스터디 영어-A.pdf 영어-C.pdf 영어-나.pdf 영어-마.pdf 2017 국가직 9급 영어 해설 김범재.pdf 2017 국가직 9급 영어 해설 김성익.pdf 2017 국가직 9급 영어 해설 김세현.pdf 2017 국가직 9급 영어 해설 김신주.pdf 2017 국가직 9급 영어 해설 김재운.pdf 2017 국가직 9급 영어 해설 강수정.pdf 2017 국가직 9급 영어 해설 김종주.pdf 2017 국가직 9급 영어 해설 김한상.pdf 2017 국가직 9급 영어 해설 김형구.pdf 2017 국가직 9급 영어 해설 손진숙.pdf 2017 국가직 9급 영어 해설 박철우.pdf 2017 국가직 9급 영어 해설 성정혜.pdf 2017 국가직 9급 영어 해설 윤정호.pdf 2017 국가직 9급 영어 해설 이동기.pdf 2017 국가직 9급 영어 해설 이충권.pdf 2017 국가직 9급 영어 해설 이리라.pdf 2017 국가직 9급 영어 해설 이영규.pdf 2017 국가직 9급 영어 해설 이영신.pdf 2017 국가직 9급 영어 해설 잇올.pdf 2017 국가직 9급 영어 해설 장서영.pdf 2017 국가직 9급 영어 해설 정수현.pdf 2017 국가직 9급 영어 해설 정일현.pdf 2017 국가직 9급 영어 해설 조태정.pdf 2017 국가직 9급 영어 해설 최호철.pdf 2017 국가직 9급 영어 해설 한덕현.pdf 2017 국가직 9급 영어 해설 헤더진.pdf 영 어 A 책형 1 쪽 영 어 ※ 밑줄 친 부분과 의미가 가장 가까운 것을 고르시오. [문 1 ～ 문 2] 문 1. I absolutely detested the idea of staying up late at night. ① defended ② abhorred ③ confirmed ④ abandoned 문 2. I had an uncanny feeling that I had seen this scene somewhere before. ① odd ② ongoing ③ obvious ④ offensive ※ 밑줄 친 부분에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것을 고르시오. [문 3～문 4] 문 3. A : May I help you? B : I bought this dress two days ago, but it's a bit big for me. A : ______________________________________________ B : Then I'd like to get a refund. A : May I see your receipt, please? B : Here you are. ① I'm sorry, but there's no smaller size. ② I feel like it fits you perfectly, though. ③ That dress sells really well in our store. ④ I'm sorry, but this purchase can't be refunded. 문 4. A : Every time I use this home blood pressure monitor, I get a different reading. I think I'm doing it wrong. Can you show me how to use it correctly? B : Yes, of course. First, you have to put the strap around your arm. A : Like this? Am I doing this correctly? B : That looks a little too tight. A : Oh, how about now? B : Now it looks a bit too loose. If it's too tight or too loose, you'll get an incorrect reading. A : __________________________________ B : Press the button now. You shouldn't move or speak. A : I get it. B : You should see your blood pressure on the screen in a few moments. ① I didn't see anything today. ② Oh, okay. What do I do next? ③ Right, I need to read the book. ④ Should I check out their website? 문 5. 어법상 옳은 것은? ① They didn't believe his story, and neither did I. ② The sport in that I am most interested is soccer. ③ Jamie learned from the book that World War I had broken out in 1914. ④ Two factors have made scientists difficult to determine the number of species on Earth. 문 6. 어법상 옳지 않은 것은? ① A few words caught in passing set me thinking. ② Hardly did she enter the house when someone turned on the light. ③ We drove on to the hotel, from whose balcony we could look down at the town. ④ The homeless usually have great difficulty getting a job, so they are losing their hope. ※ 밑줄 친 부분에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것을 고르시오. [문 7～문 9] 문 7. Why might people hovering near the poverty line be more likely to help their fellow humans? Part of it, Keltner thinks, is that poor people must often band together to make it through tough times ― a process that probably makes them more socially astute. He says, "When you face uncertainty, it makes you orient to other people. You build up these strong social networks." When a poor young mother has a new baby, for instance, she may need help securing food, supplies, and childcare, and if she has healthy social times, members of her community will pitch in. But limited income is hardly a prerequisite for developing this kind of empathy and social responsiveness. Regardless of the size of our bank accounts, suffering becomes a conduit to altruism or heroism when our own pain compels us to be ____________________ other people's needs and to intervene when we see someone in the clutches of the kind of suffering we know so well. ① less involved in ② less preoccupied with ③ more attentive to ④ more indifferent to 문 8. The Soleil