스터디 영어-A형.pdf 영어-B형.pdf 2018 소방직 경력채용 영어 해설 김정연.pdf 2018 소방직 경력채용 영어 해설 제이디윤.pdf A - 9 / 36 1. 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? If someone has a cardiac arrest, he will suddenly become and show no signs of breathing or a pulse. ① selfish ② sensible ③ unconscious ④ tremendous 2. 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? Fire can destroy your house and all of your possessions in less than an hour, and it can reduce an entire forest to a pile of ash. It’s a(n) weapon, with nearly unlimited destructive power. ① subtle ② ordinary ③ hilarious ④ terrifying 3. 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? Our desire to control is so powerful that people often act as though they can control the uncontrollable. For instance, people bet more money on games of chance when their opponents seem incompetent than competent, as though they believed they could control the drawing of cards from a deck and thus take advantage of a weak opponent. Likewise, people feel more certain that they will win a lottery if they can pick their lottery ticket numbers. * deck 카드 한 벌 ① random ② popular ③ planned ④ intentional 4. 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? is the process of removing heated gasses or smoke from a building. This makes the building more tenable and helps to prevent such things as flashover or backdraft. This can be accomplished by several methods, from opening a window to cutting a hole in the roof. ① Ignition ② Ventilation ③ Conduction ④ Evaporation 5. 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? Why Are Fire Trucks Red? Fire trucks are red because back in the 1900s, roads were mostly filled with black-colored cars manufactured by Ford. , the striking red color of fire trucks stood out amongst the sea of black vehicles vying for space on the roads. * vying 경쟁하는 ① In addition ② Likewise ③ For example ④ Therefore 6. 다음 대화의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? A: I am totally drained. B: What do you mean? You drank too much water? A: No, I mean I am exhausted. B: You are quite tired today. A: Much more than that. I am totally worn out. B: Okay. Then you should . ① keep your promise ② find the door and leave ③ take a rest and get some sleep ④ work out at a gym and go hiking 7. 다음 글의 제목으로 가장 적절한 것은? Physical activity is key to improving individual health. First, it can lower your risk for cancer. Physically active women have a lower risk of breast cancer than do people who are not active. Second, as you age, it’s important to protect your bones, joints, and muscles. Not only do they support your body and help you move, but keeping bones, joints, and muscles healthy can help ensure that you’re able to do your daily activities and be physically active. Some scientific evidence has also shown that even lower levels of physical activity can be beneficial. ① 신체 활동의 이점 ② 뼈 건강을 지키는 방법 ③ 규칙적 일상생활의 중요성 ④ 면역력을 증진시키는 방법 【 영 어 】 A - 10 / 36 8. 다음 밑줄 친 부분이 가리키는 대상이 나머지 셋과 다른 것은? Cyndi was an energetic and happy child. ① She was enthusiastic about life, enjoyed connecting with others, and was a considerably open person. However, when Cyndi was 11 years old, her mother died after a brief illness. Cyndi’s struggle with depression began after ② her death. And Cyndi slowly disconnected from ③ her childhood self. As an adult, when listening to upbeat music, ④ she became aware that her core self was attempting to emerge and reconnect. 9. 다음 글에서 Adam이 bucket list로 가장 하고 싶어 하는 것은? Sarah: So Adam, we’re talking about the bucket lists we would like to do before we die. So what’s your number one thing on your bucket list? Adam: Oh, difficult question. Number one, I’d probably have to say, oh, skydiving maybe. I’ve wanted to do it for a long time. And I went bungee jumping in New Zealand. That was fun but I still have not yet been skydiving. And jumping out of the plane just sounds like an awesome idea to me. ① skydiving ② mountain climbing ③ bungee jumping ④ New Zealand tour 10. 다음 밑줄 친 부분과 의미가 가장 가까운 것은? All firefighters must receive instruction on how to identify the various hazards they may encounter and describe the actions to be taken that will limit exposure to those hazards. The training must meet the requirements of the occupational health and safety regulations. ① surpass ② satisfy ③ simplify ④ eliminate 11. 다음 글에 제시된 세미나의 주제로 가장 적절한 것은? Today, the seminar you attend will teach you how to come out of your shell or overcome your fears of speaking your mind. You’ll also learn how to speak with authority without sounding too assertive or demanding. If you can master this skill, you’ll be able to increase your effectiveness and win your audience. ① selling a new product ② hiring skillful employees ③ making effective presentations ④ improving coherency in your writing 12. 다음 글의 주제로 가장 적절한 것은? No matter what we may have learned in books, it is the nature of life that we lose face before we find wisdom, fall to our knees before we look up to the heavens, and face our darkness before we see the light. Each of us wanders through the wilderness of experience to gather worldly wisdom. We succeed by failing, learn by our mistakes, and rise to great heights by a winding staircase. ① having access to wisdom through reading ② gaining wisdom through life’s experiences ③ letting go of the past for a better future ④ making important decisions for your career 13. 다음 밑줄 친 부분 중 문맥상 낱말의 쓰임이 적절하지 않은 것은? There has been ①speculation that recent advancements in artificial intelligence may lead to robots taking over for humans, and the firefighting profession is not free from this discussion. There will not be a complete takeover anytime in the near future, but these technologies are ② advancing at a rapid rate. Firefighting robots are currently in development and testing, and some have been ③ frustrated. Germany has produced a robot called the Turbine Aided Firefighting machine, and this is able to ④ powerfully spray water or foam from 196 feet away. This machine has already been used in a factory fire and proved itself to be effective. A - 11 / 36 14. 다음 밑줄 친 부분 중 어법상 적절하지 않은 것은? Our ethical behavior is linked to our cognitive and emotional need to be ① seen in a positive light by those we admire. But what ② emerges during adolescence is a concept known as the moral self. Augusto Blasi pioneered the ways in ③ which the moral self motivates our ethical actions. More recently, researchers have been modeling and ④ tests the notion that ethical leaders have a strong moral identity. 15. 다음 밑줄 친 부분 중 어법상 적절하지 않은 것은? There are many kinds of love, but most people seek ① its expression in a romantic relationship with a compatible partner. For some, romantic relationships are the most meaningful element of life, ② providing a source of deep fulfillment. The ability to have a healthy, loving relationship ③ is not innate. A great deal of evidence suggests ④ whose the ability to form a stable relationship begins in infancy, in a child’s earliest experiences with a caregiver. 16. 다음 글의 요지로 가장 적절한 것은? Are you afraid to try something new because you might not be good at it? If you insist on perfection in everything you do, you’ll probably keep putting things off and never do anything at all. If, for instance, you have a great idea for a new business or a new product and you’re so afraid of not getting it exactly right that you never do anything to implement your idea, chances are you’ll be sitting in your living room and hearing on the six o’clock news about someone who did exactly what it was that you were afraid to try. Striving for success doesn’t always feel safe; you simply need to trust in your own abilities and embrace the process. ① 용기를 갖고 생각을 실행에 옮길 수 있어야 한다. ② 자신의 적성에 맞는 직업을 찾는 것이 중요하다. ③ 안정적인 환경 속에서 새로운 생각이 잘 떠오른다. ④ 창의적인 생각은 꾸준한 훈련을 통해 키울 수 있다. 17. 다음 글에서 전체 흐름과 관계없는 문장은? Filmed entertainment occupies a special place in the media industry because it drives revenues beyond the box office to many different businesses in the media industries. ① For example, when a motion picture is successful at the box office, it is likely to attract DVD purchases and rentals as well. ② The choice of movies and TV shows is made easier by allowing viewers to search the listings by name, genre, and other keywords. ③ It may spawn a sequel, prequel, or TV series, and its characters may be spun off to other properties. ④ If the movie appeals to children, there may be lucrative licensing opportunities for everything from calendars to bedsheets. * spawn 낳다, 생산하다 18. 다음 주어진 문장이 들어가기에 가장 적절한 곳은? But road traffic crashes and injuries are preventable. Road traffic injuries are a growing public health issue, disproportionately affecting vulnerable groups of road users, including the poor. ( ① ) More than half the people killed in traffic crashes are young adults aged between 15 and 44 years - often the breadwinners in a family. ( ② ) Furthermore, road traffic injuries cost low-income and middle-income countries between 1% and 2% of their gross national product - more than the total development aid received by these countries. ( ③ ) In high-income countries, an established set of interventions have contributed to significant reductions in the incidence and impact of road traffic injuries. ( ④ ) These include the enforcement of legislation to control speed and alcohol consumption, mandating the use of seat belts and crash helmets. * breadwinner 생계를 책임지는 사람 A - 12 / 36 19. 다음 주어진 문장이 들어가기에 가장 적절한 곳은? However, if the same fire spreads in an uncontrolled manner, it can be a vicious enemy for the mankind, property and any living creature nearby. Fire may occur anytime anywhere and in any kind of facility. ( ① ) No one denies that fire is nothing but a chemical reaction ignited by heat energy where the presence of oxygen in the air facilitates the substance to burn. ( ② ) No doubt, it is a great friend of humanity when used in a controlled and safe manner. ( ③ ) Thus, a fire-fighting system assumes importance for a building, a public place or an industrial house, etc. ( ④ ) Unfortunately, it is a fact that a fire-fighting system is not a priority item while raising a building or holding an event for a certain purpose. 20. 다음에 이어질 글의 순서로 가장 적절한 것은? The twentieth century has been labeled the Plastic Age, and for good reason. In 1909, New York chemist Leo Baekeland introduced Bakelite, the world’s synthetic plastic. Bakelite was a durable substance that could be molded into almost anything; by the 1930’s, manufacturers were producing 90,000 tons of it every year. (A) Nylon fabrics for parachutes, for example, were turned into ladies’ stockings. Today, plastic is replacing metal in buildings and machines, and almost all electronic data is stored on plastic. (B) After the war, plastic synthetics used for military purposes were adapted for everyday life. (C) During World War Ⅱ, shortages of natural resources increased the demand for plastic even more. The result was vinyl, a rubber substitute that provided soldiers with tents and boots. ① (B)－(A)－(C) ② (B)－(C)－(A) ③ (C)－(A)－(B) ④ (C)－(B)－(A)
스터디 영어-A형.pdf 영어-B형.pdf 2018 소방직 하반기 영어 해설 최종수.pdf 2018 소방직 하반기 영어 해설 박노준.pdf 2018 소방직 하반기 영어 해설 김정연.pdf 2018 소방직 하반기 영어 해설 박동석.pdf A - 9 / 36 1. 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? If someone has a cardiac arrest, he will suddenly become and show no signs of breathing or a pulse. ① selfish ② sensible ③ unconscious ④ tremendous 2. 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? Fire can destroy your house and all of your possessions in less than an hour, and it can reduce an entire forest to a pile of ash. It’s a(n) weapon, with nearly unlimited destructive power. ① subtle ② ordinary ③ hilarious ④ terrifying 3. 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? Our desire to control is so powerful that people often act as though they can control the uncontrollable. For instance, people bet more money on games of chance when their opponents seem incompetent than competent, as though they believed they could control the drawing of cards from a deck and thus take advantage of a weak opponent. Likewise, people feel more certain that they will win a lottery if they can pick their lottery ticket numbers. * deck 카드 한 벌 ① random ② popular ③ planned ④ intentional 4. 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? is the process of removing heated gasses or smoke from a building. This makes the building more tenable and helps to prevent such things as flashover or backdraft. This can be accomplished by several methods, from opening a window to cutting a hole in the roof. ① Ignition ② Ventilation ③ Conduction ④ Evaporation 5. 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? Why Are Fire Trucks Red? Fire trucks are red because back in the 1900s, roads were mostly filled with black-colored cars manufactured by Ford. , the striking red color of fire trucks stood out amongst the sea of black vehicles vying for space on the roads. * vying 경쟁하는 ① In addition ② Likewise ③ For example ④ Therefore 6. 다음 대화의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? A: I am totally drained. B: What do you mean? You drank too much water? A: No, I mean I am exhausted. B: You are quite tired today. A: Much more than that. I am totally worn out. B: Okay. Then you should . ① keep your promise ② find the door and leave ③ take a rest and get some sleep ④ work out at a gym and go hiking 7. 다음 글의 제목으로 가장 적절한 것은? Physical activity is key to improving individual health. First, it can lower your risk for cancer. Physically active women have a lower risk of breast cancer than do people who are not active. Second, as you age, it’s important to protect your bones, joints, and muscles. Not only do they support your body and help you move, but keeping bones, joints, and muscles healthy can help ensure that you’re able to do your daily activities and be physically active. Some scientific evidence has also shown that even lower levels of physical activity can be beneficial. ① 신체 활동의 이점 ② 뼈 건강을 지키는 방법 ③ 규칙적 일상생활의 중요성 ④ 면역력을 증진시키는 방법 【 영 어 】 A - 10 / 36 8. 다음 밑줄 친 부분이 가리키는 대상이 나머지 셋과 다른 것은? Cyndi was an energetic and happy child. ① She was enthusiastic about life, enjoyed connecting with others, and was a considerably open person. However, when Cyndi was 11 years old, her mother died after a brief illness. Cyndi’s struggle with depression began after ② her death. And Cyndi slowly disconnected from ③ her childhood self. As an adult, when listening to upbeat music, ④ she became aware that her core self was attempting to emerge and reconnect. 9. 다음 글에서 Adam이 bucket list로 가장 하고 싶어 하는 것은? Sarah: So Adam, we’re talking about the bucket lists we would like to do before we die. So what’s your number one thing on your bucket list? Adam: Oh, difficult question. Number one, I’d probably have to say, oh, skydiving maybe. I’ve wanted to do it for a long time. And I went bungee jumping in New Zealand. That was fun but I still have not yet been skydiving. And jumping out of the plane just sounds like an awesome idea to me. ① skydiving ② mountain climbing ③ bungee jumping ④ New Zealand tour 10. 다음 밑줄 친 부분과 의미가 가장 가까운 것은? All firefighters must receive instruction on how to identify the various hazards they may encounter and describe the actions to be taken that will limit exposure to those hazards. The training must meet the requirements of the occupational health and safety regulations. ① surpass ② satisfy ③ simplify ④ eliminate 11. 다음 글에 제시된 세미나의 주제로 가장 적절한 것은? Today, the seminar you attend will teach you how to come out of your shell or overcome your fears of speaking your mind. You’ll also learn how to speak with authority without sounding too assertive or demanding. If you can master this skill, you’ll be able to increase your effectiveness and win your audience. ① selling a new product ② hiring skillful employees ③ making effective presentations ④ improving coherency in your writing 12. 다음 글의 주제로 가장 적절한 것은? No matter what we may have learned in books, it is the nature of life that we lose face before we find wisdom, fall to our knees before we look up to the heavens, and face our darkness before we see the light. Each of us wanders through the wilderness of experience to gather worldly wisdom. We succeed by failing, learn by our mistakes, and rise to great heights by a winding staircase. ① having access to wisdom through reading ② gaining wisdom through life’s experiences ③ letting go of the past for a better future ④ making important decisions for your career 13. 다음 밑줄 친 부분 중 문맥상 낱말의 쓰임이 적절하지 않은 것은? There has been ①speculation that recent advancements in artificial intelligence may lead to robots taking over for humans, and the firefighting profession is not free from this discussion. There will not be a complete takeover anytime in the near future, but these technologies are ② advancing at a rapid rate. Firefighting robots are currently in development and testing, and some have been ③ frustrated. Germany has produced a robot called the Turbine Aided Firefighting machine, and this is able to ④ powerfully spray water or foam from 196 feet away. This machine has already been used in a factory fire and proved itself to be effective. A - 11 / 36 14. 다음 밑줄 친 부분 중 어법상 적절하지 않은 것은? Our ethical behavior is linked to our cognitive and emotional need to be ① seen in a positive light by those we admire. But what ② emerges during adolescence is a concept known as the moral self. Augusto Blasi pioneered the ways in ③ which the moral self motivates our ethical actions. More recently, researchers have been modeling and ④ tests the notion that ethical leaders have a strong moral identity. 15. 다음 밑줄 친 부분 중 어법상 적절하지 않은 것은? There are many kinds of love, but most people seek ① its expression in a romantic relationship with a compatible partner. For some, romantic relationships are the most meaningful element of life, ② providing a source of deep fulfillment. The ability to have a healthy, loving relationship ③ is not innate. A great deal of evidence suggests ④ whose the ability to form a stable relationship begins in infancy, in a child’s earliest experiences with a caregiver. 16. 다음 글의 요지로 가장 적절한 것은? Are you afraid to try something new because you might not be good at it? If you insist on perfection in everything you do, you’ll probably keep putting things off and never do anything at all. If, for instance, you have a great idea for a new business or a new product and you’re so afraid of not getting it exactly right that you never do anything to implement your idea, chances are you’ll be sitting in your living room and hearing on the six o’clock news about someone who did exactly what it was that you were afraid to try. Striving for success doesn’t always feel safe; you simply need to trust in your own abilities and embrace the process. ① 용기를 갖고 생각을 실행에 옮길 수 있어야 한다. ② 자신의 적성에 맞는 직업을 찾는 것이 중요하다. ③ 안정적인 환경 속에서 새로운 생각이 잘 떠오른다. ④ 창의적인 생각은 꾸준한 훈련을 통해 키울 수 있다. 17. 다음 글에서 전체 흐름과 관계없는 문장은? Filmed entertainment occupies a special place in the media industry because it drives revenues beyond the box office to many different businesses in the media industries. ① For example, when a motion picture is successful at the box office, it is likely to attract DVD purchases and rentals as well. ② The choice of movies and TV shows is made easier by allowing viewers to search the listings by name, genre, and other keywords. ③ It may spawn a sequel, prequel, or TV series, and its characters may be spun off to other properties. ④ If the movie appeals to children, there may be lucrative licensing opportunities for everything from calendars to bedsheets. * spawn 낳다, 생산하다 18. 다음 주어진 문장이 들어가기에 가장 적절한 곳은? But road traffic crashes and injuries are preventable. Road traffic injuries are a growing public health issue, disproportionately affecting vulnerable groups of road users, including the poor. ( ① ) More than half the people killed in traffic crashes are young adults aged between 15 and 44 years - often the breadwinners in a family. ( ② ) Furthermore, road traffic injuries cost low-income and middle-income countries between 1% and 2% of their gross national product - more than the total development aid received by these countries. ( ③ ) In high-income countries, an established set of interventions have contributed to significant reductions in the incidence and impact of road traffic injuries. ( ④ ) These include the enforcement of legislation to control speed and alcohol consumption, mandating the use of seat belts and crash helmets. * breadwinner 생계를 책임지는 사람 A - 12 / 36 19. 다음 주어진 문장이 들어가기에 가장 적절한 곳은? However, if the same fire spreads in an uncontrolled manner, it can be a vicious enemy for the mankind, property and any living creature nearby. Fire may occur anytime anywhere and in any kind of facility. ( ① ) No one denies that fire is nothing but a chemical reaction ignited by heat energy where the presence of oxygen in the air facilitates the substance to burn. ( ② ) No doubt, it is a great friend of humanity when used in a controlled and safe manner. ( ③ ) Thus, a fire-fighting system assumes importance for a building, a public place or an industrial house, etc. ( ④ ) Unfortunately, it is a fact that a fire-fighting system is not a priority item while raising a building or holding an event for a certain purpose. 20. 다음에 이어질 글의 순서로 가장 적절한 것은? The twentieth century has been labeled the Plastic Age, and for good reason. In 1909, New York chemist Leo Baekeland introduced Bakelite, the world’s synthetic plastic. Bakelite was a durable substance that could be molded into almost anything; by the 1930’s, manufacturers were producing 90,000 tons of it every year. (A) Nylon fabrics for parachutes, for example, were turned into ladies’ stockings. Today, plastic is replacing metal in buildings and machines, and almost all electronic data is stored on plastic. (B) After the war, plastic synthetics used for military purposes were adapted for everyday life. (C) During World War Ⅱ, shortages of natural resources increased the demand for plastic even more. The result was vinyl, a rubber substitute that provided soldiers with tents and boots. ① (B)－(A)－(C) ② (B)－(C)－(A) ③ (C)－(A)－(B) ④ (C)－(B)－(A)
