsong also, ________________________________________: the sequence is what matters. In both humans and birds, control of this specialized sound-system is exercised by one half of the brain, normally the left half, and the system is learned relatively early in life. And just as many human languages have dialects, so do some bird species: in California, the white-crowned sparrow has songs so different from area to area that Californians can supposedly tell where they are in the state by listening to these sparrows. ① individual notes are often of little value ② rhythmic sounds are important ③ dialects play a critical role ④ no sound-system exists 문 20. Nobel Prize-winning psychologist Daniel Kahneman changed the way the world thinks about economics, upending the notion that human beings are rational decision-makers. Along the way, his discipline-crossing influence has altered the way physicians make medical decisions and investors evaluate risk on Wall Street. In a paper, Kahneman and his colleagues outline a process for making big strategic decisions. Their suggested approach, labeled as “Mediating Assessments Protocol,” or MAP, has a simple goal: To put off gut-based decision-making until a choice can be informed by a number of separate factors. “One of the essential purposes of MAP is basically to _____________ intuition,” Kahneman said in a recent interview with The Post. The structured process calls for analyzing a decision based on six to seven previously chosen attributes, discussing each of them separately and assigning them a relative percentile score, and finally, using those scores to make a holistic judgment. ① improve ② delay ③ possess ④ facilitate
영어.pdf 2019 경찰 1차 영어 해설 영스파.pdf 2019 경찰 1차 영어 해설 정수현.hwp 2019 경찰 1차 영어 해설 이솔.pdf 2019 경찰 1차 영어 해설 김형섭.pdf 2019 경찰 1차 영어 해설 샐리정.pdf 2019 경찰 1차 영어 해설 양익.pdf 2019 경찰 1차 영어 해설 이동기.pdf 2019 경찰 1차 영어 해설 이영신.pdf 2019 경찰 1차 영어 해설 이충권.pdf - 3 - 【영 어】 1. 다음 밑줄 친 단어의 의미와 가장 가까운 것은? Defeat at this stage would compromise their chances of reaching the finals of the competition. ① rate ② fancy ③ reduce ④ squander 2. 다음 밑줄 친 표현의 의미와 가장 가까운 것은? She went for a long walk to work up her appetite. ① accommodate ② annihilate ③ gratify ④ whet 3. 다음 빈칸에 들어갈 단어로 가장 적절한 것은? He’s a actor who has played a wide variety of parts so splendidly. ① versatile ② sterile ③ futile ④ volatile 4. 다음 ㉠, ㉡에 공통으로 들어갈 단어로 가장 적절한 것은? · The food supplies were ( ㉠ ) to meet the needs of the flood victims. · They are blaming their failure on ( ㉡ ) preparation. ① ambiguous ② thorough ③ inadequate ④ sufficient 5. 다음 ㉠, ㉡, ㉢에 들어갈 단어들로 가장 적절한 것은? Efficiency means producing a desired outcome rapidly, with the ( ㉠ ) amount of cost. The idea of efficiency is specific to the interests of the industry or business, but is typically advertised as a ( ㉡ ) to the customer. The salad bars, self-service gasoline, ATMs, and microwave dinners are some good examples. The interesting element here is that the customer often ends up doing the work that previously was done for them. This means that the customer may end up ( ㉢ ) more time and sometimes more money in order for the business to operate more efficiently. ① ㉠ most ㉡ loss ㉢ saving ② ㉠ minimum ㉡ benefit ㉢ spending ③ ㉠ maximum ㉡ benefit ㉢ spending ④ ㉠ least ㉡ loss ㉢ saving 6. 다음 밑줄 친 부분 중 어법상 가장 적절하지 않은 것은? Each color has different qualities ㉠associated with it and ㉡affect our moods and feelings. Some combinations of colors naturally go well together while ㉢others can feel discordant. Take care ㉣not to bring too many colors into a room since this can confuse the energy and end up being too stimulating. ① ㉠ ② ㉡ ③ ㉢ ④ ㉣ 7. 다음 밑줄 친 부분 중 어법상 가장 적절하지 않은 것은? Social psychologists at the University of Virginia asked college students to stand at the base of a hill while carrying a weighted backpack and ㉠estimate the steepness of the hill. Some participants stood next to close friends whom they had known for a long time, some stood next to friends they had not known for long, some stood next to strangers, and ㉡the others stood alone during the exercise. The participants who stood with close friends gave significantly ㉢low estimates of the steepness of the hill than those who stood alone, next to strangers, or next to ㉣newly formed friends. ① ㉠ ② ㉡ ③ ㉢ ④ ㉣ 8. 다음 문장들 중 어법상 가장 적절한 것은? ① They are looking forward to meet the President. ② The committee consists with ten members. ③ Are you familiar to the computer software they use? ④ Radioactive waste must be disposed of safely. 9. 우리말을 영어로 옮긴 것 중 가장 적절한 것은? ① 밤 공기가 뜨거웠지만 그들은 푹 잤다. ⟶ Hot as the night air was, they slept soundly. ② 어젯밤에 경찰은 행방불명된 소녀를 찾았다고 말했다. ⟶ Last night the police have said that they had found the missed girl. ③ 교통 신호등이 파란색으로 바뀌어 나는 출발했다. ⟶ The traffic lights were turned green and I pulled away. ④ 불리한 증거가 없어서 그는 석방되었다. ⟶ Being no evidence against him, he was released. 10. A에 대한 B의 응답으로 가장 적절하지 않은 것은? ① A: After a long day at work, I’m really tired. B: That makes two of us! ② A: Do you remember the name of the bar we went to last Friday? B: Oh man, it’s just on the tip of my tongue. ③ A: I am so excited to see this film. B: Me too. The film got two thumbs up from all the critics. ④ A: I am feeling a little under the weather. B: It’s not actually raining now! 11. 다음 글의 내용과 가장 일치하지 않는 것은? An idea came to me, and I turned off the lights in the studio. In the darkness, I put the cello’s spike into a loose spot on the carpet, tightened the bow and drew it across the open strings. I took off my shirt and tried it again; it was the first time in my life I’d felt the instrument against my bare chest. I could feel the vibration of the strings travel through the body of the instrument to my own body. I’d never thought about that; music scholars always talk about the resonating properties of various instruments, but surely the performer’s own body must have some effect on the sound. As I dug into the notes I imagined that my own chest and lungs were extensions of the sound box; I seemed to be able to alter the sound by the way I sat, and by varying the muscular tension in my upper body. ① 화자는 어둠 속에서 첼로 연주를 했다. ② 화자는 태어나서 처음으로 첼로를 연주했다. ③ 음악 학자들은 여러 악기들이 가진 공명의 특성들을 말한다. ④ 화자는 연주할 때 본인의 자세가 첼로 소리에 영향을 준다고 생각했다. 12. 다음 글에서 유추할 수 있는 내용으로 가장 적절한 것은? The primary purpose of peppers, as with all fruits, is to disperse seeds. However, just as fruit attracts helpful organisms which spread the seeds, like birds, it also attracts harmful microbes that destroy seeds, like fungus. Studying wild pepper plants, a group of international researchers found that in areas with a high prevalence of fungus, peppers contained more capsaicin, a natural antifungal agent. These findings support the hypothesis that environmental factors trigger adaptive responses in the chemistry of fruits. ① Birds are always helpful in dispersing fruits’ seeds. ② Capsaicin in peppers attracts not only helpful but also harmful organisms. ③ Fruits’ chemistry can be influenced by the microbes in their environment. ④ The more capsaicin peppers contain, the better they taste. - 4 - 13. 다음 글의 흐름으로 보아 <보기>의 문장이 들어갈 곳으로 가장 적절한 것은? < 보 기 > And those are qualities you want in any candidate. If you are trying to decide among a few people to fill a position, take a look at their writing skills. ① It doesn’t matter if that person is a marketer, salesperson, designer, programmer, or whatever; their writing skills will pay off. That’s because being a good writer is about more than writing. ② Clear writing is a sign of clear thinking. Good writers know how to communicate. They make things easy to understand. They can put themselves in someone else’s shoes. They know what to omit. ③ Writing is making a comeback all over our society. ④ Look at how much communication happens through instant messaging and blogging. Writing is today’s currency for good ideas. Thus, it is essential to welcome people with good writing skills into your organization. 14. 다음 글의 요지로 가장 적절한 것은? Drawing a line is making a distinction between two categories which only differ in degree. Where there is a continuum, such as that between rich and poor, for some purposes, such as deciding who should be eligible for tax relief, it is necessary to draw a line between what is to count as rich and what as poor. Sometimes the fact that a line could have been drawn elsewhere is taken as evidence that we should not draw a line at all, or that the line that has been drawn has no force; in most contexts this view is wrong. For example, in Britain the speed limit in built-up areas is 30 miles per hour (mph); it could have been fixed at 25 mph or 35 mph. However, it in no way follows from this that we should ignore the speed limit, once the line between speeding and driving safely has been set. ① 두 범주를 구분하는 선긋기는 비록 그 기준이 자의적일지라도 존중될 필요가 있다. ② 모든 자의적인 구분은 배격되어야 한다. ③ 부유층과 빈곤층의 경계는 언제나 명확하다. ④ 정도의 차이만 있는 두 범주를 구분하는 것은 불필요하다. 15. 다음 글의 제목으로 가장 적절한 것은? While most desert animals will drink water if confronted with it, for many of them the opportunity never comes. Yet all living things must have water, or they will expire. The herbivores find it in desert plants. The carnivores slake their thirst with the flesh and blood of living prey. One of the most remarkable adjustments, however, has been made by the tiny kangaroo rat, who not only lives without drinking but subsists on a diet of dry seeds containing about 5% free water. Like other animals, he has the ability to manufacture water in his body by a metabolic conversion of carbohydrates. But he is notable for the parsimony with which he conserves his small supply by every possible means, expending only minuscule amounts in his excreta * and through evaporation from his respiratory tract. *excreta 배설물 ① Survival of Desert Animals ② The Way the Kangaroo Rat Copes with Lack of Water ③ The Small Amounts of Water the Kangaroo Rat Drinks ④ The Effect the Environment Lacking in Water Has on Animals 16. 다음 밑줄 친 부분에 들어갈 내용으로 가장 적절한 것은? The sociologist Glen Elder proposed that there is a sensitive period for growth—late teens through early 30s—during which failures are most beneficial. Such a pattern seems to promote the trait sometimes called equanimity. We learn that trauma is survivable, so we don’t plunge too deeply following setbacks. Nor, conversely, do we soar too high on our successes. Some businesses in Silicon Valley and on Wall Street make a point of hiring ex-pro athletes to their staffs. It’s not just that their high profile draws business. It’s because athletes are good at recovering from their failures. “We needed people who could perform and not get emotionally attached to losses,” a Chicago oil trader told the New York Times, explaining why the firm likes athletes on the trading floor, particularly in ugly economic times like these. The image is of a rider easy in the saddle * . *saddle (말의) 안장 ① Nothing can so surprise her—either for good for ill—that she’ll be knocked off. ② A setback in any area will mean in your mind that you’re a failure categorically. ③ We should hope for the rider’s dominant position early and often. ④ You could wind up in a position where success reveals itself all at once. 17. 다음 ㉠, ㉡에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? Much has been made of India’s growing middle class, but it is only the wealthiest of the urban population who can claim a typical Western middle-class lifestyle. ( ㉠ ), India’s population is still rural and impoverished, and this poorer demographic is driving India’s continued population growth. ( ㉡ ), by 2030 India’s population is projected to surpass that of China. The majority of this population will be concentrated in the poorest regions, where basic necessities are scarce. ① ㉠ Therefore ㉡ Instead ② ㉠ By and large ㉡ In fact ③ ㉠ On the contrary ㉡ Besides ④ ㉠ Nonetheless ㉡ In contrast 18. 다음 글의 내용과 가장 일치하는 것은? Inappropriate precision means giving information or figures to a greater degree of apparent accuracy than suits the context. For example, advertisers often use the results of surveys to prove what they say about their products. Sometimes they claim a level of precision not based reliably on evidence. So, if a company selling washing powder claims 95.45% of British adults agree that this powder washes whiter than any other, then this level of precision is clearly inappropriate. It is unlikely that all British adults were surveyed, so the results are based only on a sample and not the whole population. At best the company should be claiming that over 95% of those asked agreed that their powder washes whiter than any other. Even if the whole population had been surveyed, to have given the result to two decimal places* would have been absurd. The effect is to propose a high degree of scientific precision in the research. Frequently, however, inappropriate precision is an attempt to mask the unscientific nature of a study. *decimal place 소수점 자리 ① 광고에서 사용하는 수치는 최대한 정밀해야 한다. ② 이용자 수는 특정 세제의 표백 효과를 뒷받침한다. ③ 세제의 표백 효과를 입증하기 위해서는 더 엄밀한 조사가 필요하다. ④ 필요 이상으로 정밀한 정보를 제시하는 연구는 비과학적인 경우가 많다. - 5 - 19. 다음 빈칸 ㉠과 ㉡에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? Mass political opinion can be sort of like guessing the number of marbles in a glass jar. Most people’s guesses will miss the mark, but the average guess of a large enough crowd is generally very accurate. The idea that the masses generally come up with good overall decisions is sometimes referred to as the “wisdom of crowds,” and it really does work amazingly well for some things. The problem is that in politics we don’t see the glass jar for ourselves—we view it through the lens of the media, and the media show us a(n) ( ㉠ ) view of politics. This goes a lot further than liberal or conservative bias. Thus, we should be aware of such media biases in order to minimize the likelihood that they’ll throw off our political judgment, even though there’s no way to permanently ( ㉡ ) them. ① ㉠ apocalyptic ㉡ implant ② ㉠ distorted ㉡ fix ③ ㉠ balanced ㉡ overcome ④ ㉠ conflicting ㉡ promote 20. 다음 보기에 이어질 글의 순서로 가장 적절한 것은? < 보 기 > There is a widely held notion that does plenty of damage: the notion of ‘scientifically proved.’ It is nearly an oxymoron* . The very foundation of science is to keep the door open to doubt. *oxymoron 모순어법(양립할 수 없는 개념을 함께 사용하는 수사법) ㉠ Therefore, certainty is not only something useless but is also in fact damaging, if we value reliability. ㉡ Therefore, a good scientist is never ‘certain.’ Lack of certainty is precisely what makes conclusions more reliable than the conclusions of those who are certain, because the good scientist will be ready to shift to a different point of view if better evidence or novel arguments emerge. ㉢ Precisely because we keep questioning everything, especially our own premises, we are always ready to improve our knowledge. ① ㉠-㉢-㉡ ② ㉢-㉠-㉡ ③ ㉠-㉡-㉢ ④ ㉢-㉡-㉠
스터디 영어-나.pdf 영어-라.pdf 2019 국가직 9급 영어 해설 조재권.pdf 2019 국가직 9급 영어 해설 심우철.pdf 2019 국가직 9급 영어 해설 정수현.hwp 2019 국가직 9급 영어 해설 손진숙.pdf 2019 국가직 9급 영어 해설 이동기.pdf 2019 국가직 9급 영어 해설 닥터K.pdf 2019 국가직 9급 영어 해설 이충권.pdf 2019 국가직 9급 영어 해설 영스파.pdf 2019 국가직 9급 영어 해설 줄리아.pdf 2019 국가직 9급 영어 해설 방재운.pdf 2019 국가직 9급 영어 해설 박철우.pdf 2019 국가직 9급 영어 해설 한덕현.pdf 2019 국가직 9급 영어 해설 김세현.pdf 2019 국가직 9급 영어 해설 성정혜.pdf 2019 국가직 9급 영어 해설 김범재.pdf 2019 국가직 9급 영어 해설 김재운.pdf 2019 국가직 9급 영어 해설 정진영.hwp 2019 국가직 9급 영어 해설 이아람.pdf 2019 국가직 9급 영어 해설 박지성.pdf 2019년도 국가공무원 9급 공채 필기시험 영 어 나 책형 1 쪽 영 어 ※ 밑줄 친 부분의 의미와 가장 가까운 것을 고르시오. [문 1. ～문 2.] 문 1. Natural Gas World subscribers will receive accurate and reliable key facts and figures about what is going on in the industry, so they are fully able to discern what concerns their business. ① distinguish ② strengthen ③ undermine ④ abandon 문 2. Ms. West, the winner of the silver in the women's 1,500 m event, stood out through the race. ① was overwhelmed ② was impressive ③ was depressed ④ was optimistic 문 3. 두 사람의 대화 중 가장 어색한 것은? ① A: I'm traveling abroad, but I'm not used to staying in another country. B: Don't worry. You'll get accustomed to it in no time. ② A: I want to get a prize in the photo contest. B: I'm sure you will. I'll keep my fingers crossed! ③ A: My best friend moved to Sejong City. I miss her so much. B: Yeah. I know how you feel. ④ A: Do you mind if I talk to you for a moment? B: Never mind. I'm very busy right now. 문 4. 밑줄 친 부분에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? A: Would you like to try some dim sum? B: Yes, thank you. They look delicious. What's inside? A: These have pork and chopped vegetables, and those have shrimps. B: And, um, ________________________? A: You pick one up with your chopsticks like this and dip it into the sauce. It's easy. B: Okay. I'll give it a try. ① how much are they ② how do I eat them ③ how spicy are they ④ how do you cook them ※ 우리말을 영어로 잘못 옮긴 것을 고르시오. [문 5. ～ 문 6.] 문 5. ① 제가 당신께 말씀드렸던 새로운 선생님은 원래 페루 출신입니다. → The new teacher I told you about is originally from Peru. ② 나는 긴급한 일로 자정이 5분이나 지난 후 그에게 전화했다. → I called him five minutes shy of midnight on an urgent matter. ③ 상어로 보이는 것이 산호 뒤에 숨어 있었다. → What appeared to be a shark was lurking behind the coral reef. ④ 그녀는 일요일에 16세의 친구와 함께 산 정상에 올랐다. → She reached the mountain summit with her 16-year-old friend on Sunday. 문 6. ① 개인용 컴퓨터를 가장 많이 가지고 있는 나라는 종종 바뀐다. → The country with the most computers per person changes from time to time. ② 지난여름 나의 사랑스러운 손자에게 일어난 일은 놀라웠다. → What happened to my lovely grandson last summer was amazing. ③ 나무 숟가락은 아이들에게 매우 좋은 장난감이고 플라스틱 병 또한 그렇다. → Wooden spoons are excellent toys for children, and so are plastic bottles. ④ 나는 은퇴 후부터 내내 이 일을 해 오고 있다. → I have been doing this work ever since I retired. ※ 밑줄 친 부분 중 어법상 옳지 않은 것을 고르시오. [문 7. ～ 문 8.] 문 7. Domesticated animals are the earliest and most effective 'machines' ① available to humans. They take the strain off the human back and arms. ② Utilizing with other techniques, animals can raise human living standards very considerably, both as supplementary foodstuffs (protein in meat and milk) and as machines ③ to carry burdens, lift water, and grind grain. Since they are so obviously ④ of great benefit, we might expect to find that over the centuries humans would increase the number and quality of the animals they kept. Surprisingly, this has not usually been the case. 문 8. A myth is a narrative that embodies ―and in some cases ① helps to explain ― the religious, philosophical, moral, and political values of a culture. Through tales of gods and supernatural beings, myths ② try to make sense of occurrences in the natural world. Contrary to popular usage, myth does not mean "falsehood." In the broadest sense, myths are stories ―usually whole groups of stories ― ③ that can be true or partly true as well as false; regardless of their degree of accuracy, however, myths frequently express the deepest beliefs of a culture. According to this definition, the Iliad and the Odyssey, the Koran, and the Old and New Testaments can all ④refer to as myths. 문 9. 