department store outlet in Shanghai would seem to have all the amenities necessary to succeed in modern Chinese retail: luxury brands and an exclusive location. Despite these advantages, however, the store's management thought it was still missing something to attract customers. So next week they're unveiling a gigantic, twisting, dragon-shaped slide that shoppers can use to drop from fifth-floor luxury boutiques to first-floor luxury boutiques in death-defying seconds. Social media users are wondering, half-jokingly, whether the slide will kill anyone. But Soleil has a different concern that Chinese shopping malls will go away completely. Chinese shoppers, once seemingly in endless supply, are no longer turning up at brick-and-mortar outlets because of the growing online shopping, and they still go abroad to buy luxury goods. So, repurposing these massive spaces for consumers who have other ways to spend their time and money is likely to require a lot of creativity. ___________________________________________. ① Luxury brands are thriving at Soleil ② Soleil has decided against making bold moves ③ Increasing the online customer base may be the last hope ④ A five-story dragon slide may not be a bad place to start 영 어 A 책형 2 쪽 문 9. It is easy to devise numerous possible scenarios of future developments, each one, on the face of it, equally likely. The difficult task is to know which will actually take place. In hindsight, it usually seems obvious. When we look back in time, each event seems clearly and logically to follow from previous events. Before the event occurs, however, the number of possibilities seems endless. There are no methods for successful prediction, especially in areas involving complex social and technological changes, where many of the determining factors are not known and, in any event, are certainly not under any single group's control. Nonetheless, it is essential to _______________________________________________. We do know that new technologies will bring both dividends and problems, especially human, social problems. The more we try to anticipate these problems, the better we can control them. ① work out reasonable scenarios for the future ② legitimize possible dividends from future changes ③ leave out various aspects of technological problems ④ consider what it would be like to focus on the present 문 10. 다음 글의 내용과 일치하는 것은? Taste buds got their name from the nineteenth-century German scientists Georg Meissner and Rudolf Wagner, who discovered mounds made up of taste cells that overlap like petals. Taste buds wear out every week to ten days, and we replace them, although not as frequently over the age of forty-five: our palates really do become jaded as we get older. It takes a more intense taste to produce the same level of sensation, and children have the keenest sense of taste. A baby's mouth has many more taste buds than an adult's, with some even dotting the cheeks. Children adore sweets partly because the tips of their tongues, more sensitive to sugar, haven't yet been blunted by trying to eat hot soup before it cools. ① Taste buds were invented in the nineteenth century. ② Replacement of taste buds does not slow down with age. ③ Children have more sensitive palates than adults. ④ The sense of taste declines by eating cold soup. 문 11. 밑줄 친 부분과 의미가 가장 가까운 것은? At this company, we will not put up with such behavior. ① modify ② record ③ tolerate ④ evaluate 문 12. 밑줄 친 부분 중 의미상 옳지 않은 것은? ① I'm going to take over his former position. ② I can't take on any more work at the moment. ③ The plane couldn't take off because of the heavy fog. ④ I can't go out because I have to take after my baby sister. 문 13. 