영어-2.pdf 영어-4.pdf 2016 국가직 9급 영어 해설 김영국.pdf 2016 국가직 9급 영어 해설 김정연.pdf 2016 국가직 9급 영어 해설 성기건.pdf 2016 국가직 9급 영어 해설 성정혜.pdf 2016 국가직 9급 영어 해설 손재석.pdf 2016 국가직 9급 영어 해설 김민수.pdf 2016 국가직 9급 영어 해설 김신주.pdf 2016 국가직 9급 영어 해설 김태은.pdf 2016 국가직 9급 영어 해설 박지나.pdf 2016 국가직 9급 영어 해설 서병석.pdf 2016 국가직 9급 영어 해설 손진숙.pdf 2016 국가직 9급 영어 해설 오동훈.pdf 2016 국가직 9급 영어 해설 이동기.pdf 2016 국가직 9급 영어 해설 이리라.pdf 2016 국가직 9급 영어 해설 이영규.pdf 2016 국가직 9급 영어 해설 이충권.pdf 2016 국가직 9급 영어 해설 장서영.pdf 2016 국가직 9급 영어 해설 장종재.pdf 2016 국가직 9급 영어 해설 한덕현.pdf 2016 국가직 9급 영어 해설 헤더진.pdf 영 어 2 책형 1 쪽 영 어 문 1. 밑줄 친 부분에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? The campaign to eliminate pollution will prove ________ unless it has the understanding and full cooperation of the public. ① enticing ② enhanced ③ fertile ④ futile 문 2. 밑줄 친 부분과 의미가 가장 가까운 것은? Up to now, newspaper articles have only scratched the surface of this tremendously complex issue. ① superficially dealt with ② hit the nail on the head of ③ seized hold of ④ positively followed up on ※ 밑줄 친 부분에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것을 고르시오. [문 3～문 4] 문 3. A : I'd like to get a refund for this tablecloth I bought here yesterday. B : Is there a problem with the tablecloth? A : It doesn't fit our table and I would like to return it. Here is my receipt. B : I'm sorry, but this tablecloth was a final sale item, and it cannot be refunded. A : ______________________________________ B : It's written at the bottom of the receipt. ① Nobody mentioned that to me. ② Where is the price tag? ③ What's the problem with it? ④ I got a good deal on it. 문 4. A : Hello? Hi, Stephanie. I'm on my way to the office. Do you need anything? B : Hi, Luke. Can you please pick up extra paper for the printer? A : What did you say? Did you say to pick up ink for the printer? Sorry, ________________________________ B : Can you hear me now? I said I need more paper for the printer. A : Can you repeat that, please? B : Never mind. I'll text you. A : Okay. Thanks, Stephanie. See you soon. ① My phone has really bad reception here. ② I couldn't pick up more paper. ③ I think I've dialed the wrong number. ④ I'll buy each item separately this time. 문 5. 우리말을 영어로 잘못 옮긴 것은? ① 나의 이모는 파티에서 그녀를 만난 것을 기억하지 못했다. → My aunt didn't remember meeting her at the party. ② 나의 첫 책을 쓰는 데 40년이 걸렸다. → It took me 40 years to write my first book. ③ 학교에서 집으로 걸어오고 있을 때 강풍에 내 우산이 뒤집혔다. → A strong wind blew my umbrella inside out as I was walking home from school. ④ 끝까지 생존하는 생물은 가장 강한 생물도, 가장 지적인 생물도 아니고, 변화에 가장 잘 반응하는 생물이다. → It is not the strongest of the species, nor the most intelligent, or the one most responsive to change that survives to the end. 문 6. 글의 제목으로 가장 적절한 것은? After analyzing a mass of data on job interview results, a research team discovered a surprising reality. Did the likelihood of being hired depend on qualifications? Or was it work experience? In fact, it was neither. It was just one important factor: did the candidate appear to be a pleasant person. Those candidates who had managed to ingratiate themselves were very likely to be offered a position; they had charmed their way to success. Some had made a special effort to smile and maintain eye contact. Others had praised the organization. This positivity had convinced the interviewers that such pleasant and socially skilled applicants would fit well into the workplace, and so should be offered a job. ① To Get a Job, Be a Pleasant Person ② More Qualifications Bring Better Chances ③ It Is Ability That Counts, Not Personality ④ Show Yourself As You Are at an Interview 문 7. 글의 내용과 일치하지 않는 것은? Most writers lead double lives. They earn good money at legitimate professions, and carve out time for their writing as best they can: early in the morning, late at night, weekends, vacations. William Carlos Williams and Louis-Ferdinand Céline were doctors. Wallace Stevens worked for an insurance company. T.S. Elliot was a banker, then a publisher. Don DeLilo, Peter Carey, Salman Rushdie, and Elmore Leonard all worked for long stretches in advertising. Other writers teach. That is probably the most common solution today, and with every major university and college offering so-called creative writing courses, novelists and poets are continually scratching and scrambling to land themselves a spot. Who can blame them? The salaries might not be big, but the work is steady and the hours are good. ① Some writers struggle for teaching positions to teach creative writing courses. ② As a doctor, William Carlos Williams tried to find the time to write. ③ Teaching is a common way for writers to make a living today. ④ Salman Rushdie worked briefly in advertising with great triumph. 영 어 2 책형 2 쪽 문 8. 글의 흐름상 가장 어색한 문장은? One of the largest celebrations of the passage of young girls into womanhood occurs in Latin American and Hispanic cultures. This event is called La Quinceañera, or the fifteenth year. ① It acknowledges that a young woman is now of marriageable age. The day usually begins with a Mass of Thanksgiving. ② By comparing the rites of passage of one culture with those of another, we can assess differences in class status. The young woman wears a full-length white or pastel-colored dress and is attended by fourteen friends and relatives who serve as maids of honor and male escorts. ③Her parents and godparents surround her at the foot of the altar. When the Mass ends, other young relatives give small gifts to those who attended, while the Quinceañera herself places a bouquet of flowers on the altar of the Virgin. ④Following the Mass is an elaborate party, with dancing, cake, and toasts. Finally, to end the evening, the young woman dances a waltz with her favorite escort. 문 9. 주어진 문장이 들어갈 위치로 가장 적절한 곳은? He dismally fails the first two, but redeems himself in the concluding whale episode, where he does indeed demonstrate courage, honesty, and unselfishness. Disney's work draws heavily from fairy tales, myths, and folklore, which are profuse in archetypal elements. ( ① ) Pinocchio is a good example of how these elements can be emphasized rather than submerged beneath a surface realism. ( ② ) Early in the film, the boy/puppet Pinocchio is told that in order to be a "real boy," he must show that he is "brave, truthful, and unselfish." ( ③ ) The three principal episodes of the movie represent ritualistic trials, testing the youth's moral fortitude. ( ④ ) As such, like most of Disney's works, the values in Pinocchio are traditional and conservative, an affirmation of the sanctity of the family unit, the importance of a Higher Power in guiding our destinies, and the need to play by society's rules. 문 10. 글의 내용과 일치하지 않는 것은? Stanislavski was fortunate in many ways. He was the son of a wealthy man who could give him the advantages of a broad education, the opportunity to see the greatest exponents of theatre art at home and abroad. He acquired a great reputation because he had set high goals and never faltered along the hard road leading to them. His personal integrity and inexhaustible capacity for work contributed to making him a professional artist of the first rank. Stanislavski was also richly endowed by nature with a handsome exterior, fine voice and genuine talent. As an actor, director and teacher, he was destined to influence and inspire the many who worked with him and under him or who had the privilege of seeing him on the stage. ① Stanislavski was born with attractive features. ② Stanislavski remained uninfluential on his colleagues throughout his life. ③ Stanislavski's father was affluent enough to support his education. ④ Stanislavski became a top-ranked artist by the aid of his upright character and untiring competence. ※ 밑줄 친 부분과 의미가 가장 가까운 것을 고르시오. [문 11 ～ 문 12] 문 11. It was personal. Why did you have to stick your nose in? ① hurry ② interfere ③ sniff ④ resign 문 12. Newton made unprecedented contributions to mathematics, optics, and mechanical physics. ① mediocre ② suggestive ③ unsurpassed ④ provocative 문 13. 어법상 옳은 것은? ① Jessica is a much careless person who makes little effort to improve her knowledge. ② But he will come or not is not certain. ③ The police demanded that she not leave the country for the time being. ④ The more a hotel is expensiver, the better its service is. 문 14. 글의 제목으로 가장 적절한 것은? Character is a respect for human beings and the right to interpret experience differently. Character admits self-interest as a natural trait, but pins its faith on man's hesitant but heartening instinct to cooperate. Character is allergic to tyranny, irritable with ignorance and always open to improvement. Character is, above all, a tremendous humility before the facts ― an automatic alliance with truth even when that truth is bitter medicine. ① Character's Resistance to Truth ② How to Cooperate with Characters ③ The Ignorance of Character ④ What Character Means 문 15. 글의 주제로 가장 적절한 것은? Children who under-achieve at school may just have poor working memory rather than low intelligence. Researchers from a university surveyed more than 3,000 primary school children of all ages and found that 10 % of them suffer from poor working memory, which seriously impedes their learning. Nationally, this equates to almost 500,000 children in primary education being affected. The researchers also found that teachers rarely identify poor working memory and often describe children with this problem as inattentive or less intelligent. ① children's identification with teachers at school ② low intelligence of primary school children ③ influence of poor working memory on primary school children ④ teachers' efforts to solve children's working-memory problem 영 어 2 책형 3 쪽 문 16. 글의 내용과 일치하는 것은? A new study by Harvard researchers may provide a compelling reason to remove canned soup and juice from your dining table. People who ate one serving of canned food daily over the course of five days, the study found, had significantly elevated levels ― more than a tenfold increase ―of bisphenol-A, or BPA, a substance that lines most food and drink cans. Public health officials in the United States have come under increasing pressure to regulate it. Some of the research on BPA shows that it is linked to a higher risk of cancer, heart disease, and obesity. Some researchers, though, counter that its reputation as a health threat to people is exaggerated. The new study published in The Journal of the American Medical Association is the first to measure the amounts of BPA that are ingested when people eat food that comes directly out of a can. ① 하버드의 새로운 연구가 통조림 음식의 안전성을 입증하였다. ② 비스페놀 A와 암, 심장병, 비만의 연관성이 과장되었다는 데에 모든 학자들이 동의한다. ③ 통조림 음식으로부터 사람의 몸에 유입된 비스페놀 A의 양이 아직 측정되지 않았다. ④ 미국의 보건 관리들은 비스페놀 A를 규제하라는 압력을 점점 더 받고 있다. 문 17. 주어진 글 다음에 이어질 글의 순서로 가장 적절한 것은? All animals have the same kind of brain activation during sleep as humans. Whether or not they dream is another question, which can be answered only by posing another one: Do animals have consciousness? (A) These are three of the key aspects of consciousness, and they could be experienced whether or not an animal had verbal language as we do. When the animal's brain is activated during sleep, why not assume that the animal has some sort of perceptual, emotional, and memory experience? (B) Many scientists today feel that animals probably do have a limited form of consciousness, quite different from ours in that it lacks language and the capacity for propositional or symbolic thought. (C) Animals certainly can't report dreams even if they do have them. But which pet owner would doubt that his or her favourite animal friend has perception, memory, and emotion? ① (A) － (B) － (C) ② (A) － (C) － (B) ③ (B) － (C) － (A) ④ (C) － (B) － (A) 문 18. 밑줄 친 부분 중 어법상 옳은 것은? ①As the old saying go, you are what you eat. The foods you eat ②obvious affect your body's performance. They may also influence how your brain handles tasks. If your brain handles them well, you think more clearly, and you are more emotionally stable. The right food can ③ help you being concentrated, keep you motivated, sharpen your memory, speed your reaction time, reduce stress, and perhaps ④even prevent your brain from aging. ※ 밑줄 친 부분에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것을 고르시오. [문 19～문 20] 문 19. There's a knock at your door. Standing in front of you is a young man who needs help. He's injured and is bleeding. You take him in and help him, make him feel comfortable and safe and phone for an ambulance. This is clearly the right thing to do. But if you help him just because you feel sorry for him, according to Immanuel Kant, ______________________. Your sympathy is irrelevant to the morality of your action. That's part of your character, but nothing to do with right and wrong. Morality for Kant wasn't just about what you do, but about why you do it. Those who do the right thing don't do it simply because of how they feel: the decision has to be based on reason, reason that tells you what your duty is, regardless of how you happen to feel. ① that wouldn't be a moral action at all ② your action is founded on reason ③ then you're exhibiting ethical behavior ④ you're encouraging him to be an honest person 문 20. A group of tribes and genera of hopping reptiles, small creatures of the dinosaur type, seem to have been pushed by competition and the pursuit of their enemies towards the alternatives of extinction or adaptation to colder conditions in the higher hills or by the sea. Among these distressed tribes there was developed a new type of scale ― scales that were elongated into quill-like forms and that presently branched into the crude beginnings of feathers. These quill-like scales lay over one another and formed a heat-retaining covering more efficient than any reptilian covering that had hitherto existed. So they permitted an invasion of colder regions that were otherwise uninhabited. Perhaps simultaneously with these changes there arose in these creatures a greater solicitude for their eggs. Most reptiles are apparently quite careless about their eggs, which are left for sun and season to hatch. But some of the varieties upon this new branch of the tree of life were acquiring a habit of guarding their eggs and ________________________________. With these adaptations to cold, other internal modifications were going on that made these creatures, the primitive birds, warm-blooded and independent of basking. ① hatching them unsuccessfully ② leaving them under the sun on their own ③ keeping them warm with the warmth of their bodies ④ flying them to scaled reptiles
영어.pdf 2016 기상직 9급 영어 해설 김민수.pdf 2016 기상직 9급 영어 해설 김정연.pdf A형 6 쪽 문 19. 다음 빈칸에 들어갈 시구로 가장 적절한 것은? 사월이라 맹하되니 ( ) 비온 끝에 볕이 나니 일기도 청화하다 떡갈잎 퍼질 때에 뻐꾹새 자로 울고 보리 이삭 패어나니 꾀꼬리 소리 난다 - 정학유, ‘농가월령가’ - ① 입춘 우수 절기로다 ② 경칩 춘분 절기로다 ③ 청명 곡우 절기로다 ④ 입하 소만 절기로다 문 20. 다음 중 화자가 자연을 바라보는 태도가 다른 것은? ① 청하(靑荷)애 바 고 녹류(綠柳)에 고기 여 노적화총(蘆荻花叢)에 야 두고 일반청의미(一般淸意味)를 어 부니 아 실가 ② 짚 방석(方席) 내지 마라 낙엽(落葉)엔들 못 안즈랴 솔불 혀지 마라 어제 진 도다 온다 아 야 박주산채(薄酒山菜)ㄹ망졍 업다 말고 내여라 ③ 백설(白雪)이 자진 골에 구르미 머흐레라 반가온 매화(梅花) 어 곳에 픠엿 고 석양(夕陽)에 홀로 셔 이셔 갈 곳 몰라 노라 ④ 말 업슨 청산(靑山)이요, 태(態) 업슨 유수(流水)ㅣ로다 갑 업슨 청풍(淸風)이요, 님 업슨 명월(明月)이라 이 중(中)에 병(病) 업슨 이 몸이 분별(分別) 업시 늙으리라 영 어 문 1. 밑줄 친 단어와 의미가 가장 가까운 것은? Jimmie was too irresolute for this project that required firm management. ① arrogant ② determined ③ exemplary ④ hesitating 문 2. 밑줄 친 단어와 의미가 가장 가까운 것은? She forwent all meat for two months when she was on a diet. ① conferred ② relinquished ③ persecuted ④ advocated 문 3. 다음 빈칸에 가장 알맞은 것은? The speaker _________ pompous phrases and instead used simple and direct language. ① asserted ② imitated ③ abandoned ④ boasted 문 4. 다음의 우리말을 영어로 잘못 옮긴 것은? ① 내 차를 계속 두고 수리하려고 해요. I am going to keep my car and get it repaired. ② 그의 걱정은 기우로 드러났다. His worries turned out to be founded. ③ 그녀는 반듯이 누웠다. She lay on her back. ④ 차는 시속 60마일로 달리고 있다. The car is doing sixty miles an hour. 문 5. 다음 중 표현상 올바르지 않은 것은? ① The country lacks natural resources. ② A well-known pianist, band leader and composition, Kay Kyser played for the troops. ③ Inside the examination room we could neither smoke nor talk. ④ On the other hand, many women choose to go out to work. A형 7 쪽 문 6. 다음의 우리말을 영어로 가장 잘 옮긴 것은? 피터가 그렇게 행동하다니 뭔가 일이 있었음에 틀림없다. ① It is certain that Peter is acting strange recently. ② Peter must have undergone a serious behavior. ③ Peter behaves in a strange way to make it happen. ④ Something must have happened to Peter to make him behave in such a way. 문 7. 다음 글의 밑줄 친 부분 중 어법상 옳지 않은 것은? Each night our sleep is ① punctuated by periods of intense activity. Pulse and breathing quicken, blood pressure fluctuates, eyes ② darting back and forth beneath closed lids, and we dream. Researchers ③have clearly mapped the physiology of rapid eye movement (REM) sleep. But the function of our dreams is still a mystery. Judging by the deluge of research reported at an international conference, ④held recently, the solution is still elusive. 문 8. 다음 글의 밑줄 친 부분 중 어법상 옳지 않은 것은? People ① unaccustomed to high altitudes ② would suffer from mountain sickness in the Himalayas. The lack of oxygen in the air would make them ③ dizzy and, perhaps, ④ unconsciously. 문 9. 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? Strong writing is _____________. Instead of writing “There was a string of murders in a small town” you might write “Four people were hacked to death in Wichita, Kansas over a two-week period.” Instead of “My novel tells the story of a natural disaster that occurred in the middle of the century,” you might say, “My novel tells the story of the Great Earthquake of 1948 which killed 221 people.” This kind of writing not only indicates a strong writer, it also helps the agent immediately get a fix on the plot. Indeed, sometimes writers write in generalities to avoid getting down to the details of the plot, as there isn’t much to say. If you have the facts, use them. ① tedious ② general ③ specific ④ conventional 문 10. 다음 대화 중 어색한 것은? ① A: How did you find your dinner? B: I looked in the refrigerator, and there it was. ② A: It’s getting colder. B: Don’t worry. I’ll get you a blanket. ③ A: I can’t decide which of the two to choose. B: It looks like a jump ball situation. ④ A: Why are you so hot under the collar? B: I just got in a fight with my boyfriend. 