다음 글의 제목으로 가장 적절한 것은? Mapping technologies are being used in many new applications. Biological researchers are exploring the molecular structure of DNA ("mapping the genome"), geophysicists are mapping the structure of the Earth's core, and oceanographers are mapping the ocean floor. Computer games have various imaginary "lands" or levels where rules, hazards, and rewards change. Computerization now challenges reality with "virtual reality," artificial environments that stimulate special situations, which may be useful in training and entertainment. Mapping techniques are being used also in the realm of ideas. For example, relationships between ideas can be shown using what are called concept maps. Starting from a general or "central" idea, related ideas can be connected, building a web around the main concept. This is not a map by any traditional definition, but the tools and techniques of cartography are employed to produce it, and in some ways it resembles a map. ① Computerized Maps vs. Traditional Maps ② Where Does Cartography Begin? ③ Finding Ways to DNA Secrets ④ Mapping New Frontiers 2019년도 국가공무원 9급 공채 필기시험 영 어 나 책형 2 쪽 문 10. 다음 글의 요지로 가장 적절한 것은? When giving performance feedback, you should consider the recipient's past performance and your estimate of his or her future potential in designing its frequency, amount, and content. For high performers with potential for growth, feedback should be frequent enough to prod them into taking corrective action, but not so frequent that it is experienced as controlling and saps their initiative. For adequate performers who have settled into their jobs and have limited potential for advancement, very little feedback is needed because they have displayed reliable and steady behavior in the past, knowing their tasks and realizing what needs to be done. For poor performers ― that is, people who will need to be removed from their jobs if their performance doesn't improve ― feedback should be frequent and very specific, and the connection between acting on the feedback and negative sanctions such as being laid off or fired should be made explicit. ① Time your feedback well. ② Customize negative feedback. ③ Tailor feedback to the person. ④ Avoid goal-oriented feedback. 문 11. 다음 글의 내용과 일치하지 않는 것은? Langston Hughes was born in Joplin, Missouri, and graduated from Lincoln University, in which many African-American students have pursued their academic disciplines. At the age of eighteen, Hughes published one of his most wellknown poems, "Negro Speaks of Rivers." Creative and experimental, Hughes incorporated authentic dialect in his work, adapted traditional poetic forms to embrace the cadences and moods of blues and jazz, and created characters and themes that reflected elements of lower-class black culture. With his ability to fuse serious content with humorous style, Hughes attacked racial prejudice in a way that was natural and witty. ① Hughes는 많은 미국 흑인들이 다녔던 대학교를 졸업하였다. ② Hughes는 실제 사투리를 그의 작품에 반영하였다. ③ Hughes는 하층 계급 흑인들의 문화적 요소를 반영한 인물을 만들었다. ④ Hughes는 인종편견을 엄숙한 문체로 공격하였다. 문 12. 밑줄 친 부분 중 글의 흐름상 가장 어색한 것은? In 2007, our biggest concern was "too big to fail." Wall Street banks had grown to such staggering sizes, and had become so central to the health of the financial system, that no rational government could ever let them fail. ①Aware of their protected status, banks made excessively risky bets on housing markets and invented ever more complicated derivatives. ② New virtual currencies such as bitcoin and ethereum have radically changed our understanding of how money can and should work. ③The result was the worst financial crisis since the breakdown of our economy in 1929. ④ In the years since 2007, we have made great progress in addressing the too-big-to-fail dilemma. Our banks are better capitalized than ever. Our regulators conduct regular stress tests of large institutions. 문 13. 다음 글의 주제로 가장 적절한 것은? Imagine that two people are starting work at a law firm on the same day. One person has a very simple name. The other person has a very complex name. We've got pretty good evidence that over the course of their next 16 plus years of their career, the person with the simpler name will rise up the legal hierarchy more quickly. They will attain partnership more quickly in the middle parts of their career. And by about the eighth or ninth year after graduating from law school the people with simpler names are about seven to ten percent more likely to be partners ― which is a striking effect. We try to eliminate all sorts of other alternative explanations. For example, we try to show that it's not about foreignness because foreign names tend to be harder to pronounce. But even if you look at just white males with Anglo-American names ―so really the true in-group, you find that among those white males with Anglo names they are more likely to rise up if their names happen to be simpler. So simplicity is one key feature in names that determines various outcomes. ① the development of legal names ② the concept of attractive names ③ the benefit of simple names ④ the roots of foreign names ※ 밑줄 친 부분의 의미와 가장 가까운 것을 고르시오. [문 14. ～ 문 15.] 문 14. Schooling is compulsory for all children in the United States, but the age range for which school attendance is required varies from state to state. ① complementary ② systematic ③ mandatory ④ innovative 문 15. Although the actress experienced much turmoil in her career, she never disclosed to anyone that she was unhappy. ① let on ② let off ③ let up ④ let down 문 16. 밑줄 친 (A), (B)에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? Visionaries are the first people in their industry segment to see the potential of new technologies. Fundamentally, they see themselves as smarter than their opposite numbers in competitive companies ― and, quite often, they are. Indeed, it is their ability to see things first that they want to leverage into a competitive advantage. That advantage can only come about if no one else has discovered it. They do not expect, (A) , to be buying a well-tested product with an extensive list of industry references. Indeed, if such a reference base exists, it may actually turn them off, indicating that for this technology, at any rate, they are already too late. Pragmatists, (B) , deeply value the experience of their colleagues in other companies. When they buy, they expect extensive references, and they want a good number to come from companies in their own industry segment. (A) (B) ① therefore on the other hand ② however in addition ③ nonetheless at the same time ④ furthermore in conclusion 2019년도 국가공무원 9급 공채 필기시험 영 어 나 책형 3 쪽 문 17. 주어진 문장이 들어갈 위치로 가장 적절한 것은? Some of these ailments are short-lived; others may be long-lasting. For centuries, humans have looked up at the sky and wondered what exists beyond the realm of our planet. ( ① ) Ancient astronomers examined the night sky hoping to learn more about the universe. More recently, some movies explored the possibility of sustaining human life in outer space, while other films have questioned whether extraterrestrial life forms may have visited our planet. ( ② ) Since astronaut Yuri Gagarin became the first man to travel in space in 1961, scientists have researched what conditions are like beyond the Earth's atmosphere, and what effects space travel has on the human body. ( ③ ) Although most astronauts do not spend more than a few months in space, many experience physiological and psychological problems when they return to the Earth. ( ④ ) More than two-thirds of all astronauts suffer from motion sickness while traveling in space. In the gravity-free environment, the body cannot differentiate up from down. The body's internal balance system sends confusing signals to the brain, which can result in nausea lasting as long as a few days. 문 18. 밑줄 친 부분에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? Why bother with the history of everything? ___________ ___________________________________. In literature classes you don't learn about genes; in physics classes you don't learn about human evolution. So you get a partial view of the world. That makes it hard to find meaning in education. The French sociologist Emile Durkheim called this sense of disorientation and meaninglessness anomie, and he argued that it could lead to despair and even suicide. The German sociologist Max Weber talked of the "disenchantment" of the world. In the past, people had a unified vision of their world, a vision usually provided by the origin stories of their own religious traditions. That unified vision gave a sense of purpose, of meaning, even of enchantment to the world and to life. Today, though, many writers have argued that a sense of meaninglessness is inevitable in a world of science and rationality. Modernity, it seems, means meaninglessness. ① In the past, the study of history required disenchantment from science ② Recently, science has given us lots of clever tricks and meanings ③ Today, we teach and learn about our world in fragments ④ Lately, history has been divided into several categories 문 19. 다음 글의 내용과 일치하지 않는 것은? The earliest government food service programs began around 1900 in Europe. Programs in the United States date from the Great Depression, when the need to use surplus agricultural commodities was joined to concern for feeding the children of poor families. During and after World War II, the explosion in the number of working women fueled the need for a broader program. What was once a function of the family ― providing lunch ― was shifted to the school food service system. The National School Lunch Program is the result of these efforts. The program is designed to provide federally assisted meals to children of school age. From the end of World War II to the early 1980s, funding for school food service expanded steadily. Today it helps to feed children in almost 100,000 schools across the United States. Its first function is to provide a nutritious lunch to all students; the second is to provide nutritious food at both breakfast and lunch to underprivileged children. If anything, the role of school food service as a replacement for what was once a family function has been expanded. ① The increase in the number of working women boosted the expansion of food service programs. ② The US government began to feed poor children during the Great Depression despite the food shortage. ③ The US school food service system presently helps to feed children of poor families. ④ The function of providing lunch has been shifted from the family to schools. 문 20. 주어진 문장 다음에 이어질 글의 순서로 가장 적절한 것은? South Korea boasts of being the most wired nation on earth. (A) This addiction has become a national issue in Korea in recent years, as users started dropping dead from exhaustion after playing online games for days on end. A growing number of students have skipped school to stay online, shockingly self-destructive behavior in this intensely competitive society. (B) In fact, perhaps no other country has so fully embraced the Internet. (C) But such ready access to the Web has come at a price as legions of obsessed users find that they cannot tear themselves away from their computer screens. ① (A) － (B) － (C) ② (A) － (C) － (B) ③ (B) － (A) － (C) ④ (B) － (C) － (A)
스터디 영어.pdf 2018 경찰 3차 영어 해설 영스파.pdf 2018 경찰 3차 영어 해설 김형섭.pdf 2018 경찰 3차 영어 해설 정일현.pdf 2018 경찰 3차 영어 해설 이솔.hwp 2018 경찰 3차 영어 해설 이서윤.hwp 2018 경찰 3차 영어 해설 이동기.pdf 2018 경찰 3차 영어 해설 영어연구소.pdf 2018 경찰 3차 영어 해설 기승훈.pdf 2018 경찰 3차 영어 해설 MAX.pdf 2018 경찰 3차 영어 해설 양익.pdf - 3 - 1. 다음 밑줄 친 단어의 의미와 가장 가까운 것은? It is obligatory for everyone in a car to wear a seat belt. ① clumsy ② nebulous ③ compulsory ④ mutable 2. 다음 빈칸에 들어갈 단어로 가장 적절한 것은? The police found no evidence that he was involved in that crime. ① lacking ② impending ③ compelling ④ upcoming 3. 다음 빈칸에 들어갈 단어로 가장 적절한 것은? Because aging is one of the realities that one cannot really fight against, the best one can do is to keep oneself healthy so as to age with grace and fitness. ① incipient ② inexorable ③ congenial ④ salutary 4. 다음 ㉠, ㉡에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? · Seohee ( ㉠ ) her book on the table. · The heavy snow prevented us ( ㉡ ) baseball. ① ㉠ lay ㉡ to play ② ㉠ lay ㉡ from playing ③ ㉠ laid ㉡ to play ④ ㉠ laid ㉡ from playing 5. 다음 ㉠, ㉡, ㉢에 들어갈 단어로 가장 적절한 것은? When an animal is injured, the first thing it will do, if it possibly can, is scramble to its feet. Despite the fact that doing so will probably cause ( ㉠ ) pain, the instinct to get up drives the animal because the alternative, taking no action to get up, invites predators to come in to kill and eat the ( ㉡ ) one. Emotionally, we do the same thing. Often a person who has just suffered an injury or a devastating shock or loss will answer, “Fine” when asked, “How are you?” Just labeling this as ( ㉢ ) misses the deeper truth. The organism, animal or human, is trying not only to look fine in order to avoid attack, but trying to be fine. ① ㉠ severe ㉡ vulnerable ㉢ threshold ② ㉠ acute ㉡ aggressive ㉢ pretense ③ ㉠ further ㉡ defenseless ㉢ denial ④ ㉠ voracious ㉡ defensive ㉢ disguise 6. 다음 글의 내용과 가장 일치하지 않는 것은? The aye-aye, the largest nocturnal primate in the world, displays an unusual degree of fearlessness towards humans. Wild aye-ayes have been known to appear unexpectedly from nowhere in the rainforest to sniff a researcher’s shoes. It is different from the other *lemurs because it is highly specialized in many ways; its continuously growing incisor teeth (which led to its being considered a rodent during part of the 19th century), its large ears (almost certainly used in locating insect larvae in dead wood), and its long skeleton-like middle finger used to extract larvae from holes. So unique is it among the lemurs that it has proven extremely difficult to determine which other lemurs are its closest relatives. The aye-aye is so unusual that it is not only strange within the context of the primates, but it is one of the most distinctive mammals on earth. *lemur 여우원숭이 ① 야행성 영장류인 아이아이원숭이는 이상할 정도로 인간을 두려워하지 않는다. ② 아이아이원숭이는 계속 자라나는 앞니 때문에 19세기 이래로 설치류로 간주되고 있다. ③ 아이아이원숭이의 커다란 귀는 유충을 찾는 데, 긴 중지는 유충을 꺼내는 데 사용된다. ④ 아이아이원숭이는 가장 독특한 포유류 중 하나이다. 7. 다음 밑줄 친 부분 중 어법상 가장 적절한 것은? ① The game was watching outside the stadium on a huge screen. ② We will never get to the meeting unless the train leaves within five minutes. ③ With sunshine streamed through the window, Hugh found it impossible to sleep. ④ The water which she fell was freezing cold. 8. 다음 우리말을 영작한 것 중 가장 적절한 것은? ① 유수는 그 회사에 지원하는 것을 고려하고 있다. → Yusoo is considering applying for the company. ② 그 경찰서는 난민들에게 생활필수품을 제공했다. → The police station provided commodities with refugees. ③ 판사는 죄수가 재구속되어야 한다고 명령했다. → The judge ordered that the prisoner was remanded. ④ 그는 물속으로 깊이 잠수했다. → He dived deeply into the water. 9. 다음 A, B의 대화 중 가장 적절하지 않은 것은? ① A : Wasn’t that last question on the test tough? B : Yes, it was tricky. ② A : Hi, please transfer me to Ella Jones. This is her husband. B : I’ll put you right through. ③ A : Why is Mina so fed up at her job? B : She feels overeaten. ④ A : Chanhee? What brings you to London? B : I just arrived on business. 10. 다음 밑줄 친 부분 중 어법상 가장 적절하지 않은 것은? If properly stored, broccoli will stay ㉠fresh for up to four days. The best way to store fresh bunches is to refrigerate them in an open plastic bag in the vegetable compartment, ㉡which will give them the right balance of humidity and air, and help preserve the vitamin C content. Don’t wash the broccoli before ㉢storing it since moisture on its surface ㉣encourage the growth of mold. ① ㉠ ② ㉡ ③ ㉢ ④ ㉣ 11. 다음 글의 내용과 가장 일치하지 않는 것은? The Hazara are an ethnic minority living in the arid mountainous regions of Central Afghanistan. Several things distinguish them from other ethnic groups in the area. The first is their strongly Asiatic ancestry, which suggests that they are probably descended from the Mongolians, although the group has clearly intermixed with people of Eastern European and Middle Eastern ancestry as well. The Hazara speak Hazaragi, a form of Persian, and they are primarily Shia Muslims. This ethnic group also has its own distinct cultural and religious traditions. Most of all, they are famous for their poetry and storytelling, with legends of their culture and life being passed down in the form of lengthy songs, poems, and stories told to children. While those in this ethnic group share values with other Muslims across the Middle East, they sometimes express them in different ways, integrating rich folklore and a history of superstition into their practice of the Muslim faith. ① 중앙 아프가니스탄 산악지역에 사는 하자라족은 주로 시아파 무슬림이다. ② 하자라족은 아마도 몽골인종계이지만 동유럽인과 중동인의 혈통과도 섞였다. ③ 하자라족의 언어는 페르시아어의 일종인 하자라기어이다. ④ 하자라족 고유의 문화적 전통인 민간전승설화는 중동지역 무슬림 신앙의 바탕이 되었다. 【영 어】 - 4 - 12. 다음 밑줄 친 표현의 의미와 가장 가까운 것은? A : I’ve heard that you got a job offer. B : Yes, but I am not sure whether to take it or not. A : Really? I thought you wanted to make a change in your career. B : Yes, but it is hard to make a decision. A : Take your time and ponder it. B : Thank you. ① mull it over ② weigh it down ③ make up for it ④ take it down 13. 다음 글의 주제문을 만들기 위해 ㉠, ㉡에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? Classification allows us to focus on one or two features and see something in terms of those characteristics alone. To classify plants and animals, we have to ignore all the variations that distinguish one plant from another and one animal from another. We have to focus only on those aspects that are shared by all plants and that differentiate them from all animals. We ignore the great variation that exists within each group and reduce its members to the common ground that ties all the members of that group together. As a result, we come to see objects in terms of their membership in a particular group, and we miss seeing that each is more than its group membership. Trapped by the category of doors, we become blind to the three-by-sevenfoot pieces of wood that are right in front of us. < 주제문 > In classification, we concentrate on a few features ( ㉠ ) to group members, and in doing so, we tend to overlook ( ㉡ ) within the group. ① ㉠ distinctive ㉡ membership ② ㉠ different ㉡ great variation ③ ㉠ shared ㉡ group membership ④ ㉠ common ㉡ individual variations 14. 다음 글의 주제문을 만들기 위해 ㉠, ㉡에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? The underlying idea of world history is that the interaction among human societies resembles not the relationships among billiard balls, but rather among bacteria. Billiard balls rolling around the table may collide and affect each other’s trajectories, but they do not actually change each other: The eight ball is an eight ball even after it is struck by the cue ball. Bacteria, however, fundamentally shape each other as they interact. Because the membranes covering bacteria are full of pores, bacteria can exchange genetic information and can even fundamentally alter each other’s basic make-up when they touch. Similarly, human societies in contact affect each other’s development. World historians, recognizing this, seek to understand human history through studying both developments within societies and the way in which societies relate to each other. < 주제문 > World history is that of ( ㉠ ) relationships between human societies in which human societies, like bacteria, have interacted and ( ㉡ ) each other into a fundamentally different society. ① ㉠ inverse ㉡ amended ② ㉠ reciprocal ㉡ transformed ③ ㉠ cozy ㉡ absorbed ④ ㉠ diplomatic ㉡ isolated 15. 