영어-B.pdf 영어-D.pdf 2019 지방직 7급 영어 해설 김세현.pdf 2019 지방직 7급 영어 해설 성정혜.pdf 2019년도 지방공무원 7급 등 공개경쟁임용 필기시험 영 어 B 책형 1 쪽 영 어 ※ 밑줄 친 부분의 의미와 가장 가까운 것을 고르시오. [문 1. ～문 2.] 문 1. Knowing the odds of side effects and making sure to get periodic checkups that would pick up an adverse reaction, I chose to focus on the drugs’ potential benefits. ① harmful ② favorable ③ addictive ④ mild 문 2. The Canadian government backed down on a threat to impose sanctions against Calgary-based Talisman Energy Inc., eliciting a rebuke from the U.S. State Department. ① devised ② unfolded ③ withdrew ④ reinforced 문 3. 두 사람의 대화 중 가장 어색한 것은? ① A: May I help you, sir? B: Just looking, thank you. ② A: What time does the movie start? B: At 4 o’clock. ③ A: I’ve lost my wallet at the food court. B: Let’s go to the Lost & Found. ④ A: How long have you been away from home? B: It’s about ten miles. 문 4. 밑줄 친 부분에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? A: Hi, John. Time flies. The winter break is just around the corner. B: Yes, it is. I’m looking forward to it. A: Do you have any special plans? B: Oh, sure! I’m thinking about spending my break volunteering abroad. A: Again? I know you volunteered in Vietnam last summer. Don’t you have to spend your own money? B: Yeah. But ________________________. I’ve learned a lot through the experience. A: Oh, I see. ① I’m buried in work ② I think it’s worth it ③ I’m paying for lunch ④ I’m so absent-minded 문 5. 우리말을 영어로 가장 잘 옮긴 것은? ① 너는 내게 전화해서 일에 늦을 거라고 알렸어야 했다. → You were supposed to phone me and let me know you were going to be late for work. ② 내가 축구 경기를 시청하는 동안, 내 남편은 다른 TV로 영화를 보았다. → While I watched a soccer match, my husband has watched a movie on the other TV. ③ 그녀의 감정을 상하게 하지 않으려고, 그는 독감으로 매우 아팠다고 말했다. → He said he was very sick with a flu, so as not hurting her feelings. ④ 상관이 생각하는 것과는 반대로, 절대 이 프로젝트를 일주일에 끝낼 수 없다. → Contrary to what the boss thinks, there is no way we can’t get this project done in a week. 문 6. 밑줄 친 부분 중 어법상 옳지 않은 것은? Princeton University offers a tuition-free, nine-month “Bridge Year” in which students can elect ① to do a service project outside of the U.S. The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and Tufts University have similar programs, while ② ones run by the New School in New York City offers up to a year’s worth of academic credit to participants. But in the last five years, the idea has been ③gaining more traction in the U.S.―particularly among Americans ④ admitted to selective colleges and universities. 문 7. 어법상 옳은 것은? ① Little did we think three months ago that we’d be working together. ② I would love to see you tonight if you will have finished your work. ③ When I had a problem with my new apartment, I wondered who should I go and talk to. ④ This book has been the best seller for weeks, but it hasn’t come in any paperback yet, is it? 문 8. 밑줄 친 부분 중 어법상 옳은 것은? Risk is a fundamental element of human life in the sense ①how risk is always a factor in any situation where the outcome is not precisely known. In addition, the necessary calculations that we make about the probability of some form of harm resulting from an action that we take ②are generally a given in our decision processes. Whether the risk assessment involves decisions about a major corporate initiative or just making the decision ③ walk down the street, we are always anticipating, identifying, and evaluating the potential risks involved. In that respect, we can be said to be constantly managing risk in everything ④ what we do. 2019년도 지방공무원 7급 등 공개경쟁임용 필기시험 영 어 B 책형 2 쪽 문 9. 다음 글의 내용과 일치하는 것은? It took humans thousands of years to explore our own planet and centuries to comprehend our neighboring planets, but nowadays new worlds are being discovered every week. To date, astronomers have identified more than 370 “exoplanets,” worlds orbiting stars other than the sun. Amid such exotica, scientists are eager for a hint of the familiar: planets resembling Earth, orbiting their stars at just the right distance―neither too hot nor too cold― to support life as we know it. No planets quite like our own have yet been found, because they’re inconspicuous. To see a planet as small and dim as ours amid the glare of its star is like trying to see a firefly in a fireworks play; to detect its gravitational influence on the star is like listening for a cricket in a tornado. Yet by pushing technology to the limits, astronomers are rapidly approaching the day when they can find another Earth and interrogate it for signs of life. ① Astronomers have found more than 370 exoplanets orbiting the sun. ② Planets like Earth have not been found because they are not easily observable. ③ The gravitational influence of a small planet like Earth on its star is easily detected. ④ Thanks to the development of technology, astronomers have found some planets like Earth. 문 10. 밑줄 친 부분과 의미가 가장 가까운 것은? No one is very comfortable making a large investment while the currency values fluctuate almost daily. ① sway ② linger ③ duplicate ④ depreciate 문 11. 우리말을 영어로 잘못 옮긴 것은? ① 옆집에 사는 여자는 의사이다. ⟶ The woman who lives next door is a doctor. ② 당신은 런던에 가본 적이 있나요? ⟶ Have you ever been to London? ③ 내가 명령한 것만 하시오. ⟶ Please just do which I ordered. ④ 그가 사랑에 빠졌던 여자는 한 달 뒤에 그를 떠났다. ⟶ The woman he fell in love with left him after a month. 문 12. 다음 글의 주제로 가장 적절한 것은? To build houses and communities with the idea of conservation in mind would create an “ecological village” ―a human settlement that is sustainable ecologically, economically, culturally, and spiritually. Sustainability is the ability of an ecosystem, a community, or a person to maintain itself over the long term without using up or damaging any essential functions. Many people now believe that working in cooperation with nature is increasingly essential in our human activities in the physical world and that we must respect the needs of nature and the natural system while we respect our human needs. ① analysis of human needs in the age of consumption ② causes of damage to the ecosystem ③ crisis of modern architecture under the threat of new technology ④ ecological village as a sustainable place in cooperation with nature 문 13. 다음 글의 내용과 일치하는 것은? If you look around, there are probably many coffeehouses near you. Coffee is big, big business. According to the International Coffee Organization, the world drinks about $70 billion in coffee each year. Although coffee is one of the world’s most popular drinks, many people believe it isn’t healthy. It has been blamed for high heart rates, high blood pressure, and stomach problems. Coffee can make you feel more stress and it can result in sleep problems. Medical research, however, has started suggesting that coffee might actually be good for us. In addition to giving us energy and keeping us alert, coffee is thought to be helpful for headaches. As coffee also contains antioxidants, it can protect our bodies against harmful substances in things like smoke and pollution. Recent studies have found that coffee helps to prevent certain types of cancer. One study in Tokyo, for example, discovered that coffee drinkers were half as likely as nondrinkers to have liver cancer. Overall, the research shows that coffee is far more healthful than it is harmful. ① Coffee drinkers are less likely to have sleeping problems. ② Antioxidants in coffee give rise to some diseases in our bodies. ③ According to recent studies, coffee is effective in the prevention of some types of cancer. ④ A study from Japan shows that coffee causes liver cancer. 문 14. 다음 글의 요지로 가장 적절한 것은? There are millions of people today who are able and eager to work but are unemployed. In this time of high unemployment, putting job satisfaction before job security is a luxury most people can’t afford. For example, a friend of mine gave up a secure secretarial job to find work that was more rewarding and exciting. That was five years ago. She is still not employed full-time. If she wanted to return to her old job, she would no longer be qualified, since the company now requires computer skills. She risked job security to look for more interesting work, and she lost. She’s not only having a hard time making ends meet, but she also has none of the ordinary job benefits, such as medical insurance or a pension plan. ① Job security can be achieved by learning new skills. ② It is wiser these days for people to choose job security. ③ Presently, job satisfaction is of great importance to most of the unemployed. ④ Today it is inevitable for job seekers to take some risks for a better income. 문 15. 밑줄 친 부분 중 어법상 옳지 않은 것은? Yawning is ① catching. One person’s yawn can trigger yawning among an entire group. People who are more empathic are believed to be more ② easily influenced to yawn by others’ yawns; brain imaging studies have shown that ③ when humans watch other people yawn, brain areas known to be involved in social function are activated. Even dogs yawn in response to seeing their owners or even strangers ④ to yawn, and contagious yawning has been noted in other animals as well. 2019년도 지방공무원 7급 등 공개경쟁임용 필기시험 영 어 B 책형 3 쪽 문 16. 우리말을 영어로 가장 잘 옮긴 것은? 문화를 연결해 주는 교차로 중 하나인 하와이에서는 그 어느 곳보다 퓨전 요리가 더욱 눈에 띈다. ① Nowhere are fusion dishes more apparent than in Hawaii which is one of the crossroad places that bridge cultures. ② Nowhere are fusion dishes more apparent than in Hawaii where is one of the crossroad places that bridges cultures. ③ Nowhere fusion dishes are more apparent than in Hawaii where is one of the crossroad places that bridge cultures. ④ Nowhere fusion dishes are more apparent than in Hawaii which is one of the crossroad places that bridges cultures. 문 17. 밑줄 친 (A), (B)에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? When the white people first explored the American West, they found Native Americans living in every part of the region, many of them on the Great Plains. White people saw the Plains Indians as (A) , but in fact each tribe had its own complex culture and social structure. They didn’t believe that land should be owned by individuals or families, but should belong to all people. They believed that human beings were indivisible from all the other elements of the natural world: animals, birds, soil, air, mountains, water, and the sun. In the early days of migration, relations between the pioneers and Native Americans were generally (B) . Trade was common, and sometimes fur traders married and integrated into Indian society. The travelers gave Native Americans blankets, beads, and mirrors in exchange for food. They also sold them guns and ammunition. In the 1840s, attacks on wagons were rare and the Plains Indians generally regarded these first white travelers with amusement. (A) (B) ① traitors harmonious ② savages friendly ③ merchants hostile ④ barbarians indifferent 문 18. 주어진 문장이 들어갈 위치로 가장 적절한 것은? Therefore, when the days are shorter and darker, the production of this hormone increases. SAD (Seasonal Affective Disorder) results from a decrease in the amount of sunlight sufferers receive. Doctors know that decreased sunlight increases the production of melatonin, a sleep-related hormone that is produced at increased levels in the dark. ( ① ) Shorter, darker days also decrease production of serotonin, a chemical that helps transmit nerve impulses. ( ② ) Lack of serotonin is known to be a cause of depression. ( ③ ) Depression may result from the resulting imbalance of these two substances in the body. ( ④ ) Also doctors believe that a decrease in the amount of sunlight the body receives may cause a disturbance in the body’s natural clock. Doctors believe that the combination of chemical imbalance and biological clock disturbance results in symptoms such as lethargy, oversleeping, weight gain, anxiety, and irritability―all signs of depression. 문 19. 주어진 글 다음에 이어질 글의 순서로 가장 적절한 것은? That species might spread overseas by hitching lifts on floating vegetation is an idea going back to Charles Darwin. It is a plausible thought, but hard to test. A test of sorts has, however, been made possible by the tsunami that struck the Pacific coast of Japan in 2011. (A) A lot of marine ones turned up, though, providing work for an army of 80 taxonomists wielding the latest genetic bar-coding equipment. (B) The incursion and regression of this tsunami dragged with it millions of pieces of debris, many of them buoyant. (C) Disappointingly for lovers of Darwin’s vision of land animals moving from place to place on natural rafts, an intensive examination of 634 objects, ranging from a plastic bottle to a floating dock, failed to reveal any terrestrial species. ① (B) － (A) － (C) ② (B) － (C) － (A) ③ (C) － (A) － (B) ④ (C) － (B) － (A) 문 20. 밑줄 친 부분에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? Two numbers are, to me, particularly emblematic of what science had to tell us about fitness this year. The first is 42 % and represents the extent by which people’s risk for premature death rises if they are out of shape, according to a study published in July. That number almost equals the risk of early death associated with heavy smoking. The second figure is $2,500 and is the amount of money that each of us most likely could save annually on medical costs related to heart disease if we walked for 30 minutes most days, according to a wonderfully pragmatic study released in September. In other words, exercise science this year taught us that ______________________________ ________________. ① strength training and balance exercises could prevent sports injuries ② high blood pressure is more dangerous to our health than low blood pressure ③ no matter how much we try to cut medical costs, there are certain expenses that we can’t avoid ④ being inactive could potentially cost us years from our lives and many thousands of dollars from our wallets
영어_7급_B형.pdf 영어_7급_D형.pdf 2019 서울시 7급 영어 해설 성정혜.pdf 영 어(7급) B책형 1/4쪽 1. 밑줄 친 부분의 의미와 가장 먼 것은? Jonathan slandered Mr. Perriwinkle by telling everyone in school that the principal wore a toupee. ① libel ② calumniate ③ commend ④ depreciate ※ 밑줄 친 부분의 의미와 가장 가까운 것은? (2~4) 2. It’s an absolute bonanza for the potential buyers. ① windfall ② debacle ③ strategem ④ ingenuity 3. She is often rebellious to my parents, and has a laid-back attitude towards life. ① mettlesome ② mousy ③ blithe ④ hyaloid 4. One characteristic of the Renaissance was a new expression of wealth, and the related consumption of luxury goods. Economic and political historians have fiercely debated the reasons for the changes in demand and consumption from the 14th century onwards. The belief in the flowering of the spirit of the Renaissance is at odds with the general belief that the 14th and 15th centuries experienced a profound period of economic depression. ① discordant ② consonant ③ commensurate ④ interchangeable 5. 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? For Enlightenment thinkers, the notion of civilization was connected with the idea of social progress, namely the triumph of rationality over religion, the decline of local, particular customs and the rise of natural science. ① exploitatively ② insipidly ③ rarely ④ inextricably 6. 글의 흐름상 ㉠, ㉡에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? It is generally believed that most of criminals are not ㉠ any kind of ordeal. Even though the criminals are successful in ㉡ the accusation and are proved innocent for a moment, they are doomed to exact constant, physical and mental abuse on themselves. ㉠ ㉡ ① chained to weaseling out ② fettered by nodding through ③ exempted from complying with ④ emancipated from evading from 7. 어법상 가장 옳지 않은 것은? ① The boss wants our team to go the documents through before the board of directors begins. ② Not only has the number of baseball players increased but so have the values of the players. ③ Bob tends to borrow more money from the bank than he can pay back. ④ A huge research fund was given to a local private university by the Ministry of Education. 8. 어법상 가장 옳지 않은 것은? ① I would rather not go out for dinner tonight because I am totally exhausted. ② I had no idea about where to place my new furniture including desks, sofas, and beds in my new house. ③ She is seeing her family doctor tomorrow to check the result of the medical check-up she had a month ago. ④ The professor strongly suggested one of his students to apply for the job he had recommended because the application deadline was near. 9. 밑줄 친 부분 중 어법상 가장 옳지 않은 것은? To a music lover watching a concert from the audience, it would be easy to believe that ① a conductor has one of easiest jobs in the world. There he stands, ② waving his arms in time with the music, and the orchestra produces glorious sounds, to all appearances quite spontaneously. ③ Hidden from the audience-especially from the musical novice-are the conductor’s abilities to read and interpret all of the parts at once, to play several instruments and understand the capacities of many more, to organize and coordinate the disparate parts, ④ to motivate and communicate with all of the orchestra members. 영 어(7급) B책형 2/4쪽 10. 어법상 ㉠~㉢에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? Supplements on the market today ㉠ those that use natural herbs or synthetic ingredients. Experts point out that when choosing between multivitamins, those ㉡ natural herbs may not necessarily be better than those with synthetic ingredients. The body recognizes the molecular weight and structure of each vitamin and mineral for their functions regardless of ㉢ the vitamins come from synthetic or natural sources. ㉠ ㉡ ㉢ ① include contained if ② include containing whether ③ includes containing if ④ includes contained whether 11. 글의 요지로 가장 적절한 것은? Mark Twain, who knew as much about talking as he did about the humans who do it, wrote, “The difference between the almost-right word and the right word is really a large matter-it’s the difference between the lightning bug and the lightning.” Remember that the right word-the one instantly recognized and understood by your listener-is most often a simple word. For some reason, there’s a natural human tendency to throw in a new buzzword or a recently popularized word, to make our speech sound more up-to-date. With the speed and reach of modern communications, new words and usages spread rapidly across the country. Unfortunately some of these new words don’t do anything to improve our ability to communicate. ① An almost-right word is the right word if it’s simple. ② It’s important to know specific popular words to communicate. ③ A simple word can be a right word that is clear to the listener. ④ New words that sound more updated are right words to express meanings. ※ 글의 흐름상 가장 적절하지 않은 문장은? (12~13) 12. Everyone agrees that learners who want to learn tend to do better than those who don’t. ① But we must not interpret this too rigidly. Sometimes, even highly motivated learners encounter great challenges in language learning. ②Almost all learners come to classrooms from different backgrounds and life experiences. We know, for example, that learners who begin learning a foreign language as adults rarely achieve the fluency and accuracy that children do in native language acquisition. ③ This should not be taken as evidence that adult foreign language learners are not motivated to learn. ④ It may be a reflection of changes that come with age or of other individual differences such as language learning aptitude or how the instruction interacts with individual learners’ styles and preferences for learning. 13. Many scientists have searched for the cause of the West’s rapid economic expansion. Max Weber credited the “Protestant work ethic.” ① He claimed that saving money and working hard made this expansion possible. Others thought it was due to the unique social norms in these places. ② They believed Western values such as individual effort, freedom, and the spirit of enterprise favored economic growth there. In The Rise of the Western World, the authors Douglass C. North and Robert Paul Thomas affirm that institutions were the reason for this development. They argue that democracy, capitalism, and individual rights encouraged technology in these countries. ③In short, technology accelerated their economic progress. On the other hand, in Jared Diamond’s Guns, Germs, and Steel, geography is at the center of the West’s advance. ④The researchers looked at how geographical isolation had affected culture and the economy around the world. For the author, a better climate, more natural resources, and less disease gave them a definite advantage. 영 어(7급) B책형 3/4쪽 14. 빈칸에 들어갈 문장으로 가장 적절한 것은? One dichotomy that is sometimes discussed in the literature is whether emotions are disorganizing or organizing. Examples are given of people who become tongue-tied with stage fright, or who lose control of themselves during periods of intense anger, or who forget the name of close friends or what they were about to say when embarrassed. In contrast, there are many cases of organized planning for revenge, of organized planning for aggression, and of organized planning for courtship in the interest of love. . If an event occurs that seems important to an individual, a complete change of direction or action may occur with the result that one ongoing activity is stopped and another begun. This may appear as the disruption of one focus of attention, but it becomes an organized effort to create another focus of attention. ① Organizing emotions cannot become disorganizing emotions ② An intense emotional experience can be mitigated ③ The possibility exists that emotions can be both ④ Emotions are passive rather than active 15. 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? Many smart people tell themselves pathetic lies like, “I do my best work at the last minute.” Look: It’s not true. No one works better under pressure. Sure, you are a smart person. But if you are writing about a profound problem, why would you think that you can make an important contribution off the top of your head in the middle of the night just before the conference? Writers sit at their desks for hours, wrestling with ideas. They ask questions, talk with other smart people over drinks or dinner, go on long walks. And then write a whole bunch more. Don’t worry that what you write is not very good and isn’t immediately usable. You get ideas when you write; you don’t just write down ideas. The articles and books that will be read decades from now were written by men and women sitting at a desk and forcing themselves to translate profound ideas into words and then to let those words lead them to even more ideas. Writing can be magic, if you , because you can produce in the mind of some other person, distant from you in space or even time, an image of the ideas that exist in only your mind at this one instant. ① find an appropriate key ② develop a good skill ③ invent brilliant ideas ④ give yourself time ※ 글의 내용과 일치하는 것은? (16~17) 16. The government guidelines suggest that children and teens should get 60 minutes of moderate to vigorous physical activity every day. But less than half of children and just 10% of teens meet these guidelines. What’s the deal? Almost all of the kids participate in organized sports (think baseball, softball, and soccer). But a new study says just one-quarter of kids get the governmentrecommended amount of exercise when they show up for team practices. The study says that team sports aren’t enough exercise. For a child to meet the government physical activity guidelines, the typical kid will have to do more than just join a team. Exercise is also necessary during recess, during physical education class, after school and even on the way to school. ① There are not as many team sports as needed. ② More individual exercise is needed in addition to the team sports. ③ The government guidelines for children’s physical activities are not realistic. ④ Half of teens meet the government guidelines for children’s physical activities. 