문 11. Skeleton에 대한 다음 글의 내용과 일치하지 않는 것은? Skeleton made its Olympic return in 2002 after a 54-year absence. Like luge, the sport involves racing a sled down an icy track. Unlike luge, skeleton sleds are ridden face first. This sport was named when someone commented that a new metal sled, first used in 1892, resembled a skeleton. The sport's first organized competition took place in the late 1800s in the Swiss village of St. Moritz. Riders raced down the frozen road from St. Moritz to Celerina on simple sleds, and the winner received a bottle of champagne. It was at the 1928 St. Moritz Winter Games that skeleton made its Olympic debut. But the sport would not reappear until the 1948 Winter Games, which were also held in St. Moritz. Then—just as suddenly—skeleton went back in the closet again until its 2002 reemergence. ① 2002년 올림픽에 다시 모습을 드러냈다. ② 생김새 때문에 붙여진 이름이다. ③ 초창기 대회의 우승자는 샴페인을 받았다. ④ 2002년 이전에는 단 한 번만 올림픽에 등장했다. 문 12. 다음 대화의 빈칸에 들어갈 표현으로 가장 적절한 것은? Danny: So, buddy, how is married life? Jason: Usually pretty good, but with Gwen right now. I accidentally said I didn't like her mother's cooking. Danny: Ah, man! You shouldn't have said so. You had better buy flowers for Gwen and her mother. Jason: Good idea. Maybe that will make her forgive me. ① I am in the doghouse ② I break the news ③ I am all ears ④ I’ve got a frog in my throat A형 8 쪽 문 13. 다음 글의 제목으로 가장 적절한 것은? Geology is divided into many fields of study. Most geologists specialize in a particular area. Focusing closely on one area of study allows geologists to gain detailed knowledge. Petrologists study rocks — what they are made of and where they came from. Seismologists study earthquakes. They look for evidence of what occurs below the surface before earthquakes happen. They also measure an earthquake’s power and intensity. Volcanologists study volcanoes, at times having to be as close as they can to a fiery eruption. They want to know what volcanoes can reveal about how Earth was formed and how it moves today. Historical geologists study how Earth has changed since it formed more than 4.6 billion years ago. Paleontologists focus on the history of life on Earth. They use clues found in rocks to learn about animals that lived long ago. ① Origin of Geology ② Many Types of Geology ③ What is Geology? ④ History of Geology 문 14. 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? Rober Frost is a famous American poet who depicted the northeastern part of the United States, known as New England. He was a spokesman for the region and wrote much about the American landscape of his area. Having spent most of his life on the farms in the country, he lived the life he wrote about. Oddly enough, however, Frost __________________________. In the early 1900s, interest in poetry ran high in London and the poetry bookshops gave substantial encouragement to struggling young writers. After selling his farm, which his grandfather had bought him in the hope that he would settle down, he set sail with his family for England. Within a short time he published his first book of poems. He won almost immediate recognition for the simple beauty of his verse. He was one of the first American poets of international stature to bring the rhythms of colloquial speech into poetry. Later his books were also published in America, and he returned to another farm in his beloved New Hampshire, where he lived many years. ① was recognized first in England ② had a big change in his writing style ③ acclaimed international fame right after his first collection of poems ④ never acknowledged his close tie with the American soil 문 15. 다음 글에서 전체 흐름과 관계없는 문장은? When people are having a rough time, usually the first question we ask them is “How are you?” because we think it’s a way to open up the conversation and to show that we care. ① Here’s another way to look at it: if you are trying to comfort people who are dealing with difficult situations, they will bless you for not making the “How are you?” question the first one. ② This question may have the power to make them encouraged and from it people can feel comfortable. ③ Ask about their work or their family or about almost anything else to give them a little relief from once again explaining what a rough time they are having getting through this trying experience. ④They want to be treated like whole individuals, not just like people in a challenging situation that is taking over their identity. Perhaps after listening carefully for a while, you may not even have to ask how they are because they will have told you in their own way. 문 16. 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? Many people are so focused on sharing their thoughts, opinions, and ideas that they forget to think about how their message will be received, or whether it’s a good idea to speak at all. Learning when you should not say anything is as important as learning how to say something. Ask yourself, “What do I want to say?” and “Why do I want to say it?” If the purpose of the communication is to make you feel better about something, and the information is not particularly helpful for the listener, perhaps __________________. On the other hand, you shouldn’t refrain from communicating feelings, thoughts, or reactions that influence your working relationships. Determining how much to talk is an important first step when planning your communication. ① you shouldn’t hide your intention ② you had better say your personal interests ③ you should think learning is important ④ you shouldn’t say anything A형 9 쪽 문 17. 다음 글의 제목으로 가장 적절한 것은? Chimpanzees’ performance seems quite primitive when compared to that of a human child. It took Sheba, female chimpanzee, several years of trial and error before she could master the digits 0 through 9. In the end, the chimpanzee still made frequent errors in using them, as did all the animals trained on number tasks. A young child, by contrast, spontaneously counts on its fingers, can often count up to 10 before the age of three, and rapidly moves on to multidigit numerals whose syntax is much more complex. The developing human brain seems to absorb numerical language effortlessly—quite the opposite of animals, which always seem to need hundreds of repetitions of the same lesson before they retain anything. ① Necessities to Protect Chimpanzees ② Wonders of Geometric Abilities in Children ③ Limits of Mathematical Competence of Chimpanzees ④ Linguistic Similarity between Human and Chimpanzees 문 18. 주어진 문장 다음에 이어질 글의 순서로 가장 적절한 것은? By the 1920s it was thought that no corner of the earth fit for human habitation had remained unexplored. New Guinea, the world's second largest island, was no exception. (A) But the mountains visible from each coast in fact belonged to two ranges, not one, and between them was a temperate plateau crossed by many fertile valleys. (B) The European missionaries, planters, and administrators clung to its coastal lowlands, convinced that no one could live in the treacherous mountain range that ran in a solid line down the middle of the island. (C) A million Stone Age people lived in those highlands, isolated from the rest of the world for 40,000 years. ① (B) - (A) - (C) ② (A) - (B) - (C) ③ (C) - (A) - (B) ④ (B) - (C) - (A) 문 19. 다음 글의 내용과 일치하는 것은? Herbalism or herbal medicine means the use of plants for medicinal purposes, and the study of such use. Plants have been the basis for medical treatments through much of human history. Societies living before the beginning of written history used plants as medicine. The Lascaux cave paintings discovered in France depict plants as healing agents. During the Middle Ages, most families grew medicinal herbs at home. Knowledge of herbal medicine was orally passed down from generation to generation. But with the development of western medicine in the nineteenth century, the popularity of herbal medicine subsided. Modern medicine, however, still makes use of many plant-derived compounds as the basis for evidencetested pharmaceutical drugs. The World Health Organization estimates that roughly 80 percent of the world’s population use herbal remedies as a source of treatment. Herbs today are available in many forms. They are taken fresh or dried and packaged as tablets. They can also be used in capsules, teas, ointments and oils. Herbalists even recommend these formulas over many plant-based pharmaceutical drugs for their holistic properties. ① Herbal remedies are not welcomed by doctors practising western medicine. ② Nowadays, scientists are not studying how to take medicinal plants. ③ People in the prehistoric age treated ailments with plant-based remedies. ④ Growing medicinal herbs at home is getting popular all over the world. 문 20. 글의 흐름으로 보아, 주어진 문장이 들어가기에 가장 적절한 곳은? < 문 장 > Although most people think that snakes are slimy and wet, the opposite is true. Most people run or scream in terror when they see a snake. ( ① ) Yet if snakes are examined without prejudice, they prove to be fascinating and relatively harmless members of the reptile family. ( ② ) Like other reptiles, they are cold-blooded, and their temperatures change with the environment. ( ③ ) Their skins are cool and dry, even pleasant to touch. Despite their reputation, most snakes do more good than harm by helping to control the rodent population. ( ④ )
영어.pdf 2015 경찰 1차 영어 해설 김신주.hwp 2015 경찰 1차 영어 해설 김정연.pdf 2015 경찰 1차 영어 해설 김형섭.pdf 2015 경찰 1차 영어 해설 리스공.hwp 2015 경찰 1차 영어 해설 심상대.pdf 2015 경찰 1차 영어 해설 이동기.pdf 2015 경찰 1차 영어 해설 이리라.pdf 2015 경찰 1차 영어 해설 최종수.pdf 2015 경찰 1차 영어 해설 헤더진.pdf - 1 - 영 어 The dean s remarks made the point more obscure. ① impending precise ② unclear ③ compact ④ The prime minister was thoroughly dismayed by the lack of public support for his new project. dilapidated ① disseminated ② distorted ③ disappointed ④ Remember to go through the pockets before you put those trousers in the washing machine. ① ② experience search study ③ ④ use A: So what do you think about this car? B: I don't know. ( ) I think I need something bigger. A: No problem. Just think about it. ① I'll go for it. I'm of two minds about it. ② I can't afford buying this car. ③ This car is second to none. ④ A: Did you decide what to do in the future? B: Well, I m interested in working for an international volunteer organization. But I don’t know where to start to prepare for that. ( ) A: The first thing to do would be to study English harder because effective communication is important. Where is the organization located? ① What did you learn from the volunteer work? ② Can you tell me how to study English well? ③ What do you think I should do? ④ A journalist pointed out that the country has progressed from oppression to ( ), creating a constitution and holding national elections. colonization ① dictatorship ② sovereignty ③ autocracy ④ Culture shock is the feeling some people experience when they travel to a new country or part of the world ( ) the first time. Sometimes the food, style of dress, and other aspects of life in a new country are ( ) different that people have a hard time adjusting ( ) this new way of life. Culture shock can last for days, weeks, or even months. in - very - for for - so to ① ② – in - so - for for- very - in ③ ④ Drivers are advised to ( ) their driver's license on time ㉠ as they may be required to retake the written and driving tests past the ( ) date. ㉡ ㉠ ㉡ ① issue …… production ② renew …… expiration ③ revoke …… termination ④ suspend …… manufacture He is a man of impetuous temperament. impulsive ① lazy ② stubborn ③ ④ competitive The investigators say that they cannot rule ( ) the possibility of arson. We sent ( ) the wedding invitations last month. ① over up ② out ③ in ④ 한국 사과는 맛이 좋습니다. Korean apples are tasting wonderful. ① Korean apples are tasting wonderfully. ② Korean apples taste wonderfully. ③ Korean apples taste wonderful. ④ Surveillance cameras have been widely used in lots of places for security purposes. Their usefulness, ( ), is still under discussion. Those who support the use of surveillance cameras argue that they can serve as a deterrent to crime. ( those who have doubts about their uses are worried that surveillance cameras are not as effective in preventing crime as have been believed. Moreover, they are intruding upon people s privacy. ㉠ ㉡ ① likewise …… Hence ② nevertheless …… Consequently ③ however …… On the other hand ④ on the other hand …… However While lecturing to his literature class at Ain Shams University in Cairo, a British professor leaned back in his chair and showed the bottom of his foot to the astonished class. That kind of gesture in Muslim society was considered the worst kind of insult. The next day, the Cairo newspapers carried headlines that students had denounced British ( ) and demanded that the professor be sent home. ① ② teaching arrogance relationship ③ politeness ④ - 2 - 영 어 What a person considers to be private is that which cannot be searched or seized without probable cause; law protects the extent to which an individual's private property can be searched by the police. Hence, before law enforcement personnel can search or seize private property, they must have probable cause to believe that a crime has been committed or that the owner of the property has been involved in criminal activity, or both. Further, the law enforcement personnel is required to obtain a search warrant from a judicial officer before engaging in any form of search and seizure of private property. The basis for the warrant must be probable cause. Probable cause ranges between "more than mere suspicion”and "less than clear evidence.” A search warrant gives the police the legal authority to enter a private property without permission of the owner to search for evidence listed in the warrant in the places authorized by the warrant. the definition and range of probable cause ① the general procedure of criminal investigation ② different functions of a warrant in policing activity ③ the requirements to search and seize private property ④ Economists are debating whether donating substantial amounts of money to poorer nations is helpful in the long run. Most economists feel that, at best, aid has produced only mixed results. Despite the fact that the priority should be to create infrastructure such as roads, schools, and hospitals, what often happens is that incompetent and corrupt officials end up misusing or stealing the money. Another problem is that countries become too dependent on foreign aid. Some experts argue that overall, foreign aid has produced a brighter picture by reducing global poverty. By monitoring foreign aid expenditure, we can prevent its misuse and aim to provide support for poor countries so that they can eventually achieve economic empowerment and donate money to others in turn. ① 경제학자들은 빈국 원조가 한 가지의 확실한 결과를 가져왔다고 본다. ② 원조는 항상 도로 학교 병원 등 기반시설을 만드는데 먼저 사용된다 , , . ③ 원조의 문제 중 하나는 빈국이 외국원조에 너무 의존적이 된다는 것이다. ④ 원조 사용의 계획을 세워줌으로써 이것의 오용을 막을 수 있다. People are accustomed to thinking of lie detectors as foolproof. They assume that lie detectors are infallible simply because they are machines. However, in fact, nothing could be further from the truth. To begin with, those who administer the tests are not always licenced examiners, let alone qualified experts. Furthermore, many subjects react to a lie detector test in an unsteady condition. Consequently, their bodies behave as if they were lying even when telling the truth. In contrast, some people are smart enough to use relaxation techniques to remain calm when they are actually telling a string of lies. ① Two Types of Criminal Errors Made by Lie Detectors ② How to Frustrate Lie Detector Examiners? ③ The Fallacy of Human Assumption ④ In an aging society, new markets are likely to emerge, with a varie ty of new produc ts targe ting senior citizens. One noticeable trend is that senior consumers tend to choose more higher-priced goods than younger ones. F or exam ple, the dem and for high-quality cosmetics and clothes among senior citizens is growing at a rapid pace. Even in foods, organic products are setting the pace in the high-priced food market. It is evident that senior citizens are major consumers in these more expensive markets. problems of aging societies ① expanding consumption of organic products ② emerging high-priced markets in an aging society ③ demand for high-quality clothes ④ Conversationally and emotionally, weddings and funerals are two of the most difficult events to attend. Although weddings are festive, happy times, guests often know few people and therefore must have sharp conversational skills, especially for small talk. Funerals are even more difficult because you want to say something consoling to the family of the deceased but often cannot find the words. This article provides a guide for conversation at these events; you can shape the language to your own needs and feelings. ① 결혼식과 장례식에서 적절한 말을 하는 것 ② 결혼식과 장례식을 치를 때의 어려움 ③ 결혼식과 장례식의 적절한 복장 ④ 결혼식과 장례식에 사용되는 비용 When collecting data, many think it is desirable to minimize the messiness in data. However, it is not an easy task; by combining different types of information from different sources, which don't always ㉠align/alternate perfectly. Sometimes, you are better off not being obsessed with eliminating messiness. Suppose you need to measure the temperature in a crop field. If you have only one temperature sensor for the whole plot of land, it must be an accurate one; otherwise, it does not provide ㉡ reliable/unreliable data. In contrast, if you have a sensor for every square meter of land, incorrect data from a few sensors will not cause any problem. The aggregate of many readings will provide a more ㉢ comprehensive/apprehensive picture. ㉠ ㉡ ㉢ ① align reliable comprehensive ② align unreliable apprehensive ③ alternate unreliable comprehensive ④ alternate reliable apprehensive Career experts say the way you come across to the interviewer sends a powerful message about you and how much you care about the job search process. Your interviewer will form impressions about you from your posture, handshake, eye contact, clothes, shoes and accessories, usage of space, attentiveness, tone of voice, and facial expressions. Avoiding eye contact may appear that you are evading or trying to hide something. However, too much eye contact (direct staring) can seem intimidating. When you are practicing how to answer questions, make sure to get constructive feedback about nonverbals, work on improvements, and then use the right nonverbals during the job search process. ① 면접에서 언어구사력의 중요성 ② 면접에서 비언어적인 요소의 중요성 ③ 면접에서 눈맞춤의 중요성 ④ 면접에서 연습의 중요성