다음 글의 흐름으로 보아 <보기>의 문장이 들어갈 곳으로 가장 적절한 것은? < 보 기 > When a director changes the story into a film, however, all these rights are taken from the reader, and everything is constructed according to the taste of people other than the reader. I propose that the reason people enjoy the book version of a story more than the film version is that each reader creates the details in his or her favorite scenes. ㉠ The characters—the way they look, talk, dress—and everything else in the story are guided by the writer but are constructed by the reader according to his or her individual tastes. ㉡ Here, in effect, the reader also becomes the director and the producer and fixes everything to his or her liking. ㉢ The more these details are solidified in a certain way, the more the artist invades the audience’s domain, and confines the reader’s imagination to what is presented to them by others. Thus, the art, the artist, and the audience lose out. ㉣ ① ㉠ ② ㉡ ③ ㉢ ④ ㉣ 16. 다음 빈칸에 공통으로 들어갈 단어로 가장 적절한 것은? We tend not to notice how many creative tasks benefit from ( ) because they are built in and have become invisible. For example, almost all popular music is in 4/4 time, four beats in the bar, with the emphasis usually landing on the first beat. Tracks are normally three or four minutes in length, contain a chorus, and so on. These are just a few ( ) of many that popular music follows, and yet look at the variation that can be achieved. Many songs break these rules, but they often achieve their effects because there is a rule to break in the first place. Painters, writers, artists, and so on are all influenced by previous styles to various degrees and it’s these previous styles that provide ( ). ① repercussions ② catastrophes ③ encroachments ④ constraints 17. 다음 글의 내용으로 가장 적절한 것은? The Rust Belt is notorious for its poor air quality. For decades, coal plants, steel production, and auto emissions have pumped *particulates like *sulfate into the atmosphere over the eastern U.S. Especially before air quality laws began appearing in the 1970s, particulate pollution was behind acid rain, respiratory disease, and ozone depletion. But a new study from Harvard University suggests that the Rust Belt’s thick particulate fog may have helped slow down the effects of climate change, particularly when it was thickest. Throughout the 20 th century, global temperatures have gone up by just under one degree Celsius. But in the U.S., eastern and central states haven’t seen the same rise. In fact, temperatures there actually decreased over the same period. The reason seems to be particulate pollution. Instead of trapping warm air in the atmosphere like carbon dioxide, fine particles like sulfate reflect the sun’s light and heat. They may even group with watery cloud droplets, which do the same thing. The effect is a net cooling across entire regions. *particulates: 분진, *sulfate: 황산염 ① Rust Belt의 석탄 공장, 철강 생산으로 인한 황산염 분진들은 미국의 서부권으로 배출되었다. ② 오존 증가, 호흡기 질환, 산성비의 원인은 분진으로 된 오염 물질이다. ③ 새로운 연구는 Rust Belt의 두터운 분진 안개가 기후 변화의 영향을 늦추었을 가능성이 있다고 주장한다. ④ 황산염 같은 미세한 입자들은 태양빛을 흡수하여, 전 지역에 냉각효과를 가져온다. - 5 - 18. 다음 빈칸에 들어갈 단어로 가장 적절한 것은? Man differs from the lower animals because he preserves his past experiences. What happened in the past is lived again in memory. About what goes on today hangs a cloud of thoughts concerning similar things undergone in bygone days. With other animals, an experience perishes as it happens, and each new doing or suffering stands alone. But man lives in a world where each occurrence is charged with echoes and reminiscences of what has gone before, where each event is a reminder of other things. Hence he lives not, like the beasts of the field, in a world of merely physical things but in a world of signs and symbols. A stone is not merely hard, a thing into which one bumps; but it is a(n) ( ) of a deceased ancestor. ① monument ② foundation ③ enchantment ④ elimination 19. 다음 ㉠, ㉡에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? Can we sustain our standard of living in the same ecological space while consuming the resources of that space? This question is particularly relevant since we are living in an era of skyrocketing fuel costs and humans’ ever-growing carbon footprints. Some argue that we are already at a breaking point because we have nearly exhausted the Earth’s finite carrying capacity. ( ㉠ ), it’s possible that innovations and cultural changes can expand Earth’s capacity. We are already seeing this as the world economies are increasingly looking at “green,” renewable industries like solar and hydrogen energy. ( ㉡ ), many believe we will eventually reach a point at which conflict with the finite nature of resources is inevitable. That means survival could ultimately depend on getting the human population below its carrying capacity. Otherwise, without population control, the demand for resources will eventually exceed an ecosystem’s ability to provide it. ① ㉠ However ㉡ Still ② ㉠ Therefore ㉡ On the other hand ③ ㉠ Hence ㉡ Though ④ ㉠ Nevertheless ㉡ For instance 20. 다음 글의 요지로 가장 적절한 것은? On the way home from school on Tuesday, a dad promises his five-year-old son that he will take him to the baseball game on Saturday afternoon. When they get home, Dad learns from Mom that earlier in the day she had scheduled a swim lesson for Saturday afternoon and can’t change it. When they tell their son, he gets terribly upset, and the situation melts down. Why is the kid so upset? Dad didn’t know about the swim lesson. By the adult definition, he did not lie. But by the kid definition, he did lie; any false statement—regardless of intent or belief—is a lie. Therefore, unwittingly, Dad has given his child the message that he approves of breaking promises. ① Parents who break their promise by chance don’t give their child the impression that they told a lie. ② It is difficult for children to grasp the qualifying role of intent in telling a lie. ③ It goes without saying that children would rather take a lesson than play on weekend. ④ There are few roles parents play in the development of their child’s habit of keeping a promise.
스터디 영어.pdf 2018 경찰 2차 영어 해설 영스파.pdf 2018 경찰 2차 영어 해설 김형섭.pdf 2018 경찰 2차 영어 해설 양익.pdf 2018 경찰 2차 영어 해설 장종재.pdf 2018 경찰 2차 영어 해설 공수코.pdf 2018 경찰 2차 영어 해설 김채환.pdf 2018 경찰 2차 영어 해설 이동기.pdf 2018 경찰 2차 영어 해설 이영신.pdf - 3 - 【영 어】 1. 다음 밑줄 친 단어의 의미와 가장 가까운 것은? A theory developed by a scientist cannot be accepted as part of scientific knowledge until it has been verified by the studies of other researchers. ① repealed ② refuted ③ confirmed ④ neutralized 2. 다음 빈칸에 들어갈 단어로 가장 적절한 것은? Jason used to confide all his secrets to her because he believed she would never __________ them to other people. ① divulge ② diverge ③ deluge ④ decry 3. 다음 밑줄 친 단어의 의미와 가장 가까운 것은? One reason that energy prices are so volatile is that many consumers are extremely limited in their ability to substitute between fuels when the price of natural gas, for example, fluctuates. ① differentiate ② exchange ③ subdue ④ retain 4. 다음 빈칸에 들어갈 단어로 가장 적절한 것은? Although he was a(n) __________ man with a family, he behaved in an infantile manner, clamoring for attention if he did not get his way. ① grown ② innocent ③ obstinate ④ juvenile 5. 다음 빈칸에 들어갈 단어로 가장 적절한 것은? The most persistent question in the selective attention theories has been whether the shifts in attention that accompany changes in the arousal level are ___________ or deliberate. ① automatic ② incessant ③ conscious ④ sporadic 6. 다음 빈칸에 들어갈 표현으로 가장 적절한 것은? Usually, people who have been adopted __________ have access to their files. ① do not allow ② are not allowed to ③ has not been allowed ④ is not allowed to 7. 다음 빈칸에 들어갈 표현으로 가장 적절한 것은? The chameleon’s camouflage is very effective. As a result, __________ from a distance, it is indistinguishable from its environment. ① seeing ② they are seen ③ to be seen ④ seen 8. 다음 ㉠∼㉣ 중 어법상 가장 적절하지 않은 것은? People have been asking questions about ㉠what they have seen around them for thousands of years. The answers they have come up with have changed a lot. So ㉡is science itself. Science is dynamic, building upon the ideas and discoveries which one generation passes on to the next, as well as ㉢making huge leaps forward when completely new discoveries are made. What hasn’t changed is the curiosity, imagination and intelligence of those doing science. We might know more today, but people who thought deeply about their world 3,000 years ago ㉣were just as smart as we are. ① ㉠ ② ㉡ ③ ㉢ ④ ㉣ 9. 다음 빈칸에 들어갈 표현으로 가장 적절한 것은? Maggie will be waiting for me when my flight _________ this evening. ① will arrive ② is arrived ③ arrives ④ will have arrived 10. 다음 빈칸에 들어갈 표현으로 가장 적절한 것은? Rachel impressed her superiors so much that __________ a position available, they would have promoted her immediately. ① had been ② there had been ③ had there been ④ if there were 11. 다음 글의 내용으로 가장 적절하지 않은 것은? The gnu is a heavy animal that lives in southern Africa. Weighing 300 to 475 pounds, the gnu is equipped with high, large shoulders and a thick neck. Attaining a shoulder height of 3-4 feet, it stands higher at the shoulder than at the rump. Its big head has long horns that curve upward. Stiff hairs grow on the gnu’s forehead, neck, and shoulders, as well as on its long tail. The southern African form, the white-tailed gnu has a black mane and flowing white tail. Now extinct in the wild, the white-tailed gnu is preserved in a number of national parks and reserves. The brindled gnu is reasonably abundant over much of central and southeastern Africa. It ranges from northern South Africa to Kenya. The brindled gnu has yellowish-brown or gray hair with dark stripes on its shoulders and neck. ① gnu는 높고 큰 어깨와 두꺼운 목을 갖고 있다. ② gnu의 어깨는 높이가 3-4피트에 이른다. ③ 흰 꼬리 gnu는 검은 갈기를 가지고 있다. ④ 얼룩 무늬 gnu는 야생에서 멸종되었다. 12. 다음 글의 내용으로 가장 적절하지 않은 것은? Plastic bags were found in the digestive systems of more than 400 leatherback turtles. The leatherback turtle is a critically endangered species. Jellyfish is their main diet. Mistaking the increased amounts of plastic bags drifting in the currents for drifting jellyfish is causing the leatherbacks harm. Plastic bags account for 12 percent of all marine debris, and plastic bottles and plastic caps and lids are also prevalent at six and eight percent respectively. Marine litter is one of the most pervasive and solvable pollution problems plaguing the world’s oceans and waterways. A simple solution to the plastic bag issue is reusable shopping bags. An increased awareness of the effects of plastic bags has caused many states and countries to implement plastic bag related legislation. For example, when Ireland imposed a fee on each plastic bag used by consumers, single-use plastic bag consumption dropped by 90 percent. ① 장수거북은 비닐봉지를 해파리로 착각하고 먹었다. ② 비닐봉지 외에도 플라스틱으로 만들어진 해양쓰레기가 있다. ③ 비닐봉지 사용으로 인한 해양오염에 대한 인식이 높아졌다. ④ 아일랜드는 1회용 비닐봉지 사용에 요금을 부과하였으나 큰 효과를 보지 못했다. - 4 - 13. 다음 글의 내용으로 가장 적절하지 않은 것은? A special feature of the real estate rental market is its tendency to undergo a severe and prolonged contraction phase, more so than with manufactured products. When the supply of a manufactured product exceeds the demand, the manufacturer cuts back on output, and the merchant reduces inventory to balance supply and demand. However, property owners cannot reduce the amount of space available for rent in their buildings. Space that was constructed to accommodate business and consumer needs at the peak of the cycle remains, so vacancy rates climb and the downward trend becomes more severe. Rental rates generally do not drop below a certain point, the minimum that must be charged in order to cover operating expenses. Some owners will take space off the market rather than lose money on it. A few, unable to subsidize the property, will sell at distress prices, and lenders will repossess others. These may then be placed on the market at lower rental rates, further depressing the market. *distress price: 투매 가격(판매자가 손해를 감수하는 가격) ① The market of manufactured products has a better chance of balancing supply and demand than the real estate rental market does. ② The manufacturers and the merchants would be better at coping with the fluctuation of the market than the property owners are. ③ When the economic cycle of the real estate market reaches its peak, vacancy rates increase and depression becomes more severe. ④ Lower rental rates resulting from too much supply in the real estate rental market make it more depressed. 14. 밑줄 친 it이 가리키는 대상이 나머지 셋과 다른 것은? An economy as big as the United States can afford to place reasonable bets in all areas where ㉠it looks as if technology can be pushed forward. In contrast, a country as small as Israel cannot. The U.S. research and development budget is three times the entire GDP of Israel. Israel has to focus, concentrate its money, and place its bets on a very limited number of technologies if ㉡it is to spend enough money on any one technology to have any chance of success. If ㉢it spends very small sums in all areas, it will end up wasting all of its resources. But if it must focus its bets, in what areas should ㉣it focus? No one knows. Since small countries and companies have to bet in what is an intrinsically riskier, more uncertain environment, they not surprisingly tend to bet less. ① ㉠ ② ㉡ ③ ㉢ ④ ㉣ 15. 다음 글의 흐름으로 볼 때, <보기>의 문장이 들어갈 곳으로 가장 적절한 것은? < 보 기 > In the same way, thinking of yourself as successful, talented, responsible, or fairly paid depends entirely on whom you choose for comparison. Typically, we don’t make social comparisons randomly or on some absolute scale. ( ㉠ ) Meaningful evaluations are based on comparing yourself with people of similar backgrounds, abilities, and circumstances. To illustrate, let’s ask a student named Wendy if she is a good tennis player. ( ㉡ ) If Wendy compares herself with a professional, the answer will be negative. But within her tennis group, Wendy is regarded as an excellent player. ( ㉢ ) On a fair scale of comparison, Wendy knows she is good and she takes pride in her tennis skills. ( ㉣ ) Thus, a desire for social comparison provides a motive for associating with others and influences which groups we join. ① ㉠ ② ㉡ ③ ㉢ ④ ㉣ 16. 다음 글의 흐름으로 볼 때, <보기>의 문장이 들어갈 곳으로 가장 적절한 것은? < 보 기 > For example, many African agricultural development programs are based on the conversion of communal land to private holdings. As a rule, women farmers work longer hours and have lower incomes than do male farmers. This is not because they are less educated or less competent. Rather, it is due to restricting socio-cultural factors. Firstly, most women farmers are involved in subsistence farming or food production for the local market that yields little cash return. ( ㉠ ) Secondly, they have less access to credit at bank than men. ( ㉡ ) Government-subsidized rates that would make it possible for them to acquire the ‘Green Revolution’ technology, such as hybrid seeds and fertilizers are also comparatively inaccessible to women. ( ㉢ ) Thirdly, in some societies women cannot own land and so are excluded from agricultural improvement programs and projects aimed at landowners. ( ㉣ ) This conversion adversely affects women because women have access to communal land while they are excluded from private holdings. *subsistence farming: 자급적 농업 ① ㉠ ② ㉡ ③ ㉢ ④ ㉣ 17. 다음 ㉠, ㉡에 들어갈 표현으로 가장 적절한 것은? Single-person households and “empty nesters” have different lifestyles and preferences than larger families. Singles, especially, spend heavily on foodservice, both for convenience and for social occasions. The increasing domination of these smaller all-adult households and single-person households has implications for restaurant patronage patterns. ( ㉠ ), the use of takeout has grown among both families with children and adult-only households (singles and couples). But these different types of households tend to be interested in different types of takeout, and for different reasons. ( ㉡ ) the family with kids may order a crowd-pleasing, inexpensive meal such as a large pizza or a bucket of chicken, the single adult might be more likely to stop on the way home after work for a sophisticated green salad that’s “too much trouble” to make for just one person. Adults who live alone or with one other person are more likely to rely on takeout as a routine pattern of sourcing food, whether they are in an older age group or a younger one. *empty nester: (장성한 자녀가 집을 떠난 뒤) 둘만 사는 부부 ① ㉠ Nevertheless ㉡ Since ② ㉠ For instance ㉡ While ③ ㉠ However ㉡ When ④ ㉠ For example ㉡ Because 18. 다음 글의 주제로 가장 적절한 것은? It is commonly believed that writers are working alone. Yet people see only the surface of the process. Consider, for example, a writer who creates a novel in the solitary confinement of her house. The writer is alone only in a very narrow sense. Indeed, she is writing, typically, about people, with people, and for people. The process of writing a novel can hardly be reduced to an individual cognitive reflection. Thus, the imaginary reader is always present in the creative process of writing ― as an addressee, a possible judge of the creation, and, more generally, a partner in a dialogue that each human creation ultimately is. Our writer arguably also is motivated by specifically human, social purposes, such as to be understood, respected and needed by others. ① characteristic of the writer as a social being ② dialogues between the writer and the reader ③ importance of the writer’s creativity ④ solitude of the imaginary reader - 5 - 19. 다음 글의 요지로 가장 적절한 것은? Whether moral progress is possible or not could be a decisive factor in evaluating human history. The analogy below can provide us with an answer. Before the invention of the microscope, people had no tools for seeing microscopic creatures and, consequently, made inaccurate judgments regarding the causes of disease. With the invention of the microscope, however, scientists were able to perceive entities they’d previously been unable to and, as a result, were able to make improved judgments ― many of which we still accept today. Similarly, in the moral sphere, when people don’t have the tools needed for perceiving the rightness or wrongness of something, they make judgments that are less accurate than they would be if they had such tools. We can see then, for instance, how the limited perspective of some people in 19th-century America led them to conclude that racism was acceptable and how our wider perspective these days enables us to recognize how terribly mistaken that earlier judgment was. ① 현미경의 발명은 인류의 질병 퇴치에 매우 획기적인 사건이었다. ② 19세기 미국의 인종주의자들은 도덕적으로 미개한 상태에 놓여 있었다. ③ 인류가 과학적 진보를 이루어왔듯이 도덕적 진보 역시 가능하다. ④ 인류가 과학적 진보를 이루는 것은 도덕적 진보를 이루어 나가는 것과 별개의 문제다. 20. 다음 글의 제목으로 가장 적절한 것은? Fourteenth-century approaches to music had a profound and continuing impact on music in later centuries. Perhaps most significant was the invention of a precise and unambiguous notation that could record a wide variety of rhythms and allowed music to be distributed in writing and performed accurately wherever it went. We now take this for granted when we play from notation and sight-read through unfamiliar music, but it was a remarkable innovation in the fourteenth century. Among its effects was that composers could fix their music exactly as they wished it to be performed, leading them to take pride in authorship. The increased interest in the individual and in satisfying the human senses that was characteristic of the age grew stronger in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries and has remained important ever since. ① The Innovative Invention of Musical Instruments ② Musical Notation: Its Invention and Contributions ③ Authorship: Motivation for Innovations ④ History of Music in Terms of Genre