17. All this was a valuable experience to me. I do not know a better training for a writer than to spend some years in the medical profession. I suppose that you can learn a good deal about human nature in a solicitor’s office; but there on the whole you have to deal with men in full control of themselves. They lie perhaps as much as they lie to the doctor, but they lie more consistently, and it may be that for the solicitor it is not so necessary to know the truth. The interests he deals with, besides, are usually material. He sees human nature from a specialized standpoint. But the doctor, especially the hospital doctor, sees it bare. Reticences can generally be undermined; very often there are none. Fear for the most part will shatter every defence; even vanity is unnerved by it. Most people have a furious itch to talk about themselves and are restrained only by the disinclination of others to listen. Reserve is an artificial quality that is developed in most of us but as the result of innumerable rebuffs. The doctor is discreet. It is his business to listen, and no details are too intimate for his ears. ① A solicitor is talkative. ② Not the solicitor but his clients want to know the truth. ③ Most people are not reticent when talking with a doctor. ④ A doctor deals with men who are full of vanity. 영 어(7급) B책형 4/4쪽 18. 글의 흐름상 <보기>의 문장이 들어갈 곳으로 가장 적절한 것은? <보기> Stereotypes, however, carry a danger in that as categorization occurs, individuals or groups may be reduced in status, identified only by some perceived inadequacy. Stereotypes are not by nature negative. ( ① ) According to Martin, stereotypes are not in themselves evil or pathological but are necessary thinking devices that enable people to avoid conceptual chaos by packaging the world into a manageable number of categories. ( ② ) Identification based on specific features may create blinders to the positive features of the stereotyped individuals and may lead to stigmatization. ( ③ ) Stigmas, which are “discrediting marks that are understood by others in social encounters and involve affective responses, such as avoidance, disgust, disgrace, shame or fear,” when applied to individuals can alter individuals’ own sense of identity and beliefs, causing them to doubt their own self-worth in society. ( ④ ) Individuals who become stigmatized in an alien community already understand the difference between what is “normal” and what is “stigmatized” and undergo a reevaluation of themselves that typically entails an identity crisis and a loss of self-esteem. ※ 아래 글을 읽고 물음에 답하시오. (19~20) (가) . You may be afraid of other consequences, such as losing your job or losing the trust of your colleagues. In a study of property crime arrests, researchers compared the percentage of arrests in two populations: people with full-time jobs and people who were not employed. The researchers found that the percentage of arrests among those who were not employed was much ㉠ . One theory in sociology states that our internal controls develop out of the social bonds, such as employment, friendships, and family, that connect people in a community. Deviance tends to occur when these social bonds are ㉡ . Strong bonds make deviant behavior a ㉢ attractive choice. 19. 문맥상 (가)에 들어갈 문장으로 가장 적절한 것은? ① If a society is to continue to function smoothly, then the members of that society need to behave in orderly ways ② Your social and economic circumstances, such as whether you are employed full time, may influence whether you steal or not ③ For some individuals, internal controls are not enough to stop criminals from breaking the laws ④ According to sociologists, there are two kinds of controls that influence the way an individual behaves - namely, internal and external controls 20. 글의 흐름상 ㉠~㉢에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? ㉠ ㉡ ㉢ ① lower weak more ② lower strong less ③ higher strong more ④ higher weak less
영어_9급_A형.pdf 영어_9급_B형.pdf 2019 서울시 9급 영어 해설 심우철.pdf 2019 서울시 9급 영어 해설 이동기.hwp 2019 서울시 9급 영어 해설 김기훈.pdf 2019 서울시 9급 영어 해설 손진숙.pdf 2019 서울시 9급 영어 해설 승주영.hwp 2019 서울시 9급 영어 해설 망가진영어.pdf 2019 서울시 9급 영어 해설 성정혜.pdf 2019 서울시 9급 영어 해설 손재석.pdf 영 어(9급) A책형 1/3쪽 ※ 밑줄 친 부분의 의미와 가장 가까운 것은? (1~2) 1. At least in high school she made one decision where she finally saw eye to eye with her parents. ① quarreled② disputed ③ parted④ agreed 2. Justifications are accounts in which one accepts responsibility for the act in question, but denies the pejorative quality associated with it. ① derogatory ② extrovert ③ mandatory ④ redundant ※ 밑줄 친 부분에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? (3~5) 3. Tests ruled out dirt and poor sanitation as causes of yellow fever, and a mosquito was the carrier. ① suspected② uncivilized ③ cheerful ④ volunteered 4. Generally speaking, people living in 2018 are pretty fortunate when you compare modern times to the full scale of human history. Life expectancy at around 72 years, and diseases like smallpox and diphtheria, which were widespread and deadly only a century ago, are preventable, curable, or altogether eradicated. ① curtails ② hovers ③ initiates ④ aggravates 5. To imagine that there are concrete patterns to past events, which can provide for our lives and decisions, is to project on to history a hope for a certainty which it cannot fulfill. ① hallucinations ② templates ③ inquiries ④ commotion 6. 대화 중 가장 어색한 것은? ① A : What was the movie like on Saturday? B : Great. I really enjoyed it. ② A : Hello. I’d like to have some shirts pressed. B : Yes, how soon will you need them? ③ A : Would you like a single or a double room? B : Oh, it’s just for me, so a single is fine. ④ A : What time is the next flight to Boston? B : It will take about 45 minutes to get to Boston. ※ 밑줄 친 부분 중 어법상 가장 옳지 않은 것은? (7~10) 7. Inventor Elias Howe attributed the discovery of the sewing machine ① for a dream ② in which he was captured by cannibals. He noticed as they danced around him ③ that there were holes at the tips of spears, and he realized this was the design feature he needed ④ to solve his problem. 8. By 1955 Nikita Khrushchev ① had been emerged as Stalin’s successor in the USSR, and he ② embarked on a policy of “peaceful coexistence” ③ whereby East and West ④ were to continue their competition, but in a less confrontational manner. 9. Squid, octopuses, and cuttlefish are all ① types of cephalopods. ② Each of these animals has special cells under its skin that ③ contains pigment, a colored liquid. A cephalopod can move these cells toward or away from its skin. This allows it ④ to change the pattern and color of its appearance. 10. There is a more serious problem than ① maintaining the cities. As people become more comfortable working alone, they may become ② less social. It’s ③ easier to stay home in comfortable exercise clothes or a bathrobe than ④ getting dressed for yet another business meeting! 영 어(9급) A책형 2/3쪽 11. 글의 제목으로 가장 적절한 것은? Economists say that production of an information good involves high fixed costs but low marginal costs. The cost of producing the first copy of an information good may be substantial, but the cost of producing(or reproducing) additional copies is negligible. This sort of cost structure has many important implications. For example, cost-based pricing just doesn’t work: a 10 or 20 percent markup on unit cost makes no sense when unit cost is zero. You must price your information goods according to consumer value, not according to your production cost. ① Securing the Copyright ② Pricing the Information Goods ③ Information as Intellectual Property ④ The Cost of Technological Change 12. 밑줄 친 부분이 지칭하는 대상이 다른 것은? Dracula ants get their name for the way they sometimes drink the blood of their own young. But this week, ① the insects have earned a new claim to fame. Dracula ants of the species Mystrium camillae can snap their jaws together so fast, you could fit 5,000 strikes into the time it takes us to blink an eye. This means ② the blood-suckers wield the fastest known movement in nature, according to a study published this week in the journal Royal Society Open Science. Interestingly, the ants produce their record-breaking snaps simply by pressing their jaws together so hard that ③ they bend. This stores energy in one of the jaws, like a spring, until it slides past the other and lashes out with extraordinary speed and force―reaching a maximum velocity of over 200 miles per hour. It’s kind of like what happens when you snap your fingers, only 1,000 times faster. Dracula ants are secretive predators as ④ they prefer to hunt under the leaf litter or in subterranean tunnels. 13. 밑줄 친 부분에 들어갈 말로 가장 옳은 것은? I am writing to you from a train in Germany, sitting on the floor. The train is crowded, and all the seats are taken. However, there is a special class of “comfort customers” who are allowed to make those already seated their seats. ① give up ② take ③ giving up ④ taken ※ 글의 흐름상 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? (14~16) 14. A country’s wealth plays a central role in education, so lack of funding and resources from a nation-state can weaken a system. Governments in sub-Saharan Africa spend only 2.4 percent of the world’s public resources on education, yet 15 percent of the school-age population lives there. , the United States spends 28 percent of all the money spent in the world on education, yet it houses only 4 percent of the school-age population. ① Nevertheless ② Furthermore ③ Conversely ④ Similarly 15. “Highly conscientious employees do a series of things better than the rest of us,” says University of Illinois psychologist Brent Roberts, who studies conscientiousness. Roberts owes their success to “hygiene” factors. Conscientious people have a tendency to organize their lives well. A disorganized, unconscientious person might lose 20 or 30 minutes rooting through their files to find the right document, an inefficient experience conscientious folks tend to avoid. Basically, by being conscientious, people they’d otherwise create for themselves. ① deal with setbacks ② do thorough work ③ follow norms ④ sidestep stress 16. Climate change, deforestation, widespread pollution and the sixth mass extinction of biodiversity all define living in our world today ― an era that has come to be known as “the Anthropocene”. These crises are underpinned by production and consumption which greatly exceeds global ecological limits, but blame is far from evenly shared. The world’s 42 wealthiest people own as much as the poorest 3.7 billion, and they generate far greater environmental impacts. Some have therefore proposed using the term “Capitalocene” to describe this era of ecological devastation and growing inequality, reflecting capitalism’s logic of endless growth and . ① the better world that is still within our reach ② the accumulation of wealth in fewer pockets ③ an effective response to climate change ④ a burning desire for a more viable future 영 어(9급) A책형 3/3쪽 17. 글의 흐름상 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? Ever since the time of ancient Greek tragedy, Western culture has been haunted by the figure of the revenger. He or she stands on a whole series of borderlines: between civilization and barbarity, between and the community’s need for the rule of law, between the conflicting demands of justice and mercy. Do we have a right to exact revenge against those who have destroyed our loved ones? Or should we leave vengeance to the law or to the gods? And if we do take action into our own hands, are we not reducing ourselves to the same moral level as the original perpetrator of murderous deeds? ① redemption of the revenger from a depraved condition ② divine vengeance on human atrocities ③ moral depravity of the corrupt politicians ④ an individual’s accountability to his or her own conscience 18. 글의 흐름상 가장 적절하지 않은 문장은? It seems to me possible to name four kinds of reading, each with a characteristic manner and purpose. The first is reading for information ― reading to learn about a trade, or politics, or how to accomplish something. ① We read a newspaper this way, or most textbooks, or directions on how to assemble a bicycle. ② With most of this material, the reader can learn to scan the page quickly, coming up with what he needs and ignoring what is irrelevant to him, like the rhythm of the sentence, or the play of metaphor. ③ We also register a track of feeling through the metaphors and associations of words. ④ Courses in speed reading can help us read for this purpose, training the eye to jump quickly across the page. 19. <보기>의 문장이 들어갈 위치로 가장 적절한 것은? <보기> In this situation, we would expect to find less movement of individuals from one job to another because of the individual’s social obligations toward the work organization to which he or she belongs and to the people comprising that organization. Cultural differences in the meaning of work can manifest themselves in other aspects as well. ( ① ) For example, in American culture, it is easy to think of work simply as a means to accumulate money and make a living. ( ② ) In other cultures, especially collectivistic ones, work may be seen more as fulfilling an obligation to a larger group. ( ③ ) In individualistic cultures, it is easier to consider leaving one job and going to another because it is easier to separate jobs from the self. ( ④ ) A different job will just as easily accomplish the same goals. 20. 글을 문맥에 가장 어울리는 순서대로 배열한 것은? ㉠ To navigate in the dark, a microbat flies with its mouth open, emitting high-pitched squeaks that humans cannot hear. Some of these sounds echo off flying insects as well as tree branches and other obstacles that lie ahead. The bat listens to the echo and gets an instantaneous picture in its brain of the objects in front of it. ㉡ Microbats, the small, insect-eating bats found in North America, have tiny eyes that don’t look like they’d be good for navigating in the dark and spotting prey. ㉢ From the use of echolocation, or sonar, as it is also called, a microbat can tell a great deal about a mosquito or any other potential meal. With extreme exactness, echolocation allows microbats to perceive motion, distance, speed, movement, and shape. Bats can also detect and avoid obstacles no thicker than a human hair. ㉣ But, actually, microbats can see as well as mice and other small mammals. The nocturnal habits of bats are aided by their powers of echolocation, a special ability that makes feeding and flying at night much easier than one might think. ① ㉠-㉢-㉡-㉣ ② ㉡-㉣-㉠-㉢ ③ ㉡-㉢-㉣-㉠ ④ ㉠-㉣-㉢-㉡ 이 면은 여백입니다.
스터디 영어-나.pdf 영어-라.pdf 2019 국가직 9급 영어 해설 조재권.pdf 2019 국가직 9급 영어 해설 심우철.pdf 2019 국가직 9급 영어 해설 정수현.hwp 2019 국가직 9급 영어 해설 손진숙.pdf 2019 국가직 9급 영어 해설 이동기.pdf 2019 국가직 9급 영어 해설 닥터K.pdf 2019 국가직 9급 영어 해설 이충권.pdf 2019 국가직 9급 영어 해설 영스파.pdf 2019 국가직 9급 영어 해설 줄리아.pdf 2019 국가직 9급 영어 해설 방재운.pdf 2019 국가직 9급 영어 해설 박철우.pdf 2019 국가직 9급 영어 해설 한덕현.pdf 2019 국가직 9급 영어 해설 김세현.pdf 2019 국가직 9급 영어 해설 성정혜.pdf 2019 국가직 9급 영어 해설 김범재.pdf 2019 국가직 9급 영어 해설 김재운.pdf 2019 국가직 9급 영어 해설 정진영.hwp 2019 국가직 9급 영어 해설 이아람.pdf 2019 국가직 9급 영어 해설 박지성.pdf 2019년도 국가공무원 9급 공채 필기시험 영 어 나 책형 1 쪽 영 어 ※ 밑줄 친 부분의 의미와 가장 가까운 것을 고르시오. [문 1. ～문 2.] 문 1. Natural Gas World subscribers will receive accurate and reliable key facts and figures about what is going on in the industry, so they are fully able to discern what concerns their business. ① distinguish ② strengthen ③ undermine ④ abandon 문 2. Ms. West, the winner of the silver in the women's 1,500 m event, stood out through the race. ① was overwhelmed ② was impressive ③ was depressed ④ was optimistic 문 3. 두 사람의 대화 중 가장 어색한 것은? ① A: I'm traveling abroad, but I'm not used to staying in another country. B: Don't worry. You'll get accustomed to it in no time. ② A: I want to get a prize in the photo contest. B: I'm sure you will. I'll keep my fingers crossed! ③ A: My best friend moved to Sejong City. I miss her so much. B: Yeah. I know how you feel. ④ A: Do you mind if I talk to you for a moment? B: Never mind. I'm very busy right now. 문 4. 밑줄 친 부분에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? A: Would you like to try some dim sum? B: Yes, thank you. They look delicious. What's inside? A: These have pork and chopped vegetables, and those have shrimps. B: And, um, ________________________? A: You pick one up with your chopsticks like this and dip it into the sauce. It's easy. B: Okay. I'll give it a try. ① how much are they ② how do I eat them ③ how spicy are they ④ how do you cook them ※ 우리말을 영어로 잘못 옮긴 것을 고르시오. [문 5. ～ 문 6.] 문 5. ① 제가 당신께 말씀드렸던 새로운 선생님은 원래 페루 출신입니다. → The new teacher I told you about is originally from Peru. ② 나는 긴급한 일로 자정이 5분이나 지난 후 그에게 전화했다. → I called him five minutes shy of midnight on an urgent matter. ③ 상어로 보이는 것이 산호 뒤에 숨어 있었다. → What appeared to be a shark was lurking behind the coral reef. ④ 그녀는 일요일에 16세의 친구와 함께 산 정상에 올랐다. → She reached the mountain summit with her 16-year-old friend on Sunday. 문 6. ① 개인용 컴퓨터를 가장 많이 가지고 있는 나라는 종종 바뀐다. → The country with the most computers per person changes from time to time. ② 지난여름 나의 사랑스러운 손자에게 일어난 일은 놀라웠다. → What happened to my lovely grandson last summer was amazing. ③ 나무 숟가락은 아이들에게 매우 좋은 장난감이고 플라스틱 병 또한 그렇다. → Wooden spoons are excellent toys for children, and so are plastic bottles. ④ 나는 은퇴 후부터 내내 이 일을 해 오고 있다. → I have been doing this work ever since I retired. ※ 밑줄 친 부분 중 어법상 옳지 않은 것을 고르시오. [문 7. ～ 문 8.] 문 7. Domesticated animals are the earliest and most effective 'machines' ① available to humans. They take the strain off the human back and arms. ② Utilizing with other techniques, animals can raise human living standards very considerably, both as supplementary foodstuffs (protein in meat and milk) and as machines ③ to carry burdens, lift water, and grind grain. Since they are so obviously ④ of great benefit, we might expect to find that over the centuries humans would increase the number and quality of the animals they kept. Surprisingly, this has not usually been the case. 문 8. A myth is a narrative that embodies ―and in some cases ① helps to explain ― the religious, philosophical, moral, and political values of a culture. Through tales of gods and supernatural beings, myths ② try to make sense of occurrences in the natural world. Contrary to popular usage, myth does not mean "falsehood." In the broadest sense, myths are stories ―usually whole groups of stories ― ③ that can be true or partly true as well as false; regardless of their degree of accuracy, however, myths frequently express the deepest beliefs of a culture. According to this definition, the Iliad and the Odyssey, the Koran, and the Old and New Testaments can all ④refer to as myths. 문 9. 다음 글의 제목으로 가장 적절한 것은? Mapping technologies are being used in many new applications. Biological researchers are exploring the molecular structure of DNA ("mapping the genome"), geophysicists are mapping the structure of the Earth's core, and oceanographers are mapping the ocean floor. Computer games have various imaginary "lands" or levels where rules, hazards, and rewards change. Computerization now challenges reality with "virtual reality," artificial environments that stimulate special situations, which may be useful in training and entertainment. Mapping techniques are being used also in the realm of ideas. For example, relationships between ideas can be shown using what are called concept maps. Starting from a general or "central" idea, related ideas can be connected, building a web around the main concept. This is not a map by any traditional definition, but the tools and techniques of cartography are employed to produce it, and in some ways it resembles a map. ① Computerized Maps vs. Traditional Maps ② Where Does Cartography Begin? ③ Finding Ways to DNA Secrets ④ Mapping New Frontiers 2019년도 국가공무원 9급 공채 필기시험 영 어 나 책형 2 쪽 문 10. 다음 글의 요지로 가장 적절한 것은? When giving performance feedback, you should consider the recipient's past performance and your estimate of his or her future potential in designing its frequency, amount, and content. For high performers with potential for growth, feedback should be frequent enough to prod them into taking corrective action, but not so frequent that it is experienced as controlling and saps their initiative. For adequate performers who have settled into their jobs and have limited potential for advancement, very little feedback is needed because they have displayed reliable and steady behavior in the past, knowing their tasks and realizing what needs to be done. For poor performers ― that is, people who will need to be removed from their jobs if their performance doesn't improve ― feedback should be frequent and very specific, and the connection between acting on the feedback and negative sanctions such as being laid off or fired should be made explicit. ① Time your feedback well. ② Customize negative feedback. ③ Tailor feedback to the person. ④ Avoid goal-oriented feedback. 문 11. 다음 글의 내용과 일치하지 않는 것은? Langston Hughes was born in Joplin, Missouri, and graduated from Lincoln University, in which many African-American students have pursued their academic disciplines. At the age of eighteen, Hughes published one of his most wellknown poems, "Negro Speaks of Rivers." Creative and experimental, Hughes incorporated authentic dialect in his work, adapted traditional poetic forms to embrace the cadences and moods of blues and jazz, and created characters and themes that reflected elements of lower-class black culture. With his ability to fuse serious content with humorous style, Hughes attacked racial prejudice in a way that was natural and witty. ① Hughes는 많은 미국 흑인들이 다녔던 대학교를 졸업하였다. ② Hughes는 실제 사투리를 그의 작품에 반영하였다. ③ Hughes는 하층 계급 흑인들의 문화적 요소를 반영한 인물을 만들었다. ④ Hughes는 인종편견을 엄숙한 문체로 공격하였다. 문 12. 