영어.pdf 2015 경찰 2차 영어 해설 김신주.pdf 2015 경찰 2차 영어 해설 김정연.pdf 2015 경찰 2차 영어 해설 김지현.hwp 2015 경찰 2차 영어 해설 김형섭.pdf 2015 경찰 2차 영어 해설 리스공.pdf 2015 경찰 2차 영어 해설 이동기.pdf 2015 경찰 2차 영어 해설 장현숙.pdf 2015 경찰 2차 영어 해설 정철호.pdf 2015 경찰 2차 영어 해설 최현순.pdf 2015 경찰 2차 영어 해설 헤더진.pdf - 1 - 영 어 A child's first birthday is respected as special in most countries. It is a(n) ( ) of survival and growth. By this age, children have their first teeth, they are able to eat food, and they are about to walk at first. emblem ① struggle ② method ③ arrival ④ If you weren't so careless, the machine wouldn't ( ) so easily. break in ① break down ② settle down ③ kick in ④ In our country, child labor was ( ) fifty years ago. However, in some countries, people are still fighting to end it. extradited ① exhumed ② abrogated ③ consoled ④ My father is counting on me in completing this job depending on ① inquiring about ② requesting ③ teasing ④ The teacher emphasized the importance of cooperation. served ① ignored ② stressed ③ considered ④ Due to his aggressive remarks, I resolved to turn down the offer. timid ① positive ② educational ③ quarrelsome ④ A: I ran into Joe's sister yesterday. What is his sister's name? B: Jessica, No. Sue... no. Gee, it is on the tip of my ( ), but I can't quite remember. A: That's O.K. It will come to you. mouth ① tongue ② lip ③ throat ④ In a house with less/little ㉠ than 1,500 square feet of dining room, every furniture need/ ㉡ needs to pull its weight. Pieces that perform multiple functions do just that. Rather than w aste space on a living room, Maria made a choice of a movable table she extends when/what ㉢ needed. ( ) John ( ) Ted needs to confirm how many chairs we'll need. ㉠ ㉡ Nick, unlike the others in his office, yearned to take on extra responsibilities such as writing reports, ( ) brainstorming sessions, and analyzing every twist and turn of the market. managing newly hired workers, and to plan ① to manage newly hired workers for the planning of ② to manage workers that were newly hired, and to plan ③ managing newly hired workers, planning ④ I write my essays in notebooks with lined pages, sometimes using a pen, sometimes a pencil. ( ) I'm writing an essay at home, I sit in the chair in my study. If I'm away from home, I can write in a hotel room or cafe. If I haven't got a notebook with me, the back of an envelope will do. The reason for using a notebook is that I can go back and check an earlier draft, to see ( ) the essay is getting better or worse. ① ― While whether While when ② ― What ③ how ― What ④ that ― A: I'm thinking of quitting the job and doing something else. B: What for? You seem to enjoy working for an international company. You said it was the one that helped prepare for your future career. What's the problem with the job you have? A: ( ) ① The transportation is convenient. The parking space is too large. ② ③ I want to become a lawyer. The cafeteria is very cozy. ④ ㉠ ㉡ ㉢ ① less needs when ② less need what ③ little need when ④ little needs what ① ㉠ and Both ㉡ ② ㉠ or Either ㉡ ③ ㉠ or Both ㉡ ④ ㉠ and Either ㉡ - 2 - 영 어 Just as students usually can discern the teacher's attitude toward them, so they are highly sensitive to the teacher's attitude toward the subject matter. One of the most striking characteristics of the excellent teacher is enthusiasm for what she or he is teaching. The bored teacher conveys boredom to the students-and who can blame them for failing to get excited if the teacher, who knows more about the subject than they do, doesn't find it engaging? The students ① ' perception about the teacher. The teacher ② 's attitude toward the subject matter. The students ③ ' opinion about the subject. The kinds of enthusiasm the students need. ④ Throughout history, we have been accompanied by animals. They are more than just pets-they are loving creatures who do not deserved to be sacrificed for laboratory experiments. But who speaks for them? They have no vote, no voice in government, no one to speak up for them. We must be their voices. Every year, more than 100 million animals are used in laboratories in the United States to test chemicals, drugs, foods, and consumer products. In many cases, the animals are made to suffer greatly. How would you feel if your pet were forced to endure pain and suffering? You would want to intervene on their behalf. Please consider writing a letter to your representative in Congress to end animal testing now. ① Animals can't talk. ② Everyone should adopt a pet. ③ We should end scientific animal testing. ④ There are too many facilities that test on animals. Soon after the Louisiana Purchase was made in 1803, John Lewis and William Clark were chosen by President Thomas Jefferson to head an expedition. They were to explore the newly acquired, but unknown, territory. The journal of their extraordinary trip of eight thousand miles, which lasted twenty-eight months, is enthralling reading today. They used their eyes and ears along the way-recording land and river information, plant and animal life, and the habits and attitudes of the Indians. The life styles of Indians ① The Lewis and Clark exploration ② The Louisiana Purchase ③ The order given by President Thomas Jefferson ④ Never work alone. It is especially important in a middle school or junior school. Work with your school counselor, other grade level teachers, parents and your students. If you are doing this, you will have several options for dealing with the problem. You cannot fake caring about your junior-high students. They can notice a fake. You must be working together with this age group because you need to truly like them as people. You appreciate their humor and their abilities with a caring, trusting and respectful relationship. They will be open to your help and guidance. Parents are often not involved in the classroom at these grade levels, but there are great programs available to get parents involved ① Haste makes waste. Better late than never. ② Action speaks louder than words. ③ Two heads are better than one. ④ Along with fear and vanity, another extremely powerful emotion is our desire to be accepted by others. ( ), children often do things wrong, because of pressure from friends. Unfortunately, many people continue to give in to peer pressure throughout their lives. Peer pressure is another form of false reasoning. It is an argument that says,“Accept the conclusion, or you won't be accepted.” ① ② However Nevertheless For example ③ Though ④ During my second year in law school, my exams caused me to panic. I had prepared well, I thought, but the exams unnerved me and they went very badly. I was completely convinced that I had failed them. I mentally prepared to receive failing or near failing grades and began to make plans to find an – alternative path in life. I didn't think I could finish my third and final year at law school after such a disaster. I took deep breaths and waited for the bad news. When the envelope came, I opened it with calm resignation. But the grades were an A and an A-. I looked again and blinked. How was it possible? Some guardian angels were looking out for me yet again. I wouldn't have to leave law school. ① → troubled surprised resolute distressed ② → insistent amazing ③ → quirky confused ④ → As you are well aware, a great tragedy took place in our city last week. Some faulty electrical wiring led to a fire breaking out and eventually destroying an entire block of homes in the suburbs. From the very beginning it was fanned by strong winds, but it would not have spread so far and so quickly, if our firefighters had been able to arrive at the scene in time. Our city has only one fire station located downtown. Would you please establish a new fire station in our area, since you are mayor of our city? We are in urgent need of one. I look forward to your response. ① 소방 시설의 현대화 제안 ② 소방관의 조속한 파견 요청 ③ 소방서 신설 건의 ④ 강풍 대비 훈련 통보 In 1972, a Hershey's chocolate bar cost only 5 cents. Today, the same bar costs at least 50 cents. That's an increase of over 900 percent! This increase sounds extreme, doesn't it? But is it really as severe as the math makes it seem? Not quite. The problem with this claim is that while the actual price of a Hershey's bar may have increased 900 percent, it's not a fair comparison. That's because 5 cents in 1972 had more market value than 5 cents today. In this situation, the actual costs can't legitimately be compared. Instead, the costs have to be compared after they've been adjusted for inflation. Because there has been such a long time span and the value of the dollar has ( ) in the last 30 years. ① ② inclined declined inflated ③ stagnated ④
영어.pdf 2015 법원직 9급 영어 해설 김정연.pdf 2015 법원직 9급 영어 해설 손진숙.pdf 【영어 25문】 ①책형 【문 1】밑줄 친 부분 중 의미하는 바가 아주 다른 것은? 【문 2】다음 글에서 필자가 주장하는 바로 가장 적절한 것은? ① 부모는 자녀의 능력에 관해 확신을 가지고 있어야 한다. ② 부모는 자녀에게 앞으로 생길 일들을 숨김없이 알려주어야 한다. ③ 부모는 자녀들이 자신의 미래를 스스로 개척하도록 도와 주어야 한다. ④ 훌륭한 부모는 낙천적인 성격이고 미래에 대한 불안감이 전혀 없어야 한다. 【문 3】다음 글의 밑줄 친 낱말의 쓰임이 문맥상 적절하지 않은 것은? The idea of ①using a product once or for a brief period and then replacing it runs counter to the grain of societies or individuals steeped in a heritage of poverty. Not long ago Uriel Rone, a market researcher for the French advertising agency Publicis, told me: "The French housewife ②is not used to disposable products. She likes ③to keep things, even old things, rather than throw them away. We represented one company that wanted to introduce a kind of plastic throw-away curtain. We did a marketing study for them and found ④the resistance too strong." This resistance, however, is dying all over the developed world. Parents have to be optimists. They have faith in the world and its future, or they can't expect their children to have it. Without faith, it's like an Army captain muttering, "We'll never take that hill," before the battle begins. If you really feel that the world is in a hopeless mess, hide it. Whatever you say should be honest, but don't confuse honesty with total confession; not everything must be said. Don't share your uncertainties about the future with your adolescent. Allow him to explore the future on his own, with your support. In 2009, New York Times reporter Matt Richtel earned a Pulitzer Prize for National Reporting with a series of articles ("Driven to Distraction") on the ①dangers of driving while texting or using cell phones. He found that distracted driving is ②responsible for 16 percent of all traffic fatalities and nearly half a million injuries annually. Even an idle phone conversation when driving takes a 40 percent bite out of your ③focus and, surprisingly, can have the same effect as being drunk. The evidence is so ④elusive that many states and municipalities have outlawed cell phone use while driving. 【문 4】다음 글의 밑줄 친 부분이 의미하는 것으로 가장 적절한 것은? ① Using violence is okay whenever you are in trouble. ② Letting people know that you’re angry doesn't help protect you and even makes a situation worse. ③ It’s wrong to behave violently and hurt others, but it isn’t wrong to express anger when someone treats you unfairly. ④ Just because the snake had agreed to stop biting people, that didn’t mean that it was allowed to stay on a path leading to the temple. 【문 5】다음 주어진 문장이 들어가기에 가장 적절한 곳은? If the numbers continue to rise at the same rates, tobacco and a number of smoking-related diseases will be the world’s biggest killer in just 15 years. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), the world’s biggest killer in 2030 will be something that is preventable, but voluntary. ( ① ) Today, the WHO says that tobacco is the second major cause of death in the world, responsible for killing one in ten adults world wide. ( ② ) Developing countries are the most susceptible because eighty-four percent of all smokers currently live in middle to low income countries, where tobacco use has been increasing since 1970. ( ③ ) Though many governments have taken measures to ban public smoking and educate young potential smokers of heath hazards, until tobacco products are entirely prohibited, it will ultimately be up to the individual to choose to take the risk or not. ( ④ ) Once upon a time, there was a snake that lived on a path leading from a village to a temple. The villagers were scared of it, so they threw stones at it and stepped on its home. Then the snake started to bite the villagers, and they stopped going to the temple. A monk who lived in the temple was unhappy about this, so he went to the snake and told it that it was wrong to bite people. The snake agreed and promised never to do it again. However, when the villagers realized that the snake was no longer dangerous, they started throwing stones at it and stepping on its home again. A few days later, the snake, hurt and bleeding, came to the temple to see the monk. ‘What happened?’ asked the monk. The snake said, ‘No one is afraid of me now and the villagers treat me very badly!’ The monk sighed. ‘I told you not to bite,’ he said. ‘I didn’t tell you not to hiss.’ 1교시 ①책형 전체 19-14 【영어 25문】 ①책형 【문 6】다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? The way in which we phrase our words has an enormous psychological impact on our reasoning. The most famous idiom to illustrate this point is to say that a glass is “half full” instead of “half empty.” The positive connotations of a half-full glass allow for a more content and susceptible frame of mind, as opposed to the negative distancing effect of considering a glass half-empty. For instance, more people are likely to buy a box of cookies that are advertised as being 75% fat free than a box that was simply 25% fat. The subtle effects of carefully choosing our words are . ① selectively influential and limited ② from private and individual experiences ③ far-reaching and extraordinarily common ④ directly related to interpersonal relationships 【문 7】글의 흐름으로 보아, 주어진 문장이 들어가기에 가장 적절한 곳은? On the other hand, a marine mammal trainer may study and utilize knowledge from marine biology like anatomy, physiology or behavior. We often hear people say, "I want to be a marine biologist so I can train dolphins." ① While it is true that some marine biologists do train dolphins, the descriptions for a marine biologist and a marine mammal trainer are really quite different. ② A marine biologist is someone who studies, observes, or protects marine organisms. ③ Generally, very few of these scientists train living marine mammal species themselves. ④ A marine mammal trainer is actually taught to specialize in each of these fields. 【문 8】글의 흐름으로 보아, 주어진 문장이 들어가기에 가장 적절한 곳은? These students may be confused after reading when their classmates can answer questions and they can't because they're not comprehending. As they read through a short passage in a text, proficient readers accomplish many tasks; make predictions, infer information, visualize a scene, and generate questions. ( ① ) They usually do these tasks without even realizing they are doing them. ( ② ) But beginning readers often don't realize that they are supposed to do this, in part because they are focusing on decoding words. ( ③ ) Teachers tell the struggling readers to re-read, but they often do so with the same results. ( ④ ) 【문 9】주어진 글 다음에 이어질 글의 순서로 가장 적절한 것은? Most of us who have ever cleaned a house would be much happier if there was less dust. However, without dust there would be less rainfall and sunsets would be less beautiful. (A) At the sunrise and sunset, the dust and water vapour molecules reflect the longer, red rays of light in such a way that we can see them for more time. The more dust particles in the air, the more colorful the sunrise or sunset. (B) Thus water vapour would be much less likely to turn to rain without the dust particles. The water vapour and dust particles also reflect the rays of the sun. (C) Rain is formed when water molecules in the air collect around particles of dust. When the collected water becomes heavy enough, the water droplets fall to the earth as rain. ① (A) - (C) - (B) ② (B) - (A) - (C) ③ (C) - (B) - (A) ④ (C) - (A) - (B) 【문10】다음 글의 내용을 한 문장으로 요약했을 때 빈칸 (A)와 (B)에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? Perhaps the biggest problem for men who want to do more with their children is that employers rarely make it easy for them. According to a recent study of 1,300 major corporations made by Catalyst, a career think tank for women, few companies pay more than lip service to the idea of paternal participation. More than 80 percent of the executives surveyed acknowledged that men now feel more need to share child-raising responsibilities ― but nearly 40 percent also agreed that "realistically, certain positions in my firm cannot be attained by a man who combines career and parenting." While a quarter of the companies said they favored the idea of paternity leaves, fewer than on in ten actually offered them. ↓ A recent study shows that in reality it is difficult for men to share in (A) because of companies that rarely support (B) involvement in child rearing. (A) (B) ① parenting paternal ② parenting executive ③ profession paternal ④ profession executive 1교시 ①책형 전체 19-15 【영어 25문】 ①책형 【문11】다음 글의 밑줄 친 부분 중 어법상 틀린 것은? 【문12】다음 글의 상황에 나타난 분위기로 가장 적절한 것은? On a mid-September day, British climbers Rachel Kelsey and Jeremy Colenso were climbing in the Swiss Alps. They were both experienced climbers and when they left their base, the weather was good. They reached the summit, but as they started the climb down, an electric storm struck the mountain. Snow began to fall, making it difficult to see where they could put their hands and feet on the rock. After several frightening minutes, they found a narrow ledge and climbed on to it, hoping the snow would stop and they could continue their descent. The snow did not stop and the temperature dropped to -10℃. ① festive ② mysterious ③ monotonous ④ worrisome 【문13】다음 밑줄 친 it이 지칭하는 대상이 나머지 셋과 다른 것은? One day, I looked out our dining room window to see our strawberry patch spreading its leaves and getting started with some new vines. Towards one edge of the area was one of those really spiky, thorny weeds. Figuring I'd grab ①it out of there when I had my yard-work gloves on, I got back to my housework and promptly forgot all about ②it. Time passed, and I glanced out of the window again to find a really spiky, thorny bush flourishing next to my strawberries, choking them out a bit. ③It took a shovel to get that thing out! Why didn't I take care of it when I first saw ④it? I guess I thought it wasn't going to get worse. It may seem silly to go after a little thing like a weed, but there is never just one little weed. Whatever route you choose, remember that climbing Kilimanjaro is a serious undertaking. While many hundreds of trekkers reach Uhuru Peak without major difficulty, many more don’t make it because they ascend too quickly and suffer from altitude sickness. And every year a few trekkers die on the mountain. Come prepared with appropriate footwear and clothing, and most importantly, allow ①yourself enough time. If you’re interested in reaching the top, seriously consider ②adding at least one extra day onto the ‘standard’ climb itinerary, no matter which route you do. ③ Despite paying an additional US$150 or so per extra day may seem like a lot when you’re planning your trip, it will seem a relatively insignificant saving later on if you’ve gone to the expense and effort to start a trek and then need to come down without ④having reached the top. 【문14】다음 글의 제목으로 가장 적절한 것은? The origins of contemporary Western thought can be traced back to the golden age of ancient Greece in the sixth and fifth centuries BC, when Greek thinkers laid the foundations for modern Western politics, philosophy, science, and law. Their novel approach was to pursue rational inquiry through adversarial discussion: The best way to evaluate one set of ideas, they decided, was by testing it against another set of ideas. In the political sphere, the result was democracy, in which supporters of rival policies vied for rhetorical supremacy; in philosophy, it led to reasoned arguments and dialogues about the nature of the world; in science, it prompted the construction of competing theories to try to explain natural phenomena; in the field of law, the result was the adversarial legal system. This approach underpins the modern Western way of life, in which politics, commerce, science, and law are all rooted in orderly competition. ① Common Interests of Modern Societies ② The Importance of Adversarial Relationship ③ Contemporary Western Societies and Ancient Greece ④ The Cradle of Western Thought Based on Competition 【문15】주어진 글 다음에 이어질 글의 순서로 가장 적절한 것은? The first brands were invented as a 'guarantee of quality'. Customers could feel safe that if they bought Sunlight soap, they were buying a safe and reliable product. (A) Your preferred brand is an indication of your status. Talk to any user of an Apple computer. (B) Today, brands have a similar function as a guarantee of quality. But brands have become more than just a simple guarantee. The brands you buy define who you are. (C) Secretly or openly, they believe that they are different and slightly superior to Windows users. Apple, in their advertising, has reinforced this distinctive image. ① (B) - (A) - (C) ② (B) - (C) - (A) ③ (C) - (B) - (A) ④ (C) - (A) - (B) 1교시 ①책형 전체 19-16 【영어 25문】 ①책형 【문16】주어진 글 다음에 이어질 글의 순서로 가장 적절한 것은? Dinosaurs dominated the world 65 million years ago, until a comet 6 miles in diameter streaking 20 miles per second slammed into the Earth. The catastrophic collision instantaneously plunged the world into a very dark and cold nuclear winter that lasted for 12 months. (A) Their flexibility allowed them to survive the Armageddon caused by the comet, and when the dust finally settled, the early mammals crawled out of their burrows, squinted at the warm sun, and evolved to become the dominant creatures of the Earth. (B) They, though large and powerful, were cold-blooded and hairless, and proved incapable of adjusting to the radical climate changes including a sudden and sharp drop in temperature, and thus quickly died off in a mass extinction. (C) In contrast, a group of small, furry, warm-blooded creatures (early mammals and our distant ancestors) proved to be superbly adjustable to the drastic changes. ① (B) - (A) - (C) ② (B) - (C) - (A) ③ (C) - (A) - (B) ④ (C) - (B) - (A) 【문17】다음 글에서 전체 흐름과 관계 없는 문장은? It's easy to lose objectivity or to overlook errors, inconsistencies, or problems when you have focused too intensely or for too long on a particular task. You may have revised your essay so many times that you have forgotten what the question is, and your essay no longer adequately responds to it. ①Or you may have crafted what you think is a witty and clever remark, or an eloquent statement, while in reality you have just written something inappropriate. ②Also, even the best writers make grammatical and typographical errors, and spell-checking and grammar-checking software won't reveal every problem. ③There is little possibility to misspell anything nowadays when there are computer programs available to help check grammar, spelling, punctuation and content. ④Before typing that final version, by all means show your essays to a few other people - perhaps your peers or faculty advisor - to get their feedback. 