스터디 영어-B.pdf 영어-D.pdf 2018 지방직 9급 영어 해설 손진숙.pdf 2018 지방직 9급 영어 해설 영스파.pdf 2018 지방직 9급 영어 해설 이동기.pdf 2018 지방직 9급 영어 해설 정수현.hwp 2018 지방직 9급 영어 해설 문덕.pdf 2018 지방직 9급 영어 해설 이충권.pdf 2018 지방직 9급 영어 해설 장종재.pdf 2018 지방직 9급 영어 해설 공수코.pdf 2018 지방직 9급 영어 해설 이현아.pdf 2018 지방직 9급 영어 해설 성정혜.pdf 2018 지방직 9급 영어 해설 오동훈.pdf 2018 지방직 9급 영어 해설 한덕현.pdf 2018 지방직 9급 영어 해설 박철우.pdf 2018 지방직 9급 영어 해설 김범재.pdf 2018 지방직 9급 영어 해설 최호철.pdf 2018 지방직 9급 영어 해설 김재운.pdf 영 어 B 책형 1 쪽 영 어 ※ 밑줄 친 부분의 의미와 가장 가까운 것을 고르시오. [문 1. ～문 2.] 문 1. The paramount duty of the physician is to do no harm. Everything else ―even healing ―must take second place. ① chief ② sworn ③ successful ④ mysterious 문 2. It is not unusual that people get cold feet about taking a trip to the North Pole. ① become ambitious ② become afraid ③ feel exhausted ④ feel saddened 문 3. 밑줄 친 부분 중 어법상 옳지 않은 것은? I am writing in response to your request for a reference for Mrs. Ferrer. She has worked as my secretary ① for the last three years and has been an excellent employee. I believe that she meets all the requirements ② mentioned in your job description and indeed exceeds them in many ways. I have never had reason ③to doubt her complete integrity. I would, therefore, recommend Mrs. Ferrer for the post ④ what you advertise. 문 4. 우리말을 영어로 잘못 옮긴 것은? ① 모든 정보는 거짓이었다. → All of the information was false. ② 토마스는 더 일찍 사과했어야 했다. → Thomas should have apologized earlier. ③ 우리가 도착했을 때 영화는 이미 시작했었다. → The movie had already started when we arrived. ④ 바깥 날씨가 추웠기 때문에 나는 차를 마시려 물을 끓였다. → Being cold outside, I boiled some water to have tea. 문 5. 밑줄 친 부분의 의미와 가장 가까운 것은? The student who finds the state-of-the-art approach intimidating learns less than he or she might have learned by the old methods. ① humorous ② friendly ③ convenient ④ frightening 문 6. 밑줄 친 부분에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? Since the air-conditioners are being repaired now, the office workers have to _______________ electric fans for the day. ① get rid of ② let go of ③ make do with ④ break up with 문 7. 어법상 옳은 것은? ① Please contact to me at the email address I gave you last week. ② Were it not for water, all living creatures on earth would be extinct. ③ The laptop allows people who is away from their offices to continue to work. ④ The more they attempted to explain their mistakes, the worst their story sounded. 문 8. 우리말을 영어로 옳게 옮긴 것은? ① 그는 며칠 전에 친구를 배웅하기 위해 역으로 갔다. → He went to the station a few days ago to see off his friend. ② 버릇없는 그 소년은 아버지가 부르는 것을 못 들은 체했다. → The spoiled boy made it believe he didn't hear his father calling. ③ 나는 버팔로에 가본 적이 없어서 그곳에 가기를 고대하고 있다. → I have never been to Buffalo, so I am looking forward to go there. ④ 나는 아직 오늘 신문을 못 읽었어. 뭐 재미있는 것 있니? → I have not read today's newspaper yet. Is there anything interested in it? 문 9. 다음 글의 흐름상 가장 어색한 문장은? The Renaissance kitchen had a definite hierarchy of help who worked together to produce the elaborate banquets. ① At the top, as we have seen, was the scalco, or steward, who was in charge of not only the kitchen, but also the dining room. ②The dining room was supervised by the butler, who was in charge of the silverware and linen and also served the dishes that began and ended the banquet ― the cold dishes, salads, cheeses, and fruit at the beginning and the sweets and confections at the end of the meal. ③This elaborate decoration and serving was what in restaurants is called "the front of the house." ④ The kitchen was supervised by the head cook, who directed the undercooks, pastry cooks, and kitchen help. 문 10. 다음 글의 요지로 가장 적절한 것은? My students often believe that if they simply meet more important people, their work will improve. But it's remarkably hard to engage with those people unless you've already put something valuable out into the world. That's what piques the curiosity of advisers and sponsors. Achievements show you have something to give, not just something to take. In life, it certainly helps to know the right people. But how hard they go to bat for you, how far they stick their necks out for you, depends on what you have to offer. Building a powerful network doesn't require you to be an expert at networking. It just requires you to be an expert at something. If you make great connections, they might advance your career. If you do great work, those connections will be easier to make. Let your insights and your outputs ― not your business cards ― do the talking. ① Sponsorship is necessary for a successful career. ② Building a good network starts from your accomplishments. ③ A powerful network is a prerequisite for your achievement. ④ Your insights and outputs grow as you become an expert at networking. 영 어 B 책형 2 쪽 문 11. 밑줄 친 부분에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? A: My computer just shut down for no reason. I can't even turn it back on again. B: Did you try charging it? It might just be out of battery. A: Of course, I tried charging it. B: __________________________________________________ A: I should do that, but I'm so lazy. ① I don't know how to fix your computer. ② Try visiting the nearest service center then. ③ Well, stop thinking about your problems and go to sleep. ④ My brother will try to fix your computer because he's a technician. 문 12. 다음 글에 나타난 화자의 심경으로 가장 적절한 것은? My face turned white as a sheet. I looked at my watch. The tests would be almost over by now. I arrived at the testing center in an absolute panic. I tried to tell my story, but my sentences and descriptive gestures got so confused that I communicated nothing more than a very convincing version of a human tornado. In an effort to curb my distracting explanation, the proctor led me to an empty seat and put a test booklet in front of me. He looked doubtfully from me to the clock, and then he walked away. I tried desperately to make up for lost time, scrambling madly through analogies and sentence completions. "Fifteen minutes remain," the voice of doom declared from the front of the classroom. Algebraic equations, arithmetic calculations, geometric diagrams swam before my eyes. "Time! Pencils down, please." ① nervous and worried ② excited and cheerful ③ calm and determined ④ safe and relaxed 문 13. 주어진 문장 다음에 이어질 글의 순서로 가장 적절한 것은? Devices that monitor and track your health are becoming more popular among all age populations. (A) For example, falls are a leading cause of death for adults 65 and older. Fall alerts are a popular gerotechnology that has been around for many years but have now improved. (B) However, for seniors aging in place, especially those without a caretaker in the home, these technologies can be lifesaving. (C) This simple technology can automatically alert 911 or a close family member the moment a senior has fallen. ※ gerotechnology: 노인을 위한 양로 기술 ① (B) － (C) － (A) ② (B) － (A) － (C) ③ (C) － (A) － (B) ④ (C) － (B) － (A) ※ 밑줄 친 부분에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것을 고르시오. [문 14. ∼문 15.] 문 14. A: Where do you want to go for our honeymoon? B: Let's go to a place that neither of us has been to. A: Then, why don't we go to Hawaii? B: _____________________________________ ① I've always wanted to go there. ② Isn't Korea a great place to live? ③ Great! My last trip there was amazing! ④ Oh, you must've been to Hawaii already. 문 15. The secret of successful people is usually that they are able to concentrate totally on one thing. Even if they have a lot in their head, they have found a method that the many commitments don't impede each other, but instead they are brought into a good inner order. And this order is quite simple: _________________________. In theory, it seems to be quite clear, but in everyday life it seems rather different. You might have tried to decide on priorities, but you have failed because of everyday trivial matters and all the unforeseen distractions. Separate off disturbances, for example, by escaping into another office, and not allowing any distractions to get in the way. When you concentrate on the one task of your priorities, you will find you have energy that you didn't even know you had. ① the sooner, the better ② better late than never ③ out of sight, out of mind ④ the most important thing first 문 16. 다음 글의 제목으로 가장 적절한 것은? With the help of the scientist, the commercial fishing industry has found out that its fishing must be done scientifically if it is to be continued. With no fishing pressure on a fish population, the number of fish will reach a predictable level of abundance and stay there. The only fluctuation would be due to natural environmental factors, such as availability of food, proper temperature, and the like. If a fishery is developed to take these fish, their population can be maintained if the fishing harvest is small. The mackerel of the North Sea is a good example. If we increase the fishery and take more fish each year, we must be careful not to reduce the population below the ideal point where it can replace all of the fish we take out each year. If we fish at this level, called the maximum sustainable yield, we can maintain the greatest possible yield, year after year. If we catch too many, the number of fish will decrease each year until we fish ourselves out of a job. Examples of severely overfished animals are the blue whale of the Antarctic and the halibut of the North Atlantic. Fishing just the correct amount to maintain a maximum annual yield is both a science and an art. Research is constantly being done to help us better understand the fish population and how to utilize it to the maximum without depleting the population. ① Say No to Commercial Fishing ② Sea Farming Seen As a Fishy Business ③ Why Does the Fishing Industry Need Science? ④ Overfished Animals: Cases of Illegal Fishing 영 어 B 책형 3 쪽 문 17. 밑줄 친 (A), (B)에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? Does terrorism ever work? 9/11 was an enormous tactical success for al Qaeda, partly because it involved attacks that took place in the media capital of the world and the actual capital of the United States, (A) ensuring the widest possible coverage of the event. If terrorism is a form of theater where you want a lot of people watching, no event in human history was likely ever seen by a larger global audience than the 9/11 attacks. At the time, there was much discussion about how 9/11 was like the attack on Pearl Harbor. They were indeed similar since they were both surprise attacks that drew America into significant wars. But they were also similar in another sense. Pearl Harbor was a great tactical success for Imperial Japan, but it led to a great strategic failure: Within four years of Pearl Harbor the Japanese empire lay in ruins, utterly defeated. (B) , 9/11 was a great tactical success for al Qaeda, but it also turned out to be a great strategic failure for Osama bin Laden. (A) (B) ① thereby Similarly ② while Therefore ③ while Fortunately ④ thereby On the contrary 문 18. 다음 글의 내용과 일치하지 않는 것은? We entered a new phase as a species when Chinese scientists altered a human embryo to remove a potentially fatal blood disorder ― not only from the baby, but all of its descendants. Researchers call this process "germline modification." The media likes the phrase "designer babies." But we should call it what it is, "eugenics." And we, the human race, need to decide whether or not we want to use it. Last month, in the United States, the scientific establishment weighed in. A National Academy of Sciences and National Academy of Medicine joint committee endorsed embryo editing aimed at genes that cause serious diseases when there is "no reasonable alternative." But it was more wary of editing for "enhancement," like making already-healthy children stronger or taller. It recommended a public discussion, and said that doctors should "not proceed at this time." The committee had good reason to urge caution. The history of eugenics is full of oppression and misery. ※ eugenics: 우생학 ① Doctors were recommended to immediately go ahead with embryo editing for enhancement. ② Recently, the scientific establishment in the U.S. joined a discussion on eugenics. ③ Chinese scientists modified a human embryo to prevent a serious blood disorder. ④ "Designer babies" is another term for the germline modification process. 문 19. 주어진 문장이 들어갈 위치로 가장 적절한 것은? If neither surrendered, the two exchanged blows until one was knocked out. The ancient Olympics provided athletes an opportunity to prove their fitness and superiority, just like our modern games. ( ① ) The ancient Olympic events were designed to eliminate the weak and glorify the strong. Winners were pushed to the brink. ( ② ) Just as in modern times, people loved extreme sports. One of the favorite events was added in the 33rd Olympiad. This was the pankration, or an extreme mix of wrestling and boxing. The Greek word pankration means "total power." The men wore leather straps with metal studs, which could make a terrible mess of their opponents. ( ③ ) This dangerous form of wrestling had no time or weight limits. In this event, only two rules applied. First, wrestlers were not allowed to gouge eyes with their thumbs. Secondly, they could not bite. Anything else was considered fair play. The contest was decided in the same manner as a boxing match. Contenders continued until one of the two collapsed. ( ④ ) Only the strongest and most determined athletes attempted this event. Imagine wrestling "Mr. Fingertips," who earned his nickname by breaking his opponents' fingers! 문 20. 밑줄 친 부분에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? In our time it is not only the law of the market which has its own life and rules over man, but also the development of science and technique. For a number of reasons, the problems and organization of science today are such that a scientist does not choose his problems; the problems force themselves upon the scientist. He solves one problem, and the result is not that he is more secure or certain, but that ten other new problems open up in place of the single solved one. They force him to solve them; he has to go ahead at an ever-quickening pace. The same holds true for industrial techniques. The pace of science forces the pace of technique. Theoretical physics forces atomic energy on us; the successful production of the fission bomb forces upon us the manufacture of the hydrogen bomb. We do not choose our problems, we do not choose our products; we are pushed, we are forced ― by what? By a system which has no purpose and goal transcending it, and which ________________________________________. ① makes man its appendix ② creates a false sense of security ③ inspires man with creative challenges ④ empowers scientists to control the market laws
스터디 영어-가.pdf 영어-다.pdf 2018 국가직 9급 영어 해설 조만구.pdf 2018 국가직 9급 영어 해설 영스파.pdf 2018 국가직 9급 영어 해설 손진숙.pdf 2018 국가직 9급 영어 해설 정수현.pdf 2018 국가직 9급 영어 해설 이충권.pdf 2018 국가직 9급 영어 해설 이동기.pdf 2018 국가직 9급 영어 해설 문덕.pdf 2018 국가직 9급 영어 해설 조태정.pdf 2018 국가직 9급 영어 해설 이현아.pdf 2018 국가직 9급 영어 해설 성정혜.pdf 2018 국가직 9급 영어 해설 오동훈.pdf 2018 국가직 9급 영어 해설 한덕현.pdf 2018 국가직 9급 영어 해설 윤광덕.pdf 2018 국가직 9급 영어 해설 조재권.pdf 2018 국가직 9급 영어 해설 박철우.pdf 2018 국가직 9급 영어 해설 김범재.pdf 2018 국가직 9급 영어 해설 김재운.pdf 2018 국가직 9급 영어 해설 김지영.pdf 2018 국가직 9급 영어 해설 김영국.pdf 2018 국가직 9급 영어 해설 공수코.pdf 영 어 가 책형 1 쪽 영 어 ※ 밑줄 친 부분에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것을 고르시오. [문 1. ～문 2.] 문 1. A: Can I ask you for a favor? B: Yes, what is it? A: I need to get to the airport for my business trip, but my car won't start. Can you give me a lift? B: Sure. When do you need to be there by? A: I have to be there no later than 6 : 00. B: It's 4 : 30 now. _________________________________. We'll have to leave right away. ① That's cutting it close ② I took my eye off the ball ③ All that glitters is not gold ④ It's water under the bridge 문 2. Fear of loss is a basic part of being human. To the brain, loss is a threat and we naturally take measures to avoid it. We cannot, however, avoid it indefinitely. One way to face loss is with the perspective of a stock trader. Traders accept the possibility of loss as part of the game, not the end of the game. What guides this thinking is a portfolio approach; wins and losses will both happen, but it's the overall portfolio of outcomes that matters most. When you embrace a portfolio approach, you will be __________________________________________________ because you know that they are small parts of a much bigger picture. ① less inclined to dwell on individual losses ② less interested in your investments ③ more averse to the losses ④ more sensitive to fluctuations in the stock market 문 3. 다음 글의 제목으로 가장 적절한 것은? Over the last years of traveling, I've observed how much we humans live in the past. The past is around us constantly, considering that, the minute something is manifested, it is the past. Our surroundings, our homes, our environments, our architecture, our products are all past constructs. We should live with what is part of our time, part of our collective consciousness, those things that were produced during our lives. Of course, we do not have the choice or control to have everything around us relevant or conceived during our time, but what we do have control of should be a reflection of the time in which we exist and communicate the present. The present is all we have, and the more we are surrounded by it, the more we are aware of our own presence and participation. ① Travel: Tracing the Legacies of the Past ② Reflect on the Time That Surrounds You Now ③ Manifestation of a Hidden Life ④ Architecture of a Futuristic Life 문 4. 밑줄 친 부분 중 어법상 옳지 않은 것은? It would be difficult ①to imagine life without the beauty and richness of forests. But scientists warn we cannot take our forest for ② granted. By some estimates, deforestation ③has been resulted in the loss of as much as eighty percent of the natural forests of the world. Currently, deforestation is a global problem, ④ affecting wilderness regions such as the temperate rainforests of the Pacific. 문 5. 밑줄 친 부분의 의미와 가장 가까운 것은? Robert J. Flaherty, a legendary documentary filmmaker, tried to show how indigenous people gathered food. ① native ② ravenous ③ impoverished ④ itinerant 문 6. 밑줄 친 부분에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? Listening to music is ______________ being a rock star. Anyone can listen to music, but it takes talent to become a musician. ① on a par with ② a far cry from ③ contingent upon ④ a prelude to 문 7. 