밑줄 친 부분 중 글의 흐름상 가장 어색한 것은? In 2007, our biggest concern was "too big to fail." Wall Street banks had grown to such staggering sizes, and had become so central to the health of the financial system, that no rational government could ever let them fail. ①Aware of their protected status, banks made excessively risky bets on housing markets and invented ever more complicated derivatives. ② New virtual currencies such as bitcoin and ethereum have radically changed our understanding of how money can and should work. ③The result was the worst financial crisis since the breakdown of our economy in 1929. ④ In the years since 2007, we have made great progress in addressing the too-big-to-fail dilemma. Our banks are better capitalized than ever. Our regulators conduct regular stress tests of large institutions. 문 13. 다음 글의 주제로 가장 적절한 것은? Imagine that two people are starting work at a law firm on the same day. One person has a very simple name. The other person has a very complex name. We've got pretty good evidence that over the course of their next 16 plus years of their career, the person with the simpler name will rise up the legal hierarchy more quickly. They will attain partnership more quickly in the middle parts of their career. And by about the eighth or ninth year after graduating from law school the people with simpler names are about seven to ten percent more likely to be partners ― which is a striking effect. We try to eliminate all sorts of other alternative explanations. For example, we try to show that it's not about foreignness because foreign names tend to be harder to pronounce. But even if you look at just white males with Anglo-American names ―so really the true in-group, you find that among those white males with Anglo names they are more likely to rise up if their names happen to be simpler. So simplicity is one key feature in names that determines various outcomes. ① the development of legal names ② the concept of attractive names ③ the benefit of simple names ④ the roots of foreign names ※ 밑줄 친 부분의 의미와 가장 가까운 것을 고르시오. [문 14. ～ 문 15.] 문 14. Schooling is compulsory for all children in the United States, but the age range for which school attendance is required varies from state to state. ① complementary ② systematic ③ mandatory ④ innovative 문 15. Although the actress experienced much turmoil in her career, she never disclosed to anyone that she was unhappy. ① let on ② let off ③ let up ④ let down 문 16. 밑줄 친 (A), (B)에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? Visionaries are the first people in their industry segment to see the potential of new technologies. Fundamentally, they see themselves as smarter than their opposite numbers in competitive companies ― and, quite often, they are. Indeed, it is their ability to see things first that they want to leverage into a competitive advantage. That advantage can only come about if no one else has discovered it. They do not expect, (A) , to be buying a well-tested product with an extensive list of industry references. Indeed, if such a reference base exists, it may actually turn them off, indicating that for this technology, at any rate, they are already too late. Pragmatists, (B) , deeply value the experience of their colleagues in other companies. When they buy, they expect extensive references, and they want a good number to come from companies in their own industry segment. (A) (B) ① therefore on the other hand ② however in addition ③ nonetheless at the same time ④ furthermore in conclusion 2019년도 국가공무원 9급 공채 필기시험 영 어 나 책형 3 쪽 문 17. 주어진 문장이 들어갈 위치로 가장 적절한 것은? Some of these ailments are short-lived; others may be long-lasting. For centuries, humans have looked up at the sky and wondered what exists beyond the realm of our planet. ( ① ) Ancient astronomers examined the night sky hoping to learn more about the universe. More recently, some movies explored the possibility of sustaining human life in outer space, while other films have questioned whether extraterrestrial life forms may have visited our planet. ( ② ) Since astronaut Yuri Gagarin became the first man to travel in space in 1961, scientists have researched what conditions are like beyond the Earth's atmosphere, and what effects space travel has on the human body. ( ③ ) Although most astronauts do not spend more than a few months in space, many experience physiological and psychological problems when they return to the Earth. ( ④ ) More than two-thirds of all astronauts suffer from motion sickness while traveling in space. In the gravity-free environment, the body cannot differentiate up from down. The body's internal balance system sends confusing signals to the brain, which can result in nausea lasting as long as a few days. 문 18. 밑줄 친 부분에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? Why bother with the history of everything? ___________ ___________________________________. In literature classes you don't learn about genes; in physics classes you don't learn about human evolution. So you get a partial view of the world. That makes it hard to find meaning in education. The French sociologist Emile Durkheim called this sense of disorientation and meaninglessness anomie, and he argued that it could lead to despair and even suicide. The German sociologist Max Weber talked of the "disenchantment" of the world. In the past, people had a unified vision of their world, a vision usually provided by the origin stories of their own religious traditions. That unified vision gave a sense of purpose, of meaning, even of enchantment to the world and to life. Today, though, many writers have argued that a sense of meaninglessness is inevitable in a world of science and rationality. Modernity, it seems, means meaninglessness. ① In the past, the study of history required disenchantment from science ② Recently, science has given us lots of clever tricks and meanings ③ Today, we teach and learn about our world in fragments ④ Lately, history has been divided into several categories 문 19. 다음 글의 내용과 일치하지 않는 것은? The earliest government food service programs began around 1900 in Europe. Programs in the United States date from the Great Depression, when the need to use surplus agricultural commodities was joined to concern for feeding the children of poor families. During and after World War II, the explosion in the number of working women fueled the need for a broader program. What was once a function of the family ― providing lunch ― was shifted to the school food service system. The National School Lunch Program is the result of these efforts. The program is designed to provide federally assisted meals to children of school age. From the end of World War II to the early 1980s, funding for school food service expanded steadily. Today it helps to feed children in almost 100,000 schools across the United States. Its first function is to provide a nutritious lunch to all students; the second is to provide nutritious food at both breakfast and lunch to underprivileged children. If anything, the role of school food service as a replacement for what was once a family function has been expanded. ① The increase in the number of working women boosted the expansion of food service programs. ② The US government began to feed poor children during the Great Depression despite the food shortage. ③ The US school food service system presently helps to feed children of poor families. ④ The function of providing lunch has been shifted from the family to schools. 문 20. 주어진 문장 다음에 이어질 글의 순서로 가장 적절한 것은? South Korea boasts of being the most wired nation on earth. (A) This addiction has become a national issue in Korea in recent years, as users started dropping dead from exhaustion after playing online games for days on end. A growing number of students have skipped school to stay online, shockingly self-destructive behavior in this intensely competitive society. (B) In fact, perhaps no other country has so fully embraced the Internet. (C) But such ready access to the Web has come at a price as legions of obsessed users find that they cannot tear themselves away from their computer screens. ① (A) － (B) － (C) ② (A) － (C) － (B) ③ (B) － (A) － (C) ④ (B) － (C) － (A)
스터디 영어_9급_A형.pdf 영어_9급_B형.pdf 2019 서울시 9급 영어 해설 이동현.pdf 2019 서울시 9급 영어 해설 조재권.pdf 2019 서울시 9급 영어 해설 이동기.pdf 2019 서울시 9급 영어 해설 문민.pdf 2019 서울시 9급 영어 해설 한덕현.pdf 2019 서울시 9급 영어 해설 이충권.pdf 2019 서울시 9급 영어 해설 방재운.pdf 2019 서울시 9급 영어 해설 망가진영어.pdf 2019 서울시 9급 영어 해설 성정혜.pdf 영 어(9급) A책형 1/4쪽 1. 밑줄 친 부분과 의미가 가장 가까운 것은? He made a face when he saw the amount of homework he had to do. ① glanced ② rejoiced ③ grimaced ④ concentrated ※ 밑줄 친 단어와 의미가 가장 가까운 것은? (2~4) 2. Whether a guffaw at a joke or a reflective chuckle greeting a sarcastic remark, laughter is the audience’s means of ratifying the performance. ① smi rk ② ti ttle ③ giggle ④ belly laugh 3. Some seniors experience a tremendous loss of self-esteem. Whereas adolescents lose their sense of childhood omnipotence, seniors experience another kind of loss. Retirement comes at about the same time that seniors may begin to lose loved ones, their health, their financial status, or their sense of competence. Suddenly, someone who was so in charge may become withdrawn and sullen, and their self-esteem may plummet. ① plunge ② affirm ③ swindle ④ initiate 4. The beauty of the pearl, winking and glimmering in the light of the little candle, cozened his brain with its beauty. ① deceived ② softened ③ connected ④ brightened 5. 빈칸에 들어갈 표현으로 가장 적절한 것은? Critical comments include remarks on physical appearance, stress on weight loss, and reinforce the thin ideal. Some athletes indicated that negative weight-related comments from family were events in the development of eating disorders. ① mediocre ② extravagant ③ treacherous ④ pivotal 6. 밑줄 친 부분과 의미가 가장 가까운 것은? She liked the garden and the fields, the green lane and the hedgerows. She even liked the rabbits that kept playing havoc with the lawn. ① to cause a great deal of damage or confusion to ② to use something as food ③ to bustle in and out ④ to be on the move 7. 빈칸에 들어갈 표현으로 가장 적절한 것은? A : What have you done for this project so far? Because it seems to me like you haven’t done anything at all. B : That’s so rude! I do lots of work. It’s you who is slacking off. A : I don’t see why you always have to fight with me. B : . We wouldn’t fight if you didn’t initiate it! ① It takes two to tango ② More haste less speed ③ He who laughs last laughs longest ④ Keep your chin up 8. 어법상 가장 옳은 것은? ① Had never flown in an airplane before, the little boy was surprised and a little frightened when his ears popped. ② Scarcely had we reached there when it began to snow. ③ Despite his name, Freddie Frankenstein has a good chance of electing to the local school board. ④ I would rather to be lying on a beach in India than sitting in class right now. 영 어(9급) A책형 2/4쪽 9. 밑줄 친 부분 중 어법상 가장 옳은 것은? Severe acute respiratory syndrome(SARS) is a serious form of pneumonia. It is caused by a virus that ① identified in 2003. Infection with the SARS virus causes acute respiratory distress and sometimes ② dies. SARS is caused by a member of the coronavirus family of viruses(the same family that can cause the common cold). It ③ believes the 2003 epidemic started when the virus ④ spread from small mammals in China. ※ 밑줄 친 부분 중 어법상 가장 옳지 않은 것은? (10~12) 10. This Abstract, which I now publish, must necessarily be imperfect. I cannot here give references and authorities for my several statements; and I must ① trust to the reader reposing some confidence in my accuracy. No ② doubt errors will have crept in, though I hope I have always been cautious in trusting to good authorities alone. I can here give only the general conclusions at which I have arrived, with a few facts in illustration, but which, I hope, in most cases will ③ be sufficed. No one can feel more sensible than I do of the necessity of hereafter publishing in detail all the facts, with references, on which my conclusions have been grounded; and I hope in a future work to do this. For I am well aware that scarcely a single point is discussed in this volume on which facts cannot be ④ adduced, often apparently leading to conclusions directly opposite to those at which I have arrived. A fair result can be obtained only by fully stating and balancing the facts and arguments on both sides of each question; and this cannot possibly be here done. 11. Some cultures draw a clear line between childhood and adulthood, a line that ① crossed when a person undergoes a rite of passage. By contrast, as Hollindale ② notes, in the contemporary West ‘communal and official recognitions of childhood’s end are arbitrary and ritualistically barren’, although he ③ does leave the option that ‘some people move from child to adult in one fell swoop’, in the case of traumatic experiences, ④ for example. 12. In the fifteenth century, an alphasyllabic Korean script was invented. Linguists admire it as it ① symbolizes the speech sounds in a ② sophisticated and very elegant way. The script, called Hangul, can be used in tandem with the Chinese characters but can also replace them altogether. Slowly, Hangul has ③ been taken over. In North Korea, only Hangul is used, while in South Korea, Chinese characters still ④ occur in particular contexts. ※ 빈칸에 들어갈 표현으로 가장 적절한 것은? (13~15) 13. HUANG QI, who has spent two decades documenting human rights abuses and corruption in China, is now enduring his third term in prison for his efforts. The Chinese penal system has a record of denying proper medical care to prisoners (A) they die, including Nobel Prize laureate Liu Xiaobo and others. Mr. Huang is now in ill health, and, (B) activists and his mother, his life is in danger. China should free him for medical care now and not add his name to the rolls of dissidents left to expire in a jail cell. (A) (B) ① though without ② whi le wi th ③ until according to ④ when for 14. For every mystery, there is someone trying to figure out (A) happened. Scientists, detectives, and ordinary people search for evidence that will help to reveal the truth. They investigate prehistoric sites trying to understand how and why ancient people constructed pyramids or created strange artwork. They study the remains of long-extinct animals and they speculate about (B) the animals might have looked when they were alive. Anything (C) is unexplained is fascinating to people who love a mystery. (A) (B) (C) ① what what that ② what how that ③ that what what ④ that how which 영 어(9급) A책형 3/4쪽 15. Stereotypes are one way in which we “define” the world in order to see it. They classify the infinite variety of human beings into a convenient handful of “types” towards whom we learn to act in stereotyped fashion. Life would be a wearing process . Stereotypes economize on our mental effort by covering up the blooming, buzzing confusion with big recognizable cut-outs. They save us the “trouble” of finding out what the world is like ― they give it its accustomed look. ① if we tried to stick to stereotypes ② if we learned to act in stereotyped fashion ③ if we prejudged people before we ever lay eyes on them ④ if we had to start from scratch with every human contact 16. 다음 글에 이어질 글의 순서로 가장 옳은 것은? In the mid to late 1480s, when Leonardo da Vinci was attempting to establish himself as a court artist, he seems to have started on his huge rage of drawing that touch on almost all areas of science, and which to this day constitute a significant part of his reputation. (A) These drawings are intriguing and fascinating in themselves, and not simply with regard to the potential airworthiness of these machines. (B) Besides technical, artistic, and ‘scientific’ drawings there are also various studies from this period which can really only be described as fantastical. (C) This applies as much to some of the military equipment as to his numerous designs for flying machines. (D) Nevertheless he returned again and again to studies of the flight of birds, the aerodynamics of flying and the construction of wings. (E) No doubt the artist was fully aware of the problems that would come with any such undertaking. ① C-A-B-E-D ② C-B-A-D-E ③ B-A-C-D-E ④ B-C-A-E-D 17. 다음 내용이 포함될 수 있는 글의 종류와 가장 가까운 것은? Although Cathe did not have PhD students of her own, because she did not hold an academic position while at Haskins, there are many Haskins students who worked closely with her and were influenced by her. During her last, brief hospital stay in late June 2008, she was visited by a group of five current Haskins students and recent PhDs who had never had the opportunity of working with her. Since Cathe’s caregivers were absent from the room at that moment, the other patient in the room asked: “So do you all work for her, too?” One of the group, not missing a beat, answered, “No. We are all her students.” ① classified ad ② ordinance ③ play ④ obituary 18. 빈칸에 들어갈 문장으로 가장 적절한 것은? Many people are risk-averse because they consider the negative consequences of failure to outweigh the reward of success. Our culture of looking down on failure makes us even less likely to risk our necks. . Progress and innovation are inextricably entwined with risk and failure. ① But we should not underestimate the importance of experimenting and taking risks, especially in these turbulent economic times ② But many organizations suffer from ‘corporate anorexia nervosa’ and have an unfavorable climate for enterprising people ③ That is why we need a paradigm shift marking a transition to a future ④ That is why combinatoric innovation is not an efficient process 영 어(9급) A책형 4/4쪽 ※ 빈칸에 들어갈 표현으로 가장 적절한 것은? (19~20) 19. Human nature has many curious traits, but one of the most curious is . No one thinks it a fine thing to have a motor car that is perpetually going out of order: people do not boast that after a long run their car is completely useless for several weeks, or that it is perpetually developing strange troubles which even the most skillful mechanics cannot put right. Yet that is how people feel about their own bodies. To have a body that does its work satisfactorily is felt to be uninteresting and rather plebeian. A delicate digestion is almost indispensable in the equipment of a fine lady. I am aware in myself of the impulses to boast of illness: I have only been ill once, but I like people to know how very ill I was that once, and I feel vexed when I come across other people who have been more nearly dead without dying. ① fear of diseases ② interests in motor cars ③ pride in illness ④ phobia of death 20. In the huge, open lands of the American west, herding cattle is one way to make a living. The image of the cowboy on his horse is a familiar one, but in reality, women also participate in ranch work. This reality can be seen in the rodeo, where cowboys and cowgirls compete in roping young steers, and riding adult bulls. Throwing a rope around a steer is something ranchers must do in order to give the young animals medicine or to mark the steers as their property. , riding on the back of a large and angry bull is purely for sport ― a brutal and dangerous sport. But that danger does not stop the men and women who love the rodeo. ① To take an example ② To be brief ③ On the other hand ④ By the same token
스터디 영어_7급_A형.pdf 영어_7급_B형.pdf 2019 서울시 7급 영어 해설 헤더진.pdf 2019 서울시 7급 영어 해설 성정혜.pdf 2019 서울시 7급 영어 해설 한덕현.pdf 2019 서울시 7급 영어 해설 방재운.pdf 2019 서울시 7급 영어 해설 망가진영어.pdf 영 어(7급) A책형 1/4쪽 ※ 빈칸에 들어갈 단어로 가장 적절한 것은? (1~3) 1. The United States, land of liberty and opportunity, had much to be proud of. The nation its superiority over Europe, whose masses often suffered under conditions of political enslavement and spiritual and physical want. Yet, in matters of art and culture, America had not outgrown its “colonial” status. ① entangled ② swivelled ③ touted ④ glistened 2. The government has said it will allow terrestrial broadcasting stations to take commercial breaks mid-program. The terrestrial broadcasters―KBS, MBC and SBS―havepersistently asked for permission to show commercial breaks for about two decades, and the commission has finally bowed to the pressure. The government has banned terrestrial networks from showing advertisements during a television program to ensure the public nature of their nationwide broadcasting and protect the rights of TV viewers from advertisers. It is self-contradictory to allow commercial breaks, which can ratings competition and program commercialization as well as infringing on viewers’ “sovereignty,” which the commission has habitually championed. ① beseech ② inoculate ③ spur ④ trespass 3. The disease, usually a virus or bacteria, forces entrance into some of the cells of the body. The virus or bacteria then uses these cells to replicate itself. A virus initiates this process by inserting its genetic code into the cells. This code then becomes briefly part of the cell’s genetic sequence. The virus uses the cell to produce new viruses. A bacterium may initiate a(n) process, though by more indirect means. The end result is the same. New viruses or bacteria are produced within the cell. Eventually, these are too many entities for the host cell to contain and the cell breaks open, thus freeing these new viruses or bacteria to infect other cells. ① stupendous ② fraudulent ③ evanescent ④ analogous 4. 밑줄 친 부분과 의미가 가장 가까운 것은? Much has been done to shore up the reserves of banks in the last 10 years and to put in place more rigorous oversight of the financial sector. ① bolster ② degrade ③ assess ④ monitor ※ 빈칸에 들어갈 가장 적절한 것은? (5~6) 5. Sitting for hours without moving can slow the flow of blood to our brains according to a cautionary new study of office workers. However, getting up and strolling for just two minutes every half-hour seems to this decline in brain blood flow. ① stake out ② stave off ③ rake up ④ fritter away 6. A : What are you doing? B:I’m going to change the light bulb. It burnt out. A : ? B : A couple of dictionaries and some textbooks. A : Are you crazy? B : What’s the matter? A : Those books will slip and you’ll fall. B : It’s only a couple of feet. ① How many dictionaries and textbooks are you studying ② What are you standing on ③ What kinds of books do you want to buy ④ What is the best way to change the light bulb 7. 빈칸에 들어갈 단어로 가장 적절한 것은? Any physical theory is always , in the sense that it is only a hypothesis: you can never prove it. No matter how many times the results of experiments agree with some theory, you can never be sure that the next time the result will not contradict the theory. ① categorical② unequivocal ③ provisional④ tangible 영 어(7급) A책형 2/4쪽 ※ 밑줄 친 부분 중 어법상 가장 옳지 않은 것은? (8~10) 8. The growth of foreign markets and competition, most notably those in China and India, ① is having a tremendous impact on the manner in which companies conduct business all over the globe. In fact, the advent of outsourcing and off-shoring(the shifting of production to sites outside the United States), which helped place China and India on the economic map, has created quite a debate in the United States and abroad as to ② whether economic globalization is a good or an evil. Many, however, suggest that globalization is a good thing, and that outsourcing and off-shoring are simple manifestations of the economic theory of comparative advantage, ③ which holds that everyone gains when each country specializes in ④ that it does best. 9. ① Beginning in October, as the expedition ② made its way through present northern South Dakota, it passed numerous abandoned villages, composed of earth-lodge dwellings and cultivated fields. Some of the fields, ③ unless unattended, still had squash and corn growing in them. ④ These had once been home to the mighty Arikara tribe. 