다음 글의 제목으로 가장 적절한 것은? Drama is doing. Drama is being. Drama is such a normal thing. It is something that we all engage in every day when faced with difficult situations. You get up in the morning with a bad headache or an attack of depression, yet you face the day and cope with other people, pretending that nothing is wrong. You have an important meeting or an interview coming up, so you talk through the issues with yourself beforehand and decide how to present a confident, cheerful face, what to wear, what to do with your hands, and so on. You've spilt coffee over a colleague's papers, and immediately you prepare an elaborate excuse. Your partner has just run off with your best friend, yet you cannot avoid going in to teach a class of inquisitive students. Getting on with our day-to-day lives requires a series of civilized masks if we are to maintain our dignity and live in harmony with others. ① Dysfunctions of Drama ② Drama in Our Daily Lives ③ Drama as a Theatrical Art ④ Dramatic Changes in Emotions 문 14. 다음 글의 요지로 가장 적절한 것은? How on earth will it help the poor if governments try to strangle globalization by stemming the flow of trade, information, and capital ― the three components of the global economy? That disparities between rich and poor are still too great is undeniable. But it is just not true that economic growth benefits only the rich and leaves out the poor, as the opponents of globalization and the market economy would have us believe. A recent World Bank study entitled "Growth Is Good for the Poor" reveals a one-for-one relationship between income of the bottom fifth of the population and per capita GDP. In other words, incomes of all sectors grow proportionately at the same rate. The study notes that openness to foreign trade benefits the poor to the same extent that it benefits the whole economy. ① Globalization deepens conflicts between rich and poor. ② The global economy grows at the expense of the poor. ③ Globalization can be beneficial regardless of one's economic status. ④ Governments must control the flow of trade to revive the economy. ※ 우리말을 영어로 잘못 옮긴 것을 고르시오. [문 15 ～ 문 16] 문 15. ① 이 편지를 받는 대로 곧 본사로 와 주십시오. → Please come to the headquarters as soon as you receive this letter. ② 나는 소년 시절에 독서하는 버릇을 길러 놓았어야만 했다. → I ought to have formed a habit of reading in my boyhood. ③ 그는 10년 동안 외국에 있었기 때문에 영어를 매우 유창하게 말할 수 있다. → Having been abroad for ten years, he can speak English very fluently. ④ 내가 그때 그 계획을 포기했었다면 이렇게 훌륭한 성과를 얻지 못했을 것이다. → Had I given up the project at that time, I should have achieved such a splendid result. 영 어 A 책형 3 쪽 문 16. ① 그 회의 후에야 그는 금융 위기의 심각성을 알아차렸다. → Only after the meeting did he recognize the seriousness of the financial crisis. ② 장관은 교통문제를 해결하기 위해 강 위에 다리를 건설해야 한다고 주장했다. → The minister insisted that a bridge be constructed over the river to solve the traffic problem. ③ 비록 그 일이 어려운 것이었지만, Linda는 그것을 끝내기 위해 최선을 다했다. → As difficult a task as it was, Linda did her best to complete it. ④ 그는 문자 메시지에 너무 정신이 팔려서 제한속도보다 빠르게 달리고 있다는 것을 몰랐다. → He was so distracted by a text message to know that he was going over the speed limit. 문 17. 빈칸 (A), (B)에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? The amount of information gathered by the eyes as contrasted with the ears has not been precisely calculated. Such a calculation not only involves a translation process, but scientists have been handicapped by lack of knowledge of what to count. A general notion, however, of the relative complexities of the two systems can be obtained by (A) the size of the nerves connecting the eyes and the ears to the centers of the brain. Since the optic nerve contains roughly eighteen times as many neurons as the cochlear nerve, we assume it transmits at least that much more information. Actually, in normally alert subjects, it is probable that the eyes may be as much as a thousand times as effective as the ears in (B) information. ＊cochlear : 달팽이관의 (A) (B) ① adding clearing up ② adding disseminating ③ comparing reducing ④ comparing sweeping up 문 18. 