다음 글의 흐름상 가장 어색한 문장은? Biologists have identified a gene that will allow rice plants to survive being submerged in water for up to two weeks ―over a week longer than at present. Plants under water for longer than a week are deprived of oxygen and wither and perish. ① The scientists hope their discovery will prolong the harvests of crops in regions that are susceptible to flooding. ②Rice growers in these flood-prone areas of Asia lose an estimated one billion dollars annually to excessively waterlogged rice paddies. ③They hope the new gene will lead to a hardier rice strain that will reduce the financial damage incurred in typhoon and monsoon seasons and lead to bumper harvests. ④ This is dreadful news for people in these vulnerable regions, who are victims of urbanization and have a shortage of crops. Rice yields must increase by 30 percent over the next 20 years to ensure a billion people can receive their staple diet. 문 8. 밑줄 친 부분에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? A: Do you know how to drive? B: Of course. I'm a great driver. A: Could you teach me how to drive? B: Do you have a learner's permit? A: Yes, I got it just last week. B: Have you been behind the steering wheel yet? A: No, but I can't wait to _____________________. ① take a rain check ② get my feet wet ③ get an oil change ④ change a flat tire 영 어 가 책형 2 쪽 문 9. 다음 글의 내용과 일치하는 것은? Sharks are covered in scales made from the same material as teeth. These flexible scales protect the shark and help it swim quickly in water. A shark can move the scales as it swims. This movement helps reduce the water's drag. Amy Lang, an aerospace engineer at the University of Alabama, studies the scales on the shortfin mako, a relative of the great white shark. Lang and her team discovered that the mako shark's scales differ in size and in flexibility in different parts of its body. For instance, the scales on the sides of the body are tapered ―wide at one end and narrow at the other end. Because they are tapered, these scales move very easily. They can turn up or flatten to adjust to the flow of water around the shark and to reduce drag. Lang feels that shark scales can inspire designs for machines that experience drag, such as airplanes. ① A shark has scales that always remain immobile to protect itself as it swims. ② Lang revealed that the scales of a mako shark are utilized to lessen drag in water. ③ A mako shark has scales of identical size all over its body. ④ The scientific designs of airplanes were inspired by shark scales. 문 10. 밑줄 친 부분 중 어법상 옳지 않은 것은? Focus means ① getting stuff done. A lot of people have great ideas but don't act on them. For me, the definition of an entrepreneur, for instance, is someone who can combine innovation and ingenuity with the ability to execute that new idea. Some people think that the central dichotomy in life is whether you're positive or negative about the issues ② that interest or concern you. There's a lot of attention ③ paying to this question of whether it's better to have an optimistic or pessimistic lens. I think the better question to ask is whether you are going to do something about it or just ④ let life pass you by. 문 11. 밑줄 친 부분 중 글의 흐름상 가장 어색한 것은? Most people like to talk, but few people like to listen, yet listening well is a ① rare talent that everyone should treasure. Because they hear more, good listeners tend to know more and to be more sensitive to what is going on around them than most people. In addition, good listeners are inclined to accept or tolerate rather than to judge and criticize. Therefore, they have ②fewer enemies than most people. In fact, they are probably the most beloved of people. However, there are ③exceptions to that generality. For example, John Steinbeck is said to have been an excellent listener, yet he was hated by some of the people he wrote about. No doubt his ability to listen contributed to his capacity to write. Nevertheless, the result of his listening didn't make him ④ unpopular. 문 12. 다음 글의 주제로 가장 적절한 것은? Worry is like a rocking horse. No matter how fast you go, you never move anywhere. Worry is a complete waste of time and creates so much clutter in your mind that you cannot think clearly about anything. The way to learn to stop worrying is by first understanding that you energize whatever you focus your attention on. Therefore, the more you allow yourself to worry, the more likely things are to go wrong! Worrying becomes such an ingrained habit that to avoid it you consciously have to train yourself to do otherwise. Whenever you catch yourself having a fit of worry, stop and change your thoughts. Focus your mind more productively on what you do want to happen and dwell on what's already wonderful in your life so more wonderful stuff will come your way. ① What effects does worry have on life? ② Where does worry originate from? ③ When should we worry? ④ How do we cope with worrying? 문 13. 다음 글의 내용과 일치하지 않는 것은? Students at Macaulay Honors College (MHC) don't stress about the high price of tuition. That's because theirs is free. At Macaulay and a handful of other service academies, work colleges, single-subject schools and conservatories, 100 percent of the student body receive a full tuition scholarship for all four years. Macaulay students also receive a laptop and $7,500 in "opportunities funds" to pursue research, service experiences, study abroad programs and internships. "The most important thing is not the free tuition, but the freedom of studying without the burden of debt on your back," says Ann Kirschner, university dean of Macaulay Honors College. The debt burden, she says, "really compromises decisions students make in college, and we are giving them the opportunity to be free of that." Schools that grant free tuition to all students are rare, but a greater number of institutions provide scholarships to enrollees with high grades. Institutions such as Indiana University Bloomington offer automatic awards to high-performing students with stellar GPAs and class ranks. ① MHC에서는 모든 학생이 4년간 수업료를 내지 않는다. ② MHC에서는 학생들에게 컴퓨터 구입 비용과 교외활동 비용을 합하여 $7,500를 지급한다. ③ 수업료로 인한 빚 부담이 있으면 학생들이 자유롭게 공부할 수 없다고 Kirschner 학장은 말한다. ④ MHC와 달리 학업 우수자에게만 장학금을 주는 대학도 있다. ※ 밑줄 친 부분의 의미와 가장 가까운 것을 고르시오. [문 14. ～ 문 15.] 문 14. The police spent seven months working on the crime case but were never able to determine the identity of the malefactor. ① culprit ② dilettante ③ pariah ④ demagogue 영 어 가 책형 3 쪽 문 15. While at first glance it seems that his friends are just leeches, they prove to be the ones he can depend on through thick and thin. ① in no time ② from time to time ③ in pleasant times ④ in good times and bad times 문 16. 주어진 문장이 들어갈 위치로 가장 적절한 것은? Some remain intensely proud of their original accent and dialect words, phrases and gestures, while others accommodate rapidly to a new environment by changing their speech habits, so that they no longer "stand out in the crowd." Our perceptions and production of speech change with time. ( ① ) If we were to leave our native place for an extended period, our perception that the new accents around us were strange would only be temporary. ( ② ) Gradually, we will lose the sense that others have an accent and we will begin to fit in ―to accommodate our speech patterns to the new norm. ( ③ ) Not all people do this to the same degree. ( ④ ) Whether they do this consciously or not is open to debate and may differ from individual to individual, but like most processes that have to do with language, the change probably happens before we are aware of it and probably couldn't happen if we were. 문 17. 다음 글의 내용과 일치하지 않는 것은? Insomnia can be classified as transient, acute, or chronic. Transient insomnia lasts for less than a week. It can be caused by another disorder, by changes in the sleep environment, by the timing of sleep, severe depression, or by stress. Its consequences such as sleepiness and impaired psychomotor performance are similar to those of sleep deprivation. Acute insomnia is the inability to consistently sleep well for a period of less than a month. Acute insomnia is present when there is difficulty initiating or maintaining sleep or when the sleep that is obtained is not refreshing. These problems occur despite adequate opportunity and circumstances for sleep and they can impair daytime functioning. Acute insomnia is also known as short term insomnia or stress related insomnia. Chronic insomnia lasts for longer than a month. It can be caused by another disorder, or it can be a primary disorder. People with high levels of stress hormones or shifts in the levels of cytokines are more likely than others to have chronic insomnia. Its effects can vary according to its causes. They might include muscular weariness, hallucinations, and/or mental fatigue. Chronic insomnia can also cause double vision. ※ cytokines: groups of molecules released by certain cells of the immune system ① Insomnia can be classified according to its duration. ② Transient insomnia occurs solely due to an inadequate sleep environment. ③ Acute insomnia is generally known to be related to stress. ④ Chronic insomnia patients may suffer from hallucinations. 문 18. 밑줄 친 부분에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? Kisha Padbhan, founder of Everonn Education, in Mumbai, looks at his business as nation-building. India's student-age population of 230 million (kindergarten to college) is one of the largest in the world. The government spends $83 billion on instruction, but there are serious gaps. "There aren't enough teachers and enough teacher-training institutes," says Kisha. "What children in remote parts of India lack is access to good teachers and exposure to good-quality content." Everonn's solution? The company uses a satellite network, with two-way video and audio __________________________________________________. It reaches 1,800 colleges and 7,800 schools across 24 of India's 28 states. It offers everything from digitized school lessons to entrance exam prep for aspiring engineers and has training for job-seekers, too. ① to improve the quality of teacher training facilities ② to bridge the gap through virtual classrooms ③ to get students familiarized with digital technology ④ to locate qualified instructors across the nation 문 19. 주어진 문장 다음에 이어질 글의 순서로 가장 적절한 것은? A technique that enables an individual to gain some voluntary control over autonomic, or involuntary, body functions by observing electronic measurements of those functions is known as biofeedback. (A) When such a variable moves in the desired direction (for example, blood pressure down), it triggers visual or audible displays ― feedback on equipment such as television sets, gauges, or lights. (B) Electronic sensors are attached to various parts of the body to measure such variables as heart rate, blood pressure, and skin temperature. (C) Biofeedback training teaches one to produce a desired response by reproducing thought patterns or actions that triggered the displays. ① (A) － (B) － (C) ② (B) － (C) － (A) ③ (B) － (A) － (C) ④ (C) － (A) － (B) 문 20. 우리말을 영어로 잘못 옮긴 것은? ① 그 연사는 자기 생각을 청중에게 전달하는 데 능숙하지 않았다. → The speaker was not good at getting his ideas across to the audience. ② 서울의 교통 체증은 세계 어느 도시보다 심각하다. → The traffic jams in Seoul are more serious than those in any other city in the world. ③ 네가 말하고 있는 사람과 시선을 마주치는 것은 서양 국가에서 중요하다. → Making eye contact with the person you are speaking to is important in western countries. ④ 그는 사람들이 생각했던 만큼 인색하지 않았다는 것이 드러났다. → It turns out that he was not so stingier as he was thought to be.
스터디 영어.pdf 2018 경찰 1차 영어 해설 영스파.pdf 2018 경찰 1차 영어 해설 영독사.pdf 2018 경찰 1차 영어 해설 김형섭.pdf 2018 경찰 1차 영어 해설 장종재.pdf 2018 경찰 1차 영어 해설 성정혜.pdf 2018 경찰 1차 영어 해설 이동기.pdf 2018 경찰 1차 영어 해설 남지해.pdf 2018 경찰 1차 영어 해설 박철우.pdf 2018 경찰 1차 영어 해설 샐리정.pdf 2018 경찰 1차 영어 해설 공수코.pdf - 3 - 【영 어】 1. 다음 밑줄 친 단어의 의미와 가장 가까운 것은? The woman was convicted and sentenced to ten years in prison for the murder case. ① indisposed ② tattered ③ condemned ④ dejected 2. 다음 밑줄 친 단어의 의미와 가장 가까운 것은? The earthquake and the subsequent aftershocks frightened citizens. ① opaque ② repellent ③ sanguine ④ ensuing 3. 다음 빈칸에 들어갈 단어로 가장 적절한 것은? The truck went out of control and came close to ( ) over a pedestrian. ① running ② pulling ③ taking ④ looking 4. 다음 ㉠, ㉡, ㉢에 들어갈 단어로 가장 적절한 것은? We’re all told at school that white reflects sunlight and black absorbs it so the paler your clothes are, the ( ㉠ ) you’ll be. But it’s not quite that simple. In many hot countries, locals often wear dark colors. Peasants in China and old ladies in southern Europe, for instance, traditionally wear black, and the Tuareg, the nomadic people of Sahara, favor indigo blue. These clothes are effective because there are two thermal ( ㉡ ) happening at once. Heat is coming downwards from the sun but it is also going outwards from the body. Though light clothes are better at reflecting the sun’s heat, dark clothes are better at radiating the body’s heat. Given that no one born in a hot climate willingly stands in direct sunlight, the dark clothing has the ( ㉢ ) because it keeps you cooler when you’re in the shade. ① ㉠ warmer ㉡ programs ㉢ edge ② ㉠ cooler ㉡ processes ㉢ advantage ③ ㉠ warmer ㉡ products ㉢ advance ④ ㉠ cooler ㉡ progress ㉢ defect 5. 다음 ㉠, ㉡에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? · The game industry must ( ㉠ ) to changing conditions in the marketplace. · A tree provides homes for many creatures, all of ( ㉡ ) also use it for food. ① ㉠ adopt ㉡ which ② ㉠ adapt ㉡ which ③ ㉠ adopt ㉡ them ④ ㉠ adapt ㉡ them 6. 다음 문장에서 어법상 가장 적절하지 않은 것은? The people ㉠were stunned into ㉡silent as they slowly began ㉢to realize ㉣what the mayor’s statement meant to their future as citizens in the city. ① ㉠ ② ㉡ ③ ㉢ ④ ㉣ 7. 다음 문장에서 어법상 가장 적절한 것은? · The police officer approached ㉠to the suspected murderer. · Your baby looks ㉡lovely. · He will explain ㉢us how he could pass the test. · He was ㉣disappointing with the result of the test. ① ㉠ ② ㉡ ③ ㉢ ④ ㉣ 8. 다음 문장에서 어법상 가장 적절한 것은? · The daughter made her parents ㉠happily. · Chaera ㉡lay down on the bed and took a nap yesterday. · When he ㉢will retire next month, we will give him a present. · Trees must be fitted for the places ㉣where they live in. ① ㉠ ② ㉡ ③ ㉢ ④ ㉣ 9. 다음 우리말을 영작한 것 중 가장 적절한 것은? ① 새로운 관리자는 이전 관리자보다 더 우수하다. → The new manager is more superior to the old one. ② 시민들은 그 파출소가 폐쇄되어서는 안 된다고 요구했다. → Citizens demanded that the police box was not closed. ③ 서희는 가족과 함께 있을 때 가장 행복하다. → Seohee is happiest when she is with her family. ④ 우리가 가장 존경했던 선생님께서 지난달에 은퇴하셨다. → The teacher whose we respect most retired last month. 10. 다음 A, B의 대화 중 가장 적절하지 않은 것은? ① A: Could you deliver this parcel to my office? B: Consider it done. ② A: Jinmo took an unrelated issue during the conference. B: He did me a good turn. ③ A: Would you mind opening the door? B: Of course not. ④ A: Is her business shaping up? B: Not that I know of. She is having a cash flow problem. 11. 다음 빈칸에 들어갈 단어로 가장 적절한 것은? Newtown has developed a new subway system. It transports people quickly and cheaply from all parts of the city to the downtown center of the city. It stops at all major intersections, and it connects with buses and elevated trains. In this way, it makes the city convenient for tourists, because it is easy to travel to the city’s major attractive sights. With the subway system, Newtown is becoming one of the most ( ) cities in the country. ① prosperous ② skeptical ③ mindful ④ indifferent 12. 다음 ㉠, ㉡에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? Your culture maintains an implicit schedule for the right time to do many important things; ( ㉠ ), the right time to start dating, to finish college, to buy your own home, or to have a child. This unspoken timetable provides you with a social clock that tells you if you’re keeping pace with your peers, are ahead of them, or are falling behind. On the basis of this social clock, you evaluate your own social and professional development. If you keep up with the rest of your peers, then you’ll feel well adjusted, competent and a part of the group. If you’re late, you’ll probably experience feelings of dissatisfaction. ( ㉡ ) in some cultures the social clock is becoming more flexible and more tolerant of deviations from the conventional timetable, it still exerts pressure to keep pace with your peers. ① ㉠ for example ㉡ Even though ② ㉠ in addition ㉡ Therefore ③ ㉠ for instance ㉡ Despite ④ ㉠ however ㉡ In conclusion 13. 다음 글의 내용으로 가장 적절하지 않은 것은? Universities are promoting themselves much more widely in order to attract prospective students. They identify demographics to appeal to diverse groups of students in very distinct manners. Some of their recent efforts include the creation of special Web sites, brochures, and more informal events to target students from certain backgrounds. They also enlist consultants to find out what educational issues concern various groups. This is in stark contrast to traditional recruitment strategies, which simply involved mass-mailings and meeting students at large, intimacy-lacking college fairs at local high schools. ① 대학들은 다양한 집단의 학생들을 유치하기 위해 노력하고 있다. ② 대학들은 학생 유치를 위해 상담가와 협력하고 있다. ③ 대학들은 소외계층 사람들을 모집하는 데 주력하고 있다. ④ 대학들의 홍보 방법은 과거와 뚜렷한 대조를 이루고 있다. - 4 - 14. 다음 글의 내용으로 가장 적절한 것은? I was surprised to learn that the notion of a bedtime is not the norm around the world, even among other industrialized societies. For example, in Southern European countries like Italy, Spain, and Greece, children are typically allowed to participate in the family’s late evening life, falling asleep in cars or laps instead of their own rooms, and there is no specified time for going to bed. The same is often true for famil es in Central and South America. In many tribal cultures, such as the Mayan or the Balinese, infants and toddlers are held, carried, or accompanied continuously by a series of caretakers. They are able to doze, fall asleep, stir, and waken under many circumstances, even in the middle of noisy, all-night ritual observances, with little need for special sleep aids like pacifiers, blankets, or stuffed animals. ① 많은 부족 문화권에서는 아이들의 숙면을 위해 담요와 같은 특별한 수면 보조기구들을 주로 활용한다. ② 남부 유럽 국가 아이들은 가족의 늦은 저녁 생활에 참여할 수 있지만 잠은 반드시 자신의 방에서 자는 것이 원칙이다. ③ 남아메리카의 아이들은 명시된 취침 시간이 없다. ④ 그리스 아이들은 명시된 취침 시간을 갖고 있다. 15. 다음 글의 내용으로 가장 적절한 것은? The Republic of Ireland was long seen as an economic powerhouse in Europe. Driven by a comparatively modest corporate tax rate of 12.5%, it had the highest levels of growth in Europe from 1995 to 2007. Then things started to go wrong. The country’s real estate bubble burst in 2007, leading to six months of recession in the middle of the year. Then the global financial crisis struck in 2008, and Ireland descended into a two-year recession. And it has never recovered from that shock, alternating since then between recession and anemic growth. ① Ireland steadily experienced the abrupt growth from 2007 to 2008. ② The recession of Ireland in 2007 was caused by a housing collapse. ③ Ireland led Europe with the lowest corporate tax up to 2007. ④ The economy of Ireland after 2010 has continued to expand steadily. 16. 