10. Losing just a couple hours of sleep at night makes you angrier, especially in ① frustrated situations, according to new research. While the results may ② seem intuitive, the study is one of the first to ③ provide evidence that sleep loss causes anger. The research also provides new insight on our ability to adjust ④ to irritating conditions when tired. 11. 어법상 가장 옳지 않은 것은? ① For years, cosmetic companies have been telling women that beauty is a secret to success. ② You can spend an afternoon or an entire day driving on a racetrack in a genuine race car. ③ Although it survived the war, the Jules Rimet trophy was stolen from a display case in England just before the World Cup of 1966. ④ Young children’s capability of recognizing and discussing these issues are important because those who do so have reduced levels of prejudice. 12. 빈칸에 들어갈 문장으로 가장 적절한 것은? What readers most commonly remember about John Stuart Mill’s classic exploration of the liberty of thought and discussion concerns the danger of complacency. In the absence of challenge, one’s opinions, even when they are correct, grow weak and flabby. Yet Mill had another reason for encouraging the liberty of thought and discussion. . Since one’s opinions, even under the best circumstances, tend to embrace only a portion of the truth, and because opinions opposed to one’s own rarely turn out to be completely erroneous, it is crucial to supplement one’s opinions with alternative points of view. ① It is the replication of opinions ② It is the defense of individual liberties ③ It is the danger of partiality and incompleteness ④ It is the constraints on spreading opinions and information 13. 빈칸에 들어갈 가장 적절한 것은? When is high blood pressure dangerous? Medical associations offer widely differing answers. In the USA, for example, patients are seen as hypertensive much sooner than in Germany. A team working with Prof. Karl-Heinz Ladwig of the Technical University of Munich and the Helmholtz Zentrum Müchen has concluded that treating patients sooner does not reduce the risk of deadly heart disease. It could even . ① quickly present patients with a diagnosis ② negatively affect their mental health ③ positively encourage them to adopt a healthier lifestyle ④ significantly help patients with normal blood pressure 영 어(7급) A책형 3/4쪽 14. 글의 흐름상 <보기>의 문장이 들어갈 곳으로 가장 적절한 것은? <보기> One reason Rome flourished as long as it did was that public policy was determined by signs and portents. Many of us believe that the world has been going straight downhill since the fall of the Roman Empire. ( ① ) Rome, founded in 753 B.C., survived as a kingdom, a republic or an empire until about A.D. 476. ( ② ) Any society that can survive 1,229 years must be doing some right. ( ③ ) Nobody ever did anything in ancient Rome without first reporting that he had seen two eagles dueling over a dead goat, or a hailstorm miraculously erupting from the Praetorian Guards favorite fig bowl. ( ④ ) These omens were used to justify everything: invading Thrace, deposing a rival, raising taxes, even divorcing your spouse so you could marry someone younger or richer from Egypt. 15. 글의 내용과 부합하지 않는 것은? House prices have increased by 67 percent since 1990 and by 19 percent since 2006. However, interest rates have decreased during this period. The conventional mortgage rate fell from nearly 13 percent in 1990 to 7 percent in 2006 and is now below 4 percent. The net result is that Canadians have the same average monthly housing costs they’ve had for decades. Mortgage payments relative to disposable income are in line with the average since 1990 and lower than the percentage through much of the 1990s. However, these numbers do not reflect the real affordability problem in Toronto and Vancouver. To understand these markets, policy makers need to differentiate between condominiums and single-family housing. For condominiums in both markets, the monthly mortgage payments on the median house-price relative to median income has been flat since the early 2000s. However, it’s in single-detached houses where we finally see rising monthly housing costs and thus a stronger case for unaffordability. ① House prices were inversely related with interest rates in the mid-2000s. ② Tenants had to make too high mortgage payments for condominiums in 2001. ③ Mortgage rate and interest rates showed a similar tendency in 2006. ④ It can be inferred that policy makers should focus more attention on single-detached houses than on condominiums in policy-making. 16. 글의 내용과 일치하는 것은? In a democratic society, the public needs to have a basic understanding of science, so that it can make informed decisions and not leave them in the hands of experts. At the moment, the public has a rather ambivalent attitude toward science. It has come to expect the steady increase in the standard of living that new developments in science and technology have brought to continue, but it also distrusts science because it does not understand it. This distrust is evident in the cartoon figure of the mad scientist working in his laboratory to produce a Frankenstein. But the public also has a great interest in science, as is shown by the large audiences for science fiction. ① The public needs to understand science to make right informed decisions. ② Scientists are legally responsible for making informed decisions. ③ The ultimate goal of scientists is to improve the standard of living by developing science. ④ The large audiences for science fiction such as Frankenstein show that the public does not understand the science. 17. 글의 흐름상 빈칸에 들어갈 가장 적절한 것은? How are the new networks different? First, they are ( ㉠ ), meaning that all media ―voice, audio, video, or data―are increasingly communicated over a single common network. This offers economies of scope and scale in both capital expenditures and operational costs, and also allows different media to be mixed within common applications. As a result, both technology suppliers and service providers are increasingly in the business of providing telecommunications in all media simultaneously rather than specializing in a ( ㉡ ) type such as voice, video, or data. ㉠ ㉡ ① expanded specific ② integrated particular ③ scrutinized elaborate ④ splitted universal 영 어(7급) A책형 4/4쪽 18. 글의 흐름상 가장 불필요한 것은? ① Solving crimes is one of the most important jobs of law enforcement. Improvements in crime technology help detectives solve crimes faster, and more efficiently, today. ② For example, crime labs have new kinds of DNA testing, which can identify body fluids, such as blood, sweat, and saliva. There are also new kinds of fingerprint testing. ③ In the past, fingerprint testing was only helpful if the fingerprints from the crime scene could be matched with “prints” that were already on file. The fingerprints of convicted criminals are kept on file in police records permanently. ④ The fingerprints also reveal if the person takes medication. People whose fingerprints are not on file cannot be identified in this way, and as a result, many crimes have not been solved. 19. 글의 내용과 일치하지 않는 것은? The British juvenile justice system underwent significant philosophical changes in the early 20th century. Although there were many who clung to older ideas about the benefits of corporal punishment, the view that children who broke the law should be reclaimed and rehabilitated had become the orthodox view by the passing of the 1948 Children Act. This approach drew upon the views of social workers in the slums of British and American cities and of researchers in the new social and medical sciences. Delinquency was seen as part of a social matrix, as resulting from structural inequalities and deficient parenting styles. The solution to the problem of delinquency was seen as lying within the reformation of the structures which caused these inequities. For the more radical magistrates, the answer was not to overhaul society, but to reform the ways in which children were treated by the courts. ① The courts’ better treatment of children could help curb delinquency in some judges’ point of view. ② Social workers were among the proponents of the orthodox view. ③ Deficient parenting styles were considered as one cause of delinquency. ④ The 1948 Children Act accentuated the benefits of corporal punishment. 20. 글의 흐름상 빈칸에 들어갈 표현으로 가장 적절한 것은? One important feature of perceptions is that they are rarely exact copies of the real world. To study how , researchers asked 20 college students who liked rock music and 20 who disliked it to listen to a 10-second sample of rock music. Then, the subjects in each group were asked to adjust the volume of the rock-music sample to match different levels of intensity, ranging from very soft to extremely loud. Researchers reported that subjects who liked rock music consistently set the volume louder than the reference level, while subjects who disliked rock music consistently set the volume lower. ① experience can bias our perceptions ② perceptions can affect musical preferences ③ our perceptions can distort consistent behavior ④ expertises in music can influence performances
스터디 영어-A.pdf 영어-C.pdf 2018 지방직 7급 영어 해설 성정혜.pdf 2018 지방직 7급 영어 해설 문덕.pdf 2018 지방직 7급 영어 해설 조재권.pdf 2018 지방직 7급 영어 해설 공수코.pdf 영 어 A 책형 1 쪽 영 어 문 1. 두 사람의 대화 중 가장 자연스러운 것은? ① A: I'm sorry but count me out tonight. B: That's great. I'll see you tonight then. ② A: Is a tax increase out of the question? B: Yes. There is no question about my promotion. ③ A: Why does she have a long face? B: I don't know. Maybe her computer's broken again. ④ A: I can't come up with a good idea for the project. B: Don't worry. I can't bring it for you. 문 2. 밑줄 친 부분에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? A: We passed the bridge a while ago, so the cabin should be coming up soon. B: Oh, look! There's a sign for Windmill Road. A: Good. How far is it from here? B: It's a mile from the sign. Keep going. A: All right. Look, that must be it. B: That's Brenda's car. They beat us here. A: I'll honk the horn so they know we're here. B: __________________________________________ A: We should have also gotten an earlier start. ① How much farther do we have to go? ② They always try to spend time going camping. ③ I wonder when Brenda will get here. ④ They must've left before dawn to get here this early. 문 3. 우리말을 영어로 잘못 옮긴 것은? ① 대다수의 기관에서 가장 중요한 것은 유능한 관리자들을 두는 것이다. → What matters most in the majority of organizations is having competent managers. ② 많은 진료소들이 치료법을 안내하기 위해 유전자 검사를 이용하고 있다. → Many clinics are using therapy to guide gene tests. ③ 요즘에는 신문들이 광고에서 훨씬 더 적은 돈을 번다. → Nowadays, newspapers make much less money from advertisements. ④ 통화의 가치는 대개 한 국가 경제의 힘을 반영한다. → A currency's value usually reflects the strength of a country's economy. ※ 밑줄 친 부분과 의미가 가장 가까운 것을 고르시오. [문 4. ～문 6.] 문 4. The conditional job offer letters are to be used when there is an offer of employment contingent upon the individual passing a background check before he or she starts work. ① susceptible to ② dependent on ③ obsessed with ④ supportive of 문 5. If these explanations seem too frivolous for the reader, I can only think of one other alternative. ① complex ② polite ③ shallow ④ inclusive 문 6. An enduring impression was left on the mind of Rome by the appalling series of wars with Carthage known as the Punic Wars. ① temporary ② delicate ③ persistent ④ disgraceful 문 7. 밑줄 친 부분 중 어법상 옳지 않은 것은? According to a recent report, three quarters of Airbnb listings in New York City were illegal. It also ①founded that commercial operators―not the middle-class New Yorkers in the ads―were making millions renting spaces exclusively to Airbnb guests. In a letter sent to ②elected officials last week, Airbnb said that most of its local ③ hosts―87 percent―were residents who rented their spaces infrequently "to pay their bills and ④ stay in their homes." 문 8. 어법상 옳은 것은? ① This book is intended for educators, new or veteran, interested in enhancing student understanding and design more effective curricula. ② Darwin knew far less about the various species he collected on the Beagle voyage than do experts in England at the time who classified these organisms for him. ③ A challenge in reading a text is to gain a deep understanding of what the text might mean, despite of the obstacles of one's assumptions and biases. ④ The software developer works to maximize user-friendliness and to reduce bugs that impede results. 문 9. 우리말을 영어로 잘못 옮긴 것은? ① 내일 아침 일찍 저를 반드시 깨워주세요. → Be sure to wake me up early tomorrow morning. ② 사람들은 우리가 파산할 것으로 여겼으나, 우리는 그럭저럭 견뎌 나갔다. → People thought we would go bankrupt, but we managed to get by. ③ 수요가 공급을 초과하면 가격이 오르고 그 반대가 되면 내린다. → Prices go up when demand exceeds supply, and vice versa. ④ 나는 그가 그렇게 유명한 음악가가 되리라고는 전혀 생각하지 못했다. → Hardly did I dream before he became such a famous musician. 문 10. 우리말을 영어로 가장 잘 옮긴 것은? 그는 옷을 모두 입은 채 물속으로 곧장 걸어갔다. ① While putting on all of his clothes, he walked straight into the water. ② On wearing all of his clothes, he walked straight into the water. ③ He walked straight into the water, dressing all of his clothes. ④ He walked straight into the water with all of his clothes on. 영 어 A 책형 2 쪽 문 11. 밑줄 친 부분 중 어법상 옳지 않은 것은? Officials in the UAE, responding to an incident ①which an Emirati tourist was arrested in Ohio, cautioned Sunday that travelers from the Arab country should "refrain from ② wearing the national dress" in public places ③ while visiting the West "to ensure their safety" and said that women should abide by bans ④on face veils in European countries, according to news reports from Dubai. 문 12. 글의 제목으로 가장 적절한 것은? Healing Touch was developed by Janet Mentgen, a nurse who has used energy-based care in her practice in Colorado since 1980. It incorporated techniques and concepts from ancient Asian healing traditions. The National Institutes of Health (NIH) classifies Healing Touch as a "biofield therapy" because its effects are thought to be a result of manipulation of energy fields around the body. NIH considers Healing Touch and other types of energy medicine among the most controversial of complementary and alternative medicine practices because neither the external energy fields nor their therapeutic effects have been demonstrated convincingly by any biophysical means. Nonetheless, NIH notes on its website that energy medicine is gaining popularity in the marketplace and is now being studied at several academic medical centers. Results of those studies are still pending. ① The Asian Roots of Healing Touch ② Energy Medicine: Popular but Unproven ③ Traditional Treatment vs. Modern Medicine ④ How to Manipulate Energy Fields over the Body 문 13. 글의 주제로 가장 적절한 것은? If you've been up with a crying infant all night, or can't seem to reason with your cranky toddler, we have bad news―it isn't all uphill from here. In fact, it may get a bit worse before it gets better, with the ultimate low-point being when your child enters middle school. New research from Arizona State University, published in the journal Developmental Psychology, proves what many parents have feared―and what many of us remember from our own childhoods―middle school is no fun for anyone. Researchers studied more than 2,200 educated mothers and their children―who ranged in age from infants to adults. Researchers studied the mothers' well-being, parenting, and feelings towards their children. They discovered that mothers of middle school children, between 12 and 14 years, were most stressed and depressed, while mothers of infants and adults had much better well-being. ① the rewarding experience of taking care of infants and toddlers ② the tough challenge of parenting middle schoolers ③ the participation in community work by mothers of adolescents ④ the relationship between stress levels and puberty 문 14. 어법상 옳지 않은 것은? ① Because of its perfect cone shape and proximity to the beautiful Albay Gulf, Mount Tarn is a popular tourist attraction. ② Its base is 80 miles wide in circumference, and it stands a dramatic 8,077 feet tall. ③ The volcano locates in the center of Gulf National Park, where many people come to camp and climb. ④ Authorities hope that by issuing early warnings, they will help avoid major destruction and danger. 문 15. 밑줄 친 (A), (B)에 들어갈 가장 적절한 것은? There is a great difference between the cultures of Europe and Asia. Rudyard Kipling, the well-known English author, was struck by this difference and expressed the view that the two can never live together and co-operate as equals. The East stands for spiritualism, and the West for materialism. People of the East care more for the development of the soul than for physical comforts. The Westerners, on the other hand, are worldly minded. They do not care for any future life, but want to enjoy their present life. The Eastern and the Western temperaments are poles apart, too. The Easterners are tolerant and self-sacrificing. They are peace-loving. They do not like to cause any harm to others. As far as possible they like to settle their differences through mutual agreement and compromise. The Westerners, on the contrary, are quarrelsome and aggressive. They cannot tolerate the views of others. They care more for their own good than for the good of others. They are (A) . Until now the East and the West have been kept apart. The Westerners, with their feeling of superiority, came to the East only to rule and to exploit. But now the conditions are changing fast. The East is coming into its own. More and more Westerners are (B) their superiority and meeting the East on terms of equality. (A) (B) ① cooperative maintaining ② cooperative eliminating ③ uncompromising sustaining ④ uncompromising shedding 문 16. 글의 내용과 일치하지 않는 것은? Most students' visual problems are correctable by glasses or other types of corrective lenses. Vision loss is considered a disability only if it is not correctable. It is estimated that approximately 1 out of every 1,000 children has a visual disability. Individuals with such disabilities are usually referred to as blind or visually impaired. It is a misconception to assume that individuals who are legally blind have no sight. More than 80 percent of students who are legally blind can read large- or regular-print books. This implies that many students with vision loss can be taught by means of a modification of usual teaching materials. Classroom teachers should be aware of the signs that indicate that a child is having a vision problem. ① Not every student with vision loss suffers a visual disability. ② Students with vision loss can be taught by modifying class materials. ③ Educators should pay more attention to children with a vision problem in class. ④ A majority of legally blind students can participate in class with the help of corrective lenses. 영 어 A 책형 3 쪽 문 17. 주어진 글 다음에 이어질 글의 순서로 가장 적절한 것은? If someone told you that you were supporting a business that exploits the rights of workers, and even forces children to work long hours every day in a dark room for no pay, you'd probably be very surprised. (A) However, you may be doing exactly that. Large multinational corporations outsource the production of many everyday items such as food, clothes, toys, and electrical products to farms and factories all over the world. (B) They invest a huge amount of money every year on advertising and marketing, trying to convince consumers to buy their products. (C) Yet they spend a lot less on showing where those products came from and the conditions of the workers who made them. ① (A) － (B) － (C) ② (B) － (C) － (A) ③ (C) － (A) － (B) ④ (C) － (B) － (A) 문 18. 주어진 글이 들어갈 위치로 가장 적절한 것은? These were incredibly valuable for Edith to understand the seemingly endless variations that resulted from chemical combinations occurring on a molecular level in the practice of ceramics. Edith was filled with a consuming passion for what she was learning. She converted the basement laundry room below her Filbert Street flat into a ceramic studio. A large gas-fired kiln soon joined the treadle-powered pottery wheel. Getting it into the basement wasn't easy and required the help of several people. ( ① ) They had to slowly lower the heavy furnace down one of the city's steepest streets with a rope before safely maneuvering it into the basement. ( ② ) Edith placed a second, smaller kiln on her kitchen counter. ( ③ ) Here she ran a wide variety of clay and glaze tests. ( ④ ) In the process, she learned that the type of clay she used had a big impact on the aesthetic quality of her ware. 문 19. 밑줄 친 부분에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? The proliferation of expert opinions has ushered in a virtual anarchy of expertise. To follow the news today is to have the surreal understanding that the earth is melting and the earth is cooling; that nuclear power is safe and nuclear power is not safe; that affirmative action works―or wait, no it doesn't. In the era of limitless data, there is always an opportunity to crunch some more numbers, spin them a bit, and prove the opposite. With the widening pool of elaborate studies and arguments on every side of every question, more expert knowledge has, paradoxically, led to ______________. ① less ambiguity ② less clarity ③ more simplicity ④ more intelligibility 문 20. 다음 중 글 전체의 흐름과 가장 부합하지 않는 문장은? Americans have a democratic outlook, a strong belief that all people are entitled to equal opportunity and equal respect. No one is a privileged being, and no one is worthless. ① A person who acts very humble and timid may make his or her American friends uncomfortable. On the other hand, a person who acts as if he or she is the ruler of the world will have trouble keeping any American friends. A polite but assertive manner is what is socially acceptable. ② For instance, it is quite rude to converse with a companion in your native language in front of your American friends. So, no matter what your status in relation to the person you are with, feel free to look directly into his or her eyes and speak your true feelings. You have no obligation to say what the other person wants to hear. ③ Occasionally, it is necessary to tell a white lie and compliment your friend on something you don't really like. But, most of the time, you can express your true opinions, and Americans won't mind at all if you disagree with them. ④ Also, you need not worry much about asking inappropriate questions. Americans enjoy talking about themselves. Your interest in them will be considered good manners as long as you stay away from questions about three subjects that most American adults don't want to discuss―their age, weight, and income.