【문18】다음 글에서 필자가 주장하는 바로 가장 적절한 것은? When you ask for what you want, you’re basically placing an order, just like an Amazon.com. But you have to be clear in your mind what you want. To get clear on what you want, make a list. Take out a notepad and scribble down whatever it is you want to have, do or be. Whether that’s perfect health, great relationships, and awesome career, travel, or peace on Earth and goodwill to all men. Whatever you’re hanging out waiting for. Just be clear in your mind what it is you want, because a confused mind creates a confusing order. And a confusing order could see Amazon.com accidentally sending you Timbaland instead of Timberlake. ① 원하는 것이 무엇인지 분명히 해라. ② 주문하기 전에 리스트를 작성해라. ③ 원하는 것이 많을 때는 기록해라. ④ 혼란스런 마음이 잘못된 주문으로 이어진다. 【문19】다음 글의 빈칸 (A), (B), (C)의 각 괄호 안에서 문맥에 맞는 낱말로 가장 적절한 것은? The custom of sending greeting cards to friends and relatives for special occasions originated in England, where the practice was limited to people who could (A)[afford/attempt] to pay private messengers to carry their greetings across great distances. With the (B)[advent/abolition] of a British law that established inexpensive mail delivery, a market for sending greeting cards for birthdays, anniversaries - almost any occasion imaginable - opened up overnight. In America the card market was (C)[expanded/expended] by the founder of Hallmark Cards, whose company led the way in other products of social expression such as gift wrap, stationery, and calendars. (A) (B) (C) ① afford advent expanded ② afford abolition expended ③ attempt abolition expanded ④ attempt advent expended 1교시 ①책형 전체 19-17 【영어 25문】 ①책형 【문20】다음 글의 저자가 주장하는 바로 가장 적절한 것은? Recently I was consulting with a manufacturing company in direct competitive bid warfare with a lower-price opponent. My client was losing bid after bid. I said, “Something has to change here.” They said, “It can’t. We can’t cut our prices any lower.” I said, “If we can’t come in with the lower bid, we might as well come in with an even higher bid—but let’s change the rules of the game when we do it.” They began changing the specifications for the bids, adding value, bundling goods and services together, extending warranties, and including delivery and completion guarantees. Then we built a “How to Compare Our Bid with Others Checklist.” When it was all said and done, my client started getting projects the company had been losing to low bidders before. ① 설명서의 개선을 통하여 입찰가격을 낮출 수 있다. ② 입찰경쟁을 위해 프레젠테이션을 잘 준비해야 한다. ③ 입찰경쟁에서 이기려면 단가를 최대한 낮춰야 한다. ④ 입찰가격을 못 내리면 다른 부분의 질을 높여야 한다. 【문21】다음 중 글의 내용과 일치하는 것은? By 1993 more than 56 million American households owned dogs, and consumers spent $15 billion on veterinary care, dog food, toys, accessories, and funeral arrangements. Not only do more Americans own dogs, but an unprecedented number of animals are enjoying elevated status as true members of the family. In a recent survey of ten thousand households, almost 70 percent of respondents said they would risk their own lives to save their dogs. A nearly equal number of people also said they would seek emergency medical care for their pets before obtaining it for themselves. Three-quarters of the respondents said they routinely give wrapped Christmas and birthday presents to their dogs. ① 1993년까지 5천 6백만이 넘는 미국 가구가 개를 키우고 15억 달러의 돈을 개를 돌보는데 소비했다. ② 미국에서는 많은 반려 동물들이 가족들보다 더 높은 지위 를 즐기고 있다. ③ 최근 만 가구에 대한 설문 조사에서 응답자 중 약 70퍼센 트가 자신보다 애완동물에게 먼저 응급 치료를 받도록 할 것이라고 말했다. ④ 전체 미국인들의 약 75%는 일상적으로 자신들의 개에게 포장된 성탄절 선물과 생일 선물을 준다고 말했다. 【문22】다음 글의 제목으로 가장 적절한 것은? Web ads very frequently instruct users to click here. In online advertising, the imperative is an indicator of direct user addressing. As a matter of language use, these directive speech acts are not strict commands, which would be too offensive an addressing in the advertising context. Instead, they function as a kind of polite request with a reduced impact on interactants. The illocutionary force of the advertising message gives the users some space to act. In their implicit communication, it is initially the advertiser who wants something from the user, and not vice versa. Nevertheless, the use of imperatives is still far more forceful, more striking, and often shorter than a politely worded request or an indirect speech act that avoids imposing on the other. Online advertising needs to initiate an action, and for this reason, imperatives are employed. According to DoubleClick.com, the instruction click here tends to increase click rates by 15 percent. ① How People React to the Internet Advertising? ② Advertising DoubleClick.com for Better Sales ③ Why Internet Advertising Use Imperatives? ④ The Function of Internet Advertising 【문23】다음 밑줄 친 부분 중 문맥상 낱말의 쓰임이 적절하지 않은 것은? Statistical studies in a broad spectrum of developing countries have provided strong support for the economic theory of fertility. For example, it has been found that high female employment opportunities outside the home and greater female school attendance, especially at the primary and secondary levels, are associated with significantly ①lower levels of fertility. As women become better educated, they tend to earn a larger share of household income and to produce fewer children. Moreover, these studies have confirmed the ②strong association between declines in child mortality and the subsequent decline in fertility. Assuming that households desire a target number of surviving children, increased female education and higher levels of income can decrease child mortality and therefore ③decrease the chances that the firstborn will survive. As a result, fewer births may be necessary to attain the same number of surviving children. This fact alone ④underscores the importance of educating women and improving public health and child nutrition programs in reducing fertility levels. 1교시 ①책형 전체 19-18 【영어 25문】 ①책형 【문24】다음 글에서 Brutus가 주장하는 내용과 일치하지 않는 것은? If there’s anyone in this assembly, any dear friend of Caesar’s, I say to him that my love for Caesar was no less than his. If, then, that friend demands to know why I rose against Caesar, this is my answer: it’s not that I loved Caesar less, but that I loved Rome more. Would you prefer to die in slavery with Caesar living or would you be free with Caesar dead? As Caesar loved me, I wept for him. As he was fortunate, I rejoiced. As he was brave, I honored him. But as he was ambitious, I killed him. There are tears for his love, joy for his fortune, honor for his bravery, and death for his ambition. Who here is so base a man that he would want to be a slave? If any, speak, for I have offended him. Who here is so barbarous that he wouldn’t want to be a Roman? If any, speak, for I have offended him. Who here is so wicked that he does not love his country? If any, speak, for I have offended him. I pause for a reply ① Brutus의 Caesar에 대한 사랑은 그 어느 누구 못지않다. ② Caesar를 살해한 것은 Caesar보다 로마를 더 사랑해서이다. ③ Caesar가 죽게 되면 로마시민들은 노예의 처지에서 살게 된다. ④ Brutus는 설득력 있는 질문으로 Caesar 살해의 정당성을 주장한다. 【문25】다음 글의 주제로 가장 적절한 것은? There is a widely held notion that does plenty of damage, the notion of ‘scientifically proved.’ It is nearly an oxymoron. The very foundation of science is to keep the door open to doubt. Precisely because we keep questioning everything, especially our own premises, we are always ready to improve our knowledge. Therefore a good scientist is never ‘certain.’ Lack of certainty is precisely what makes conclusions more reliable than the conclusions of those who are certain, because the good scientist will be ready to shift to a different point of view if better evidence or novel arguments emerge. Therefore certainty is not only something useless but is also in fact damaging, if we value reliability. ① Reliability values knowledge ② Scientific confidence is of no use ③ Changeable conclusions are infinite ④ Questioning worsens theoretical validity 1교시 ①책형 전체 19-19
영어-A.pdf 영어-C.pdf 2015 사복직 9급 영어 해설 김정연.pdf 2015 사복직 9급 영어 해설 김지현.hwp 2015 사복직 9급 영어 해설 리스공.pdf 2015 사복직 9급 영어 해설 이동기.pdf 2015 사복직 9급 영어 해설 이영규.pdf 2015 사복직 9급 영어 해설 제석강.pdf 2015 사복직 9급 영어 해설 헤더진.pdf 영 어 A 책형 1 쪽 영 어 ※ 밑줄 친 부분의 의미와 가장 가까운 것을 고르시오. [문 1 ～ 문 2] 문 1. Babies as young as one and two months of age have the capacity to discriminate speech sounds. ① distinguish ② dislocate ③ disturb ④ distribute 문 2. Students who click their ball-point pens in class drive me up the wall. ① distract me a lot ② annoy me greatly ③ play up to me frequently ④ take a big load off my mind 문 3. 어법상 틀린 것은? ① Surrounded by great people, I felt proud. ② I asked my brother to borrow me five dollars. ③ On the platform was a woman in a black dress. ④ The former Soviet Union comprised fifteen union republics. 문 4. 우리말을 영어로 가장 잘 옮긴 것은? 소년이 잠들자마자 그의 아버지가 집에 왔다. ① The boy had no sooner fallen asleep than his father came home. ② Immediately after his father came home, the boy fell asleep. ③ When his father came home, the boy did not fall asleep. ④ Before the boy fell asleep, his father came home. 문 5. 밑줄 친 부분에 들어갈 가장 적절한 것은? A : Hi, Gus. I'm glad to see you up and about. B : Thanks. After that truck plowed into my car last month, I thought it was all over for me. I'm really lucky to be alive. A : That's for sure. It must have been quite a traumatic experience for you. Has your car been repaired yet? B : Yes, it has. But I won't be driving it anymore. I'm not taking any chances on being hit again. A : Come on, now. You can't let one unfortunate incident keep you from ever driving again. _________________ _______________________ B : That's what people say, but for the time being, I'll be taking public transportation. ① A squeaky wheel gets the oil. ② It is better to be safe than sorry. ③ The grass is always greener on the other side. ④ Lightning never strikes twice in the same place. 문 6. 다음 글의 요지로 가장 적절한 것은? Supporters of positive computing make the case that technology should contribute to well-being and human potential. The real potential for positive computing to make a difference in our lives is in the next generation of wearable computing devices. One idea for how wearables might lead to increased well-being and mindfulness is in the current generation of fitness trackers and health devices. Designed to measure physical factors such as heart rate and the amount of sleep we get, they could theoretically become positive feedback devices for regulating moods. These devices would not just be ergonomically well-designed and aesthetically pleasing to the eye, but they would also lead to experiences that remove barriers to well-being. ① Wearable computing devices can contribute to well-being. ② Positive computing can contribute to national power. ③ Wearable computing devices increase living costs. ④ Positive computing develops science. 문 7. ㉠, ㉡에 들어갈 가장 적절한 것은? Stress is a fact of life and can affect all aspects of our daily existence. Stress can have a negative impact on one's mental, as well as physiological, functioning. An important issue here is the way that employees handle stress. For some individuals, stress motivates and challenges them to excel; this is eustress. For others, ㉠ , excessive stress diminishes the capacity to function and can have severe medical ramifications; this is distress. Even though stress is inevitable, the negative and dangerous consequences associated with it are not. ㉡ , it is necessary to examine potential sources of stress, especially in the workforce, in order to prevent unnecessary and unhealthy outcomes for the individual as well as the organization. ㉠ ㉡ ① however Therefore ② in addition Furthermore ③ thus Nevertheless ④ for instance Accordingly 영 어 A 책형 2 쪽 문 8. 밑줄 친 부분에 들어갈 가장 적절한 것은? In recent years, some Americans have been giving their children two last names. This is a direct result of some women thinking it is sexist and outdated to take on their husband's name. It is also sexist that the child would only carry the name of one parent, especially since the unnamed parent is the one who carried the child for nine months. The only logical solution is to give the kid a split last name. As a result, we have children growing up named Elijah Sadler-Moore. As this is a recent phenomenon, we have yet to see what happens when one split-named person marries another split-named person. Does their kid ______________________________? ① go back to the mother's last name ② insist on three last names ③ end up with four last names ④ give up the first name ※ 내용의 흐름상 적절하지 못한 문장을 고르시오. [문 9 ～ 문 10] 문 9. Crying is the most powerful way that babies can let the outside world know they need something. ① It’s a vital means of communication and the first way that infants establish any kind of control over their lives. ②Research shows that babies whose cries are responded to seem to become more self-confident because they realize that they can affect their own lives. ③You may find listening to your baby cry is one of the hardest parts of being a parent. By the end of the first year, babies whose cries have brought tender, soothing care cry less and communicate more in other ways, while babies of less responsive caregivers cry more. ④ So don’t be afraid of spoiling your baby by responding to her when she cries. 문 10. Most of us who have ever cleaned a house would be much happier if there were less dust. ①However, without dust there would be less rainfall and sunsets would be less beautiful. Rain is formed when water molecules in the air collect around particles of dust. When the collected water becomes heavy enough, the water droplets fall to the earth as rain. ② This could decrease the amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, alleviating the threat of global warming. Thus, water vapor could be much less likely to turn to rain without the dust particles. ③ The water vapor and dust particles also reflect the rays of the sun. At sunrise and sunset, when the sun is below the horizon, the dust and water vapor molecules reflect the longer, red wavelengths of light such that we can see them for more time than any of the other wavelengths. ④ The more dust particles in the air, the more colorful the sunrise or sunset. 문 11. 밑줄 친 부분의 의미와 가장 가까운 것은? It is important to find a way to settle the issue before the meeting begins. ① resolve ② resume ③ retrieve ④ revoke 문 12. 밑줄 친 부분에 들어갈 가장 적절한 것은? Robert wasn't able to __________________ so he had to ask his parents to pay his rent and utility fees. ① hit the sack ② slack off ③ keep his chin up ④ make ends meet 문 13. 밑줄 친 부분 중 어법상 옳지 않은 것은? A college girl was really ① upset with her father. She was ashamed of him because he didn't treat his workers well. She demanded that he ② shared the profits with the employees. She explained to him ③ how unfairly workers ④ were treated. 문 14. 우리말을 영어로 잘못 옮긴 것은? ① 우리는 그녀의 행방에 대해서 아는 바가 전혀 없다. → We don't have the faintest notion of her whereabouts. ② 항구 폐쇄에 대한 정부의 계획이 격렬한 항의를 유발했다. → Government plans to close the harbor provoked a storm of protest. ③ 총기 규제에 대한 너의 의견에 전적으로 동의한다. → I couldn't agree with you more on your views on gun control. ④ 학교는 어린이들의 과다한 TV 시청을 막기 위한 프로그램을 시작할 것이다. → The school will start a program designed to deter kids to watch TV too much. 문 15. 밑줄 친 부분에 들어갈 가장 적절한 것은? A : What do you say we take a break now? B : ________________________________________ A : Great! I'll meet you in the lobby in five minutes. ① Okay, let's keep working. ② That sounds good. ③ I'm already broke. ④ It will take one hour. 영 어 A 책형 3 쪽 문 16. 다음 글의 제목으로 가장 적절한 것은? Anyone who wants to be a librarian must decide what type of work most interests him or her. As with any profession, it is necessary to plan ahead. A good general education is essential to someone who is going to guide and teach others. So are a good reading background and a knowledge of nonprint materials and computers. For specialist library work, training in that specialty is often required. An advanced degree is needed to teach in a library school or to run a large library. All librarians must have at least a college degree and should attend library school beyond that. Pamphlet material on library jobs and on scholarships is available in most libraries. ① How to Attend Library School ② The Librarian as a Person ③ Librarianship: Pros and Cons ④ Tips for Tomorrow's Librarian 문 17. 내용의 흐름상 적절하지 못한 문장은? Asian art and music have had profound influences on the West across the centuries. ① Chinese porcelain, for example, was imitated not only by Persian ceramicists, but also by English bone china designers. ② Japanese watercolors shown at Far East exhibitions in Paris in the late nineteenth century affected the compositions and palettes of Matisse and Degas. ③When Westerners collect non-Western art or view it in a museum, they probably miss much of its original context. ④ Oriental musical modes also influenced composers like Mozart and Debussy. 문 18. 밑줄 친 부분에 들어갈 가장 적절한 것은? When daughters react with annoyance or even anger at the smallest, seemingly innocent remarks, mothers get the feeling that talking to their daughters can be like ____________________: they have to watch every word. ① walking on air ② walking on a cloud ③ walking on eggshells ④ walking on the grass 문 19. 다음 글을 쓴 작가가 장난감을 살펴본 이유로 가장 적절한 것은? The first hint of spring floated across the East River, mixing with the soft-coal smoke from the factories and the street smells of the poor neighborhood. As I turned the corner on my way to work and came to Sheftel's, I was made once more aware of the poor collection of toys in the dusty window, and I remembered the approaching birthday of a small niece of mine in Cleveland, to whom I was in the habit of sending modest gifts. Therefore, I stopped and examined the window to see if there might be anything appropriate, and looked at the confusing collection of unappealing objects. ① The toy smelled like the writer's niece. ② The toy was as charming as the writer's niece. ③ The birthday of the writer's niece was around the corner. ④ The writer was impressed by the low prices and wide selection. 문 20. 다음 글의 주제로 가장 적합한 것은? It may seem improbable that you can make money by selling to people who don't have much, but companies that have actually bothered to try are flourishing. Hindustan Lever has built a lucrative business in Africa and India selling brand-name consumer goods, from lotion to salt. Casas Bahia, a department-store chain, now sells more than five billion dollars' worth of brand-name electronics and appliances to working-class Brazilians every year. Big companies often disdain what they think of as the low-end market, because they make a lot less money on each sale than they do selling high-end goods. But, because of the sheer size of that market, they can still make a lot of money on it. ① Poor people do not have high standards for their products. ② The objectives of big companies should not be solely based on profits. ③ People in low-end markets can be a great opportunity for large businesses. ④ The individual purchasing power is still very low in the developing countries.