다음 글의 흐름으로 보아 <보기>의 문장이 들어갈 곳으로 가장 적절한 것은? < 보 기 > As the work is accomplished, the energy escapes the organism and disperses into the environment as low-quality heat. The passage of energy in a linear or one-way direction through an ecosystem is known as energy flow. ① Energy enters an ecosystem as the radiant energy of sunlight, some of which is trapped by plants during the process of photosynthesis. ② This energy, now in chemical form, is stored in the bonds of organic molecules such as glucose. ③ When the molecules are broken apart by cellular respiration, the energy becomes available to do work such as tissue repair, production of body heat, or reproduction. ④ Ultimately, this heat energy radiates into space. Thus, once energy has been used by organisms, it becomes unavailable for reuse. 17. 다음 글의 요지로 가장 적절한 것은? In the early days of my first web hosting company, I was often criticized for not sticking with plans. If I saw a better opportunity, I would often divert all energy to the new opportunity and let the other one go. It’s like being on a busy sidewalk and seeing a dollar bill a few yards away; you start to walk toward it with the intent to pick it up, and then you see a ten-dollar bill that is even closer. How could you not change the course and pick up the ten-dollar bill instead? Let someone else get the one-dollar bill, or if it is still there, get it after you pick up the ten-dollar bill. It was not long before those on my team began to realize the method to my madness. ① 상황 변화에 대처하는 유연성을 가져라. ② 새로운 기회를 다른 사람에게 양보하는 미덕을 가져라. ③ 단기적인 계획보다 장기적인 계획을 세워라. ④ 자신의 계획들에 집착하기보다는 타인의 조언을 경청하라. 18. 다음 글의 내용으로 가장 적절한 것은? The medical library of a hospital is a special library. So are the libraries of a law office, a weather bureau, a labor union, a museum, an arboretum, or an encyclopedia publishing firm. A special library is a part of a hospital, business, or other organizations, and it offers practical information to the workers or members. Such a library is not generally open to the public. Usually it concentrates on a particular subject – medicine, law, climate and weather, labor, or art. A special library may have few books, relying heavily instead on such materials as magazines, reports, and computer printouts. These enable the library to keep up in fast-moving fields including aerospace and bio-technology. ① Special libraries have more books than other types of materials. ② A special library usually focuses on a particular field. ③ Special libraries contribute to a local community. ④ A special library is not proper for assisting fast-moving fields. 19. 다음 글의 주제문을 만들기 위해 ㉠, ㉡에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? Americans in Greece often get the feeling that they are witnessing an argument when they are overhearing a friendly conversation that is more heated than such a conversation would be if Americans were having it. Linguist Sarah Tannen showed that in the conversations of working class Eastern European Jewish speakers – both male and female – in Philadelphia, a friendly argument was a means of being on good terms with someone. Linguist Jane Frank analyzed the conversation of a Jewish couple who tended to polarize and take argumentative positions in social situations. But they were not fighting. They were staging a kind of public sparring, where both fighters were on the same side. < 주제문 > Many cultures of the world see ( ㉠ ) as a pleasurable sign of ( ㉡ ). ① ㉠ arguing ㉡ intimacy ② ㉠ sparring ㉡ fighting ③ ㉠ friendly argument ㉡ cultural difference ④ ㉠ conversations ㉡ similarity 20. 다음 글의 주제로 가장 적절한 것은? Errold Reid of Mount Sinai School of Medicine in New York City and his colleagues studied piano players who had been playing for at least 10 years. Eleven of the players experienced varying degrees of piano-related discomfort; 21 were pain-free. The researchers found that no postural differences were evident in the two groups, but the players who were pain-free relied heavily on their back and neck muscles. Conversely, players who experienced pain used smaller muscles in their forearms more. According to the study, not using the strong back muscles shifts the work to the smaller, more delicate muscles in the fingers and arms, which is too hard on those little muscles. ① 피아노 칠 때 사용하는 근육이 통증에 미치는 영향 ② 피아노곡 감상을 통한 통증 치료 효과 ③ 목 근육에 의존하여 생기는 부작용과 해결 방법 ④ 오랜 시간 피아노를 치기 위한 바른 자세
스터디 영어-A.pdf 영어-C.pdf 2017 지방직 9급 영어 해설 영스파.pdf 2017 지방직 9급 영어 해설 이서윤.pdf 2017 지방직 9급 영어 해설 이동기.pdf 2017 지방직 9급 영어 해설 김민수.pdf 2017 지방직 9급 영어 해설 오동훈.pdf 2017 지방직 9급 영어 해설 이충권.pdf 2017 지방직 9급 영어 해설 곽지영.pdf 2017 지방직 9급 영어 해설 공수코.pdf 2017 지방직 9급 영어 해설 최호철.pdf 2017 지방직 9급 영어 해설 장종재.pdf 2017 지방직 9급 영어 해설 김재운.pdf 2017 지방직 9급 영어 해설 김세현.pdf 2017 지방직 9급 영어 해설 한덕현.pdf 영 어 A 책형 1 쪽 영 어 ※ 밑줄 친 부분과 의미가 가장 가까운 것을 고르시오. [문 1. ～문 3.] 문 1. During both World Wars, government subsidies and demands for new airplanes vastly improved techniques for their design and construction. ① financial support ② long-term planning ③ technical assistance ④ non-restrictive policy 문 2. Tuesday night's season premiere of the TV show seemed to be trying to strike a balance between the show's convoluted mythology and its more human, character-driven dimension. ① ancient ② unrelated ③ complicated ④ otherworldly 문 3. By the time we wound up the conversation, I knew that I would not be going to Geneva. ① initiated ② resumed ③ terminated ④ interrupted 문 4. 밑줄 친 부분에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? A police sergeant with 15 years of experience was dismayed after being ___________ for promotion in favor of a young officer. ① run over ② asked out ③ carried out ④ passed over 문 5. 밑줄 친 부분 중 어법상 옳은 것은? Last week I was sick with the flu. When my father ① heard me sneezing and coughing, he opened my bedroom door to ask me ②that I needed anything. I was really happy to see his kind and caring face, but there wasn't ③ anything he could do it to ④ make the flu to go away. 문 6. 어법상 옳은 것은? ① A week's holiday has been promised to all the office workers. ② She destined to live a life of serving others. ③ A small town seems to be preferable than a big city for raising children. ④ Top software companies are finding increasingly challenging to stay ahead. ※ 밑줄 친 부분에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것을 고르시오. [문 7. ～문 8.] 문 7. A : How do you like your new neighborhood? B : It's great for the most part. I love the clean air and the green environment. A : Sounds like a lovely place to live. B : Yes, but it's not without its drawbacks. A : Like what? B : For one, it doesn't have many different stores. For example, there's only one supermarket, so food is very expensive. A : _______________________________________ B : You're telling me. But thank goodness. The city is building a new shopping center now. Next year, we'll have more options. ① How many supermarkets are there? ② Are there a lot of places to shop there? ③ It looks like you have a problem. ④ I want to move to your neighborhood. 문 8. A : So, Mr. Wong, how long have you been living in New York City? B : I've been living here for about seven years. A : Can you tell me about your work experience? B : I've been working at a pizzeria for the last three years. A : What do you do there? B : I seat the customers and wait on them. A : How do you like your job? B : It's fine. Everyone's really nice. A : __________________________________________________ B : It's just that I want to work in a more formal environment. A : Okay. Is there anything else you would like to add? B : I am really good with people. And I can also speak Italian and Chinese. A : I see. Thank you very much. I'll be in touch shortly. B : I hope to hear from you soon. ① So, what is the environment like there? ② Then, why are you applying for this job? ③ But are there any foreign languages you are good at? ④ And what qualities do you think are needed to work here? 문 9. 우리말을 영어로 옳게 옮긴 것은? ① 내가 열쇠를 잃어버리지 않았더라면 모든 것이 괜찮았을텐데. → Everything would have been OK if I haven't lost my keys. ② 그 영화가 너무 지루해서 나는 삼십 분 후에 잠이 들었어. → The movie was so bored that I fell asleep after half an hour. ③ 내가 산책에 같이 갈 수 있는지 네게 알려줄게. → I will let you know if I can accompany with you on your walk. ④ 내 컴퓨터가 작동을 멈췄을 때, 나는 그것을 고치기 위해 컴퓨터 가게로 가져 갔어. → When my computer stopped working, I took it to the computer store to get it fixed. 영 어 A 책형 2 쪽 문 10. 우리말을 영어로 잘못 옮긴 것은? ① 예산은 처음 기대했던 것보다 약 25 퍼센트 더 높다. → The budget is about 25 % higher than originally expecting. ② 시스템 업그레이드를 위해 해야 될 많은 일이 있다. → There is a lot of work to be done for the system upgrade. ③ 그 프로젝트를 완성하는데 최소 한 달, 어쩌면 더 긴 시간이 걸릴 것이다. → It will take at least a month, maybe longer to complete the project. ④ 월급을 두 배 받는 그 부서장이 책임을 져야 한다. → The head of the department, who receives twice the salary, has to take responsibility. 문 11. 밑줄 친 (A), (B)에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? The decline in the number of domestic adoptions in developed countries is mainly the result of a falling supply of domestically adoptable children. In those countries, the widespread availability of safe and reliable contraception combined with the pervasive postponement of childbearing as well as with legal access to abortion in most of them has resulted in a sharp reduction of unwanted births and, consequently, in a reduction of the number of adoptable children. (A) , single motherhood is no longer stigmatized as it once was and single mothers can count on State support to help them keep and raise their children. (B) , there are not enough adoptable children in developed countries for the residents of those countries wishing to adopt, and prospective adoptive parents have increasingly resorted to adopting children abroad. (A) (B) ① However Consequently ② However In summary ③ Furthermore Nonetheless ④ Furthermore As a consequence 문 12. 글의 흐름상 가장 어색한 것은? A story that is on the cutting edge of modern science began in an isolated part of northern Sweden in the 19th century. ① This area of the country had unpredictable harvests through the first half of the century. In years that the harvest failed, the population went hungry. However, the good years were very good. ② The same people who went hungry during bad harvests overate significantly during the good years. A Swedish scientist wondered about the long-term effects of these eating patterns. He studied the harvest and health records of the area. He was astonished by what he found. ③ Boys who overate during the good years produced children and grandchildren who died about six years earlier than the children and grandchildren of those who had very little to eat. Other scientists found the same result for girls. ④Both boys and girls benefited greatly from the harvests of the good years. The scientists were forced to conclude that just one reason of overeating could have a negative impact that continued for generations. ※ 다음 글의 내용과 일치하지 않는 것을 고르시오. [문 13. ～ 문 14.] 문 13. There is a basic principle that distinguishes a hot medium like radio from a cool one like the telephone, or a hot medium like the movie from a cool one like TV. A hot medium is one that extends one single sense in "high definition." High definition is the state of being well filled with data. A photograph is visually "high definition." A cartoon is "low definition," simply because very little visual information is provided. Telephone is a cool medium, or one of low definition, because the ear is given a meager amount of information. And speech is a cool medium of low definition, because so little is given and so much has to be filled in by the listener. On the other hand, hot media do not leave so much to be filled in or completed by the audience. ① Media can be classified into hot and cool. ② A hot medium is full of data. ③ Telephone is considered high definition. ④ Cool media leave much to be filled in by the audience. 문 14. December usually marks the start of humpback whale season in Hawaii, but experts say the animals have been slow to return this year. The giant whales are an iconic part of winter on the islands and a source of income for tour operators. But officials at the Humpback Whale Marine Sanctuary said they've been getting reports that the whales have been difficult to spot so far. "One theory was that something like this happened as whales increased. It's a product of their success. With more animals, they're competing against each other for food resources, and it takes an energy of reserve to make the long trip back," said Ed Lyman, a Maui-based resource protection manager and response coordinator for the sanctuary. He was surprised by how few of the animals he saw while responding to a call about a distressed calf on Christmas Eve, saying "We've just seen a handful of whales." It will be a while before officials have hard numbers because the annual whale counts don't take place until the last Saturday of January, February and March, according to former sanctuary co-manager Jeff Walters. ① Humpback whale season in Hawaii normally begins at the end of the year. ② Humpback whales are profitable for tour operators in Hawaii. ③ The drop in the number of humpback whales spotted in Hawaii may be due to their success. ④ The number of humpback whales that have returned to Hawaii this whale season has been officially calculated. 영 어 A 책형 3 쪽 문 15. 주어진 문장이 들어갈 위치로 가장 적절한 곳은? However, should understanding not occur, you will find yourself soon becoming drowsy. Dictionaries are your most reliable resources for the study of words. Yet the habit of using them needs to be cultivated. Of course, it can feel like an annoying interruption to stop your reading and look up a word. You might tell yourself that if you keep going, you would eventually understand it from the context. ( ① ) Indeed, reading study guides often advise just that. ( ② ) Often it's not the need for sleep that is occurring but a gradual loss of consciousness. ( ③ ) The knack here is to recognize the early signs of word confusion before drowsiness takes over when it is easier to exert sufficient willpower to grab a dictionary for word study. ( ④ ) Although this special effort is needed, once the meaning is clarified, the perceptible sense of relief makes the effort worthwhile. 문 16. 다음 글의 주제로 가장 적절한 것은? It is easy to look at the diverse things people produce and to describe their differences. Obviously a poem is not a mathematical formula, and a novel is not an experiment in genetics. Composers clearly use a different language from that of visual artists, and chemists combine very different things than do playwrights. To characterize people by the different things they make, however, is to miss the universality of how they create. For at the level of the creative process, scientists, artists, mathematicians, composers, writers, and sculptors use a common set of what we call "tools for thinking," including emotional feelings, visual images, bodily sensations, reproducible patterns, and analogies. And all imaginative thinkers learn to translate ideas generated by these subjective thinking tools into public languages to express their insights, which can then give rise to new ideas in others' minds. ① obstacles to imaginative thinking ② the difference between art and science ③ the commonality of the creative process ④ distinctive features of various professions ※ 밑줄 친 부분에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것을 고르시오. [문 17. ～문 19.] 문 17. There are few simple answers in science. Even seemingly straightforward questions, when probed by people in search of proof, lead to more questions. Those questions lead to nuances, layers of complexity and, more often than we might expect, ______________________________________. In the 1990s, researchers asking "How do we fight oxygen-hungry cancer cells?" offered an obvious solution: Starve them of oxygen by cutting off their blood supply. But as Laura Beil describes in "Deflating Cancer," oxygen deprivation actually drives cancer to grow and spread. Scientists have responded by seeking new strategies: Block the formation of collagen highways, for instance, or even, as Beil writes, give the cells "more blood, not less." ① plans that end up unrealized ② conclusions that contradict initial intuition ③ great inventions that start from careful observations ④ misunderstandings that go against scientific progress 문 18. Before the lecture began, the speaker of the day distributed photocopies of his paper to each of the audience, and I got one and leafed through it and grasped the main idea of the text. Waiting for him to begin, I prayed in silence that this speaker would not read but speak instead directly to the audience with his own words about what he knew on the subject. But to my great disappointment, he __________________________________________________. Soon I found I was mechanically following the printed words on the paper in my hand. ① was afraid of making his lecture too formal ② elaborated on his theories without looking at his paper ③ began to read his lengthy and well-prepared paper faithfully ④ made use of lots of humorous gestures to attract the audience 문 19. In a famous essay on Tolstoy, the liberal philosopher Sir Isaiah Berlin distinguished between two kinds of thinkers by harking back to an ancient saying attributed to the Greek lyric poet Archilochus (seventh century BC): "The fox knows many things, but the hedgehog knows one big thing." Hedgehogs have one central idea and see the world exclusively through the prism of that idea. They overlook complications and exceptions, or mold them to fit into their world view. There is one true answer that fits at all times and all circumstances. Foxes, for whom Berlin had greater sympathy, have a variegated take on the world, which prevents them from ________________________________. They are skeptical of grand theories as they feel the world's complexity prevents generalizations. Berlin thought Dante was a hedgehog while Shakespeare was a fox. ① behaving rationally ② finding multiple solutions ③ articulating one big slogan ④ grasping the complications of the world 문 20. 다음 글에서 Locke의 주장으로 가장 적절한 것은? In Locke's defense of private property, the significant point is what happens when we mix our labor with God's land. We add value to the land by working it; we make fertile what once lay fallow. In this sense, it is our labor that is the source of the value, or the added value, of the land. This value-creating power of my labor makes it right that I own the piece of land which I have made valuable by clearing it, the well I have made full by digging it, the animals I have raised and fattened. With Locke, Homo faber―the man of labor―becomes for the first time in the history of political thought a central rather than peripheral figure. In Locke's world, status and honor still flowed to the aristocrats, who were entitled to vast landholdings but were letting history pass them by precisely because new economic realities were in the process of shifting wealth to a bourgeoisie that actually created value by work. In time, Locke's elevation of the significance of labor was bound to appeal to the rising bourgeoisie. ① Ownership of property comes from labor. ② Labor is the most important ideal to aristocratic society. ③ The accumulation of private property is a source of happiness. ④ A smooth transition to bourgeois society is essential for social progress.