글의 흐름상 가장 어색한 문장은? Children's book awards have proliferated in recent years; today, there are well over 100 different awards and prizes by a variety of organizations. ① The awards may be given for books of a specific genre or simply for the best of all children's books published within a given time period. An award may honor a particular book or an author for a lifetime contribution to the world of children's literature. ② Most children's book awards are chosen by adults, but now a growing number of children's choice book awards exist. The larger national awards given in most countries are the most influential and have helped considerably to raise public awareness about the fine books being published for young readers. ③ An award ceremony for outstanding services to the publishing industry is put on hold. ④Of course, readers are wise not to put too much faith in award-winning books. An award doesn't necessarily mean a good reading experience, but it does provide a starting place when choosing books. 문 19. 주어진 문장이 들어갈 위치로 가장 적절한 곳은? This inequality is corrected by their getting in their turn better portions from kills by other people. Let us examine a situation of simple distribution such as occurs when an animal is killed in a hunt. One might expect to find the animal portioned out according to the amount of work done by each hunter to obtain it. ( ① ) To some extent this principle is followed, but other people have their rights as well. ( ② ) Each person in the camp gets a share depending upon his or her relation to the hunters. ( ③ ) When a kangaroo is killed, for example, the hunters have to give its main parts to their kinfolk and the worst parts may even be kept by the hunters themselves. ( ④ ) The net result in the long run is substantially the same to each person, but through this system the principles of kinship obligation and the morality of sharing food have been emphasized. 문 20. 주어진 글 다음에 이어질 글의 순서로 가장 적절한 것은? The most innovative of the group therapy approaches was psychodrama, the brainchild of Jacob L. Moreno. Psychodrama as a form of group therapy started with premises that were quite alien to the Freudian worldview that mental illness essentially occurs within the psyche or mind. (A) But he also believed that creativity is rarely a solitary process but something brought out by social interactions. He relied heavily on theatrical techniques, including role-playing and improvisation, as a means to promote creativity and general social trust. (B) Despite his theoretical difference from the mainstream viewpoint, Moreno's influence in shaping psychological consciousness in the twentieth century was considerable. He believed that the nature of human beings is to be creative and that living a creative life is the key to human health and well-being. (C) His most important theatrical tool was what he called role reversal ― asking participants to take on another's persona. The act of pretending "as if" one were in another's skin was designed to help bring out the empathic impulse and to develop it to higher levels of expression. ① (A) － (C) － (B) ② (B) － (A) － (C) ③ (B) － (C) － (A) ④ (C) － (B) － (A)
스터디 영어-B.pdf 영어-D.pdf 2017 지방직 9급 영어 해설 강수정.pdf 2017 지방직 9급 영어 해설 곽인수.pdf 2017 지방직 9급 영어 해설 김송희.pdf 2017 지방직 9급 영어 해설 김재운.pdf 2017 지방직 9급 영어 해설 김한상.hwp 2017 지방직 9급 영어 해설 김형구.pdf 2017 지방직 9급 영어 해설 문민.pdf 2017 지방직 9급 영어 해설 박철우.pdf 2017 지방직 9급 영어 해설 성기건.pdf 2017 지방직 9급 영어 해설 손진숙.pdf 2017 지방직 9급 영어 해설 영스파.pdf 2017 지방직 9급 영어 해설 오동훈.hwp 2017 지방직 9급 영어 해설 이동기.pdf 2017 지방직 9급 영어 해설 이영규.pdf 2017 지방직 9급 영어 해설 이충권.pdf 2017 지방직 9급 영어 해설 잇올.pdf 2017 지방직 9급 영어 해설 장서영.pdf 2017 지방직 9급 영어 해설 장종재.pdf 2017 지방직 9급 영어 해설 정수현.pdf 2017 지방직 9급 영어 해설 조태정.pdf 2017 지방직 9급 영어 해설 최호철.pdf 2017 지방직 9급 영어 해설 한덕현.pdf 2017 지방직 9급 영어 해설 헤더진.pdf 영 어 B 책형 1 쪽 영 어 ※ 밑줄 친 부분에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것을 고르시오. [문 1～문 2] 문 1. A : I just received a letter from one of my old high school buddies. B : That's nice! A : Well, actually it's been a long time since I heard from him. B : To be honest, I've been out of touch with most of my old friends. A : I know. It's really hard to maintain contact when people move around so much. B : You're right. _______________________________________. But you're lucky to be back in touch with your buddy again. ① The days are getting longer ② People just drift apart ③ That's the funniest thing I've ever heard of ④ I start fuming whenever I hear his name 문 2. A : What are you getting Ted for his birthday? I'm getting him a couple of baseball caps. B : I've been _____________________ trying to think of just the right gift. I don't have an inkling of what he needs. A : Why don't you get him an album? He has a lot of photos. B : That sounds perfect! Why didn't I think of that? Thanks for the suggestion! ① contacted by him ② sleeping all day ③ racking my brain ④ collecting photo albums ※ 밑줄 친 부분의 의미와 가장 가까운 것을 고르시오. [문 3 ～ 문 5] 문 3. Some of the newest laws authorize people to appoint a surrogate who can make medical decisions for them when necessary. ① proxy ② sentry ③ predecessor ④ plunderer 문 4. A : He thinks he can achieve anything. B : Yes, he needs to keep his feet on the ground. ① live in a world of his own ② relax and enjoy himself ③ be brave and confident ④ remain sensible and realistic about life 문 5. She is on the fence about going to see the Mona Lisa at the Louvre Museum. ① anguished ② enthusiastic ③ apprehensive ④ undecided 문 6. 어법상 옳지 않은 것은? ① You might think that just eating a lot of vegetables will keep you perfectly healthy. ② Academic knowledge isn't always that leads you to make right decisions. ③ The fear of getting hurt didn't prevent him from engaging in reckless behaviors. ④ Julie's doctor told her to stop eating so many processed foods. 문 7. 어법상 옳은 것은? ① The oceans contain many forms of life that has not yet been discovered. ② The rings of Saturn are so distant to be seen from Earth without a telescope. ③ The Aswan High Dam has been protected Egypt from the famines of its neighboring countries. ④ Included in this series is “The Enchanted Horse,” among other famous children's stories. 문 8. 다음 글의 내용과 일치하는 것은? Soils of farmlands used for growing crops are being carried away by water and wind erosion at rates between 10 and 40 times the rates of soil formation, and between 500 and 10,000 times soil erosion rates on forested land. Because those soil erosion rates are so much higher than soil formation rates, that means a net loss of soil. For instance, about half of the top soil of Iowa, the state whose agriculture productivity is among the highest in the U.S., has been eroded in the last 150 years. On my most recent visit to Iowa, my hosts showed me a churchyard offering a dramatically visible example of those soil losses. A church was built there in the middle of farmland during the 19th century and has been maintained continuously as a church ever since, while the land around it was being farmed. As a result of soil being eroded much more rapidly from fields than from the churchyard, the yard now stands like a little island raised 10 feet above the surrounding sea of farmland. ① A churchyard in Iowa is higher than the surrounding farmland. ② Iowa's agricultural productivity has accelerated its soil formation. ③ The rate of soil formation in farmlands is faster than that of soil erosion. ④ Iowa has maintained its top soil in the last 150 years. 영 어 B 책형 2 쪽 문 9. 다음 글의 흐름상 가장 어색한 문장은? Whether you've been traveling, focusing on your family, or going through a busy season at work, 14 days out of the gym takes its toll―not just on your muscles, but your performance, brain, and sleep, too. ① Most experts agree that after two weeks, you're in trouble if you don't get back in the gym. “At the two week point without exercising, there are a multitude of physiological markers that naturally reveal a reduction of fitness level,” says Scott Weiss, a New York-based exercise physiologist and trainer who works with elite athletes. ② After all, despite all of its abilities, the human