영어_7급_A형.pdf 영어_7급_B형.pdf 2015 서울시 7급 영어 해설 김정연.pdf 2015 서울시 7급 영어 해설 성기건.pdf 2015 서울시 7급 영어 해설 이동기.pdf 2015 서울시 7급 영어 해설 이승훈.pdf 2015 서울시 7급 영어 해설 한덕현.pdf - 3 - ※ 밑줄 친 부분의 의미와 가장 가까운 것은? (1~2) 1. They found mimicking the condescending interviewer did not negatively affect participants ratings of that person. ① patronizing ② esteeming ③ mitigating ④ invigorating 2. Many of us attempt to rewrite our personal stories to present ourselves in the best light. Indeed, we are almost universally liable to such a behavior. ① reluctant ② appreciated ③ comprehensive ④ prone ※ 빈칸에 들어가기 가장 적절한 단어는? (3~4) 3. A building or other object that is is so strong or solid that it cannot be broken or captured. ① irredeemable ② indispensable ③ immaculate ④ impregnable 4. The Diary of Anne Frank has been read by millions. People are drawn to the story of Anne and her family because it reminds us that the human spirit has enormous even in the face of terrifying evil. ① superficiality ② recklessness ③ resiliency ④ haughtiness ※ 빈칸에 들어가기 가장 적절한 것은? (5~6) 5. A : Hello. May I speak to Arthur Lee, please? B:I m sorry. He s in a meeting right now. Can I take a message? A : Yes. This is Pam Haddon. Mr. Lee called me earlier and left a message. . Can you please tell him that I m back in my office now? ① I am sorry. ② I appreciate it. ③ I m just returning his call. ④ Thank you very much for what he has done for me. 6. A : All these streets around here have these mysterious communal gardens in the middle of them. They re like little villages. B : Let s go in. A : Ah, no-that s the point-they re private villagesonly the people who live around the edges are allowed in. B : Oh, ① Do you ignore the rules like that? ② Do you abide by rules like that? ③ Do you make it a rule to go there like that? ④ Do you act contrary to the rules like that? ※ 밑줄 친 부분 중 어법상 옳지 않은 것은? (7~11) 7. The ① adaptation of mammals ② to almost all possible ③ modes of life parallels ④ those of the reptiles in Mesozoic time. 8. Innovation, business is now learning, is likely ① to find ② wherever bright and eager ③ people think ④ they can find it. 9. There are people who ① through no fault of their own are deprived ② of some of the fundamental rights ③ that all human beings are supposed to have ④ them. 10. It s time for Major League Baseball to go to an expanded roster, one ① that makes sense for the way the game has evolved. Make it a 25-man game roster, but expand the overall roster to 28. Major League Baseball spokesman Pat Courtney said there ② has been discussions on the topic but nothing has been advanced. Yet the dialogue continues, and ③ as the game evolves into one in which players keep getting hurt, it would behoove MLB ④ to create a roster that fits the times. 11. ① Unless scientists discover new ways ② to increase food production, the Earth ③will not be able to satisfy the food needs of all ④ their inhabitants. ※ 다음 [ ] 안의 문장이 들어가기 가장 적절한 곳은? (12~14) 12. [Yet even in families, the mother and children may feel their home to be backstage when Father is not home, and onstage when he is.] Report-talk, or what I am calling public speaking, does not arise only in the literally public situation of formal speeches delivered to a listening audience. The more people there are in a conversation, the less well you know them, and the more status differences among them, the more a conversation is like public speaking or report-talk. ① The fewer the people, the more intimately you know them, and the more equal their status, the more it is like private speaking or rapport-talk. ② Furthermore, women feel a situation is more public-in the sense that they have to be on good behavior-if there are men present, except perhaps for family members. ③ Many children are instructed to be on good behavior when Daddy is home. ④ This may be because he is not home often, or because Mother-or Father-doesn't want the children to disturb him when he is. Ⓐ - 4 - 13. [Most scientists believe, for example, that all matter is composed of curious particles called quarks.] Despite the prevailing conception of science as being concerned only with facts, science seems to be full of opinions and interpretations. ① Moreover, the development of scientific theories is seldom a process of first observing a lot of facts and then making straightforward generalizations from these observations. ② Richard Feynman, a Nobel Prize winner in physics, emphasized the importance of imagination and guessing in science. ③ The existence of quarks was first hypothesized in 1963. But no scientist has ever seen a quark. So why do they believe that quarks exist? ④ They believe it because some ingenious scientists invented quarks, noticing that if quarks did exist, they could explain some other puzzling things. 14. [Many of these children visit our glasshouses, such as the Palm House, where they find cocoa, oranges, bananas and vanilla and the Cactus House, where they can escape to the desert.] Today, people of all ages and backgrounds use the Garden. ① Undergraduates studying biological sciences and related subjects at the University of Oxford visit the Garden to learn about many aspects of plant biology. ② Over 6,500 school children visit the Garden each year as part of our School s Education Program. ③ Through-life-learning at the Garden ensures that adults as well as children can benefit from the Garden s Education Program. ④ Each year more than 5,000 adults attend courses and tours at the Garden to learn more about botany, horticulture and gardening. 15. 빈칸에 들어갈 단어가 순서대로 짝지어진 것은? Corot, like many other artists, had sketched outdoors but used his sketches to create works in the studio. These works had the finish, particularly with regard to paint handling and compositional balance, that was an integral element of academic art. The impressionists, , not only made sketches but also painted finished works in the open, which transformed their style but preserving the spontaneity of direct observation. They adopted colors that more accurately reflected actual visual experience and avoided using blacks and browns for shadows and modeling. , their paintings emphasized color, light, and atmospheric effects. Moreover, their relatively loose and open brushwork underscored their freedom from the meticulously detailed academic manner that previously had been central to French painting. ① however, As a result ② therefore, As a result ③ therefore, For example ④ however, For example ※ 문맥상 빈칸에 들어가기 가장 적절한 것은? (16~17) 16. Since antiquity, paintings, sculpture, myths, oral expression, and then literature attests to the existence of dance. Dance is embedded in our being. Even when not physically manifest, the concept and vision of dance emerge in our thinking. The dynamics of dance, culture, and society are . Drawing upon everyday life and special occasions, choreographers and dancers transform and frame values, beliefs, and expressions of them through dancing. In this way, they also introduce new ways of thinking and feeling. ① illegible ② inseparable ③ irrelevant ④ improbable 17. In the science of psychophysics, there is a law (the Weber-Fechner law) that relates the objective value of stimulation (a light, a sound, a touch) to its subjective value (the sensation we feel). The gist of it is that the total amount of stimulation. If there are two candles lit in a room, we easily notice the difference in brightness when a third candle is lit. But if there are fifty candles burning, we are unlikely to notice the difference made by a fifty-first. If there is less total stimulation, each small change makes more of a difference, or in Gregory Bateson s phrase, it s a difference that makes a difference. ① our knowledge accumulates as a result of ② our sensitivity diminishes in proportion to ③ the objective value of stimulation depends on ④ the difference caused by a subtle change affects 18. 다음 글의 내용으로 보아 현재 과체중인 아이들의 비율은? The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) is worried that American children spend too much time in front of the TV. The AAP suggests that pediatricians help parents evaluate their children s entertainment habits. Doctors are concerned that children who spend too much time in front of the TV don t get enough exercise. So, one in five children is overweight. In the last 20 years, this number has increased more than 50%. ① 10% ② 20% ③ 30% ④ 50% ※ 다음을 읽고 물음에 답하시오. (19~20) With more fresh food available year-round, one might think that everyone s diet would improve. However, this is clearly not the case as more and more people eat food that is far from fresh and far from healthy. According to the Academic American Encyclopedia, in the United States, about 40% of the calories that people consume come from fat and about 20% come from sugar. Fat and sugar crowd out others, more nutritious foods. This can lead to deficiencies in iron, calcium, complex carbohydrates, and fibers-which in turn can cause a number of health problems. 19. 다음 중 지문의 내용과 일치하는 것은? ① People avoid nutritious foods because of fat and sugar. ② People get more calories from sugar than from fat. ③ Nutritious foods are those that are far from fresh and healthy. ④ As people have more fresh food, their diet has become better. 20. 다음 중 위 글에서 말하는 영양결핍을 야기하는 주된 요소는? ① sugar ② fiber ③ fat ④ iron
영어_9급_A형.pdf 영어_9급_B형.pdf 2015 서울시 9급 영어 해설 김영국.pdf 2015 서울시 9급 영어 해설 김정연.pdf 2015 서울시 9급 영어 해설 김지현.pdf 2015 서울시 9급 영어 해설 박두일.pdf 2015 서울시 9급 영어 해설 성기건.pdf 2015 서울시 9급 영어 해설 성정혜.pdf 2015 서울시 9급 영어 해설 오동훈.pdf 2015 서울시 9급 영어 해설 이동기.pdf 2015 서울시 9급 영어 해설 이리라.pdf 2015 서울시 9급 영어 해설 이승훈.pdf 2015 서울시 9급 영어 해설 이영규.pdf 2015 서울시 9급 영어 해설 이영재.pdf 2015 서울시 9급 영어 해설 장종재.pdf 2015 서울시 9급 영어 해설 전홍철.pdf 2015 서울시 9급 영어 해설 한덕현.pdf - 3 - ※ 밑줄 친 부분의 의미와 가장 가까운 것은? (1~4) 1. South Korea s Ministry for Foreign Affairs and Trade came under fire for making hundreds of translation errors in overseas trade deals. ① became a mockery ② became notorious ③ caught flak ④ was investigated 2. Lawmakers in Nevada, New Mexico, Texas and Utah are trying to pass bills that would allow the states to circumvent daylight saving time laws. ① cramp ② maintain ③ codify ④ reestablish 3. Moscow s annexation of Crimea last year and its meddling in the conflict in eastern Ukraine have galvanized NATO and focused particular attention on its vulnerable Baltic members. ① spurred ② disparaged ③ appeased ④ justified 4. The frequency and severity of corporal punishment varies widely. Parents who sometimes smack their children also use other positive and punitive methods. ① typical ② physical ③ physiological ④ psychological ※ 밑줄 친 부분 중 어법상 옳지 않은 것은? (5~7) 5. The cartoon character SpongeBob SquarePants is ① in a hot water from a study ② suggesting that watching just nine minutes ③ of that program can cause short-term attention and learning problems ④ in 4-year-olds. 6. Most European countries failed ① to welcome Jewish refugees ②after the war, which caused ③many Jewish people ④ immigrate elsewhere. 7. It was ① a little past 3 p.m. when 16 people gathered and sat cross-legged in a circle, blushing at the strangers they knew they d ② be mingling with for the next two hours. Wearing figure-hugging tights and sleeveless tops in ③ a variety of shape and size, each person took turns sharing their names and native countries. ④ All but five were foreigners from places including the United States, Germany and the United Kingdom. 8. 어법상 밑줄 친 부분에 가장 적절한 것은? Most of the art in the museum is from Italy in the 19th century. ① is displayed ② displaying ③ displayed ④ are displayed 9. 다음 대화의 흐름으로 보아 밑줄 친 부분에 가장 적절한 것은? A : Do you have any vacancies? B:I m sorry. A : I should have made a reservation. B : That would have helped. ① How many people are there in your company? ② We re completely booked. ③ We have plenty of rooms. ④ What kind of room would you like? 10. 다음 대화에서 밑줄 친 carousel 이 잘못 쓰인 것은? A:I m new here at this airport. Where can I get my baggage? B : Please check at ① carousel number 2. Do you have anything special in your baggage? A : I have a 500 watt microwave with a ② carousel. B : You didn t have to bring it. Most of the hotels have microwaves. By the way, what are you planning to do first in your trip to Seattle? A:I d like to ride the ③ carousel at Miners Landing. Well, what kind of clothing will be the best here at this season? It s so chilly. B:I d recommend you to wear a ④ carousel, then. ※ 다음을 읽고 물음에 답하시오. (11~12) In books I had read-from time to time, when the plot called for it-someone would suffer from ( ㉠ ). A person would leave a not so very nice situation and go somewhere else, somewhere a lot better, and then long to go back where it was not very nice. How impatient I would become with such a person, for I would feel that I was in a not so nice situation myself, and how I wanted to go somewhere else. But now I, too, felt that I wanted to be back where I came from. I understood it, I knew where I stood there. If I ( ㉡ ) to draw a picture of my future then, it ( ㉢ ) a large gray patch surrounded by black, blacker, blackest. 11. 문맥상 ㉠에 들어가기 가장 적절한 것은? ① drowsiness ② hysteria ③ depression ④ homesickness 12. 어법상 ㉡과 ㉢에 들어가기 가장 적절한 표현을 순서대로 나열한 것은? ① would have, were ② had had, would have been ③ would have, was ④ have had, would be 13. 다음 괄호에 들어가기 적절한 것을 순서대로 나열한 것은? ( ) cats cannot see in complete darkness, their eyes are much more sensitive ( ) light than human eyes. ① Despite, to ② Though, at ③ Nonetheless, at ④ While, to Ⓐ - 4 - ※ 문맥상 밑줄에 들어가기 가장 적절한 것은? (14~16) 14. The source of this economic paralysis are somewhat different in the two countries. In Japan, a combination of highly constraining social patterns, consensus-based decision making and an ossified political process have suppressed new ideas and made the country resistant to change. In the U.S., there is no shortage of fresh thinking, debate and outrage-the paralysis is caused by of consensus on how problems should be tackled. In a rich nation like the U.S., it s easy to be fooled into thinking there s always more time for problems to get solved. So it has been in Japan. The Japanese are wealthy enough that they don t suffer too much from the prolonged period of stunted growth. ① a number ② a variety ③ a lack ④ a ground 15. In late-twentieth-century America, perhaps in the West as a whole, human life is conceived in terms of a basic unit, the autonomous, free, self-determining individual. This is a being understood as possessing a(n) selfhood, an inner entity known through a sense of immediacy and plenitude and constituted above all by a self-aware consciousness and an executive will. ① communal ② connected ③ dividual ④ undivided 16. Since William Shakespeare lived more than 400 years ago, and many records from that time are lost or never existed in the first place, we don t know everything about his life. For example, we know that he was baptized in Stratford-upon-Avon, 100 miles northwest of London, on April 26, 1564. But we don t know his exact birthdate, which must have been a few days earlier. However, we do know that Shakespeare s life revolved around two locations; Stratford and London. He grew up, had a family, and bought property in Stratford, but he worked in London, the center of English theater. As an actor, a playwright, and a partner in a leading acting company, he became both prosperous and well-known. , fans of Shakespeare have imagined and reimagined him according to their own tastes, just as we see with the 19th-century portrait of Shakespeare wooing his wife at the top of this page. ① Even without knowing everything about his life ② Because we know everything about him ③ Because it is impossible to understand him ④ Even though he was our contemporary poet 17. 다음 글의 종류로 적절한 것은? New York City s Department of Education plans to announce on Wednesday that it will lift the ban on cellphones in schools, a person familiar with the decision said Tuesday. The ban, which was put in place by former Mayor Michael R. Bloomberg, has been unpopular among parents, who worry about not being able to contact their children during school hours and in the time just before and after. According to a different news report, under the new policy, principals would decide, in consultation with teachers and parents, on a range of options for cellphone use. ① An advertisement ② A news article ③ A cellphone manual ④ A statement of legal disposal ※ 다음 글을 문맥에 맞게 순서대로 연결한 것은? (18~19) 18. ㉠ The Butterfly Defect addresses the widening gap between systemic risks and their effective management. ㉡ But rapid globalization has also created concerns because the repercussions of local events now cascade over national borders and the fallout of financial meltdowns and environmental disasters affects everyone. ㉢ Global hyperconnectivity and increased system integration have led to vast benefits, including worldwide growth in incomes, education, innovation, and technology. ㉣ It shows how the new dynamics of turbo-charged globalization has the potential and power to destabilize our societies. ① ㉠-㉢-㉡-㉣ ② ㉠-㉣-㉡-㉢ ③ ㉢-㉡-㉠-㉣ ④ ㉢-㉡-㉣-㉠ 19. ㉠ Speaking two languages rather than just one has obvious practical benefits in an increasingly globalized world. ㉡ Being bilingual, it turns out, makes you smarter. ㉢ It can have a profound effect on your brain, improving cognitive skills not related to language and even shielding against dementia in old age. ㉣ But in recent years, scientists have begun to show that the advantages of bilingualism are even more fundamental than being able to converse with a wider range of people. ① ㉠-㉡-㉢-㉣ ② ㉠-㉣-㉡-㉢ ③ ㉡-㉣-㉢-㉠ ④ ㉢-㉡-㉣-㉠ 20. 다음 글의 내용에 가장 가까운 것은? To act well, a person needs to determine which action-guiding statements are true, or likely to be true, and which false, or likely to be false. For it seems reasonable to suppose that a person who is acting in accordance with true statements, and not false ones likely to be true, has more chance of reaching acceptable goals. ① It can be unreliable to act in accordance with statements which are likely to be true. ② Acceptable results will be guaranteed to a person acting on the ground of true statements. ③ It is equally dangerous to act on the statements that are true and on those that are likely to be true. ④ Action is one thing, and statements another; the two have no mutual dependency.