스터디 영어_7급_A형.pdf 영어_7급_B형.pdf 2018 서울시 7급 영어 해설 손진숙.pdf 2018 서울시 7급 영어 해설 성정혜.pdf 2018 서울시 7급 영어 해설 곽지영.pdf 2018 서울시 7급 영어 해설 문덕.pdf 2018 서울시 7급 영어 해설 공수코.pdf Ⓐ - 4 영 어 ―――――― (1번∼20번) (1번∼20번) (7급) 1. 글의 요지로 가장 옳은 것은? Young people like us use shorthand language a lot. We use it so much in fact, that it often becomes a bad habit. We may even find ourselves using it in more traditional forms of communication, like speaking or writing letters. People should realize that there are circumstances when using shorthand is not always appropriate. Moreover, compared to full language, shorthand is rather inadequate. In order to truly express how we feel, we need to communicate in complete sentences. ① Shorthand language should not be used everywhere. ② Shorthand language will replace full language in the future. ③ Using complete sentences is always recommended for young people. ④ People who use shorthand language should still be able to express their emotions in full language. ※ 빈칸에 들어갈 단어로 가장 옳은 것은? (2~6) 2. Winston Churchill was an inspirational statesman, writer, and leader who led Britain to victory in the Second World War. ① odium ② orator ③ oracle ④ obscurantism 3. When we take more than the recommended dosage of medicine or rely on luck instead of paying the parking meter, we rarely expect negative consequences from our actions. The optimism bias makes us believe we are , that nothing bad will ever happen to us. ① conscientious ② submissive ③ perplexed ④ invincible 4. To be sure, political debates about the meaning of human rights are by no means dead. Affirmative Action, the program designed to past discrimination by reserving places in educational and governmental institutions for minority group members and women, has been attacked both from the left and the right as unfair and damaging to the self-esteem of minorities and women. ① calumniate ② wangle ③ suffuse ④ redress 5. The term ‘subject’ refers to something quite different from the more familiar term ‘individual’. The latter term dates from the Renaissance and presupposes that man is a free, intellectual agent and thinking processes are not coerced by historical or cultural circumstances. ① that ② what ③ which ④ whose 6. I find that is a very powerful way to channel the power of manifesting great things in your life; the energy of is simply too powerful not to create amazing things in your life, especially when you feel the depths of it. Don’t force yourself to be grateful—just take small steps to recognize what is going right, and let a calmer mood set in, slowly. It’s okay to build up to it. ① predisposition ② resentment ③ demeanor ④ gratitude 7. 어법상 (A), (B), (C)에 들어갈 표현으로 가장 옳은 것은? When forecasters predict hurricanes, we can prepare in advance. Modern technology has given us the ability to know when one of these fierce storms is barreling toward the coastline. As the grave storm looms (A)[close/closely], forecasters can often predict the date it (B)[has struck/will strike] land. Most people do not refrain (C)[into/from] following emergency measures, so that they can survive even through severe hurricanes. ① close - has struck - into ② close - will strike - from ③ closely - will strike - from ④ closely - has struck - into 8. 밑줄 친 부분 중 어법상 가장 옳지 않은 것은? No one can really stop growing old; he can only cheat himself for not admitting that he is growing old. ① growing ② can only ③ for ④ that 9. 어법상 가장 옳지 않은 것은? ① Culture shock is the mental shock of adjusting to a new country and a new culture which may be dramatically different from your own. ② A recent study finds that listening to music before and after surgery helps patients cope with related stress. ③ By brushing at least twice a day and flossing daily, you will help minimize the plaque buildup. ④ The existence of consistent rules are important if a teacher wants to run a classroom efficiently. ⒶⒶ - 5 (7급) ※ 글의 흐름상 <보기>의 문장이 들어갈 곳으로 가장 옳은 것은? (10~11) 10. <보기> That possibility was suggested in 1997 after British scientist Jonathan Slack created a headless frog. It would be hard to find any subject more controversial than human cloning. ( ① ) People find it either totally fantastic or totally repugnant. ( ② ) Human cloning holds the promise of cures for what are now incurable diseases, sight for the blind, hearing for the deaf, new organs to replace damaged or worn-out ones. (③) The word cloning also brings to mind the possibility of headless human bodies grown only to be picked apart for their parts. ( ④ ) He was criticized by scientists all around the world who were afraid that it would lead to the creation of headless humans. 11. <보기> I spent two days just riffling uncertainly through the dictionary’s pages. I saw that the best thing I could do was get hold of a dictionary—to study, to learn some words. I was lucky enough to reason also that I should try to improve my penmanship. ( ① ) It was sad. I couldn’t even write in a straight line. ( ② ) It was both ideas together that moved me to request a dictionary along with some tablet and pencils from the Norfolk Prison Colony school. ( ③ ) I’d never realized so many words existed! I didn’t know which words I needed to learn. ( ④ ) Finally, just to start some kind of action, I began copying. 12. 밑줄 친 부분 중 문맥상 가장 어색한 것은? Potatoes are among the earliest vegetables planted in the garden. All varieties can be planted in March or early April. ① Potatoes are started from “seed pieces”. These seed pieces may be small whole potatoes or potatoes that are cut into roughly 2-ounce pieces. ② The genetic patterns of potato distribution indicate that the potato probably originated in the mountainous west-central region of the continent. Plant the pieces soon after cutting. ③ Be sure that there is one good “eye” in each seed piece. Plant seed pieces 10 to 12 inches apart. Cover in a furrow between 1 and 3 inches deep. Space rows 24 to 36 inches apart. ④ This helps to shade the soil and keep it cool in hot weather. Potatoes need cool soil to grow. 13. A와 B의 대화 중 가장 어색한 것은? ① A : Did you hear the exam results? B : They really cut corners when they built an extension. ② A : Tomorrow is the D-day. I am really nervous. B : Break a leg, Sam. I’m sure your performance will be great. ③ A : Why don’t we get this purse? It looks great. B : We can’t afford this purse! It costs an arm and a leg. ④ A : How often do you go to a cinema? B : I only go to the cinema once in a blue moon. ※ 글의 흐름상 빈칸에 들어갈 표현으로 가장 옳은 것은? (14~15) 14. Similarly, although languages differ in their color words, speakers can readily perceive colors that are not named in their language. Grand Valley Dani is a language spoken in New Guinea with only two color words, black and white(dark and light). In experimental studies, speakers of the language were able to learn to recognize the color red, and they did better with fire-engine red than off-red. This would not be possible if their color perceptions were fixed by their language. Our perception of color is determined by the structure of the human eye, . ① not by the structure of language ② with the perception of fire-engine ③ not with speakers of the language ④ with the names of colors 15. In the event of an emergency, local emergency officials may order you to evacuate your premises. In some cases, they may instruct you to shut off the water, gas, and electricity. If you have access to radio or television, listen to newscasts to keep informed and follow whatever the officials order. In other cases, a designated person within your business should be responsible for making the decision to . Protecting the health and safety of everyone in the facility should be the first priority. ① clear away the debris ② protect the facility and property ③ develop an emergency action plan ④ evacuate or shut down operations ⒶⒶ - 6 (7급) 16. 글의 흐름상 빈칸 ㉠, ㉡에 들어갈 표현으로 가장 옳은 것은? Automated cars — once a far-off dream — have in recent years left the realm of science fiction and leapt closer to the American garage. Leading U.S. automakers say that bona fide ㉠ are coming within two decades and they’re fighting to stay competitive, from Ford’s ＄1 billion investment in an artificial-intelligence company earlier this year to Uber’s 2016 purchase of self-driving truck company Otto. These ㉡ promise relief to drivers sick of two-hour commutes and bumper-to-bumper traffic, but they leave open questions for a society shaped for the past century around the automobile. ㉠ ㉡ ① self-destructive driver automakers ② self-driving cars advances ③ advances automakers ④ dreaming self-control ※ 글을 읽고 물음에 답하시오. (17~18) When materials engineer Edgar Zanotto gave a talk at a glass technology conference, he might not have expected that he would spark a heated debate about the nature of ㉠ materials. Despite humans having used glass for around 6000 years, it still seems to defy definition: glass is rigid and breaks like a crystalline solid, but it also flows like a liquid. While this movement is too slow to observe in typical window pane glass, some glasses flow quickly enough to allow measurements. The researchers argue that glass should be classed as a frozen liquid, because its structure is closer to that of its parent supercooled liquid than to the crystalline state. Glasses, like liquids, relax and deform under the action of gravity alone. Solids, on the other hand, deform only under external pressure. 17. 글의 제목으로 가장 옳은 것은? ① Glass can be transformed to crystal ② Glass has a variety of different uses ③ Glass should be redefined as a liquid ④ Glass technology has been remarkably developed 18. ㉠에 들어갈 단어로 가장 옳은 것은? ① acute ② ornate ③ vitreous ④ obdurate ※ 글의 내용과 일치하는 것은? (19~20) 19. The Berlin Games are best remembered for Adolf Hitler’s failed attempt to use them to prove his theories of Aryan racial superiority. As it turned out, the most popular hero of the Games was the African-American sprinter and long jumper Jesse Owens, who won four gold medals in the 100m, 200m, 4×100m relay and long jump. The 1936 Games were the first to be broadcast on television. Twenty-five television viewing rooms were set up in the Greater Berlin area, allowing the locals to follow the Games free of charge. Thirteen-year-old Marjorie Gestring of the US won the gold medal in springboard diving. She remains the youngest female gold medallist in the history of the Summer Olympic Games. Twelve-year-old Inge Sorensen of Denmark earned a bronze medal in the 200m breaststroke, making her the youngest medallist ever in an individual event. Basketball, canoeing and field handball all made their first appearances. The Berlin Games also became the first to introduce the torch relay, in which a lighted torch is carried from Olympia in Greece to the site of the current Games. ① The Berlin Games were the first to be broadcast on television, and television viewing rooms were built in the Greater Berlin region. ② Marjorie Gestring, a Canadian athelete, was the youngest female gold medallist in the history of the Olympic Games. ③ Inge Sorensen of Denmark earned a bronze medal in the 200m breaststroke, which made her the youngest medallist in the history of the Olympic Games. ④ Jesse Owens was a proof that Hitler’s use of the 1936 Games to prove his theories of Aryan racial superiority was attempted. 20. Biosphere 2 is a tightly sealed greenhouse made of glass and steel. It was created in 1991 to help scientists better understand planet Earth, which is referred to as Biosphere 1. Biosphere 2 covers 3.15 acres(1.28 hectares) and is 91 feet(23 meters) tall at its highest point. It is located in the desert north Tucson, Arizona. Biosphere 2 contains five ecosystems that are similar to those on Earth. An ecosystem is a self-sustaining community of living things. The ecosystems include a rain forest with its own tiny mountain, a million-gallon ocean with a coral reef, a desert like the one in Baja, California, a savanna planted with grasses from three continents, and a marsh imported from the Florida Everglades. ① Biosphere 2 is located near Baja, California. ② Biosphere 2 contains more than 5 ecosystems. ③ Biosphere 2 in Arizona helps scientists better understand our planet. ④ Biosphere 2 is a study of a rain forest with its tiny mountain. Ⓐ
스터디 영어_9급_A형.pdf 영어_9급_B형.pdf 2018 서울시 9급 영어 해설 손진숙.pdf 2018 서울시 9급 영어 해설 조재권.pdf 2018 서울시 9급 영어 해설 문덕.pdf 2018 서울시 9급 영어 해설 공수코.pdf 2018 서울시 9급 영어 해설 곽지영.pdf 2018 서울시 9급 영어 해설 성정혜.pdf 2018 서울시 9급 영어 해설 장종재.pdf 2018 서울시 9급 영어 해설 이동기.pdf Ⓐ - 3 영 어 ―――――― (1번∼20번) (1번∼20번) (9급) ※ 밑줄 친 부분과 의미가 가장 가까운 것은? (1~3) 1. Man has continued to be disobedient to authorities who tried to muzzle new thoughts and to the authority of long-established opinions which declared a change to be nonsense. ① express ② assert ③ suppress ④ spread 2. Don’t be pompous. You don’t want your writing to be too informal and colloquial, but you also don’t want to sound like someone you’re not―like your professor or boss, for instance, or the Rhodes scholar teaching assistant. ① presumptuous ② casual ③ formal ④ genuine 3. Surgeons were forced to call it a day because they couldn’t find the right tools for the job. ① initiate ② finish ③ wait ④ cancel 4. 대화 중 가장 어색한 것은? ① A：I’d like to make a reservation for tomorrow, please. B：Certainly. For what time? ② A：Are you ready to order? B：Yes, I’d like the soup, please. ③ A：How’s your risotto? B：Yes, we have risotto with mushroom and cheese. ④ A：Would you like a dessert? B：Not for me, thanks. 5. 밑줄 친 부분 중 어법상 가장 옳지 않은 것은? His survival ① over the years since independence in 1961 does not alter the fact that the discussion of real policy choices in a public manner has hardly ② never occurred. In fact, there have always been ③ a number of important policy issues ④ which Nyerere has had to argue through the NEC. 6. 밑줄 친 부분 중 어법상 가장 옳은 것은? More than 150 people ① have fell ill, mostly in Hong Kong and Vietnam, over the past three weeks. And experts ② are suspected that ③ another 300 people in China’s Guangdong province had the same disease ④ begin in mid-November. 7. 글의 흐름상 빈칸에 들어갈 단어로 가장 옳은 것은? Social learning theorists offer a different explanation for the counter-aggression exhibited by children who experience aggression in the home. An extensive research on aggressive behavior and the coercive family concludes that an aversive consequence may also elicit an aggressive reaction and accelerate ongoing coercive behavior. These victims of aggressive acts eventually learn via modeling to aggressive interchanges. These events perpetuate the use of aggressive acts and train children how to behave as adults. ① stop ② attenuate ③ abhor ④ initiate 8. 밑줄 친 인물(Marcel Mauss)에 대한 설명으로 가장 옳지 않은 것은? Marcel Mauss (1872-1950), French sociologist, was born in Épinal (Vosges) in Lorraine, where he grew up within a close-knit, pious, and orthodox Jewish family. Emile Durkheim was his uncle. By the age of 18 Mauss had reacted against the Jewish faith; he was never a religious man. He studied philosophy under Durkheim’s supervision at Bordeaux; Durkheim took endless trouble in guiding his nephew’s studies and even chose subjects for his own lectures that would be most useful to Mauss. Thus Mauss was initially a philosopher (like most of the early Durkheimians), and his conception of philosophy was influenced above all by Durkheim himself, for whom he always retained the utmost admiration. ① He had a Jewish background. ② He was supervised by his uncle. ③ He had a doctrinaire faith. ④ He was a sociologist with a philosophical background. 9. 글의 문맥에 가장 어울리는 순서대로 배열한 것은? ⓐ Today, however, trees are being cut down far more rapidly. Each year, about 2 million acres of forests are cut down. That is more than equal to the area of the whole of Great Britain. ⓑ There is not enough wood in these countries to satisfy the demand. Wood companies, therefore, have begun taking wood from the forests of Asia, Africa, South America, and even Siberia. ⓒ While there are important reasons for cutting down trees, there are also dangerous consequences for life on earth. A major cause of the present destruction is the worldwide demand for wood. In industrialized countries, people are using more and more wood for paper. ⓓ There is nothing new about people cutting down trees. In ancient times, Greece, Italy, and Great Britain were covered with forests. Over the centuries those forests were gradually cut back. Until now almost nothing is left. ① ⓐ-ⓑ-ⓒ-ⓓ ② ⓓ-ⓐ-ⓑ-ⓒ ③ ⓑ-ⓐ-ⓒ-ⓓ ④ ⓓ-ⓐ-ⓒ-ⓑ ⒶⒶ - 4 (9급) 10. 글의 흐름상 빈칸에 들어갈 표현으로 가장 옳은 것은? Contemporary art has in fact become an integral part of today’s middle class society. Even works of art which are fresh from the studio are met with enthusiasm. They receive recognition rather quickly―too quickly for the taste of the surlier culture critics. , not all works of them are bought immediately, but there is undoubtedly an increasing number of people who enjoy buying brand new works of art. Instead of fast and expensive cars, they buy the paintings, sculptures and photographic works of young artists. They know that contemporary art also adds to their social prestige. , since art is not exposed to the same wear and tear as automobiles, it is a far better investment. ① Of course - Furthermore ② Therefore - On the other hand ③ Therefore - For instance ④ Of course - For example 11. 밑줄 친 부분과 의미가 가장 먼 것은? As a prerequisite for fertilization, pollination is essential to the production of fruit and seed crops and plays an important part in programs designed to improve plants by breeding. ① crucial ② indispensable ③ requisite ④ omnipresent 12. 글의 흐름상 빈칸에 들어갈 단어로 가장 옳은 것은? Mr. Johnson objected to the proposal because it was founded on a principle and also was at times. ① faulty - desirable ② imperative - reasonable ③ conforming - deplorable ④ wrong - inconvenient ※ 밑줄 친 부분 중 어법상 가장 옳지 않은 것은? (13~14) 13. I’m ① pleased that I have enough clothes with me. American men are generally bigger than Japanese men so ② it’s very difficult to find clothes in Chicago that ③ fits me. ④ What is a medium size in Japan is a small size here. 14. Blue Planet II, a nature documentary ① produced by the BBC, left viewers ② heartbroken after showing the extent ③ to which plastic ④ affects on the ocean. 15. 글의 흐름상 빈칸에 들어갈 가장 적절한 문장은? What became clear by the 1980s, however, as preparations were made for the ‘Quincentenary Jubilee’, was that many Americans found it hard, if not impossible, to see the anniversary as a ‘jubilee’. There was nothing to celebrate the legacy of Columbus. ① According to many of his critics, Columbus had been the harbinger not of progress and civilization, but of slavery and the reckless exploitation of the environment. ② The Chicago World’s Fair of 1893 reinforced the narrative link between discovery and the power of progress of the United States. ③ This reversal of the nineteenth-century myth of Columbus is revealing. ④ Columbus thus became integrated into Manifest Destiny, the belief that America’s progress was divinely ordained. 16. 글의 흐름상 빈칸에 들어갈 단어로 가장 옳지 않은 것은? Following his father’s imprisonment, Charles Dickens was forced to leave school to work at a boot-blacking factory alongside the River Thames. At the run-down, rodent-ridden factory, Dickens earned six shillings a week labeling pots of “blacking,” a substance used to clean fireplaces. It was the best he could do to help support his family. Looking back on the experience, Dickens saw it as the moment he said goodbye to his youthful innocence, stating that he wondered “how he could be so easily cast away at such a young age.” He felt by the adults who were supposed to take care of him. ① abandoned ② betrayed ③ buttressed ④ disregarded 17. 글의 내용과 일치하는 것은? A family hoping to adopt a child must first select an adoption agency. In the United States, there are two kinds of agencies that assist with adoption. Public agencies generally handle older children, children with mental or physical disabilities, or children who may have been abused or neglected. Prospective parents are not usually expected to pay fees when adopting a child from a public agency. Fostering, or a form of temporary adoption, is also possible through public agencies. Private agencies can be found on the Internet. They handle domestic and international adoption. ① Public adoption agencies are better than private ones. ② Parents pay huge fees to adopt a child from a foster home. ③ Children in need cannot be adopted through public agencies. ④ Private agencies can be contacted for international adoption. ⒶⒶ - 5 (9급) 18. 글의 흐름상 빈칸에 들어갈 단어로 가장 옳은 것은? Moths and butterflies both belong to the order Lepidoptera, but there are numerous physical and behavioral differences between the two insect types. On the behavioral side, moths are and butterflies are diurnal (active during the day). While at rest, butterflies usually fold their wings back, while moths flatten their wings against their bodies or spread them out in a “jet plane” position. ① nocturnal ② rational ③ eternal ④ semi-circular 19. 글의 흐름상 빈칸에 들어갈 표현으로 가장 옳은 것은? The idea of clowns frightening people started gaining strength in the United States. In South Carolina, for example, people reported seeing individuals wearing clown costumes, often hiding in the woods or in cities at night. Some people said that the clowns were trying to lure children into empty homes or the woods. Soon, there were reports of threatening-looking clowns trying to frighten both children and adults. Although there were usually no reports of violence, and many of the reported sightings were later found to be false, this . ① benefited the circus industry ② promoted the use of clowns in ads ③ caused a nationwide panic ④ formed the perfect image of a happy clown 20. 글의 내용과 가장 부합하는 속담은? It is one thing to believe that our system of democracy is the best, and quite another to impose it on other countries. This is a blatant breach of the UN policy of non-intervention in the domestic affairs of independent nations. Just as Western citizens fought for their political institutions, we should trust the citizens of other nations to do likewise if they wish to. Democracy is also not an absolute term ― Napoleon used elections and referenda to legitimize his hold on power, as do leaders today in West Africa and Southeast Asia. States with partial democracy are often more aggressive than totally unelected dictatorships which are too concerned with maintaining order at home. The differing types of democracy make it impossible to choose which standards to impose. The U.S. and European countries all differ in terms of restraints on government and the balance between consensus and confrontation. ① The grass is always greener on the other side of the fence. ② One man’s food is another’s poison. ③ There is no rule but has exceptions. ④ When in Rome, do as the Romans do. ⒶⒶ - 6 이 면은 여백입니다.