body (even the fit human body) is a very sensitive system and physiological changes (muscle strength or a greater aerobic base) that come about through training will simply disappear if your training load dwindles, he notes. Since the demand of training isn't present, your body simply slinks back toward baseline. ③More protein is required to build more muscles at a rapid pace in your body. ④ Of course, how much and how quickly you'll decondition depends on a slew of factors like how fit you are, your age, and how long sweating has been a habit. “Two to eight months of not exercising at all will reduce your fitness level to as if you never exercised before,” Weiss notes. 문 10. 다음 글의 내용과 일치하지 않는 것은? Before the fifteenth century, all four characteristics of the witch (night flying, secret meetings, harmful magic, and the devil's pact) were ascribed individually or in limited combination by the church to its adversaries, including Templars, heretics, learned magicians, and other dissident groups. Folk beliefs about the supernatural emerged in peasant confessions during witch trials. The most striking difference between popular and learned notions of witchcraft lay in the folk belief that the witch had innate supernatural powers not derived from the devil. For learned men, this bordered on heresy. Supernatural powers were never human in origin, nor could witches derive their craft from the tradition of learned magic, which required a scholarly training at the university, a masculine preserve at the time. A witch's power necessarily came from the pact she made with the devil. ① The folk and learned men had different views on the source of the witch's supernatural powers. ② According to the folk belief, supernatural powers belonged to the essential nature of the witch. ③ Four characteristics of the witch were attributed by the church to its dissident groups. ④ Learned men believed that the witch's power came from a scholarly training at the university. 문 11. 주어진 문장이 들어갈 위치로 가장 적절한 것은? Fortunately, however, the heavy supper she had eaten caused her to become tired and ready to fall asleep. Various duties awaited me on my arrival. I had to sit with the girls during their hour of study. ( ① ) Then it was my turn to read prayers; to see them to bed. Afterwards I ate with the other teachers. ( ② ) Even when we finally retired for the night, the inevitable Miss Gryce was still my companion. We had only a short end of candle in our candlestick, and I dreaded lest she should talk till it was all burnt out. ( ③ ) She was already snoring before I had finished undressing. There still remained an inch of candle. ( ④ ) I now took out my letter; the seal was an initial F. I broke it; the contents were brief. 문 12. 다음 글의 제목으로 가장 적절한 것은? Fear and its companion pain are two of the most useful things that men and animals possess, if they are properly used. If fire did not hurt when it burnt, children would play with it until their hands were burnt away. Similarly, if pain existed but fear did not, a child would burn himself again and again, because fear would not warn him to keep away from the fire that had burnt him before. A really fearless soldier―and some do exist―is not a good soldier, because he is soon killed; and a dead soldier is of no use to his army. Fear and pain are therefore two guards without which human beings and animals might soon die out. ① Obscurity of Fear and Pain in Soldiers ② Indispensability of Fear and Pain ③ Disapproval of Fear and Pain ④ Children's Association with Fear and Pain ※ 우리말을 영어로 잘못 옮긴 것을 고르시오. [문 13 ～ 문 14] 문 13. ① 나는 매달 두세 번 그에게 전화하기로 규칙을 세웠다. → I made it a rule to call him two or three times a month. ② 그는 나의 팔을 붙잡고 도움을 요청했다. → He grabbed me by the arm and asked for help. ③ 폭우로 인해 그 강은 120 cm 상승했다. → Owing to the heavy rain, the river has risen by 120 cm. ④ 나는 눈 오는 날 밖에 나가는 것보다 집에 있는 것을 더 좋아한다. → I prefer to staying home than to going out on a snowy day. 