영어-A.pdf 영어-C.pdf 2015 지방직 9급 영어 해설 이영재.pdf 2015 지방직 9급 영어 해설 장서영.pdf 2015 지방직 9급 영어 해설 전홍철.pdf 2015 지방직 9급 영어 해설 최종수.pdf 2015 지방직 9급 영어 해설 강수정.pdf 2015 지방직 9급 영어 해설 기승훈.pdf 2015 지방직 9급 영어 해설 김영국.pdf 2015 지방직 9급 영어 해설 김정연.pdf 2015 지방직 9급 영어 해설 김지현.pdf 2015 지방직 9급 영어 해설 리스공.pdf 2015 지방직 9급 영어 해설 박두일.pdf 2015 지방직 9급 영어 해설 성정혜.pdf 2015 지방직 9급 영어 해설 이동기.pdf 2015 지방직 9급 영어 해설 이리라.pdf 2015 지방직 9급 영어 해설 이영규.pdf 영 어 A 책형 1 쪽 영 어 문 1. 밑줄 친 부분과 의미가 가장 가까운 것은? There are some diseases your doctor will rule out before making a diagnosis. ① trace ② exclude ③ instruct ④ examine 문 2. 다음 중 어법상 옳은 것은? ① She supposed to phone me last night, but she didn't. ② I have been knowing Jose until I was seven. ③ You'd better to go now or you'll be late. ④ Sarah would be offended if I didn't go to her party. 문 3. 우리말을 영어로 옮긴 것 중 가장 어색한 것은? ① 제인은 보기만큼 젊지 않다. → Jane is not as young as she looks. ② 전화하는 것이 편지 쓰는 것보다 더 쉽다. → It's easier to make a phone call than to write a letter. ③ 너는 나보다 돈이 많다. → You have more money than I. ④ 당신 아들 머리는 당신 머리와 같은 색깔이다. → Your son's hair is the same color as you. 문 4. 밑줄 친 부분에 들어갈 표현으로 가장 적절한 것은? M : Would you like to go out for dinner, Mary? W : Oh, I'd love to. Where are we going? M : How about the new pizza restaurant in town? W : Do we need a reservation? M : I don't think it is necessary. W : But we may have to wait in line because it's Friday night. M : You are absolutely right. Then, I'll __________ right now. W : Great. ① cancel the reservation ② give you the check ③ eat some breakfast ④ book a table 문 5. 다음 글의 (A), (B), (C)에서 어법상 옳은 것을 모두 고른 것은? Pattern books contain stories that make use of repeated phrases, refrains, and sometimes rhymes. In addition, pattern books frequently contain pictures (A) that/what may facilitate story comprehension. The predictable patterns allow beginning second language readers to become involved (B) immediate/immediately in a literacy event in their second language. Moreover, the use of pattern books (C) meet/meets the criteria for literacy scaffolds by modeling reading, by challenging students' current level of linguistic competence, and by assisting comprehension through the repetition of a simple sentence pattern. (A) (B) (C) ① that immediate meet ② what immediately meets ③ that immediately meets ④ what immediate meet 문 6. 밑줄 친 부분에 들어갈 가장 적절한 것은? Culture travels, like people. There are Chinese and Zen gardens in cities from Sydney to Edinburgh to San Francisco. 'World Music' is enormously popular: the latest disco style breezily combines flamenco with jazz and Gaelic traditions. Dance troupes from Africa and South America routinely perform overseas. It would be impossible to disentangle strands of influence in the spaghetti western, samurai film, Hollywood action flick, Indian adventure story, and Hong Kong cinema. In the modern world, no culture, however 'primitive' and remote, remains ___________. The Huichol Indians, who live in mountain villages of Mexico, make their masks and bowls using glass beads imported from Japan and Czechoslovakia. ① isolated ② interconnected ③ multicultural ④ complex ※ 주어진 글의 제목으로 가장 적절한 것을 고르시오. [문 7 ～ 문 8] 문 7. Depending on your values, different kinds of numbers may be important to you. To some, it's cholesterol count and blood pressure figures; to others, it's the number of years they've been married. To many, the sum total in the retirement account is the number-one number, and some people zero in on the amount left on their mortgage. But I contend that your per-hour worth should be among the top-of-mind numbers that are important to you ―no matter what your values or priorities are ― even if you don't earn your living on a per-hour rate. Knowing the value of your time enables you to make wise decisions about where and how you spend it so you can make the most of this limited resource according to your circumstances, goals, and interests. Obviously, the higher you raise your per-hour worth while upholding your priorities, the more you can propel your efforts toward meeting your goals, because you have more resources at your disposal ― you have either more money or more time, whichever you need most. ① Your Time Is Money ② Maintaining High Motivation ③ Part-time Jobs Are Better ④ Living Within Your Income 영 어 A 책형 2 쪽 문 8. Making mistakes is central to the education of budding scientists and artists of all kinds, who must have the freedom to experiment, try this idea, flop, try another idea, take a risk, be willing to get the wrong answer. One classic example is Thomas Edison's reply to a reporter who was lamenting Edison's ten thousand experimental failures in his effort to create the first incandescent light bulb. "I have not failed," he told the reporter. "I successfully discovered 10,000 elements that don't work." Most children, however, are denied the freedom to noodle around, experiment, and be wrong in ten ways, let alone ten thousand. The focus on constant testing to measure and standardize children's accomplishments has intensified their fear of failure. It is certainly important for children to learn to succeed; but it is just as important for them to learn not to fear failure. ① Getting It Right the First Time ② The Secret Inventions of Edison ③ Road to Creativity: Avoid Risks ④ Failure: Nothing to Be Afraid Of 문 9. 우리말을 영어로 옮긴 것 중 가장 어색한 것은? ① 그녀는 젊었을 때 더 열심히 일하지 않았던 것을 후회한다. → She regrets not having worked harder in her youth. ② 그는 경험과 지식을 둘 다 겸비한 사람이다. →He is a man of both experience and knowledge. ③ 분노는 정상적이고 건강한 감정이다. → Anger is a normal and healthy emotion. ④ 어떤 상황에서도 너는 이곳을 떠나면 안 된다. → Under no circumstances you should not leave here. 문 10. 밑줄 친 부분에 들어갈 표현으로 가장 적절한 것은? M : Excuse me. How can I get to Seoul Station? W : You can take the subway. M : How long does it take? W : It takes approximately an hour. M : How often does the subway run? W : _______________________. ① It is too far to walk ② Every five minutes or so ③ You should wait in line ④ It takes about half an hour ※ 밑줄 친 부분과 의미가 가장 가까운 것을 고르시오. [문 11 ～ 문 13] 문 11. Bringing presents for his children alleviated some of the guilt he felt for not spending enough time with them. ① relieved ② accumulated ③ provoked ④ accelerated 문 12. I am not made of money, you know! ① needy ② thrifty ③ wealthy ④ stingy 문 13. Experienced salespeople claim there is a difference between being assertive and being pushy. ① thrilled ② brave ③ timid ④ aggressive ※ 주어진 부분에 들어갈 가장 적절한 것을 고르시오. [문 14 ～ 문 15] 문 14. A growing number of people are seeking medical attention for vitamin D deficiency, a common condition among those who spend a lot of time indoors. It is well known that vitamin D deficiency can affect one's muscles, bones and immunity and is even associated with cancer. Vitamin D is produced by the body in response to skin being exposed to sunlight. A lot of women, however, wear sunscreen before they go out, and this often makes it more difficult for their body to produce vitamin D ― as ___________________________. ① many types of sunscreen may contain beneficial substances ② sunscreen can block vitamin D-producing ultraviolet rays ③ their sunscreen is professionally prescribed ④ they exercise on a regular basis 문 15. Muzafer Sherif's research on the autokinetic effect is a good example of the role of ____________ in perception. People in his experiments were told that a spot of light projected on the wall would move and were instructed to estimate the amount of movement. Although the spot of light never actually moved, the people inevitably reported movement. When told that the spot of light would even trace out letters and words, participants began reporting words and sentences. Clearly what they thought would happen resulted in the addition of a considerable amount of information to their sensations. ① unification ② expectation ③ competition ④ quantification 영 어 A 책형 3 쪽 문 16. 다음 글의 (A)와 (B)에 들어갈 가장 적절한 것은? Mythology was an integral part of Egyptian culture for much of its timespan. Characters and events from myth permeate Egyptian art, architecture, and literature. Myths (A) many of the rituals performed by kings and priests. Educated Egyptians believed that a knowledge of myth was an essential weapon in the fight to survive the dangers of life and the afterlife. There is disagreement among Egyptologists about when mythical narratives first developed in Egypt. This dispute is partly due to the difficulty of deciding what should be counted as a myth. Today, the term myth is often used in an unfavorable way to refer to something that is exaggerated or untrue. In ancient cultures, myth did not have this (B) connotation; myths could be regarded as stories that contained poetic rather than literal truths. Some scholars separate myths from other types of traditional tale by classifying them as stories featuring deities. This simple definition might work quite well for Egypt, but not for all cultures. (A) (B) ① extinguished immoral ② bolstered literal ③ underpinned negative ④ corroborated political ※ 주어진 부분에 들어갈 가장 적절한 것을 고르시오. [문 17 ～ 문 18] 문 17. We rarely get tired when ______________. For example, I recently took a vacation in the Canadian Rockies up around Lake Louise. I spent several days trout fishing along Coral Creek, fighting my way through brush higher than my head, stumbling over logs, struggling through fallen timber ― yet after eight hours of this, I was not exhausted. Why? Because I was excited, exhilarated. I had a sense of high achievement: six cutthroat trout. But suppose I had been bored by fishing, then how do you think I would have felt? I would have been worn out by such strenuous work at an altitude of seven thousand feet. ① we are doing something interesting and exciting ② we get a good night's sleep and a hearty meal ③ we do household chores for our family ④ we are elevated to high altitudes 문 18. The 'ten-thousand-hour rule' states that expertise requires at least ten thousand hours of practice. Clearly, though, time is not the only requirement. Years of one's life spent practicing the wrong things will not lead to expertise any more than spending the same amount of time watching television. Time is a basic prerequisite, but not ____________________________________. Layered upon time are a slew of other ingredients, life focus, precision, discipline, and desire. ① a sufficient one in itself ② a requisite for time ③ a tolerant one of others ④ a predictor of longevity 문 19. George Stephenson에 관한 다음 글의 내용과 일치하지 않는 것은? George Stephenson gained a reputation for working with the primitive steam engines employed in mines in the northeast of England and in Scotland. In 1814, Stephenson made his first locomotive, 'Blucher.' In 1821, Stephenson was appointed engineer for the construction of the Stockton and Darlington railway. It opened in 1825 and was the first public railway. In October 1829, the railway's owners staged a competition to find the best kind of locomotive to pull heavy loads over long distances. Stephenson's locomotive 'Rocket' was the winner, achieving a record speed of 36 miles per hour. The opening of the Stockton and Darlington railway and the success of 'Rocket' stimulated the laying of railway lines and the construction of locomotives all over the country. Stephenson became engineer on a number of these projects and also participated in the development of railways in Belgium and Spain. ① 탄광에 사용된 초기 증기 기관과 관련된 일을 하여 명성을 얻었다. ② 1814년에 그의 첫 번째 기관차를 만들었다. ③ 시속 36마일의 기관차를 개발하여 기관차 대회에서 준우승했다. ④ 벨기에와 스페인의 철도 개발에도 참여했다. 문 20. 밑줄 친 부분에 들어갈 가장 적절한 것은? There are many instances in our society in which it is entirely appropriate for people to play a power role over others. __________________, teachers, coaches, police, and parents all play this role. Any leader of a group of people has to have some kind of authority. Still, the right to wield power and the extent to which an authority should wield power must be questioned and negotiated lest the power be abusive and lead to injustice and unfairness. ① However ② Otherwise ③ For example ④ Nevertheless
영어.pdf 2014 경찰 1차 영어 해설 강수정.pdf 2014 경찰 1차 영어 해설 김정연.pdf 2014 경찰 1차 영어 해설 김형섭.pdf 2014 경찰 1차 영어 해설 리스공.pdf 2014 경찰 1차 영어 해설 심상대.pdf 2014 경찰 1차 영어 해설 이동기.pdf 2014 경찰 1차 영어 해설 이성철.pdf 2014 경찰 1차 영어 해설 정철호.pdf 2014 경찰 1차 영어 해설 제석강.pdf - 영 어 1 - 1. 다음 빈 칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? ① refrain ② remove ③ convert ④ exclude 2. 다음 빈 칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? ① in honor of ② on behalf of ③ for the sake of ④ according to 3. 다음 빈 칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? 4. 다음 빈 칸에 순서대로 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? ① act - people ② experience - perpetrators ③ commit - victims ④ compare - criminals 5. 주어진 설명이 뜻하는 단어로서 예문의 빈 칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? ① bail ② custody ③ warrant ④ restraint 6. 다음 빈 칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? ① alias ② alchemist ③ apprentice ④ avarice 7. 다음 두 문장의 빈 칸에 공통으로 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? ① in ② on ③ to ④ for 8. 다음 빈 칸에 순서대로 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? ① automation – dictatorship ② coercion – authority ③ dictatorship – automation ④ authority – coercion 9. 다음 빈 칸에 순서대로 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? ① on - when - find ② in - that - finding ③ to - what - to find ④ with - whether - found 10. 다음 빈 칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? ① him look ② he looks ③ him to look ④ he is 11. 다음 빈 칸에 순서대로 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? ① hurts – feel – have ② feels – have – hurt ③ has – feel – hurt ④ hurts – have – feel 12. 다음 글의 제목으로 가장 적절한 것은? ① The cause of the Great Depression ② The definition of the Great Depression ③ The prospect of the Great Depression ④ The rule of the Great Depression The Great Depression began in late 1929 and lasted for about a decade. Many factors played a role in bringing about the depression. One was the greatly unequal distribution of wealth throughout the 1920's, and the other was excessive stock market expansion. Initial decision-making and actions vary _____ the nature and type of the incident. A: Hi Josh. How is it going? B: Not so good. I think I need a new job. A: What's the problem? Is it the people you work with? B: No, my coworkers are fine, but ________. A: Maybe you should start looking for a more interesting job. B: You are right. I can probably find something better. As a police officer, your job is to arrest those who ___ crime and protect ___ of crime. ① my workplace is too far from home ② I think my salary is too low ③ I do the same thing everyday ④ I am too busy to find free time A: Do you like Peter's new suit? B: Yes, I think it makes _________ handsome. Inspector Javert discovered that Monsieur Madeleine was not the mayor's real name but an ______________ for Jean Valijean, the ex-convict. ’14년 제1차 경찰공무원(순경)채용시험 문제 - 공채(남․여)․101경비단 - 【영 어】 응시 번호 : 이름 : As Max Weber pointed out, we perceive power ― the ability to get your way, even over the resistance of other ― as either legitimate or illegitimate. Legitimate power is called ____________. This is power that people accept as right. In contrast, illegitimate power called ___________ is power that people do not accept as just. A: Mom, my stomach ____. B: Do you ____ a fever? A: No, I don't think so. B: Do you ____ nauseous? A: No, not at all. But you know, I did have potato chips and peanut butter for dinner. Please _______ from smoking in the restaurant, as it disturbs other people. 설명: a commission or document giving authority to do something 예문: The police had a _______ for his arrest. ·He was sentenced ____ three years in prison. ·When polite requests failed, he resorted ____ threats. ·Global warming has led to an increase ________ temperatures and sea levels, and much less polar ice. ·The big problem is ________ I don't get many chances to speak the language. ·I am very careful with my money and I enjoy ________ a bargain when I go shopping. - 영 어 2- 13. 다음 글에서 밑줄 친 them이 가리키는 말로 가장 적절한 것은? ① people ② bats ③ high-pitched sounds ④ insects 14. 다음 글의 흐름으로 보아 (A), (B), (C)에 들어가기에 가장 적절한 말로 짝지은 것은? (A) (B) (C) ① able distributed enhanced ② able attributed disrupted ③ unable attributed enhanced ④ unable distributed disrupted 15. 다음 글의 종류로 가장 적절한 것은? ① autobiography ② novel ③ obituary ④ advertisement 16. 다음 글에 드러난 Sally의 심경으로 가장 적절한 것은? ① nervous ② relieved ③ satisfied ④ sympathetic [17-18] 다음 글을 읽고, 물음에 답하시오. 17. 윗글의 빈 칸에 들어갈 말의 순서로 가장 적절한 것은? ① like - In contrast - if ② as - For instance - even though ③ to - However - as ④ in - By the way - when 18. 글의 제목으로 가장 적절한 것은? ① Diversity of Women's Careers ② History of Feminist Movement ③ Women's Rights in the Near Future ④ What a True Feminist Is 19. 다음 빈 칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? 20. 다음 글을 읽고, 본문의 내용과 가장 일치하지 않은 것은? ① 법원은 경찰에게 면죄부를 주었다. ② 괴한들이 3명의 여자가 있는 가택을 침입하였다 . ③ 법적으로 경찰은 모든 시민을 보호할 의무가 있다. ④ 전화 신고를 받은 경찰은 즉시 출동하지 않았다. Cats have a memory for things that are important to their lives. Some cats seem to have extraordinary memories for finding places. Taken away from their homes, they seem (A)able/unable to remember where they live. The key to this homing ability could be a built-in celestial navigation, similar to that used by birds, or the cats' navigational ability could be (B)distributed/attributed to the cats' sensitivity to Earth's magnetic fields. When magnets are attached to cats, their normal navigational skills are (C)enhanced/disrupted. Suddenly, Sally heard a voice. “Good afternoon, Let's start with Afternoon of a Faun, please,” the voice repeated wearily. Sally's heart began to pound. She spread her music out on the music stand slowly. A lifetime of preparation, four long weeks of intensive practice, and it all came down to this moment. She felt sweat rolling down on her back. She lifted the flute to her lips, took a deep breath, and began to play. The opening notes of Afternoon of a Faun came from her flute, but her two hands that were holding it were still trembling. A feminist is not a man-hater, a masculine woman, or someone who dislikes housewives. A feminist is simply a woman or man who believes that women should enjoy the same rights, privileges, and opportunities ________ men. Because society has deprived women of many equal rights, feminists have fought for equality. ________, Susan B. Anthony, a famous nineteenth century feminist, worked to get women the right to vote. Today, feminists want women to receive equal pay for equal work. They support a woman's right to pursue her goals and dreams, whether she wants to be an astronaut, athlete, or full-time homemaker. Because the term is often misunderstood, some people don't call themselves feminists _______ they share feminist values. Two women were upstairs in a townhouse when they heard their roommate, a third woman, being attacked downstairs by intruders. They phoned the police several times and were assured that officers were on the way. After about 30 minutes, when their roommate’s screams had stopped, they assumed the police had finally arrived. When the two women went downstairs, they saw that in fact the police never came, but the intruders were still there. As the Warren court states in the opinion: For the next fourteen hours the women were held captive, robbed, and beaten. The three women sued the District of Columbia(D.C.) for failing to protect them, but D.C.’s highest court pardoned the District and its police, saying that it is a “fundamental principle of American law that a government and its agents are under no general duty to provide public services, such as police protection, to any individual citizen.” Bats fly like birds, but they are mammals. Female bats give birth to live young and produce milk. Bats are nocturnal, searching for food at night and sleeping during the day. They roost upside down in dark, quiet places such as caves and attics. People think that bats drink blood, but only vampire bats do this. Most bats eat fruit or insects. As bats fly, they make high-pitched sounds that bounce off objects. This echolocation is a kind of radar that guides them. The public has every right to expect that police powers are used professionally and with integrity, irrespective of who is being dealt with. In other words, the same ( ㉠ ) should be used by police officers whether dealing with a duke or a dustman, a fellow officer or a villain. Additionally, some people who come into contact with the police may be ( ㉡ ), and officers have a requirement to support and protect them. This is especially important when ( ㉡ ) witnesses, such as victims of domestic violence, feel very frightened or inhibited ― often after years of abuse ― about making an allegation against an abuser. ㉠ ㉡ ① freedom - absolute ② impartiality - vulnerable ③ prudence - adamant ④ sincerity - inquisitive Here, you can meet people who make traditional crafts. You'll find presents that are perfect for all your friends. We have clay pottery and beautiful leather bags. Try on a pair of sandals made of straw or a wood mask used in old dances. Bamboo crafts like boxes and baskets are famous in Korea. Korea also has great artists who make things with metal like gold necklaces and brass bowls. You can even take home a stone statue. Come and visit to the Korean Folk Village!