스터디 영어-B.pdf 영어-D.pdf 2018 지방직 9급 영어 해설 손진숙.pdf 2018 지방직 9급 영어 해설 영스파.pdf 2018 지방직 9급 영어 해설 이동기.pdf 2018 지방직 9급 영어 해설 정수현.hwp 2018 지방직 9급 영어 해설 문덕.pdf 2018 지방직 9급 영어 해설 이충권.pdf 2018 지방직 9급 영어 해설 장종재.pdf 2018 지방직 9급 영어 해설 공수코.pdf 2018 지방직 9급 영어 해설 이현아.pdf 2018 지방직 9급 영어 해설 성정혜.pdf 2018 지방직 9급 영어 해설 오동훈.pdf 2018 지방직 9급 영어 해설 한덕현.pdf 2018 지방직 9급 영어 해설 박철우.pdf 2018 지방직 9급 영어 해설 김범재.pdf 2018 지방직 9급 영어 해설 최호철.pdf 2018 지방직 9급 영어 해설 김재운.pdf 영 어 B 책형 1 쪽 영 어 ※ 밑줄 친 부분의 의미와 가장 가까운 것을 고르시오. [문 1. ～문 2.] 문 1. The paramount duty of the physician is to do no harm. Everything else ―even healing ―must take second place. ① chief ② sworn ③ successful ④ mysterious 문 2. It is not unusual that people get cold feet about taking a trip to the North Pole. ① become ambitious ② become afraid ③ feel exhausted ④ feel saddened 문 3. 밑줄 친 부분 중 어법상 옳지 않은 것은? I am writing in response to your request for a reference for Mrs. Ferrer. She has worked as my secretary ① for the last three years and has been an excellent employee. I believe that she meets all the requirements ② mentioned in your job description and indeed exceeds them in many ways. I have never had reason ③to doubt her complete integrity. I would, therefore, recommend Mrs. Ferrer for the post ④ what you advertise. 문 4. 우리말을 영어로 잘못 옮긴 것은? ① 모든 정보는 거짓이었다. → All of the information was false. ② 토마스는 더 일찍 사과했어야 했다. → Thomas should have apologized earlier. ③ 우리가 도착했을 때 영화는 이미 시작했었다. → The movie had already started when we arrived. ④ 바깥 날씨가 추웠기 때문에 나는 차를 마시려 물을 끓였다. → Being cold outside, I boiled some water to have tea. 문 5. 밑줄 친 부분의 의미와 가장 가까운 것은? The student who finds the state-of-the-art approach intimidating learns less than he or she might have learned by the old methods. ① humorous ② friendly ③ convenient ④ frightening 문 6. 밑줄 친 부분에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? Since the air-conditioners are being repaired now, the office workers have to _______________ electric fans for the day. ① get rid of ② let go of ③ make do with ④ break up with 문 7. 어법상 옳은 것은? ① Please contact to me at the email address I gave you last week. ② Were it not for water, all living creatures on earth would be extinct. ③ The laptop allows people who is away from their offices to continue to work. ④ The more they attempted to explain their mistakes, the worst their story sounded. 문 8. 우리말을 영어로 옳게 옮긴 것은? ① 그는 며칠 전에 친구를 배웅하기 위해 역으로 갔다. → He went to the station a few days ago to see off his friend. ② 버릇없는 그 소년은 아버지가 부르는 것을 못 들은 체했다. → The spoiled boy made it believe he didn't hear his father calling. ③ 나는 버팔로에 가본 적이 없어서 그곳에 가기를 고대하고 있다. → I have never been to Buffalo, so I am looking forward to go there. ④ 나는 아직 오늘 신문을 못 읽었어. 뭐 재미있는 것 있니? → I have not read today's newspaper yet. Is there anything interested in it? 문 9. 다음 글의 흐름상 가장 어색한 문장은? The Renaissance kitchen had a definite hierarchy of help who worked together to produce the elaborate banquets. ① At the top, as we have seen, was the scalco, or steward, who was in charge of not only the kitchen, but also the dining room. ②The dining room was supervised by the butler, who was in charge of the silverware and linen and also served the dishes that began and ended the banquet ― the cold dishes, salads, cheeses, and fruit at the beginning and the sweets and confections at the end of the meal. ③This elaborate decoration and serving was what in restaurants is called "the front of the house." ④ The kitchen was supervised by the head cook, who directed the undercooks, pastry cooks, and kitchen help. 문 10. 다음 글의 요지로 가장 적절한 것은? My students often believe that if they simply meet more important people, their work will improve. But it's remarkably hard to engage with those people unless you've already put something valuable out into the world. That's what piques the curiosity of advisers and sponsors. Achievements show you have something to give, not just something to take. In life, it certainly helps to know the right people. But how hard they go to bat for you, how far they stick their necks out for you, depends on what you have to offer. Building a powerful network doesn't require you to be an expert at networking. It just requires you to be an expert at something. If you make great connections, they might advance your career. If you do great work, those connections will be easier to make. Let your insights and your outputs ― not your business cards ― do the talking. ① Sponsorship is necessary for a successful career. ② Building a good network starts from your accomplishments. ③ A powerful network is a prerequisite for your achievement. ④ Your insights and outputs grow as you become an expert at networking. 영 어 B 책형 2 쪽 문 11. 밑줄 친 부분에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? A: My computer just shut down for no reason. I can't even turn it back on again. B: Did you try charging it? It might just be out of battery. A: Of course, I tried charging it. B: __________________________________________________ A: I should do that, but I'm so lazy. ① I don't know how to fix your computer. ② Try visiting the nearest service center then. ③ Well, stop thinking about your problems and go to sleep. ④ My brother will try to fix your computer because he's a technician. 문 12. 다음 글에 나타난 화자의 심경으로 가장 적절한 것은? My face turned white as a sheet. I looked at my watch. The tests would be almost over by now. I arrived at the testing center in an absolute panic. I tried to tell my story, but my sentences and descriptive gestures got so confused that I communicated nothing more than a very convincing version of a human tornado. In an effort to curb my distracting explanation, the proctor led me to an empty seat and put a test booklet in front of me. He looked doubtfully from me to the clock, and then he walked away. I tried desperately to make up for lost time, scrambling madly through analogies and sentence completions. "Fifteen minutes remain," the voice of doom declared from the front of the classroom. Algebraic equations, arithmetic calculations, geometric diagrams swam before my eyes. "Time! Pencils down, please." ① nervous and worried ② excited and cheerful ③ calm and determined ④ safe and relaxed 문 13. 주어진 문장 다음에 이어질 글의 순서로 가장 적절한 것은? Devices that monitor and track your health are becoming more popular among all age populations. (A) For example, falls are a leading cause of death for adults 65 and older. Fall alerts are a popular gerotechnology that has been around for many years but have now improved. (B) However, for seniors aging in place, especially those without a caretaker in the home, these technologies can be lifesaving. (C) This simple technology can automatically alert 911 or a close family member the moment a senior has fallen. ※ gerotechnology: 노인을 위한 양로 기술 ① (B) － (C) － (A) ② (B) － (A) － (C) ③ (C) － (A) － (B) ④ (C) － (B) － (A) ※ 밑줄 친 부분에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것을 고르시오. [문 14. ∼문 15.] 문 14. A: Where do you want to go for our honeymoon? B: Let's go to a place that neither of us has been to. A: Then, why don't we go to Hawaii? B: _____________________________________ ① I've always wanted to go there. ② Isn't Korea a great place to live? ③ Great! My last trip there was amazing! ④ Oh, you must've been to Hawaii already. 문 15. The secret of successful people is usually that they are able to concentrate totally on one thing. Even if they have a lot in their head, they have found a method that the many commitments don't impede each other, but instead they are brought into a good inner order. And this order is quite simple: _________________________. In theory, it seems to be quite clear, but in everyday life it seems rather different. You might have tried to decide on priorities, but you have failed because of everyday trivial matters and all the unforeseen distractions. Separate off disturbances, for example, by escaping into another office, and not allowing any distractions to get in the way. When you concentrate on the one task of your priorities, you will find you have energy that you didn't even know you had. ① the sooner, the better ② better late than never ③ out of sight, out of mind ④ the most important thing first 문 16. 다음 글의 제목으로 가장 적절한 것은? With the help of the scientist, the commercial fishing industry has found out that its fishing must be done scientifically if it is to be continued. With no fishing pressure on a fish population, the number of fish will reach a predictable level of abundance and stay there. The only fluctuation would be due to natural environmental factors, such as availability of food, proper temperature, and the like. If a fishery is developed to take these fish, their population can be maintained if the fishing harvest is small. The mackerel of the North Sea is a good example. If we increase the fishery and take more fish each year, we must be careful not to reduce the population below the ideal point where it can replace all of the fish we take out each year. If we fish at this level, called the maximum sustainable yield, we can maintain the greatest possible yield, year after year. If we catch too many, the number of fish will decrease each year until we fish ourselves out of a job. Examples of severely overfished animals are the blue whale of the Antarctic and the halibut of the North Atlantic. Fishing just the correct amount to maintain a maximum annual yield is both a science and an art. Research is constantly being done to help us better understand the fish population and how to utilize it to the maximum without depleting the population. ① Say No to Commercial Fishing ② Sea Farming Seen As a Fishy Business ③ Why Does the Fishing Industry Need Science? ④ Overfished Animals: Cases of Illegal Fishing 영 어 B 책형 3 쪽 문 17. 밑줄 친 (A), (B)에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? Does terrorism ever work? 9/11 was an enormous tactical success for al Qaeda, partly because it involved attacks that took place in the media capital of the world and the actual capital of the United States, (A) ensuring the widest possible coverage of the event. If terrorism is a form of theater where you want a lot of people watching, no event in human history was likely ever seen by a larger global audience than the 9/11 attacks. At the time, there was much discussion about how 9/11 was like the attack on Pearl Harbor. They were indeed similar since they were both surprise attacks that drew America into significant wars. But they were also similar in another sense. Pearl Harbor was a great tactical success for Imperial Japan, but it led to a great strategic failure: Within four years of Pearl Harbor the Japanese empire lay in ruins, utterly defeated. (B) , 9/11 was a great tactical success for al Qaeda, but it also turned out to be a great strategic failure for Osama bin Laden. (A) (B) ① thereby Similarly ② while Therefore ③ while Fortunately ④ thereby On the contrary 문 18. 다음 글의 내용과 일치하지 않는 것은? We entered a new phase as a species when Chinese scientists altered a human embryo to remove a potentially fatal blood disorder ― not only from the baby, but all of its descendants. Researchers call this process "germline modification." The media likes the phrase "designer babies." But we should call it what it is, "eugenics." And we, the human race, need to decide whether or not we want to use it. Last month, in the United States, the scientific establishment weighed in. A National Academy of Sciences and National Academy of Medicine joint committee endorsed embryo editing aimed at genes that cause serious diseases when there is "no reasonable alternative." But it was more wary of editing for "enhancement," like making already-healthy children stronger or taller. It recommended a public discussion, and said that doctors should "not proceed at this time." The committee had good reason to urge caution. The history of eugenics is full of oppression and misery. ※ eugenics: 우생학 ① Doctors were recommended to immediately go ahead with embryo editing for enhancement. ② Recently, the scientific establishment in the U.S. joined a discussion on eugenics. ③ Chinese scientists modified a human embryo to prevent a serious blood disorder. ④ "Designer babies" is another term for the germline modification process. 문 19. 주어진 문장이 들어갈 위치로 가장 적절한 것은? If neither surrendered, the two exchanged blows until one was knocked out. The ancient Olympics provided athletes an opportunity to prove their fitness and superiority, just like our modern games. ( ① ) The ancient Olympic events were designed to eliminate the weak and glorify the strong. Winners were pushed to the brink. ( ② ) Just as in modern times, people loved extreme sports. One of the favorite events was added in the 33rd Olympiad. This was the pankration, or an extreme mix of wrestling and boxing. The Greek word pankration means "total power." The men wore leather straps with metal studs, which could make a terrible mess of their opponents. ( ③ ) This dangerous form of wrestling had no time or weight limits. In this event, only two rules applied. First, wrestlers were not allowed to gouge eyes with their thumbs. Secondly, they could not bite. Anything else was considered fair play. The contest was decided in the same manner as a boxing match. Contenders continued until one of the two collapsed. ( ④ ) Only the strongest and most determined athletes attempted this event. Imagine wrestling "Mr. Fingertips," who earned his nickname by breaking his opponents' fingers! 문 20. 밑줄 친 부분에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? In our time it is not only the law of the market which has its own life and rules over man, but also the development of science and technique. For a number of reasons, the problems and organization of science today are such that a scientist does not choose his problems; the problems force themselves upon the scientist. He solves one problem, and the result is not that he is more secure or certain, but that ten other new problems open up in place of the single solved one. They force him to solve them; he has to go ahead at an ever-quickening pace. The same holds true for industrial techniques. The pace of science forces the pace of technique. Theoretical physics forces atomic energy on us; the successful production of the fission bomb forces upon us the manufacture of the hydrogen bomb. We do not choose our problems, we do not choose our products; we are pushed, we are forced ― by what? By a system which has no purpose and goal transcending it, and which ________________________________________. ① makes man its appendix ② creates a false sense of security ③ inspires man with creative challenges ④ empowers scientists to control the market laws
스터디 영어-가.pdf 영어-다.pdf 2018 국가직 9급 영어 해설 조만구.pdf 2018 국가직 9급 영어 해설 영스파.pdf 2018 국가직 9급 영어 해설 손진숙.pdf 2018 국가직 9급 영어 해설 정수현.pdf 2018 국가직 9급 영어 해설 이충권.pdf 2018 국가직 9급 영어 해설 이동기.pdf 2018 국가직 9급 영어 해설 문덕.pdf 2018 국가직 9급 영어 해설 조태정.pdf 2018 국가직 9급 영어 해설 이현아.pdf 2018 국가직 9급 영어 해설 성정혜.pdf 2018 국가직 9급 영어 해설 오동훈.pdf 2018 국가직 9급 영어 해설 한덕현.pdf 2018 국가직 9급 영어 해설 윤광덕.pdf 2018 국가직 9급 영어 해설 조재권.pdf 2018 국가직 9급 영어 해설 박철우.pdf 2018 국가직 9급 영어 해설 김범재.pdf 2018 국가직 9급 영어 해설 김재운.pdf 2018 국가직 9급 영어 해설 김지영.pdf 2018 국가직 9급 영어 해설 김영국.pdf 2018 국가직 9급 영어 해설 공수코.pdf 영 어 가 책형 1 쪽 영 어 ※ 밑줄 친 부분에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것을 고르시오. [문 1. ～문 2.] 문 1. A: Can I ask you for a favor? B: Yes, what is it? A: I need to get to the airport for my business trip, but my car won't start. Can you give me a lift? B: Sure. When do you need to be there by? A: I have to be there no later than 6 : 00. B: It's 4 : 30 now. _________________________________. We'll have to leave right away. ① That's cutting it close ② I took my eye off the ball ③ All that glitters is not gold ④ It's water under the bridge 문 2. Fear of loss is a basic part of being human. To the brain, loss is a threat and we naturally take measures to avoid it. We cannot, however, avoid it indefinitely. One way to face loss is with the perspective of a stock trader. Traders accept the possibility of loss as part of the game, not the end of the game. What guides this thinking is a portfolio approach; wins and losses will both happen, but it's the overall portfolio of outcomes that matters most. When you embrace a portfolio approach, you will be __________________________________________________ because you know that they are small parts of a much bigger picture. ① less inclined to dwell on individual losses ② less interested in your investments ③ more averse to the losses ④ more sensitive to fluctuations in the stock market 문 3. 다음 글의 제목으로 가장 적절한 것은? Over the last years of traveling, I've observed how much we humans live in the past. The past is around us constantly, considering that, the minute something is manifested, it is the past. Our surroundings, our homes, our environments, our architecture, our products are all past constructs. We should live with what is part of our time, part of our collective consciousness, those things that were produced during our lives. Of course, we do not have the choice or control to have everything around us relevant or conceived during our time, but what we do have control of should be a reflection of the time in which we exist and communicate the present. The present is all we have, and the more we are surrounded by it, the more we are aware of our own presence and participation. ① Travel: Tracing the Legacies of the Past ② Reflect on the Time That Surrounds You Now ③ Manifestation of a Hidden Life ④ Architecture of a Futuristic Life 문 4. 밑줄 친 부분 중 어법상 옳지 않은 것은? It would be difficult ①to imagine life without the beauty and richness of forests. But scientists warn we cannot take our forest for ② granted. By some estimates, deforestation ③has been resulted in the loss of as much as eighty percent of the natural forests of the world. Currently, deforestation is a global problem, ④ affecting wilderness regions such as the temperate rainforests of the Pacific. 문 5. 밑줄 친 부분의 의미와 가장 가까운 것은? Robert J. Flaherty, a legendary documentary filmmaker, tried to show how indigenous people gathered food. ① native ② ravenous ③ impoverished ④ itinerant 문 6. 밑줄 친 부분에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? Listening to music is ______________ being a rock star. Anyone can listen to music, but it takes talent to become a musician. ① on a par with ② a far cry from ③ contingent upon ④ a prelude to 문 7. 다음 글의 흐름상 가장 어색한 문장은? Biologists have identified a gene that will allow rice plants to survive being submerged in water for up to two weeks ―over a week longer than at present. Plants under water for longer than a week are deprived of oxygen and wither and perish. ① The scientists hope their discovery will prolong the harvests of crops in regions that are susceptible to flooding. ②Rice growers in these flood-prone areas of Asia lose an estimated one billion dollars annually to excessively waterlogged rice paddies. ③They hope the new gene will lead to a hardier rice strain that will reduce the financial damage incurred in typhoon and monsoon seasons and lead to bumper harvests. ④ This is dreadful news for people in these vulnerable regions, who are victims of urbanization and have a shortage of crops. Rice yields must increase by 30 percent over the next 20 years to ensure a billion people can receive their staple diet. 문 8. 밑줄 친 부분에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? A: Do you know how to drive? B: Of course. I'm a great driver. A: Could you teach me how to drive? B: Do you have a learner's permit? A: Yes, I got it just last week. B: Have you been behind the steering wheel yet? A: No, but I can't wait to _____________________. ① take a rain check ② get my feet wet ③ get an oil change ④ change a flat tire 영 어 가 책형 2 쪽 문 9. 다음 글의 내용과 일치하는 것은? Sharks are covered in scales made from the same material as teeth. These flexible scales protect the shark and help it swim quickly in water. A shark can move the scales as it swims. This movement helps reduce the water's drag. Amy Lang, an aerospace engineer at the University of Alabama, studies the scales on the shortfin mako, a relative of the great white shark. Lang and her team discovered that the mako shark's scales differ in size and in flexibility in different parts of its body. For instance, the scales on the sides of the body are tapered ―wide at one end and narrow at the other end. Because they are tapered, these scales move very easily. They can turn up or flatten to adjust to the flow of water around the shark and to reduce drag. Lang feels that shark scales can inspire designs for machines that experience drag, such as airplanes. ① A shark has scales that always remain immobile to protect itself as it swims. ② Lang revealed that the scales of a mako shark are utilized to lessen drag in water. ③ A mako shark has scales of identical size all over its body. ④ The scientific designs of airplanes were inspired by shark scales. 문 10. 밑줄 친 부분 중 어법상 옳지 않은 것은? Focus means ① getting stuff done. A lot of people have great ideas but don't act on them. For me, the definition of an entrepreneur, for instance, is someone who can combine innovation and ingenuity with the ability to execute that new idea. Some people think that the central dichotomy in life is whether you're positive or negative about the issues ② that interest or concern you. There's a lot of attention ③ paying to this question of whether it's better to have an optimistic or pessimistic lens. I think the better question to ask is whether you are going to do something about it or just ④ let life pass you by. 문 11. 밑줄 친 부분 중 글의 흐름상 가장 어색한 것은? Most people like to talk, but few people like to listen, yet listening well is a ① rare talent that everyone should treasure. Because they hear more, good listeners tend to know more and to be more sensitive to what is going on around them than most people. In addition, good listeners are inclined to accept or tolerate rather than to judge and criticize. Therefore, they have ②fewer enemies than most people. In fact, they are probably the most beloved of people. However, there are ③exceptions to that generality. For example, John Steinbeck is said to have been an excellent listener, yet he was hated by some of the people he wrote about. No doubt his ability to listen contributed to his capacity to write. Nevertheless, the result of his listening didn't make him ④ unpopular. 문 12. 다음 글의 주제로 가장 적절한 것은? Worry is like a rocking horse. No matter how fast you go, you never move anywhere. Worry is a complete waste of time and creates so much clutter in your mind that you cannot think clearly about anything. The way to learn to stop worrying is by first understanding that you energize whatever you focus your attention on. Therefore, the more you allow yourself to worry, the more likely things are to go wrong! Worrying becomes such an ingrained habit that to avoid it you consciously have to train yourself to do otherwise. Whenever you catch yourself having a fit of worry, stop and change your thoughts. Focus your mind more productively on what you do want to happen and dwell on what's already wonderful in your life so more wonderful stuff will come your way. ① What effects does worry have on life? ② Where does worry originate from? ③ When should we worry? ④ How do we cope with worrying? 문 13. 다음 글의 내용과 일치하지 않는 것은? Students at Macaulay Honors College (MHC) don't stress about the high price of tuition. That's because theirs is free. At Macaulay and a handful of other service academies, work colleges, single-subject schools and conservatories, 100 percent of the student body receive a full tuition scholarship for all four years. Macaulay students also receive a laptop and $7,500 in "opportunities funds" to pursue research, service experiences, study abroad programs and internships. "The most important thing is not the free tuition, but the freedom of studying without the burden of debt on your back," says Ann Kirschner, university dean of Macaulay Honors College. The debt burden, she says, "really compromises decisions students make in college, and we are giving them the opportunity to be free of that." Schools that grant free tuition to all students are rare, but a greater number of institutions provide scholarships to enrollees with high grades. Institutions such as Indiana University Bloomington offer automatic awards to high-performing students with stellar GPAs and class ranks. ① MHC에서는 모든 학생이 4년간 수업료를 내지 않는다. ② MHC에서는 학생들에게 컴퓨터 구입 비용과 교외활동 비용을 합하여 $7,500를 지급한다. ③ 수업료로 인한 빚 부담이 있으면 학생들이 자유롭게 공부할 수 없다고 Kirschner 학장은 말한다. ④ MHC와 달리 학업 우수자에게만 장학금을 주는 대학도 있다. ※ 밑줄 친 부분의 의미와 가장 가까운 것을 고르시오. [문 14. ～ 문 15.] 문 14. The police spent seven months working on the crime case but were never able to determine the identity of the malefactor. ① culprit ② dilettante ③ pariah ④ demagogue 영 어 가 책형 3 쪽 문 15. While at first glance it seems that his friends are just leeches, they prove to be the ones he can depend on through thick and thin. ① in no time ② from time to time ③ in pleasant times ④ in good times and bad times 문 16. 주어진 문장이 들어갈 위치로 가장 적절한 것은? Some remain intensely proud of their original accent and dialect words, phrases and gestures, while others accommodate rapidly to a new environment by changing their speech habits, so that they no longer "stand out in the crowd." Our perceptions and production of speech change with time. ( ① ) If we were to leave our native place for an extended period, our perception that the new accents around us were strange would only be temporary. ( ② ) Gradually, we will lose the sense that others have an accent and we will begin to fit in ―to accommodate our speech patterns to the new norm. ( ③ ) Not all people do this to the same degree. ( ④ ) Whether they do this consciously or not is open to debate and may differ from individual to individual, but like most processes that have to do with language, the change probably happens before we are aware of it and probably couldn't happen if we were. 문 17. 다음 글의 내용과 일치하지 않는 것은? Insomnia can be classified as transient, acute, or chronic. Transient insomnia lasts for less than a week. It can be caused by another disorder, by changes in the sleep environment, by the timing of sleep, severe depression, or by stress. Its consequences such as sleepiness and impaired psychomotor performance are similar to those of sleep deprivation. Acute insomnia is the inability to consistently sleep well for a period of less than a month. Acute insomnia is present when there is difficulty initiating or maintaining sleep or when the sleep that is obtained is not refreshing. These problems occur despite adequate opportunity and circumstances for sleep and they can impair daytime functioning. Acute insomnia is also known as short term insomnia or stress related insomnia. Chronic insomnia lasts for longer than a month. It can be caused by another disorder, or it can be a primary disorder. People with high levels of stress hormones or shifts in the levels of cytokines are more likely than others to have chronic insomnia. Its effects can vary according to its causes. They might include muscular weariness, hallucinations, and/or mental fatigue. Chronic insomnia can also cause double vision. ※ cytokines: groups of molecules released by certain cells of the immune system ① Insomnia can be classified according to its duration. ② Transient insomnia occurs solely due to an inadequate sleep environment. ③ Acute insomnia is generally known to be related to stress. ④ Chronic insomnia patients may suffer from hallucinations. 문 18. 밑줄 친 부분에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? Kisha Padbhan, founder of Everonn Education, in Mumbai, looks at his business as nation-building. India's student-age population of 230 million (kindergarten to college) is one of the largest in the world. The government spends $83 billion on instruction, but there are serious gaps. "There aren't enough teachers and enough teacher-training institutes," says Kisha. "What children in remote parts of India lack is access to good teachers and exposure to good-quality content." Everonn's solution? The company uses a satellite network, with two-way video and audio __________________________________________________. It reaches 1,800 colleges and 7,800 schools across 24 of India's 28 states. It offers everything from digitized school lessons to entrance exam prep for aspiring engineers and has training for job-seekers, too. ① to improve the quality of teacher training facilities ② to bridge the gap through virtual classrooms ③ to get students familiarized with digital technology ④ to locate qualified instructors across the nation 문 19. 주어진 문장 다음에 이어질 글의 순서로 가장 적절한 것은? A technique that enables an individual to gain some voluntary control over autonomic, or involuntary, body functions by observing electronic measurements of those functions is known as biofeedback. (A) When such a variable moves in the desired direction (for example, blood pressure down), it triggers visual or audible displays ― feedback on equipment such as television sets, gauges, or lights. (B) Electronic sensors are attached to various parts of the body to measure such variables as heart rate, blood pressure, and skin temperature. (C) Biofeedback training teaches one to produce a desired response by reproducing thought patterns or actions that triggered the displays. ① (A) － (B) － (C) ② (B) － (C) － (A) ③ (B) － (A) － (C) ④ (C) － (A) － (B) 문 20. 우리말을 영어로 잘못 옮긴 것은? ① 그 연사는 자기 생각을 청중에게 전달하는 데 능숙하지 않았다. → The speaker was not good at getting his ideas across to the audience. ② 서울의 교통 체증은 세계 어느 도시보다 심각하다. → The traffic jams in Seoul are more serious than those in any other city in the world. ③ 네가 말하고 있는 사람과 시선을 마주치는 것은 서양 국가에서 중요하다. → Making eye contact with the person you are speaking to is important in western countries. ④ 그는 사람들이 생각했던 만큼 인색하지 않았다는 것이 드러났다. → It turns out that he was not so stingier as he was thought to be.