문 14. ① 그를 당황하게 한 것은 그녀의 거절이 아니라 그녀의 무례함 이었다. → It was not her refusal but her rudeness that perplexed him. ② 부모는 아이들 앞에서 그들의 말과 행동에 대해 아무리 신중 해도 지나치지 않다. → Parents cannot be too careful about their words and actions before their children. ③ 환자들과 부상자들을 돌보기 위해 더 많은 의사가 필요했다. → More doctors were required to tend sick and wounded. ④ 설상가상으로, 또 다른 태풍이 곧 올 것이라는 보도가 있다. → To make matters worse, there is a report that another typhoon will arrive soon. 영 어 B 책형 3 쪽 ※ 밑줄 친 부분에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것을 고르시오. [문 15～문 16] 문 15. Our main dish did not have much flavor, but I made it more ______________ by adding condiments. ① palatable ② dissolvable ③ potable ④ susceptible 문 16. London taxi drivers have to undertake years of intense training known as “the knowledge” to gain their operating license, including learning the layout of over twenty-five thousand of the city's streets. A researcher and her team investigated the taxi drivers and the ordinary people. The two groups were asked to watch videos of routes unfamiliar to them through a town in Ireland. They were then asked to take a test about the video that included sketching out routes, identifying landmarks, and estimating distances between places. Both groups did well on much of the test, but the taxi drivers did significantly better on identifying new routes. This result suggests that the taxi drivers' mastery can be _____________ to new and unknown areas. Their years of training and learning through deliberate practice prepare them to take on similar challenges even in places they do not know well or at all. ① confined ② devoted ③ generalized ④ contributed 문 17. 주어진 글 다음에 이어질 글의 순서로 가장 적절한 것은? I remember the day Lewis discovered the falls. They left their camp at sunrise and a few hours later they came upon a beautiful plain and on the plain were more buffalo than they had ever seen before in one place. (A) A nice thing happened that afternoon, they went fishing below the falls and caught half a dozen trout, good ones, too, from sixteen to twenty-three inches long. (B) After a while the sound was tremendous and they were at the great falls of the Missouri River. It was about noon when they got there. (C) They kept on going until they heard the faraway sound of a waterfall and saw a distant column of spray rising and disappearing. They followed the sound as it got louder and louder. ① (A) － (B) － (C) ② (B) － (C) － (A) ③ (C) － (A) － (B) ④ (C) － (B) － (A) 문 18. 다음 글의 요지로 가장 적절한 것은? Novelty-induced time expansion is a well-characterized phenomenon which can be investigated under laboratory conditions. Simply asking people to estimate the length of time they are exposed to a train of stimuli shows that novel stimuli simply seem to last longer than repetitive or unremarkable ones. In fact, just being the first stimulus in a moderately repetitive series appears to be sufficient to induce subjective time expansion. Of course, it is easy to think of reasons why our brain has evolved to work like this—presumably novel and exotic stimuli require more thought and consideration than familiar ones, so it makes sense for the brain to allocate them more subjective time. ① Response to stimuli is an important by-product of brain training. ② The intensity of stimuli increases with their repetition. ③ Our physical response to stimuli influences our thoughts. ④ New stimuli give rise to subjective time expansion. ※ 밑줄 친 부분에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것을 고르시오. [문 19～문 20] 문 19. One of the tricks our mind plays is to highlight evidence which confirms what we already believe. If we hear gossip about a rival, we tend to think “I knew he was a nasty piece of work”; if we hear the same about our best friend, we're more likely to say “that's just a rumour.” Once you learn about this mental habit―called confirmation bias―you start seeing it everywhere. This matters when we want to make better decisions. Confirmation