스터디 영어(9)-나.pdf 영어(9)-마.pdf 2017 국가직 9급 영어 해설 김세원.pdf 2017 국가직 9급 영어 해설 손진숙.pdf 2017 국가직 9급 영어 해설 영스파.pdf 2017 국가직 9급 영어 해설 이동기.pdf 2017 국가직 9급 영어 해설 성정혜.pdf 2017 국가직 9급 영어 해설 김세현.pdf 2017 국가직 9급 영어 해설 곽지영.pdf 2017 국가직 9급 영어 해설 오동훈.pdf 2017 국가직 9급 영어 해설 김범재.pdf 2017 국가직 9급 영어 해설 김재운.pdf 2017 국가직 9급 영어 해설 김쌤.pdf 2017 국가직 9급 영어 해설 박철우.pdf 영 어 나 책형 1 쪽 영 어 ※ 밑줄 친 부분에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것을 고르시오. [문 1. ～문 2.] 문 1. Mary : Hi, James. How's it going? James : Hello, Mary. What can I do for you today? Mary : How can I arrange for this package to be delivered? James : Why don't you talk to Bob in Customer Service? Mary : _______________________________________________ ① Sure. I will deliver this package for you. ② OK. Let me take care of Bob's customers. ③ I will see you at the Customs office. ④ I tried calling his number, but no one is answering. 문 2. A : Wow! Look at the long line. I'm sure we have to wait at least 30 minutes. B : You're right. _________________________________ A : That's a good idea. I want to ride the roller coaster. B : It's not my cup of tea. A : How about the Flume Ride then? It's fun and the line is not so long. B : That sounds great! Let's go! ① Let's find seats for the magic show. ② Let's look for another ride. ③ Let's buy costumes for the parade. ④ Let's go to the lost and found. ※ 우리말을 영어로 잘못 옮긴 것을 고르시오. [문 3. ～ 문 4.] 문 3. ① 그 클럽은 입소문을 통해서 인기를 얻었다. → The club became popular by word of mouth. ② 무서운 영화를 좋아한다면 이것은 꼭 봐야 할 영화이다. → If you like scary movies, this is a must-see movie. ③ 뒤쪽은 너무 멀어요. 중간에 앉는 걸로 타협합시다. → The back is too far away. Let's promise and sit in the middle. ④ 제 예산이 빠듯합니다. 제가 쓸 수 있는 돈은 15달러뿐입니다. → I am on a tight budget. I only have fifteen dollars to spend. 문 4. ① 식사가 준비됐을 때, 우리는 식당으로 이동했다. → The dinner being ready, we moved to the dining hall. ② 저쪽에 있는 사람이 누구인지 알겠니? → Can you tell who that is over there? ③ 이 질병이 목숨을 앗아가는 일은 좀처럼 없다. → It rarely happens that this disease proves fatal. ④ 과정을 관리하면서 발전시키는 것이 나의 목표였다. → To control the process and making improvement was my objectives. ※ 밑줄 친 부분과 의미가 가장 가까운 것을 고르시오. [문 5. ～ 문 7.] 문 5. These days, Halloween has drifted far from its roots in pagan and Catholic festivals, and the spirits we appease are no longer those of the dead: needy ghosts have been replaced by costumed children demanding treats. ① assign ② apprehend ③ pacify ④ provoke 문 6. I usually make light of my problems, and that makes me feel better. ① consider something as serious ② treat something as unimportant ③ make an effort to solve a problem ④ seek an acceptable solution 문 7. A hamburger and French fries became the quintessential American meal in the 1950s, thanks to the promotional efforts of the fast food chains. ① healthiest ② affordable ③ typical ④ informal 문 8. 주어진 문장이 들어갈 위치로 가장 적절한 곳은? Only New Zealand, New Caledonia and a few small islands peek above the waves. Lurking beneath New Zealand is a long-hidden continent called Zealandia, geologists say. But since nobody is in charge of officially designating a new continent, individual scientists will ultimately have to judge for themselves. ( ① ) A team of geologists pitches the scientific case for the new continent, arguing that Zealandia is a continuous expanse of continental crust covering around 4.9 million square kilometers. ( ② ) That's about the size of the Indian subcontinent. Unlike the other mostly dry continents, around 94 percent of Zealandia hides beneath the ocean. ( ③ ) Except those tiny areas, all parts of Zealandia submerge under the ocean. "If we could pull the plug on the world's oceans, it would be quite clear that Zealandia stands out about 3,000 meters above the surrounding ocean crust," says a geologist. ( ④ ) "If it wasn't for the ocean level, long ago we'd have recognized Zealandia for what it was―a continent." 영 어 나 책형 2 쪽 문 9. 다음 글의 내용과 일치하지 않는 것은? The first decades of the 17th century witnessed an exponential growth in the understanding of the Earth and heavens, a process usually referred to as the Scientific Revolution. The older reliance on the philosophy of Aristotle was fast waning in universities. In the Aristotelian system of natural philosophy, the movements of bodies were explained 'causally' in terms of the amount of the four elements (earth, water, air, fire) that they possessed, and objects moved up or down to their 'natural' place depending on the preponderance of given elements of which they were composed. Natural philosophy was routinely contrasted with 'mixed mathematical' subjects such as optics, hydrostatics, and harmonics, where numbers could be applied to measurable external quantities such as length or duration. ① There was an increase in the knowledge of the Earth and heavens in the early 17th century. ② Dependence on the philosophy of Aristotle was on the decline in universities in the 17th century. ③ Natural philosophy proposed four elements to explain the movements of bodies. ④ In natural philosophy, numbers were routinely put to use for measurable external quantities. 문 10. 다음 글의 내용과 가장 일치하는 것은? Stressful events early in a person's life, such as neglect or abuse, can have psychological impacts into adulthood. New research shows that these effects may persist in their children and even their grandchildren. Larry James and Lorena Schmidt, biochemists at the Tufts School of Medicine, caused chronic social stress in adolescent mice by regularly relocating them to new cages over the course of seven weeks. The researchers then tested these stressed mice in adulthood using a series of standard laboratory measures for rodent anxiety, such as how long the mice spent in open areas of a maze and how frequently they approached mice they had never met before. Female mice showed more anxious behaviors compared with control animals, whereas the males did not. Both sexes' offspring displayed more anxious behaviors, however, and the males who had been stressed as adolescents even transmitted these behavior patterns to their female grandchildren and great-grandchildren. ① Your grandfather's stress when he was an adolescent might make you more anxious. ② Early stressful experiences alleviate anxiety later in life. ③ Constant moving from one place to another can benefit offspring. ④ Chronic social stress cannot be caused by relocation. 문 11. 밑줄 친 부분에 공통으로 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? ○ She's disappointed about their final decision, but she'll ___________ it eventually. ○ It took me a very long time to ___________ the shock of her death. ① get away ② get down ③ get ahead ④ get over 문 12. 주어진 글 다음에 이어질 글의 순서로 가장 적절한 것은? Through the ages, industrious individuals have continuously created conveniences to make life easier. From the invention of the wheel to the lightbulb, inventions have propelled society forward. (A) In addition, interactive media can be used to question a lecturer or exchange opinions with other students via e-mail. Such computerized lectures give students access to knowledge that was previously unavailable. (B) One recent modern invention is the computer, which has improved many aspects of people's lives. This is especially true in the field of education. One important effect of computer technology on higher education is the availability of lectures. (C) As a result of the development of computer networks, students can obtain lectures from many universities in real time. They are now able to sit down in front of a digital screen and listen to a lecture being given at another university. ① (A) － (B) － (C) ② (B) － (C) － (A) ③ (C) － (A) － (B) ④ (C) － (B) － (A) ※ 어법상 옳은 것을 고르시오. [문 13. ～ 문 14.] 문 13. ① Undergraduates are not allowed to using equipments in the laboratory. ② The extent of Mary's knowledge on various subjects astound me. ③ If she had been at home yesterday, I would have visited her. ④ I regret to inform you that your loan application has not approved. 문 14. ① My father was in the hospital during six weeks. ② The whole family is suffered from the flu. ③ She never so much as mentioned it. ④ She would like to be financial independent. ※ 밑줄 친 부분에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것을 고르시오. [문 15. ～문 17.] 문 15. As a middle-class Jew growing up in an ethnically mixed Chicago neighborhood, I was already in danger of being beaten up daily by rougher working-class boys. Becoming a bookworm would only have given them a decisive reason for beating me up. Reading and studying were more permissible for girls, but they, too, had to be careful not to get too __________________, lest they acquire the stigma of being 'stuck up.' ① athletic ② intellectual ③ hospitable ④ inexperienced 영 어 나 책형 3 쪽 문 16. You asked us, "What keeps satellites from falling out of the sky?" Over the last half-century, more than 2,500 satellites have followed the first one into space. What keeps them all afloat? It is a delicate balance between a satellite's speed and the pull of gravity. Satellites are __________________________________________. Crazy, right? They fall at the same rate that the curve of the Earth falls away from them if they're moving at the right speed. Which means instead of racing farther out into space or spiraling down to Earth, they hang out in orbit around the planet. Corrections are often needed to keep a satellite on the straight and narrow. Earth's gravity is stronger in some places than others. Satellites can get pulled around by the sun, the moon and even the planet Jupiter. ① created to shut off once they are in orbit ② designed to intensify the Earth's gravity ③ theoretically pulling other planets ④ basically continuously falling 문 17. Rosberg observed that color advertisements in the trade publication Industrial Marketing produced more attention than black and white advertisements. It is an interesting historical sidelight to note that the color advertisements in Rosberg's study were considerably more expensive to run than corresponding black and white advertisements. Although the color advertisements did produce more attention, they did not attract as many readers per dollar as the black and white advertisements. Today, the technology, economy, and efficiency of printing has progressed to the point where color advertisements are no longer so rare. As a result, color advertisements may no longer be an 'exception.' In some color, glossy magazines, or on television, color advertisements may be so common that the rare black and white advertisement now attracts attention due to ______________. ① contrast ② hostility ③ deportation ④ charity 문 18. 다음 글의 흐름상 가장 어색한 문장은? Researchers have developed a new model they said will provide better estimates about the North Atlantic right whale population, and the news isn't good. ① The model could be critically important to efforts to save the endangered species, which is in the midst of a year of high mortality, said Peter Corkeron, who leads the large whale team for the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's Northeast Fisheries Science Center. ②The agency said the analysis shows the probability the population has declined since 2010 is nearly 100 percent. ③ "One problem was, are they really going down or are we not seeing them? They really have gone down, and that's the bottom line," Corkeron said. ④ The new research model has successfully demonstrated that the number of right whales has remained intact despite the worrisome, widening population gap between whale males and females. 문 19. 다음 글의 내용과 일치하지 않는 것은? When the gong sounds, almost every diner at Beijing restaurant Duck de Chine turns around. That's because one of the city's greatest culinary shows is about to begin―the slicing of a Peking duck. Often voted by local guides in China as the best Peking duck in the city, the skin on Duck de Chine's birds is crispy and caramelized, its meat tender and juicy. "Our roasted duck is a little different than elsewhere," says An Ding, manager of Duck de Chine. "We use jujube wood, which is over 60 years old, and has a strong fruit scent, giving the duck especially crispy skin and a delicious flavor." The sweet hoisin sauce, drizzled over sliced spring onions and cucumbers and encased with the duck skin in a thin pancake, is another highlight. "The goal of our service is to focus on the details," says Ding. "It includes both how we present the roasted duck, and the custom sauces made for our guests." Even the plates and the chopsticks holders are duck-shaped. Duck de Chine also boasts China's first Bollinger Champagne Bar. Though Peking duck is the star, there are plenty of other worthy dishes on the menu. The restaurant serves both Cantonese and Beijing cuisine, but with a touch of French influence. ① The restaurant presents a culinary performance. ② The restaurant is highly praised in Beijing. ③ The restaurant features a special champagne bar. ④ The restaurant only serves dishes from the Beijing region. 문 20. 밑줄 친 부분에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? Since dog baths tend to be messy, time-consuming and not a whole lot of fun for everyone involved, it's natural to wonder, "How often should I bathe my dog?" As is often the case, the answer is "____________________________." "Dogs groom themselves to help facilitate the growth of hair follicles and to support skin health," says Dr. Adam Denish of Rhawnhurst Animal Hospital. "However, bathing is needed for most dogs to supplement the process. But bathing too often can be detrimental to your pet as well. It can irritate the skin, damage hair follicles, and increase the risk of bacterial or fungal infections." Dr. Jennifer Coates, veterinary advisor with petMD, adds, "the best bath frequency depends on the reason behind the bath. Healthy dogs who spend most of their time inside may only need to be bathed a few times a year to control natural 'doggy odors.' On the other hand, frequent bathing is a critical part of managing some medical conditions, like allergic skin disease." ① It depends ② Just once ③ Bathing is never necessary ④ When the bath is detrimental to your dog
스터디 영어.pdf 2017 경찰 1차 영어 해설 권영한.pdf 2017 경찰 1차 영어 해설 김형섭.pdf 2017 경찰 1차 영어 해설 남지해.pdf 2017 경찰 1차 영어 해설 박철우.pdf 2017 경찰 1차 영어 해설 신상훈.pdf 2017 경찰 1차 영어 해설 영스파.pdf 2017 경찰 1차 영어 해설 이동기.pdf 2017 경찰 1차 영어 해설 이솔.pdf 2017 경찰 1차 영어 해설 이영신.pdf 2017 경찰 1차 영어 해설 정진영.hwp - 영 어 1 - 【영 어】 1. 다음 문장에서 밑줄 친 부분의 의미와 가장 가까운 것은? The ingenuous child had no problem answering the questions. ① naive ② tenacious ③ sensible ④ preliminary 2. 다음 문장에서 밑줄 친 부분의 의미와 가장 가까운 것은? The notorious rapist was finally captured and confined to jail. ① innocent ② infamous ③ passive ④ marvelous 3. 다음 문장에서 밑줄 친 부분의 의미와 가장 가까운 것은? She admitted conspiring with her lover to murder her husband. ① plotting ② colliding ③ reconciling ④ irritating 4. 다음 문장에서 밑줄 친 부분의 의미와 가장 가까운 것은? What he discovered was that‚ despite their objections to the malicious nature of the advertisements‚ viewers were nonetheless affected by them in the way advertisers desired. ① innocuous ② malleable ③ ambivalent ④ spiteful 5. 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? ·There used to be a shop at the end of the street; it closed ( ㉠ ) a few years ago. ·Helen was going away. We went to the station with her to see her ( ㉡ ). ㉠ ㉡ ㉠ ㉡ ① off on ② down off ③ on off ④ out in 6. 다음 A, B의 대화 중 가장 적절하지 않은 것은? ① A: I can't thank you enough. B: I'm sorry to hear that. ② A: Need a hand? B: No thanks. I can handle it. ③ A: Would you show me the way to Jongno police station? B: I'm sorry‚ but I am a stranger here. ④ A: Is it all right if I come back around four? B: Certainly. Do as you wish‚ please. 7. 다음 문장에서 밑줄 친 부분의 의미와 가장 가까운 것은? How can you balance your household budget if you spend so much on liquor and cigarettes? ① make ends meet ② hit the ceiling ③ beat around the bush ④ brush up on it 8. 다음 중 어법에 맞는 표현으로 가장 적절한 것은? ·I'm considering ( ㉠ ) my job. 나는 일을 그만둘까 생각 중이다. ·She accused the CEO of her company ( ㉡ ) embezzlement. 그녀는 그녀가 일하는 회사의 대표이사를 횡령 혐의로 고발하였다. ·He felt ( ㉢ ) at being the center of attention. 그는 그에게 관심이 집중되자 당황했다. ㉠ ㉡ ㉢ ① to quit on embarrassed ② to quit of embarrassing ③ quitting of embarrassed ④ quitting on embarrassing 9. 다음 중 어법에 맞는 표현으로 가장 적절하지 않은 것은? ㉠Most readers of novels intuitively feel that their favorite authors have ㉡distinctive styles‚ and some sensitive readers can even attribute passages ㉢what they have not read previously ㉣to one or another of these authors. ① ㉠ ② ㉡ ③ ㉢ ④ ㉣ 10. 다음 우리말을 영작한 것 중 가장 적절한 것은? 경찰작용은 더 이상 법 집행에만 초점이 맞춰지지 않았으며‚ 다양한 활동에 관여될 것이 요구되었다. ① No longer were solely focused police actions on law enforcement but were required to involve in a variety of activities. ② No longer police actions were solely focused on law enforcement but to be required involve in a variety of activities. ③ No longer police actions solely focused on were law enforcement but required to be involved in a variety of activities. ④ No longer were police actions solely focused on law enforcement but were required to be involved in a variety of activities. 11. 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? Violent crime has dropped in the United States in recent years‚ but the overall crime rate is still alarmingly high. Crime control is one of the most difficult and controversial subjects in sociology. People have very different beliefs about the best way to lower the crime rate. Many people believe that “( )‚” meaning that the best way to control crime is deterrence - to stop crime from happening in the first place. This might mean developing educational and social programs to discourage young people from being involved in criminal activities‚ or having more police officers on the streets. ① custom rules the law ② practice is better than precept ③ an eye for an eye‚ a tooth for a tooth ④ prevention is better than cure 12. 다음 글의 제목으로 가장 적절한 것은? Taichi‚ which has roots in Chinese martial arts‚ uses a series of slow‚ flowing motions and deep‚ slow breathing to exercise the body and calm the mind. You move from one pose to another gradually‚ shifting your weight and extending your limbs to challenge your balance. It looks like a graceful dance. ① One Leg Balance ② Best Exercise for Balance: Taichi ③ The Best Way to Improve Your Dancing ④ A Reduction in Falls 13. 