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Peasants in China and old ladies in southern Europe, for instance, traditionally wear black, and the Tuareg, the nomadic people of Sahara, favor indigo blue. These clothes are effective because there are two thermal ( ㉡ ) happening at once. Heat is coming downwards from the sun but it is also going outwards from the body. Though light clothes are better at reflecting the sun’s heat, dark clothes are better at radiating the body’s heat. Given that no one born in a hot climate willingly stands in direct sunlight, the dark clothing has the ( ㉢ ) because it keeps you cooler when you’re in the shade. ① ㉠ warmer ㉡ programs ㉢ edge ② ㉠ cooler ㉡ processes ㉢ advantage ③ ㉠ warmer ㉡ products ㉢ advance ④ ㉠ cooler ㉡ progress ㉢ defect 5. 다음 ㉠, ㉡에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? · The game industry must ( ㉠ ) to changing conditions in the marketplace. · A tree provides homes for many creatures, all of ( ㉡ ) also use it for food. ① ㉠ adopt ㉡ which ② ㉠ adapt ㉡ which ③ ㉠ adopt ㉡ them ④ ㉠ adapt ㉡ them 6. 다음 문장에서 어법상 가장 적절하지 않은 것은? The people ㉠were stunned into ㉡silent as they slowly began ㉢to realize ㉣what the mayor’s statement meant to their future as citizens in the city. ① ㉠ ② ㉡ ③ ㉢ ④ ㉣ 7. 다음 문장에서 어법상 가장 적절한 것은? · The police officer approached ㉠to the suspected murderer. · Your baby looks ㉡lovely. · He will explain ㉢us how he could pass the test. · He was ㉣disappointing with the result of the test. ① ㉠ ② ㉡ ③ ㉢ ④ ㉣ 8. 다음 문장에서 어법상 가장 적절한 것은? · The daughter made her parents ㉠happily. · Chaera ㉡lay down on the bed and took a nap yesterday. · When he ㉢will retire next month, we will give him a present. · Trees must be fitted for the places ㉣where they live in. ① ㉠ ② ㉡ ③ ㉢ ④ ㉣ 9. 다음 우리말을 영작한 것 중 가장 적절한 것은? ① 새로운 관리자는 이전 관리자보다 더 우수하다. → The new manager is more superior to the old one. ② 시민들은 그 파출소가 폐쇄되어서는 안 된다고 요구했다. → Citizens demanded that the police box was not closed. ③ 서희는 가족과 함께 있을 때 가장 행복하다. → Seohee is happiest when she is with her family. ④ 우리가 가장 존경했던 선생님께서 지난달에 은퇴하셨다. → The teacher whose we respect most retired last month. 10. 다음 A, B의 대화 중 가장 적절하지 않은 것은? ① A: Could you deliver this parcel to my office? B: Consider it done. ② A: Jinmo took an unrelated issue during the conference. B: He did me a good turn. ③ A: Would you mind opening the door? B: Of course not. ④ A: Is her business shaping up? B: Not that I know of. She is having a cash flow problem. 11. 다음 빈칸에 들어갈 단어로 가장 적절한 것은? Newtown has developed a new subway system. It transports people quickly and cheaply from all parts of the city to the downtown center of the city. It stops at all major intersections, and it connects with buses and elevated trains. In this way, it makes the city convenient for tourists, because it is easy to travel to the city’s major attractive sights. With the subway system, Newtown is becoming one of the most ( ) cities in the country. ① prosperous ② skeptical ③ mindful ④ indifferent 12. 다음 ㉠, ㉡에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? Your culture maintains an implicit schedule for the right time to do many important things; ( ㉠ ), the right time to start dating, to finish college, to buy your own home, or to have a child. This unspoken timetable provides you with a social clock that tells you if you’re keeping pace with your peers, are ahead of them, or are falling behind. On the basis of this social clock, you evaluate your own social and professional development. If you keep up with the rest of your peers, then you’ll feel well adjusted, competent and a part of the group. If you’re late, you’ll probably experience feelings of dissatisfaction. ( ㉡ ) in some cultures the social clock is becoming more flexible and more tolerant of deviations from the conventional timetable, it still exerts pressure to keep pace with your peers. ① ㉠ for example ㉡ Even though ② ㉠ in addition ㉡ Therefore ③ ㉠ for instance ㉡ Despite ④ ㉠ however ㉡ In conclusion 13. 다음 글의 내용으로 가장 적절하지 않은 것은? Universities are promoting themselves much more widely in order to attract prospective students. They identify demographics to appeal to diverse groups of students in very distinct manners. Some of their recent efforts include the creation of special Web sites, brochures, and more informal events to target students from certain backgrounds. They also enlist consultants to find out what educational issues concern various groups. This is in stark contrast to traditional recruitment strategies, which simply involved mass-mailings and meeting students at large, intimacy-lacking college fairs at local high schools. ① 대학들은 다양한 집단의 학생들을 유치하기 위해 노력하고 있다. ② 대학들은 학생 유치를 위해 상담가와 협력하고 있다. ③ 대학들은 소외계층 사람들을 모집하는 데 주력하고 있다. ④ 대학들의 홍보 방법은 과거와 뚜렷한 대조를 이루고 있다. - 4 - 14. 다음 글의 내용으로 가장 적절한 것은? I was surprised to learn that the notion of a bedtime is not the norm around the world, even among other industrialized societies. For example, in Southern European countries like Italy, Spain, and Greece, children are typically allowed to participate in the family’s late evening life, falling asleep in cars or laps instead of their own rooms, and there is no specified time for going to bed. The same is often true for famil es in Central and South America. In many tribal cultures, such as the Mayan or the Balinese, infants and toddlers are held, carried, or accompanied continuously by a series of caretakers. They are able to doze, fall asleep, stir, and waken under many circumstances, even in the middle of noisy, all-night ritual observances, with little need for special sleep aids like pacifiers, blankets, or stuffed animals. ① 많은 부족 문화권에서는 아이들의 숙면을 위해 담요와 같은 특별한 수면 보조기구들을 주로 활용한다. ② 남부 유럽 국가 아이들은 가족의 늦은 저녁 생활에 참여할 수 있지만 잠은 반드시 자신의 방에서 자는 것이 원칙이다. ③ 남아메리카의 아이들은 명시된 취침 시간이 없다. ④ 그리스 아이들은 명시된 취침 시간을 갖고 있다. 15. 다음 글의 내용으로 가장 적절한 것은? The Republic of Ireland was long seen as an economic powerhouse in Europe. Driven by a comparatively modest corporate tax rate of 12.5%, it had the highest levels of growth in Europe from 1995 to 2007. Then things started to go wrong. The country’s real estate bubble burst in 2007, leading to six months of recession in the middle of the year. Then the global financial crisis struck in 2008, and Ireland descended into a two-year recession. And it has never recovered from that shock, alternating since then between recession and anemic growth. ① Ireland steadily experienced the abrupt growth from 2007 to 2008. ② The recession of Ireland in 2007 was caused by a housing collapse. ③ Ireland led Europe with the lowest corporate tax up to 2007. ④ The economy of Ireland after 2010 has continued to expand steadily. 16. 다음 글의 흐름으로 보아 <보기>의 문장이 들어갈 곳으로 가장 적절한 것은? < 보 기 > As the work is accomplished, the energy escapes the organism and disperses into the environment as low-quality heat. The passage of energy in a linear or one-way direction through an ecosystem is known as energy flow. ① Energy enters an ecosystem as the radiant energy of sunlight, some of which is trapped by plants during the process of photosynthesis. ② This energy, now in chemical form, is stored in the bonds of organic molecules such as glucose. ③ When the molecules are broken apart by cellular respiration, the energy becomes available to do work such as tissue repair, production of body heat, or reproduction. ④ Ultimately, this heat energy radiates into space. Thus, once energy has been used by organisms, it becomes unavailable for reuse. 17. 다음 글의 요지로 가장 적절한 것은? In the early days of my first web hosting company, I was often criticized for not sticking with plans. If I saw a better opportunity, I would often divert all energy to the new opportunity and let the other one go. It’s like being on a busy sidewalk and seeing a dollar bill a few yards away; you start to walk toward it with the intent to pick it up, and then you see a ten-dollar bill that is even closer. How could you not change the course and pick up the ten-dollar bill instead? Let someone else get the one-dollar bill, or if it is still there, get it after you pick up the ten-dollar bill. It was not long before those on my team began to realize the method to my madness. ① 상황 변화에 대처하는 유연성을 가져라. ② 새로운 기회를 다른 사람에게 양보하는 미덕을 가져라. ③ 단기적인 계획보다 장기적인 계획을 세워라. ④ 자신의 계획들에 집착하기보다는 타인의 조언을 경청하라. 18. 다음 글의 내용으로 가장 적절한 것은? The medical library of a hospital is a special library. So are the libraries of a law office, a weather bureau, a labor union, a museum, an arboretum, or an encyclopedia publishing firm. A special library is a part of a hospital, business, or other organizations, and it offers practical information to the workers or members. Such a library is not generally open to the public. Usually it concentrates on a particular subject – medicine, law, climate and weather, labor, or art. A special library may have few books, relying heavily instead on such materials as magazines, reports, and computer printouts. These enable the library to keep up in fast-moving fields including aerospace and bio-technology. ① Special libraries have more books than other types of materials. ② A special library usually focuses on a particular field. ③ Special libraries contribute to a local community. ④ A special library is not proper for assisting fast-moving fields. 19. 다음 글의 주제문을 만들기 위해 ㉠, ㉡에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? Americans in Greece often get the feeling that they are witnessing an argument when they are overhearing a friendly conversation that is more heated than such a conversation would be if Americans were having it. Linguist Sarah Tannen showed that in the conversations of working class Eastern European Jewish speakers – both male and female – in Philadelphia, a friendly argument was a means of being on good terms with someone. Linguist Jane Frank analyzed the conversation of a Jewish couple who tended to polarize and take argumentative positions in social situations. But they were not fighting. They were staging a kind of public sparring, where both fighters were on the same side. < 주제문 > Many cultures of the world see ( ㉠ ) as a pleasurable sign of ( ㉡ ). ① ㉠ arguing ㉡ intimacy ② ㉠ sparring ㉡ fighting ③ ㉠ friendly argument ㉡ cultural difference ④ ㉠ conversations ㉡ similarity 20. 다음 글의 주제로 가장 적절한 것은? Errold Reid of Mount Sinai School of Medicine in New York City and his colleagues studied piano players who had been playing for at least 10 years. Eleven of the players experienced varying degrees of piano-related discomfort; 21 were pain-free. The researchers found that no postural differences were evident in the two groups, but the players who were pain-free relied heavily on their back and neck muscles. Conversely, players who experienced pain used smaller muscles in their forearms more. According to the study, not using the strong back muscles shifts the work to the smaller, more delicate muscles in the fingers and arms, which is too hard on those little muscles. ① 피아노 칠 때 사용하는 근육이 통증에 미치는 영향 ② 피아노곡 감상을 통한 통증 치료 효과 ③ 목 근육에 의존하여 생기는 부작용과 해결 방법 ④ 오랜 시간 피아노를 치기 위한 바른 자세
스터디 영어(9)-나.pdf 영어(9)-마.pdf 2017 국가직 9급 영어 해설 김세원.pdf 2017 국가직 9급 영어 해설 손진숙.pdf 2017 국가직 9급 영어 해설 영스파.pdf 2017 국가직 9급 영어 해설 이동기.pdf 2017 국가직 9급 영어 해설 성정혜.pdf 2017 국가직 9급 영어 해설 김세현.pdf 2017 국가직 9급 영어 해설 곽지영.pdf 2017 국가직 9급 영어 해설 오동훈.pdf 2017 국가직 9급 영어 해설 김범재.pdf 2017 국가직 9급 영어 해설 김재운.pdf 2017 국가직 9급 영어 해설 김쌤.pdf 2017 국가직 9급 영어 해설 박철우.pdf 영 어 나 책형 1 쪽 영 어 ※ 밑줄 친 부분에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것을 고르시오. [문 1. ～문 2.] 문 1. Mary : Hi, James. How's it going? James : Hello, Mary. What can I do for you today? Mary : How can I arrange for this package to be delivered? James : Why don't you talk to Bob in Customer Service? Mary : _______________________________________________ ① Sure. I will deliver this package for you. ② OK. Let me take care of Bob's customers. ③ I will see you at the Customs office. ④ I tried calling his number, but no one is answering. 문 2. A : Wow! Look at the long line. I'm sure we have to wait at least 30 minutes. B : You're right. _________________________________ A : That's a good idea. I want to ride the roller coaster. B : It's not my cup of tea. A : How about the Flume Ride then? It's fun and the line is not so long. B : That sounds great! Let's go! ① Let's find seats for the magic show. ② Let's look for another ride. ③ Let's buy costumes for the parade. ④ Let's go to the lost and found. ※ 우리말을 영어로 잘못 옮긴 것을 고르시오. [문 3. ～ 문 4.] 문 3. ① 그 클럽은 입소문을 통해서 인기를 얻었다. → The club became popular by word of mouth. ② 무서운 영화를 좋아한다면 이것은 꼭 봐야 할 영화이다. → If you like scary movies, this is a must-see movie. ③ 뒤쪽은 너무 멀어요. 중간에 앉는 걸로 타협합시다. → The back is too far away. Let's promise and sit in the middle. ④ 제 예산이 빠듯합니다. 제가 쓸 수 있는 돈은 15달러뿐입니다. → I am on a tight budget. I only have fifteen dollars to spend. 문 4. ① 식사가 준비됐을 때, 우리는 식당으로 이동했다. → The dinner being ready, we moved to the dining hall. ② 저쪽에 있는 사람이 누구인지 알겠니? → Can you tell who that is over there? ③ 이 질병이 목숨을 앗아가는 일은 좀처럼 없다. → It rarely happens that this disease proves fatal. ④ 과정을 관리하면서 발전시키는 것이 나의 목표였다. → To control the process and making improvement was my objectives. ※ 밑줄 친 부분과 의미가 가장 가까운 것을 고르시오. [문 5. ～ 문 7.] 문 5. These days, Halloween has drifted far from its roots in pagan and Catholic festivals, and the spirits we appease are no longer those of the dead: needy ghosts have been replaced by costumed children demanding treats. ① assign ② apprehend ③ pacify ④ provoke 문 6. I usually make light of my problems, and that makes me feel better. ① consider something as serious ② treat something as unimportant ③ make an effort to solve a problem ④ seek an acceptable solution 문 7. A hamburger and French fries became the quintessential American meal in the 1950s, thanks to the promotional efforts of the fast food chains. ① healthiest ② affordable ③ typical ④ informal 문 8. 주어진 문장이 들어갈 위치로 가장 적절한 곳은? Only New Zealand, New Caledonia and a few small islands peek above the waves. Lurking beneath New Zealand is a long-hidden continent called Zealandia, geologists say. But since nobody is in charge of officially designating a new continent, individual scientists will ultimately have to judge for themselves. ( ① ) A team of geologists pitches the scientific case for the new continent, arguing that Zealandia is a continuous expanse of continental crust covering around 4.9 million square kilometers. ( ② ) That's about the size of the Indian subcontinent. Unlike the other mostly dry continents, around 94 percent of Zealandia hides beneath the ocean. ( ③ ) Except those tiny areas, all parts of Zealandia submerge under the ocean. "If we could pull the plug on the world's oceans, it would be quite clear that Zealandia stands out about 3,000 meters above the surrounding ocean crust," says a geologist. ( ④ ) "If it wasn't for the ocean level, long ago we'd have recognized Zealandia for what it was―a continent." 영 어 나 책형 2 쪽 문 9. 다음 글의 내용과 일치하지 않는 것은? The first decades of the 17th century witnessed an exponential growth in the understanding of the Earth and heavens, a process usually referred to as the Scientific Revolution. The older reliance on the philosophy of Aristotle was fast waning in universities. In the Aristotelian system of natural philosophy, the movements of bodies were explained 'causally' in terms of the amount of the four elements (earth, water, air, fire) that they possessed, and objects moved up or down to their 'natural' place depending on the preponderance of given elements of which they were composed. Natural philosophy was routinely contrasted with 'mixed mathematical' subjects such as optics, hydrostatics, and harmonics, where numbers could be applied to measurable external quantities such as length or duration. ① There was an increase in the knowledge of the Earth and heavens in the early 17th century. ② Dependence on the philosophy of Aristotle was on the decline in universities in the 17th century. ③ Natural philosophy proposed four elements to explain the movements of bodies. ④ In natural philosophy, numbers were routinely put to use for measurable external quantities. 문 10. 다음 글의 내용과 가장 일치하는 것은? Stressful events early in a person's life, such as neglect or abuse, can have psychological impacts into adulthood. New research shows that these effects may persist in their children and even their grandchildren. Larry James and Lorena Schmidt, biochemists at the Tufts School of Medicine, caused chronic social stress in adolescent mice by regularly relocating them to new cages over the course of seven weeks. The researchers then tested these stressed mice in adulthood using a series of standard laboratory measures for rodent anxiety, such as how long the mice spent in open areas of a maze and how frequently they approached mice they had never met before. Female mice showed more anxious behaviors compared with control animals, whereas the males did not. Both sexes' offspring displayed more anxious behaviors, however, and the males who had been stressed as adolescents even transmitted these behavior patterns to their female grandchildren and great-grandchildren. ① Your grandfather's stress when he was an adolescent might make you more anxious. ② Early stressful experiences alleviate anxiety later in life. ③ Constant moving from one place to another can benefit offspring. ④ Chronic social stress cannot be caused by relocation. 문 11. 밑줄 친 부분에 공통으로 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? ○ She's disappointed about their final decision, but she'll ___________ it eventually. ○ It took me a very long time to ___________ the shock of her death. ① get away ② get down ③ get ahead ④ get over 문 12. 주어진 글 다음에 이어질 글의 순서로 가장 적절한 것은? Through the ages, industrious individuals have continuously created conveniences to make life easier. From the invention of the wheel to the lightbulb, inventions have propelled society forward. (A) In addition, interactive media can be used to question a lecturer or exchange opinions with other students via e-mail. Such computerized lectures give students access to knowledge that was previously unavailable. (B) One recent modern invention is the computer, which has improved many aspects of people's lives. This is especially true in the field of education. One important effect of computer technology on higher education is the availability of lectures. (C) As a result of the development of computer networks, students can obtain lectures from many universities in real time. They are now able to sit down in front of a digital screen and listen to a lecture being given at another university. ① (A) － (B) － (C) ② (B) － (C) － (A) ③ (C) － (A) － (B) ④ (C) － (B) － (A) ※ 어법상 옳은 것을 고르시오. [문 13. ～ 문 14.] 문 13. ① Undergraduates are not allowed to using equipments in the laboratory. ② The extent of Mary's knowledge on various subjects astound me. ③ If she had been at home yesterday, I would have visited her. ④ I regret to inform you that your loan application has not approved. 문 14. ① My father was in the hospital during six weeks. ② The whole family is suffered from the flu. ③ She never so much as mentioned it. ④ She would like to be financial independent. ※ 밑줄 친 부분에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것을 고르시오. [문 15. ～문 17.] 