영어.pdf 2014 경찰 2차 영어 해설 김정연.pdf 2014 경찰 2차 영어 해설 김형섭.pdf 2014 경찰 2차 영어 해설 양익.pdf 2014 경찰 2차 영어 해설 제석강.pdf 2014 경찰 2차 영어 해설 하승민.pdf - 3 - 1. 다음 문장에서 밑줄 친 부분의 의미와 가장 가까운 것은? ① contemplate ② decide ③ hesitate ④ register 2. 다음 문장에서 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? ① dropped ② contained ③ obsessed ④ released 3. 다음 문장에서 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? ① endurable ② valuable ③ intelligent ④ reasonable 4. 다음 문장에서 밑줄 친 부분의 의미와 가장 가까운 것은? ① transaction ② intrigue ③ rebellion ④ intimidation 5. 다음 문장에서 밑줄 친 부분의 의미와 가장 가까운 것은? ① practical ② distinct ③ profitable ④ absolute 6. 다음 대화에서 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? ① You can't miss it. ② You will be there on time. ③ You beat me to it. ④ That takes me back. 7. 다음 대화에서 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? ① I am sorry and I'll hang up. ② Can I take a message? ③ You have a collect call. ④ Can you speak up? 8. 다음 대화에서 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? ① Yes, they are my bosom pals. ② Yes, I do. ③ No, I'm an only child. ④ No, I have few relatives. 9. 다음 대화에서 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? ① Let me see what we have available. ② Friday is the worst day for me. ③ What time does Dr. Watson come to work? ④ I am afraid Dr. Watson is off that day. 10. 다음 글의 ㉠, ㉡에서 어법에 맞는 표현을 골라 가장 올바르게 짝지은 것은? ㉠ ㉡ ㉠ ㉡ ① brought Almost ② brought Most ③ have brought Almost ④ have brought Most 11. 다음 문장에서 ㉠~㉢에 각각 들어갈 말로 가장 올바르게 짝지어진 것은? ㉠ ㉡ ㉢ ① working to go playing ② work to go play ③ worked go playing ④ working go playing 12. 다음 문장에서 ㉠~㉢에 각각 들어갈 말로 가장 올바르게 짝지어진 것은? ㉠ ㉡ ㉢ ① If am would be ② If were have been ③ Had were would be ④ Had was have been 13. 다음 글의 요지로 가장 적절한 것은? ① 다양한 경험을 하라. ② 변화하는 미래를 내다보고 직업을 고려하라. ③ 직업 선택시 적성은 중요하지 않다. ④ 도전을 두려워하지 마라. A: Hello, can I speak to Mr. Kim? B: He is not available right now. ( ) A: Yes. Please tell him to call me back. My name is John Smith and my phone number is 253-3859. B: Just a second. Let me get a pen. What was the number again? A: Excuse me. B: Yes? A: Will you show me the way to the police station? B: Sure. Go downstairs and take a left. It's on the right hand side. ( ) A: Thank you very much. He couldn’t make up his mind which course to follow. Lage, who recently ( ) his first CD, Sounding Point, started playing guitar at five. Pierre & Sons is well known for selling high quality household appliances at ( ) prices. The ship's captain was worried after he heard rumors of a possible mutiny among his crew. The financial manager gave down-to-earth advice to his client. A: Do you have a large family? B: I guess. Besides my mom and dad, I have three older brothers and two sisters. A: Wow! You have a big family. B: Do you have any siblings? A: ( ). It gets lonely sometimes. B: Really? Sometimes, I want to be alone! A: Dr. Watson's Clinic. How can I help you? B: Hello, this is David Johnson. I'd like to make an appointment. A: Okay, Mr. Johnson. How about on Friday at 2:00 PM? B: ( ) For the last fifty years, advances in chemistry ㉠brought/have brought many positive changes to the American lifestyle. ㉡Most/Almost people have simply trusted the government and corporations to ensure the safety of the new product. a) He was looking forward to ( ㉠ ) with you. b) Her parents would not let her ( ㉡ ) to Europe. c) I make it a rule to enjoy ( ㉢ ) badminton. a) ( ㉠ ) I studied a little harder, I could have passed the exam. b) If I ( ㉡ ) rich, I could buy a car. c) If you had followed my advice, you ( ㉢ ) happier now. Good afternoon, everyone. As high school students, now is the time that you will begin to prepare for the career you eventually choose. Keep in mind that it will be eight years before you start actually looking for work. The world may be a different place by then, and you will likely be a different person. So try to anticipate these changes, both in the world and yourself, when you consider a job path. It will make your chances of making the right choice significantly higher. 【영 어】 - 4 - 14. 다음 글의 ㉠, ㉡에 각각 들어갈 말로 가장 올바르게 짝지어진 것은? ㉠ ㉡ ㉠ ㉡ ① However For example ② Instead In addition ③ Further Rather ④ Further For example 15. 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? ① find someone to talk to about these problems ② buy some books to solve these problems ③ find a good teacher to solve these problems ④ consult a doctor to relieve stress 16. 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? ① to police fellow officers ② to control traffic on the road ③ to deal with street protesters ④ to investigate international affairs 17. 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? ① objectivity and impartiality ② authenticity and self-confidence ③ subjectivity and inter-subjectivity ④ extraversion and conscientiousness 18. 다음 글에서 필자가 주장하는 바로 가장 적절한 것은? ① 올바른 인터넷 문화 정착을 위한 홍보 강화 ② 미래를 위한 정보 통신 기술 분야의 투자 확대 ③ 표현의 자유를 침해하는 지나친 법적 규제 완화 ④ 디지털 공간에서의 문제 해결을 위한 규제 장치 마련 19. 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? ① thefts ② problems ③ benefits ④ alarms 20. 다음 글의 빈칸에 공통으로 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? ① text ② first draft ③ fiction ④ imitation Before law enforcement personnel can search or seize private property, they must have probable cause to believe a crime has been committed or that the owner of the property has been involved in criminal activity. There must also be probable cause to believe that a search of the property will result in evidence that will assist in proving this. ( ㉠ ), whenever possible, the law enforcement agency must seek approval of the search and seizure by obtaining a warrant from a judicial officer. The basis for the warrant must be probable cause. Although it is much debated, no absolute formula has ever been developed to determine what constitutes probable cause. ( ㉡ ), probable cause falls within a range that, when examined by a neutral observer, would be considered “more than bare suspicion” but “less than evidence which would justify conviction”. For many students, exam time is very stressful and difficult. Some people become ill because of the exams. That’s because they are afraid of failing. They are afraid of letting their parents and family down. The hard work of studying can damage their health. If exams are really making you ill, worried, or depressed, don’t hide your feelings. Talk to someone about it. In some cultures, people think it wrong to share their feelings and worries with others. But this is the only way to get help! In Britain, there is a saying, ‘A problem shared is a problem halved.’ So you must ( ). There is no more difficult role in policing than ( ). Investigators selected to perform the internal affairs function will be tasked with investigating individuals whom they have known and with whom they have worked closely for many years. They will be asked to place all personal biases aside, both for and against the employee, and to conduct an investigation that reveals the truth of the matter being investigated. Although this is a difficult role, it is not an impossible one. Police departments routinely and effectively investigate misconduct and discipline officers without outside intervention. In fact, no evidence exists showing that an outside agency or review board is more effective at revealing misconduct and imposing discipline. Exactly what is the policemen's role and function in a modern democratic society? Above all, the policeman has to maintain a strict balance between courtesy and friendliness on the one hand, and efficiency and effectiveness on the other. He is bound to enforce the laws against everyone and anyone who breaks the laws. This includes his family, his friends, and even fellow policemen. He can make no exceptions, much as —sometimes— he might want to. So he must walk that shaky tight-rope of ( ), almost always a figure of repressive authority, whether he likes it or not. Despite the uncertainty inherent in predicting the future, now is the time to look ahead, whether as parents, as teachers, or as policymakers, technologists, or Digital Natives, and to shape —without doing harm— the regulatory framework for the emerging digital space in ways that advance the public interest. In some cases, like the surge in online creativity, these trends point to opportunities we should harness. In others, such as the privacy problem or the cyberbullying problem, substantial dangers lurk in the digital future that we ought to head off at the pass. The law is rarely the right answer, but we should not hesitate to use it when it could do more good than harm. Technology companies can be encouraged to do the right thing on their own, especially when they know that future regulation is a possibility if they do not. And it’s always important to have law enforcement as a backstop for the worst cases. Of all the ways that automobiles damage the urban environment and lower the quality of life in big cities, few are as maddening and unnecessary as car alarms. Alarms are more than just an annoyance; they are a costly public health problem and a constant irritation to urban civil life. The ( ), meanwhile, are nonexistent. Auto makers, alarm installers, insurers, police, and the biggest expert of all —car thieves— all agree that alarms do nothing to stop the theft. What’s more, there are now a number of good, inexpensive car security devices available on the market. It’s time for us to reconsider on the seriousness of the problem and to do something about it. A clean sheet of paper is lying in front of you, and you have to fill it up. Suddenly, your mind may seem as blank as the paper. What can you do to set your pen in motion? The answer is simple: Don’t be caught in the perfection trap. That is, if you can convince yourself that the ( ) isn’t your best writing and can be made more effective with additional thought and some revision, then it will be easier to get started. When starting, don’t worry about what the reader will think about what you have written. Make writing as easy for you as you can by not being concerned with how good the ( ) is. There will be time for revising and polishing any ideas you want to pursue later.
영어-A.pdf 영어-D.pdf 2014 국가직 7급 영어 해설 김신주.pdf 2014 국가직 7급 영어 해설 김영국.pdf 2014 국가직 7급 영어 해설 김정연.pdf 2014 국가직 7급 영어 해설 박두일.pdf 2014 국가직 7급 영어 해설 박지나.pdf 2014 국가직 7급 영어 해설 손재석.pdf 2014 국가직 7급 영어 해설 이동기.pdf 2014 국가직 7급 영어 해설 장종재.pdf 2014 국가직 7급 영어 해설 조은정.pdf 2014 국가직 7급 영어 해설 한덕현.pdf 영 어 A 책형 1 쪽 영 어 ※ 밑줄 친 부분에 들어갈 가장 적절한 것을 고르시오. [문 1 ～ 문 2] 문 1. A: Black Cleaners. May I help you? B: Yes. Will you check if my suit is ready to go, please? A: What's your name, please? B: Billy Jackson. A: I remember your name. I think it's ready. B: ____________________________ I don't want to make a trip for nothing. A: It's a dark brown suit, right? B: Right. A: Yes, it's ready to go. B: Thanks. ① Will you come? ② Do you like the color? ③ Can I get a refund on this? ④ Will you double-check, please? 문 2. A: Excuse me. I'm new in this apartment building. ____________________________ B: Yes, of course. A: First, about parking. Is it OK to leave my car behind the building? B: Sure. A: And what about when I have guests? B: Well, guests aren't allowed to leave their cars in the back. They have to park in the guest parking area in the front. A: I see. And are there any rules about house pets? B: Cats are allowed, but dogs aren't. You see, they make a mess all over the place and they bark at night. A: I understand. B: Do you have any other questions? A: Not right now. Thanks a lot. ① Would you mind if I park here? ② Have you been living here long? ③ Could you show me around, please? ④ Could I ask you about some of the regulations here? 문 3. 어법상 옳지 않은 것은? ① Two hours from now, the hall will be empty. The concert will have ended. ② The lab test helps identify problems that might otherwise go unnoticed. ③ The police found an old coin which date had become worn and illegible. ④ Tom made so firm a decision that it was no good trying to persuade him. ※ 밑줄 친 부분 중 어법상 옳지 않은 것을 고르시오. [문 4 ～ 문 6] 문 4. The Netherlands now ①becomes the only country in the world to allow the mercy killing of patients, though there are some strict conditions. ② Those who want medical assistance to die ③ must be undergone unbearable suffering. Doctor and patient must also agree there is no hope of remission. And ④ a second physician must be consulted. 문 5. ① Unable to do anything or go anywhere while my car ② was repairing at my mechanic's garage, I suddenly ③ came to the realization that I had become ④ overly dependent on machines and gadgets. 문 6. A Civil Service career is your chance ①to begin a journey ②where the things that you accomplish on a daily basis can make a difference in the world. From improving trade opportunities for U.S. businesses, to monitoring human rights issues, ③ to providing management supervision, you can use your skills in a Civil Service career to directly impact foreign policy issues or uphold the business practices and processes ④ involving in supporting the U.S. Department of State's diplomatic efforts. 문 7. 다음 글의 요지로 가장 적절한 것은? Vitamin D, sometimes known as the "sunshine vitamin," is made in the body when the skin is exposed to sunlight. It is known to boost the uptake of calcium and bone formation, and some observational studies have also suggested a link between low levels of vitamin D and greater risks of many acute and chronic diseases. However, it is not clear whether this is a cause-and-effect relationship, so various large trials have been conducted to try to test whether vitamin D supplementation can reduce the risk of developing diseases. Researchers led by Philippe Autier of France's International Prevention Research Institute in Lyon analyzed data from several hundred observational studies and clinical trials, examining the effects of vitamin D levels on so-called non-bone health － including links to illnesses such as cancer, diabetes and cardiovascular disease. They found that the benefits of high vitamin D levels seen in observational studies － including reduced risk of cardiovascular events, diabetes and colorectal cancer － were not replicated in randomized trials where participants were given vitamin D to see if it would protect against illness. ① People who take vitamin D pills can ward off illness. ② Healthy people also need to take vitamin D supplements. ③ Vitamin D may not be as effective in preventing diseases as previously believed. ④ People who are at risk of vitamin D deficiency need to take a supplement. 영 어 A 책형 2 쪽 문 8. 다음 글의 내용과 일치하는 것은? When Bobby Fischer was battling Boris Spassky for the world title in 1972, I was a 9-year-old club player in my native town in the Soviet Union. I followed the games avidly. As I improved during the 1970s, my coach made charts to track my progress and to set goals for me. A rating above 2,500 was grand master; 2,600 meant membership in the Top 10; 2,700 was world-champion territory. And even above that was Bobby Fischer, at the very top with 2,785. I became world champion in 1985 but it took me four full years to surpass Fischer's rating record. It was Fischer's attitude on and off the board that infused his play with unrivaled power. Before Fischer, no one was ready to fight to the death in every game. No one was willing to work around the clock to push chess to a new level. But Fischer was, and he became the detonator of an avalanche of new chess ideas, a revolutionary whose revolution is still in progress. At Fischer's peak, even his adversaries had to admire his game. ① The author was Spassky's rival in 1972. ② The author broke Fischer's rating record in 1985. ③ Fischer was ready to fight to the death in every chess game. ④ Fischer's adversaries did not admire his game until he died. 문 9. 다음 주어진 문장이 들어갈 위치로 가장 적절한 곳은? However, if they are too lenient, they can have major discipline problems. Creating an environment in which students feel accepted, secure, and free to explore is crucial to learning, but classroom discipline issues also need to be addressed. The teacher needs to create clear boundaries for permissible behavior, while maintaining a relaxed, open environment for learning to take place. ( A ) Teachers with easy-going personalities are often good at creating a positive learning environment. ( B ) Young students are always testing to see how much they can get away with, and a teacher trying too hard to be friendly and accommodating will soon find the class completely out of control. ( C ) Teachers with strict personalities and teaching styles usually have better classroom discipline, but going too far with rules can have negative effects. ( D ) When students make mistakes, overly strict responses following the letter of the law may create a tense atmosphere which inhibits participation, especially if the teacher embarrasses the student in front of his or her peers. ① A ② B ③ C ④ D 문 10. 밑줄 친 부분에 들어갈 가장 적절한 것은? There are several places in the world that are famous for people who live a very long time. These places are usually in mountainous areas, far away from modern cities. Doctors, scientists, and public health experts often travel to these regions to solve the mystery of long, healthy life; the experts hope to bring to the modern world the secrets of __________________. ① longevity ② security ③ innovation ④ loyalty 문 11. 밑줄 친 부분과 의미가 가장 가까운 것은? The metabolic machinery of the cell functions in a completely analogous fashion, with its own version of master plans, working blueprints, transfer agents, and all the rest. ① delicate ② weird ③ similar ④ novel 문 12. 밑줄 친 부분에 공통으로 들어갈 가장 적절한 것은? ○ Many experts criticized the TV and radio networks as being too biased to _______ the race fairly. ○ I got these tires from your guys two months ago. Will the warranty _______ the cost of the repair? ① cover ② cast ③ charge ④ claim ※ 우리말을 영어로 잘못 옮긴 것을 고르시오. [문 13 ～ 문 15] 문 13. ① 누가 엿들을까봐 그는 목소리를 낮추었다. → He lowered his voice for fear he should not be overheard. ② 그녀는 그 계획을 계속 따라 갈 사람이 결코 아닐 것이다. → She would be the last person to go along with the plan. ③ 고위 간부들은 일등석으로 여행할 자격이 있다. → Top executives are entitled to first class travel. ④ 일하는 것과 돈 버는 것은 별개의 것이다. → To work is one thing, and to make money is another. 문 14. ① 그녀는 가족과 함께 있을 때 가장 행복하다. → She is happiest when she is with her family. ② 사고 후 그는 왼손을 사용하는 데 익숙해지고 있었다. → He was getting accustomed to using his left hand after the accident. ③ 내 급우들 중 3분의 2가 졸업 후 직장을 알아볼 예정이다. → Two thirds of my classmates are going to look for jobs after graduation. ④ 책임감이 그로 하여금 결국 자신을 희생하게 한 위험한 일을 맡도록 재촉하였다. → His sense of responsibility urged him to undertake the dangerous task which he eventually sacrificed himself. 문 15. ① 21세기 말까지 과학이 얼마나 발전할지 알 수 없다. → There is no knowing how far science may progress by the end of the twenty first century. ② 하등 동물은 그 조건 하에서 생존하기 위해 신체적 구조를 바꾸지 않을 수 없다. → The lower animals must have their bodily structure modified in order to be survived under the conditions. ③ 지갑에 돈이 없었기 때문에 그는 10 킬로미터 이상을 걸어가지 않을 수 없었다. → Having no money in his wallet, he had no choice but to walk more than ten kilometers. ④ 그녀는 약간 모호하게나마 빠른 시간 안에 부채를 상환할 것이라는 취지의 말을 하였다. → She was a little vague but said something to the effect that she would repay the loan very soon. 영 어 A 책형 3 쪽 문 16. 다음 글에서 해외 입양이 많은 원인으로 언급되지 않은 것은? In the last 60 years, more than 200,000 Korean babies have been sent overseas for adoption. Korea's international adoption began in the early 1950s just after the Korean War. Since then the number of children sent for overseas adoption has continued to grow mainly because of the country's deeply entrenched Confucian values, which put emphasis on a pure bloodline. "The practice of stigmatizing unwed mothers has also played a big role," said Helen Roh, social welfare professor at a university. "They were basically forced to give up their kids for adoption because of economic difficulties and social stigma," she added. About 90 percent of Korean adoptees are born to unwed mothers, according to recent data. ① Korean culture has little respect for single mothers. ② Korea has been faithful to international adoption laws. ③ Korean culture has been greatly influenced by Confucianism. ④ Single mothers often have difficulty supporting their children economically. ※ 밑줄 친 부분에 들어갈 가장 적절한 것을 고르시오. [문 17 ～ 문 20] 문 17. Antonio Pigafetta, a Florentine navigator who went with Magellan on the first voyage around the world, wrote, upon his passage through our southern lands of America, a strictly accurate account that nonetheless resembles a venture into ____________. In it he recorded that he had seen hogs with navels on their haunches, clawless birds whose hens laid eggs on the backs of their mates, and others still, resembling tongueless pelicans, with beaks like spoons. He wrote of having seen a misbegotten creature with the head and ears of a mule, a camel's body, the legs of a deer and the whinny of a horse. ① reality ② fantasy ③ history ④ science 문 18. Investments in research and development (R&D) have increased productivity, boosted economic growth, generated new products and processes, and improved the quality of people's lives. The possibility of profiting from a new product or process frequently leads businesses to invest ㉠ amounts of money in research and development. However, private investors cannot capture many of the benefits of their R&D spending, as the knowledge it produces may be used by others; consequently, the private sector may ㉡ to make some investments that have positive social, or economic, returns — gains for society and for the economy as a whole. To address that problem of incentives and encourage more R&D investment, the government uses several policy tools, including appropriated spending for R&D activities, tax preferences for private sector research and development, and protection of intellectual property through the copyright and patent systems. ㉠ ㉡ ① minimum attempt ② substantial attempt ③ minimum hesitate ④ substantial hesitate 문 19. The question of what it takes to excel has occupied psychologists for decades and philosophers for centuries. In recent years, one of the most persistent psychology claims has been the myth of the "10,000-hour rule" －the idea that this is the amount of time one must invest in practice in order to reach meaningful success in any field. But celebrated psychologist Daniel Goleman debunks the 10,000-hour mythology to reveal the more complex truth beneath the popular rule of thumb. The secret to continued improvement, it turns out, isn't the amount of time invested but the ㉠ of that time. It sounds simple and obvious enough, and yet so much of both our formal education and the informal ways in which we go about pursuing success in skill-based fields is built around the premise of sheer time investment. Instead, the factor that has been identified as the main predictor of success is ㉡ practice －persistent training to which you give your full concentration rather than just your time, often guided by a skilled expert, coach, or mentor. ㉠ ㉡ ① quality automated ② quality deliberate ③ planning subconscious ④ planning accidental 문 20. Before I leave the subject of disarmament there is one further point of importance. Some writers argue that the best way to minimize the explosive quality of the present arms race is somehow to develop a stable balance of terror. This means developing nuclear weapons and delivery systems so strong and so varied that no surprise attack could knock out the power to retaliate. I can see some force in this argument. Effective deterrence depends to some extent on the mutual conviction that the other man can and will do what he threatens if he is attacked. And this may be, for the time being, the only practical way of curbing hasty action. But, in fact, attempting to produce stability in this way also means continuing the arms race. Because, as the power to retaliate increases, there is bound to be a corresponding search for improved weapons which will increase the element of surprise. In any case, _________________________________, which is the basis of deterrence, is not a positive way to secure peace －at any rate in the long run. I feel bound to doubt whether safety, as Winston Churchill once claimed, can really become the "sturdy child of terror." ① inaction through fear ② peace through sanctions ③ reconciliation through philanthropy ④ self-defence through surprise attacks