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? The most common substance on Earth is water. Every living thing contains water. ( ㉠ )‚ a person's body is about 67 percent water‚ a bird's is about 75 percent water‚ and most fruits contain about 90 percent water. ( ㉡ )‚ 70 percent of the Earth's surface is water. Besides being in lakes‚ rivers‚ and oceans‚ water is in the ground and in the air. ( ㉢ )‚ most of the water in the world is saltwater. Only 3 percent of the Earth's water is fresh‚ and just one percent of that is available for human use. The rest is saltwater‚ and people cannot drink it or grow food with it. ㉠ ㉡ ㉢ ① For instance In addition However ② For instance Otherwise Consequently ③ Furthermore Otherwise Consequently ④ Furthermore Consequently However - 영 어 2 - 14. 다음 글의 요지로 가장 적절한 것은? While fats have lately acquired a bad image‚ one should not forget how essential they are. Fats provide the body's best means of storing energy‚ a far more efficient energy source than either carbohydrates or proteins. They act as insulation against cold‚ as cushioning for the internal organs‚ and as lubricants. Without fats‚ there would be no way to utilize fat soluble vitamins. Furthermore‚ some fats contain fatty acids that provide necessary growth factors‚ strengthen the immune system‚ and help with the digestion of other foods. ① Fats deserve their bad image due to their roles. ② Fats store energy more efficiently than proteins and carbohydrates. ③ Fats contain acids that help the absorption of vitamins. ④ Fats serve important functions in the body. 15. 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? In every generation, there are a few dreamers. Usually these people are driven by the contradictions and problems which confront them in society as it exists. They come to believe that an ideal society is possible‚ and they act on these beliefs by setting up experimental communities. Such communities‚ usually called utopian communities‚ have been proposed in many generations of our history. These utopian communities never survive‚ but they serve as beacons for social change‚ reminding us that what exists is not permanent - society is built by humans, and it can therefore be ( ) by them. ① perpetuated ② altered ③ implicated ④ eulogized 16. 다음 글의 요지로 가장 적절한 것은? Criminals were once considered sinners who chose to offend against the laws of God and man. They were severely punished for their crimes. Modern criminologists regard society itself to be largely responsible for the crimes committed against it. Poverty‚ poor living conditions‚ and inadequate education are all causes of crime. Crime is fundamentally the result of society's failure to provide a decent life for all people. It is especially common in times when values are changing‚ as after a war‚ or in countries where people with different backgrounds and values are thrown together. ① 과거에는 범죄자에 대한 처벌이 너무 가혹했다. ② 현대의 범죄는 점점 증가하고 있다. ③ 범죄 발생의 주요 요인은 사회 여건이다. ④ 오히려 선진국일수록 범죄 발생이 빈번하다. 17. 다음 글의 내용과 일치하는 것으로 가장 적절하지 않은 것은? Illegal downloads are a serious concern. P2P file sharing increases the scale of the problem. Some people consider it a form of theft‚ but for many‚ it is a grey area. A person might never rob a bank‚ but he or she may download pirated media. Korea has its fair share of copyright infringement problems. Until recently‚ copyright laws in Korea were lax. Further‚ high-speed internet is widely available. Faster download speeds are accelerating the problem. As a result‚ illegal downloads have been common. There are even online clubs dedicated to illegal file sharing. Their members pay a low monthly fee. In Korea‚ Korean and foreign television programs are easily available online. Music files are also shared. Movies can be seen even before they are released in theaters. It may not be legal‚ but it is simple and inexpensive. Many people are not even aware that file sharing is illegal. ① 몇몇 사람들은 불법 다운로드를 절도 행위의 일종으로 생각한다. ② 파일 공유가 불법임을 모르는 사람들도 많이 있다. ③ 불법 복제물을 판매하는 노점 상인들이 점점 늘어나고 있다. ④ 한국의 일부 온라인 클럽에서는 회원들이 낮은 월 이용료를 지불하면서 불법적으로 파일을 공유하기도 한다. 18. 다음 글의 내용과 일치하는 것으로 가장 적절한 것은? “For me‚ this class is very useful.” explained Gloria Wan‚ who would begin graduate studies at the school this fall. “Because I mainly study traditional Chinese music‚ it's interesting to compare traditional Korean music with traditional Chinese music‚ because there are some elements that have actually remained with traditional Korean music that are no longer found in the traditional Chinese music.” Wan also explained that the sounds of the Gayageum cannot be emulated on any other string instrument. “Do you hear this bending sound?” she asked. “There are just so many different sounds you can make‚ which makes this instrument just fascinating to me.” ① 글로리아 완은 주로 한국 전통음악을 공부하고 있다. ② 글로리아 완은 대학원 과정을 이번 가을에 졸업할 예정이다. ③ 글로리아 완은 가야금의 소리는 다른 현악기에서는 견줄 수 없는 소리들이 있다고 설명했다. ④ 글로리아 완은 가야금의 여러 가지 소리 중 특히 한 가지 소리를 흥미롭게 여기고 있다. 19. 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? Numerous experiments show that speakers do have strong feelings about certain sounds‚ and they agree about these feelings with remarkable consistency. In the earliest experiment designed to test ( ㉠ )‚ an influential researcher made up two words‚ mal and mil. He told five hundred subjects that one word meant “large table‚” the other “small table” - and then asked the subjects to tell which word referred to which size table. By the laws of chance‚ the subjects should have chosen one word or the other in approximately equal numbers; ( ㉡ )‚ 80 percent of them agreed that mal meant “large table” and mil meant “small table.” Since the two words differ solely in their vowels, the subjects apparently felt that a conveys largeness and i smallness. ㉠ ㉡ ① attitudes about sound symbolism moreover ② attitudes about sound symbolism instead ③ perceptions on the speed of sound moreover ④ perceptions on the speed of sound instead 20. 다음 글의 요지로 가장 적절한 것은? Teaching is supposed to be a professional activity requiring long and complicated training as well as official certification. The act of teaching is looked upon as a flow of knowledge from a higher source to an empty container. The student's role is one of receiving information; the teacher's role is one of sending it. There is a clear distinction assumed between one who is supposed to know and another‚ usually younger person who is supposed not to know. However‚ teaching need not be the province of a special group of people nor need it be looked upon as a technical skill. Teaching can be more like guiding and assisting than forcing information into a supposedly empty head. If you have a certain skill‚ you should be able to share it with someone. You do not have to get certified to convey what you know to someone else. All of us‚ from the very youngest children to the oldest members of our cultures‚ should come to realize our own potential as teachers. ① 교사들은 주입식 교육방법을 지양해야 한다. ② 모든 사람은 가르칠 수 있는 잠재력을 가지고 있다. ③ 가르치는 일은 복잡한 훈련을 요하는 전문적인 활동이다. ④ 학생들은 지식을 흡수하기 위해 개방적인 자세를 취해야 한다.
스터디 영어.pdf 2017 경찰 2차 영어 해설 김태은.pdf 2017 경찰 2차 영어 해설 김형섭.pdf 2017 경찰 2차 영어 해설 남지해.pdf 2017 경찰 2차 영어 해설 리베르타.pdf 2017 경찰 2차 영어 해설 샐리정.pdf 2017 경찰 2차 영어 해설 앤디.pdf 2017 경찰 2차 영어 해설 영스파.pdf 2017 경찰 2차 영어 해설 이동기.pdf 2017 경찰 2차 영어 해설 이솔.pdf 2017 경찰 2차 영어 해설 잇올.pdf - 3 - 【영 어】 1. 다음 밑줄 친 부분의 의미와 가장 가까운 것은? He could not efface the impression from his mind. ① erase ② enlighten ③ resurrect ④ revere 2. 다음 밑줄 친 부분의 의미와 가장 가까운 것은? The drugs they gave her only exacerbated the pain. ① alluded ② ameliorated ③ aggravated ④ alleviated 3. 다음 괄호에 들어갈 단어로 가장 적절한 것은? A scheduling ( ) prevented the mayor from attending the farewell meeting. ① production ② conflict ③ deduction ④ response 4. 다음 괄호에 들어갈 단어로 가장 적절한 것은? Some linguists thought that some “primitive” languages were intermediate between animal languages and civilized ones. They ( ) this idea when they discovered that grammatical rules varied in complexity independently of social development. ① adopted ② abandoned ③ appreciated ④ absorbed 5. 다음 ㉠, ㉡에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? · ( ㉠ ) the adult smoking rate is gradually dropping is not good news for big tobacco companies. 성인 흡연율이 점차 떨어지는 것은 대형 담배 회사들에게 좋은 소식이 아니다. · She requested that he ( ㉡ ) longer for dinner. 그녀는 그가 저녁 식사를 위해 좀 더 머물 것을 요청했다. ① ㉠ That ㉡ stay ② ㉠ What ㉡ stay ③ ㉠ That ㉡ stayed ④ ㉠ What ㉡ stayed 6. 다음 중 어법상 가장 적절하지 않은 것은? ㉠Creating the electrical energy also creates environmental problems. We can’t give up electricity, but we can control the ways we use ㉡it. We can use alternative sources of energy that ㉢is not as harmful to the environment as those which we are presently ㉣using. ① ㉠ ② ㉡ ③ ㉢ ④ ㉣ 7. 다음 중 어법상 가장 적절하지 않은 것은? · He claims ㉠to be robbed yesterday. · He found his favorite jar ㉡broken. · We’re looking forward to the time ㉢when we can get together again. · ㉣Had her father not told her to wear a seatbelt, she might have been more seriously injured. ① ㉠ ② ㉡ ③ ㉢ ④ ㉣ 8. 다음 중 괄호에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? Animal conservationists argue that removing some endangered species from environments where they are at risk is necessary if they ( ) in the long term. ① are to be survived ② survive ③ are surviving ④ are to survive 9. 다음 우리말을 영작한 것 중 가장 적절한 것은? 나는 그런 관대한 인물을 아직 본 적이 없다. ① Never I have met such generous a man before. ② Never I have met such a generous man before. ③ Never have I met such generous a man before. ④ Never have I met such a generous man before. 10. 다음 A, B의 대화 중 가장 적절하지 않은 것은? ① A : I’m afraid I’m coming down with something. B : You should make up your mind. ② A : You despise Harry, don’t you? B : On the contrary! I look up to him. ③ A : Do you agree or disagree with him? B : I’m on his side. ④ A : Do you mind if I stop by your house? B : No, not at all. Be my guest! 11. 다음 글의 요지로 가장 적절한 것은? Public transportation in Southeast Asia is quite unpredictable, which makes it difficult for those who are traveling in the area to gauge the expected duration of a trip. As an example, a trip may typically take only 3 hours in the dry season. However, it may take 12 hours in the rainy season because dirt roads become nearly impassable in wet weather, lengthening travel times considerably. So, when traveling in the region, don’t try to keep a strict schedule. It’s also a good idea to have a book or music player with you. ① It is necessary to bring a book or music player to Southeast Asia. ② People should travel only during the dry season. ③ Southeast Asia travelers must be prepared for unexpected slowdowns during trips. ④ Timetables of public transportation in Southeast Asia are flexible during the dry season. 12. 다음 글의 주제로 가장 적절한 것은? For decades, archaeologists have posited that the “first Americans” came to populate the Americas by crossing the Bering Land Bridge, a strip of land that connected Asia and North America during the Ice Age. Other archaeologists, however, link the first Americans to the Solutrean culture of ancient Europe, implying early sea travel across the Atlantic. Yet another suggestion points to linguistic and cultural similarities between Australia, Asia, and South America, arguing that the first settlers crossed the Pacific. ① evidence disproving that there was migration over the Bering Land Bridge ② how the first Americans survived during the Ice Age ③ the development of sea travel by the early Americans ④ competing theories about how the Americas were first populated 13. 다음 글의 요지로 가장 적절한 것은? Nowadays, more people are working on a freelance basis. For these people, it’s important to find ways of dealing with a fluctuating income. The most important step is to realize that they won’t have a steady source of income and plan their spending accordingly. When work is abundant, it’s tempting to spend freely on luxuries. But there’s no guarantee the good times will last. So freelancers need to live on less than they earn so they can set some aside for less successful periods. ① 프리랜서로 일하기 위해서는 많은 준비가 필요하다. ② 프리랜서는 자신의 수입에 비해 과도하게 지출하는 경향이 있다. ③ 프리랜서는 불규칙한 수입에 대비하여 지출을 계획해야 한다. ④ 프리랜서에게 적절한 영업 전략은 필수적이다. - 4 - 14. 다음 글의 내용으로 가장 적절하지 않은 것은? A study of fossils from a prehistoric wombat has shed light on the species. According to the study, the species is thought to have been primarily a tree-dweller. Its extremely long forearms and short hind legs suggest it spent its time dangling from trees like modern orangutans. And an analysis of its jawbone and teeth reveals that it consumed foliage rather than meat. The species likely died out as the temperate rainforests that covered its home in Australia gave way to an increasingly dry climate. ① 웜뱃은 주로 나무에서 생활했던 것으로 여겨진다. ② 웜뱃은 매우 긴 팔뚝과 짧은 뒷다리를 가지고 있었다. ③ 웜뱃은 고기보다는 나뭇잎을 먹고 살았다. ④ 웜뱃은 점점 습해지는 기후로 인해 멸종했을 가능성이 있다. 15. 다음 ㉠, ㉡에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? Often, much of the instruction necessary for engaging in a game or activity in an educational CD-ROM is presented in the form of verbal instructions that are spoken by a narrator or on-screen character. ( ㉠ ), as some experts observed, the situation is different for interactive materials delivered online. Online sound files can take considerable amounts of time to download, which can discourage use of the materials. For this reason, rather than relying heavily on spoken dialogue, designers of online materials often rely much more heavily on written text to deliver instructions and information. ( ㉡ ), the ability to read can be a stronger prerequisite for the use of online materials than for a CD-ROM. ① ㉠ In other words ㉡ However ② ㉠ Yet ㉡ Thus ③ ㉠ In other words ㉡ Therefore ④ ㉠ Yet ㉡ Similarly 16. 다음 글의 요지로 가장 적절한 것은? When astronomers first began observing planetary systems outside our solar system, gas giants were among the first planets they detected, so they believed that gas giants were the most common type of planet. However, these astronomers could only observe solar systems close to our own, where conditions seem to be particularly conducive to the formation of gas giants. Recently, the Kepler observatory, which is on a mission to search for Earth-like planets in more distant areas of the galaxy, has transmitted data showing that small, rocky planets are actually much more common. Thus, many astronomers now believe that gas giants are less prevalent than once estimated. ① 암석 행성이 가스체 거대 행성보다 크기가 작은 것만은 아니다. ② 가스체 거대 행성이 일반적인 행성의 유형이라고 할 수는 없다. ③ 앞으로 더 많은 가스체 거대 행성이 발견될 것이다. ④ 케플러 망원경은 가스체 거대 행성을 관측하지 못한다. 17. 다음 글의 요지로 가장 적절한 것은? While the first step in alleviating poverty in the developing world is providing adequate food and shelter, a long-term solution to the problem must focus on other issues. One of these is access to fuel. When people spend all their time and money seeking fuel, they cannot use these resources for things with more enduring benefits. Providing people with fuel for cooking, for example, would allow them to focus their time and money on education or business. This would do more in the long run to break the cycle of poverty. ① 가난 해결에는 다양한 분야의 지원이 필요하다. ② 연료비의 증가는 전 세계적으로 가난을 증가시켰다. ③ 가난에 대한 최선의 해결책은 교육의 기회를 제공하는 것이다. ④ 연료 접근성의 향상은 장기적으로 가난 해결에 도움을 준다. 18. 아래 글의 흐름으로 보아, <보기>의 문장이 들어갈 곳으로 가장 적절한 것은? < 보 기 > Besides creating more leisure time for workers, this move is expected to help ease unemployment. American culture in general appears suspicious of leisure. Some people believe this may be due to the Protestant work ethic. Many Americans fill their free time with intellectually or physically demanding hobbies or volunteer work. ① Even on vacation, Americans stay in touch with the workplace via their cellular phones and laptop computers. ② On the other hand, Europeans hold leisure in high regard. A new French law gave France the shortest work week in Europe. Companies with more than twenty employees are required to cut work hours from 39 to 35 per week. ③ In Germany, however, longer work weeks may soon be the standard. Its low birth rate has resulted in fewer workers supporting more and more retired Germans in the generous state welfare system. ④ 19. 다음 괄호에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? Offers of advice and practical assistance are the most concrete expressions of being helpful. Ironically, such offers may thus be unwelcome for some recipients, as the experience can reinforce feelings of dependency and inadequacy, particularly in individualistic cultures that place high value on achievement through personal effort. Many people seem to be comforted by knowing that support is available to them but are less happy about being the actual recipients of support. ‘Less-sophisticated’ support messages that pay little attention to the needs and feelings of the recipient but are strongly related to the needs of the giver to put their view across are likely to leave both parties feeling dissatisfied with each other. So giving advice is something to be approached with ( ). ① honesty ② bravery ③ delight ④ caution 20. 다음 글의 내용으로 가장 적절한 것은? The basking shark is the second largest fish, surpassed only by the whale shark. A grown-up basking shark usually has a length between 8 and 10 meters and weighs about 4 tons. In spite of its size, basking sharks are not aggressive and generally harmless to people. The basking shark has a worldwide distribution and characteristically migrates with the seasons. During the summer, they feed on plankton near the surface in more coastal waters. In the winter months, rather than spending time near the surface, basking sharks spend more time in deep waters. So they are very rarely seen during the winter. The basking shark reproduces slowly. It becomes fertile at the age of four and a pregnancy lasts for about two years, resulting in not more than six “baby-sharks,” each measuring about 1.5 meters in length. ※ basking shark: 돌묵상어 ① 돌묵상어는 공격적이며 사람에게 큰 해를 끼친다. ② 돌묵상어는 이동하지 않고 한곳에 머무르는 특성이 있다. ③ 돌묵상어는 겨울에는 주로 심해에서 생활한다. ④ 돌묵상어의 임신 기간은 대략 4년 정도이다.