문 15. As a middle-class Jew growing up in an ethnically mixed Chicago neighborhood, I was already in danger of being beaten up daily by rougher working-class boys. Becoming a bookworm would only have given them a decisive reason for beating me up. Reading and studying were more permissible for girls, but they, too, had to be careful not to get too __________________, lest they acquire the stigma of being 'stuck up.' ① athletic ② intellectual ③ hospitable ④ inexperienced 영 어 나 책형 3 쪽 문 16. You asked us, "What keeps satellites from falling out of the sky?" Over the last half-century, more than 2,500 satellites have followed the first one into space. What keeps them all afloat? It is a delicate balance between a satellite's speed and the pull of gravity. Satellites are __________________________________________. Crazy, right? They fall at the same rate that the curve of the Earth falls away from them if they're moving at the right speed. Which means instead of racing farther out into space or spiraling down to Earth, they hang out in orbit around the planet. Corrections are often needed to keep a satellite on the straight and narrow. Earth's gravity is stronger in some places than others. Satellites can get pulled around by the sun, the moon and even the planet Jupiter. ① created to shut off once they are in orbit ② designed to intensify the Earth's gravity ③ theoretically pulling other planets ④ basically continuously falling 문 17. Rosberg observed that color advertisements in the trade publication Industrial Marketing produced more attention than black and white advertisements. It is an interesting historical sidelight to note that the color advertisements in Rosberg's study were considerably more expensive to run than corresponding black and white advertisements. Although the color advertisements did produce more attention, they did not attract as many readers per dollar as the black and white advertisements. Today, the technology, economy, and efficiency of printing has progressed to the point where color advertisements are no longer so rare. As a result, color advertisements may no longer be an 'exception.' In some color, glossy magazines, or on television, color advertisements may be so common that the rare black and white advertisement now attracts attention due to ______________. ① contrast ② hostility ③ deportation ④ charity 문 18. 다음 글의 흐름상 가장 어색한 문장은? Researchers have developed a new model they said will provide better estimates about the North Atlantic right whale population, and the news isn't good. ① The model could be critically important to efforts to save the endangered species, which is in the midst of a year of high mortality, said Peter Corkeron, who leads the large whale team for the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's Northeast Fisheries Science Center. ②The agency said the analysis shows the probability the population has declined since 2010 is nearly 100 percent. ③ "One problem was, are they really going down or are we not seeing them? They really have gone down, and that's the bottom line," Corkeron said. ④ The new research model has successfully demonstrated that the number of right whales has remained intact despite the worrisome, widening population gap between whale males and females. 문 19. 다음 글의 내용과 일치하지 않는 것은? When the gong sounds, almost every diner at Beijing restaurant Duck de Chine turns around. That's because one of the city's greatest culinary shows is about to begin―the slicing of a Peking duck. Often voted by local guides in China as the best Peking duck in the city, the skin on Duck de Chine's birds is crispy and caramelized, its meat tender and juicy. "Our roasted duck is a little different than elsewhere," says An Ding, manager of Duck de Chine. "We use jujube wood, which is over 60 years old, and has a strong fruit scent, giving the duck especially crispy skin and a delicious flavor." The sweet hoisin sauce, drizzled over sliced spring onions and cucumbers and encased with the duck skin in a thin pancake, is another highlight. "The goal of our service is to focus on the details," says Ding. "It includes both how we present the roasted duck, and the custom sauces made for our guests." Even the plates and the chopsticks holders are duck-shaped. Duck de Chine also boasts China's first Bollinger Champagne Bar. Though Peking duck is the star, there are plenty of other worthy dishes on the menu. The restaurant serves both Cantonese and Beijing cuisine, but with a touch of French influence. ① The restaurant presents a culinary performance. ② The restaurant is highly praised in Beijing. ③ The restaurant features a special champagne bar. ④ The restaurant only serves dishes from the Beijing region. 문 20. 밑줄 친 부분에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? Since dog baths tend to be messy, time-consuming and not a whole lot of fun for everyone involved, it's natural to wonder, "How often should I bathe my dog?" As is often the case, the answer is "____________________________." "Dogs groom themselves to help facilitate the growth of hair follicles and to support skin health," says Dr. Adam Denish of Rhawnhurst Animal Hospital. "However, bathing is needed for most dogs to supplement the process. But bathing too often can be detrimental to your pet as well. It can irritate the skin, damage hair follicles, and increase the risk of bacterial or fungal infections." Dr. Jennifer Coates, veterinary advisor with petMD, adds, "the best bath frequency depends on the reason behind the bath. Healthy dogs who spend most of their time inside may only need to be bathed a few times a year to control natural 'doggy odors.' On the other hand, frequent bathing is a critical part of managing some medical conditions, like allergic skin disease." ① It depends ② Just once ③ Bathing is never necessary ④ When the bath is detrimental to your dog
스터디 영어-A.pdf 영어-C.pdf 영어-나.pdf 영어-마.pdf 2017 국가직 9급 영어 해설 김범재.pdf 2017 국가직 9급 영어 해설 김성익.pdf 2017 국가직 9급 영어 해설 김세현.pdf 2017 국가직 9급 영어 해설 김신주.pdf 2017 국가직 9급 영어 해설 김재운.pdf 2017 국가직 9급 영어 해설 강수정.pdf 2017 국가직 9급 영어 해설 김종주.pdf 2017 국가직 9급 영어 해설 김한상.pdf 2017 국가직 9급 영어 해설 김형구.pdf 2017 국가직 9급 영어 해설 손진숙.pdf 2017 국가직 9급 영어 해설 박철우.pdf 2017 국가직 9급 영어 해설 성정혜.pdf 2017 국가직 9급 영어 해설 윤정호.pdf 2017 국가직 9급 영어 해설 이동기.pdf 2017 국가직 9급 영어 해설 이충권.pdf 2017 국가직 9급 영어 해설 이리라.pdf 2017 국가직 9급 영어 해설 이영규.pdf 2017 국가직 9급 영어 해설 이영신.pdf 2017 국가직 9급 영어 해설 잇올.pdf 2017 국가직 9급 영어 해설 장서영.pdf 2017 국가직 9급 영어 해설 정수현.pdf 2017 국가직 9급 영어 해설 정일현.pdf 2017 국가직 9급 영어 해설 조태정.pdf 2017 국가직 9급 영어 해설 최호철.pdf 2017 국가직 9급 영어 해설 한덕현.pdf 2017 국가직 9급 영어 해설 헤더진.pdf 영 어 A 책형 1 쪽 영 어 ※ 밑줄 친 부분과 의미가 가장 가까운 것을 고르시오. [문 1 ～ 문 2] 문 1. I absolutely detested the idea of staying up late at night. ① defended ② abhorred ③ confirmed ④ abandoned 문 2. I had an uncanny feeling that I had seen this scene somewhere before. ① odd ② ongoing ③ obvious ④ offensive ※ 밑줄 친 부분에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것을 고르시오. [문 3～문 4] 문 3. A : May I help you? B : I bought this dress two days ago, but it's a bit big for me. A : ______________________________________________ B : Then I'd like to get a refund. A : May I see your receipt, please? B : Here you are. ① I'm sorry, but there's no smaller size. ② I feel like it fits you perfectly, though. ③ That dress sells really well in our store. ④ I'm sorry, but this purchase can't be refunded. 문 4. A : Every time I use this home blood pressure monitor, I get a different reading. I think I'm doing it wrong. Can you show me how to use it correctly? B : Yes, of course. First, you have to put the strap around your arm. A : Like this? Am I doing this correctly? B : That looks a little too tight. A : Oh, how about now? B : Now it looks a bit too loose. If it's too tight or too loose, you'll get an incorrect reading. A : __________________________________ B : Press the button now. You shouldn't move or speak. A : I get it. B : You should see your blood pressure on the screen in a few moments. ① I didn't see anything today. ② Oh, okay. What do I do next? ③ Right, I need to read the book. ④ Should I check out their website? 문 5. 어법상 옳은 것은? ① They didn't believe his story, and neither did I. ② The sport in that I am most interested is soccer. ③ Jamie learned from the book that World War I had broken out in 1914. ④ Two factors have made scientists difficult to determine the number of species on Earth. 문 6. 어법상 옳지 않은 것은? ① A few words caught in passing set me thinking. ② Hardly did she enter the house when someone turned on the light. ③ We drove on to the hotel, from whose balcony we could look down at the town. ④ The homeless usually have great difficulty getting a job, so they are losing their hope. ※ 밑줄 친 부분에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것을 고르시오. [문 7～문 9] 문 7. Why might people hovering near the poverty line be more likely to help their fellow humans? Part of it, Keltner thinks, is that poor people must often band together to make it through tough times ― a process that probably makes them more socially astute. He says, "When you face uncertainty, it makes you orient to other people. You build up these strong social networks." When a poor young mother has a new baby, for instance, she may need help securing food, supplies, and childcare, and if she has healthy social times, members of her community will pitch in. But limited income is hardly a prerequisite for developing this kind of empathy and social responsiveness. Regardless of the size of our bank accounts, suffering becomes a conduit to altruism or heroism when our own pain compels us to be ____________________ other people's needs and to intervene when we see someone in the clutches of the kind of suffering we know so well. ① less involved in ② less preoccupied with ③ more attentive to ④ more indifferent to 문 8. The Soleil department store outlet in Shanghai would seem to have all the amenities necessary to succeed in modern Chinese retail: luxury brands and an exclusive location. Despite these advantages, however, the store's management thought it was still missing something to attract customers. So next week they're unveiling a gigantic, twisting, dragon-shaped slide that shoppers can use to drop from fifth-floor luxury boutiques to first-floor luxury boutiques in death-defying seconds. Social media users are wondering, half-jokingly, whether the slide will kill anyone. But Soleil has a different concern that Chinese shopping malls will go away completely. Chinese shoppers, once seemingly in endless supply, are no longer turning up at brick-and-mortar outlets because of the growing online shopping, and they still go abroad to buy luxury goods. So, repurposing these massive spaces for consumers who have other ways to spend their time and money is likely to require a lot of creativity. ___________________________________________. ① Luxury brands are thriving at Soleil ② Soleil has decided against making bold moves ③ Increasing the online customer base may be the last hope ④ A five-story dragon slide may not be a bad place to start 영 어 A 책형 2 쪽 문 9. It is easy to devise numerous possible scenarios of future developments, each one, on the face of it, equally likely. The difficult task is to know which will actually take place. In hindsight, it usually seems obvious. When we look back in time, each event seems clearly and logically to follow from previous events. Before the event occurs, however, the number of possibilities seems endless. There are no methods for successful prediction, especially in areas involving complex social and technological changes, where many of the determining factors are not known and, in any event, are certainly not under any single group's control. Nonetheless, it is essential to _______________________________________________. We do know that new technologies will bring both dividends and problems, especially human, social problems. The more we try to anticipate these problems, the better we can control them. ① work out reasonable scenarios for the future ② legitimize possible dividends from future changes ③ leave out various aspects of technological problems ④ consider what it would be like to focus on the present 문 10. 다음 글의 내용과 일치하는 것은? Taste buds got their name from the nineteenth-century German scientists Georg Meissner and Rudolf Wagner, who discovered mounds made up of taste cells that overlap like petals. Taste buds wear out every week to ten days, and we replace them, although not as frequently over the age of forty-five: our palates really do become jaded as we get older. It takes a more intense taste to produce the same level of sensation, and children have the keenest sense of taste. A baby's mouth has many more taste buds than an adult's, with some even dotting the cheeks. Children adore sweets partly because the tips of their tongues, more sensitive to sugar, haven't yet been blunted by trying to eat hot soup before it cools. ① Taste buds were invented in the nineteenth century. ② Replacement of taste buds does not slow down with age. ③ Children have more sensitive palates than adults. ④ The sense of taste declines by eating cold soup. 문 11. 밑줄 친 부분과 의미가 가장 가까운 것은? At this company, we will not put up with such behavior. ① modify ② record ③ tolerate ④ evaluate 문 12. 밑줄 친 부분 중 의미상 옳지 않은 것은? ① I'm going to take over his former position. ② I can't take on any more work at the moment. ③ The plane couldn't take off because of the heavy fog. ④ I can't go out because I have to take after my baby sister. 문 13. 다음 글의 제목으로 가장 적절한 것은? Drama is doing. Drama is being. Drama is such a normal thing. It is something that we all engage in every day when faced with difficult situations. You get up in the morning with a bad headache or an attack of depression, yet you face the day and cope with other people, pretending that nothing is wrong. You have an important meeting or an interview coming up, so you talk through the issues with yourself beforehand and decide how to present a confident, cheerful face, what to wear, what to do with your hands, and so on. You've spilt coffee over a colleague's papers, and immediately you prepare an elaborate excuse. Your partner has just run off with your best friend, yet you cannot avoid going in to teach a class of inquisitive students. Getting on with our day-to-day lives requires a series of civilized masks if we are to maintain our dignity and live in harmony with others. ① Dysfunctions of Drama ② Drama in Our Daily Lives ③ Drama as a Theatrical Art ④ Dramatic Changes in Emotions 문 14. 다음 글의 요지로 가장 적절한 것은? How on earth will it help the poor if governments try to strangle globalization by stemming the flow of trade, information, and capital ― the three components of the global economy? That disparities between rich and poor are still too great is undeniable. But it is just not true that economic growth benefits only the rich and leaves out the poor, as the opponents of globalization and the market economy would have us believe. A recent World Bank study entitled "Growth Is Good for the Poor" reveals a one-for-one relationship between income of the bottom fifth of the population and per capita GDP. In other words, incomes of all sectors grow proportionately at the same rate. The study notes that openness to foreign trade benefits the poor to the same extent that it benefits the whole economy. ① Globalization deepens conflicts between rich and poor. ② The global economy grows at the expense of the poor. ③ Globalization can be beneficial regardless of one's economic status. ④ Governments must control the flow of trade to revive the economy. ※ 우리말을 영어로 잘못 옮긴 것을 고르시오. [문 15 ～ 문 16] 문 15. ① 이 편지를 받는 대로 곧 본사로 와 주십시오. → Please come to the headquarters as soon as you receive this letter. ② 나는 소년 시절에 독서하는 버릇을 길러 놓았어야만 했다. → I ought to have formed a habit of reading in my boyhood. ③ 그는 10년 동안 외국에 있었기 때문에 영어를 매우 유창하게 말할 수 있다. → Having been abroad for ten years, he can speak English very fluently. ④ 내가 그때 그 계획을 포기했었다면 이렇게 훌륭한 성과를 얻지 못했을 것이다. → Had I given up the project at that time, I should have achieved such a splendid result. 영 어 A 책형 3 쪽 문 16. ① 그 회의 후에야 그는 금융 위기의 심각성을 알아차렸다. → Only after the meeting did he recognize the seriousness of the financial crisis. ② 장관은 교통문제를 해결하기 위해 강 위에 다리를 건설해야 한다고 주장했다. → The minister insisted that a bridge be constructed over the river to solve the traffic problem. ③ 비록 그 일이 어려운 것이었지만, Linda는 그것을 끝내기 위해 최선을 다했다. → As difficult a task as it was, Linda did her best to complete it. ④ 그는 문자 메시지에 너무 정신이 팔려서 제한속도보다 빠르게 달리고 있다는 것을 몰랐다. → He was so distracted by a text message to know that he was going over the speed limit. 문 17. 빈칸 (A), (B)에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? The amount of information gathered by the eyes as contrasted with the ears has not been precisely calculated. Such a calculation not only involves a translation process, but scientists have been handicapped by lack of knowledge of what to count. A general notion, however, of the relative complexities of the two systems can be obtained by (A) the size of the nerves connecting the eyes and the ears to the centers of the brain. Since the optic nerve contains roughly eighteen times as many neurons as the cochlear nerve, we assume it transmits at least that much more information. Actually, in normally alert subjects, it is probable that the eyes may be as much as a thousand times as effective as the ears in (B) information. ＊cochlear : 달팽이관의 (A) (B) ① adding clearing up ② adding disseminating ③ comparing reducing ④ comparing sweeping up 문 18. 글의 흐름상 가장 어색한 문장은? Children's book awards have proliferated in recent years; today, there are well over 100 different awards and prizes by a variety of organizations. ① The awards may be given for books of a specific genre or simply for the best of all children's books published within a given time period. An award may honor a particular book or an author for a lifetime contribution to the world of children's literature. ② Most children's book awards are chosen by adults, but now a growing number of children's choice book awards exist. The larger national awards given in most countries are the most influential and have helped considerably to raise public awareness about the fine books being published for young readers. ③ An award ceremony for outstanding services to the publishing industry is put on hold. ④Of course, readers are wise not to put too much faith in award-winning books. An award doesn't necessarily mean a good reading experience, but it does provide a starting place when choosing books. 문 19. 주어진 문장이 들어갈 위치로 가장 적절한 곳은? This inequality is corrected by their getting in their turn better portions from kills by other people. Let us examine a situation of simple distribution such as occurs when an animal is killed in a hunt. One might expect to find the animal portioned out according to the amount of work done by each hunter to obtain it. ( ① ) To some extent this principle is followed, but other people have their rights as well. ( ② ) Each person in the camp gets a share depending upon his or her relation to the hunters. ( ③ ) When a kangaroo is killed, for example, the hunters have to give its main parts to their kinfolk and the worst parts may even be kept by the hunters themselves. ( ④ ) The net result in the long run is substantially the same to each person, but through this system the principles of kinship obligation and the morality of sharing food have been emphasized. 문 20. 주어진 글 다음에 이어질 글의 순서로 가장 적절한 것은? The most innovative of the group therapy approaches was psychodrama, the brainchild of Jacob L. Moreno. Psychodrama as a form of group therapy started with premises that were quite alien to the Freudian worldview that mental illness essentially occurs within the psyche or mind. (A) But he also believed that creativity is rarely a solitary process but something brought out by social interactions. He relied heavily on theatrical techniques, including role-playing and improvisation, as a means to promote creativity and general social trust. (B) Despite his theoretical difference from the mainstream viewpoint, Moreno's influence in shaping psychological consciousness in the twentieth century was considerable. He believed that the nature of human beings is to be creative and that living a creative life is the key to human health and well-being. (C) His most important theatrical tool was what he called role reversal ― asking participants to take on another's persona. The act of pretending "as if" one were in another's skin was designed to help bring out the empathic impulse and to develop it to higher levels of expression. ① (A) － (C) － (B) ② (B) － (A) － (C) ③ (B) － (C) － (A) ④ (C) － (B) － (A)