bias is OK as long as we're right, but all too often we're wrong, and we only pay attention to the deciding evidence when it's too late. How ________________________________________________ depends on our awareness of why, psychologically, confirmation bias happens. There are two possible reasons. One is that we have a blind spot in our imagination and the other is we fail to ask questions about new information. ① we make our rivals believe us ② our blind spot helps us make better decisions ③ we can protect our decisions from confirmation bias ④ we develop exactly the same bias 문 20. For many big names in consumer product brands, exporting and producing overseas with local labor and for local tastes have been the right thing to do. In doing so, the companies found a way to improve their cost structure, to grow in the rapidly expanding consumer markets in emerging countries. But, Sweets Co. remains stuck in the domestic market. Even though its products are loaded with preservatives, which means they can endure long travel to distant markets, Sweets Co. ___________________________________, let alone produce overseas. The unwillingness or inability to update its business strategy and products for a changing world is clearly damaging to the company. ① is intent on importing ② does very little exporting ③ has decided to streamline operations ④ is expanding into emerging markets
영어_9급_A형.pdf 영어_9급_B형.pdf 2016 서울시 9급 영어 해설 강수정.pdf 2016 서울시 9급 영어 해설 김민수.pdf 2016 서울시 9급 영어 해설 김신주.pdf 2016 서울시 9급 영어 해설 김영국.pdf 2016 서울시 9급 영어 해설 성기건.pdf 2016 서울시 9급 영어 해설 성정혜.pdf 2016 서울시 9급 영어 해설 손재석.pdf 2016 서울시 9급 영어 해설 영스파.pdf 2016 서울시 9급 영어 해설 이리라.pdf 2016 서울시 9급 영어 해설 이영규.pdf 2016 서울시 9급 영어 해설 이충권.pdf 2016 서울시 9급 영어 해설 정수현.pdf 2016 서울시 9급 영어 해설 줄리아.pdf 2016 서울시 9급 영어 해설 한덕현.pdf Ⓐ - 3 ※ 다음 중 밑줄 친 단어와 뜻이 가장 가까운 것은? (1~3) 1. Parents must not give up on kids who act rebellious or seem socially awkward; this is a normal stage most youngsters go through and eventually outgrow. ① passive ② delirious ③ disobedient ④ sporadic 2. He was born to a wealthy family in New York in 1800 s. This circumstance allowed him to lead a prodigal existence for much of his life. ① perjury ② unstable ③ pernicious ④ lavish 3. Perhaps the brightest spot in the contemporary landscape of American higher education is the resurgence of interest in engaging students in civic life beyond campus. ① comeback ② disappearance ③ motivation ④ paucity 4. 밑줄 친 부분 중 어법상 가장 옳지 않은 것은? He acknowledged that ① the number of Koreans were forced ② into labor ③ under harsh conditions in some of the locations ④ during the 1940 s. 5. 다음 대화에서 어법상 가장 옳지 않은 것은? Ann : Your hair ① looks nice. Tori : I ② had it cut by the tall hairdresser in the new hair salon next to the cafeteria. Ann : Not that place where I ③ got my head to stick in the drier? Tori : ④ Must be, I suppose. Yes, that one. Ann : Huh, and they still let them open. ※ 어법상 빈칸에 들어가기에 가장 적절한 것은? (6~7) 6. Creativity is thinking in ways that lead to original, practical and meaningful solutions to problems or new ideas or forms of artistic expression. ① that generate ② having generated ③ to be generated ④ being generated 7. It was when I got support across the board politically, from Republicans as well as Democrats, I knew I had done the right thing. ① who ② whom ③ whose ④ that 8. 문맥상 빈칸에 들어갈 가장 적절한 것은? Usually several skunks live together; however, adult male striped skunks are during the summer. ① nocturnal ② solitary ③ predatory ④ dormant 9. 문맥상 빈칸에 들어갈 가장 적절한 것은? Language and spelling change. Crystal, one of the most prolific writers on English, has helped popularize that truth. If, as internet use suggests, people are now starting to write rhubarb as rubarb , that, he says, may one day become an acceptable . ① alternative ② obligation ③ risk ④ order 10. 다음 빈칸에 들어갈 표현으로 가장 적절한 것은? The reputation of Genghis Khan as may be worse than the reality. Much of our information comes from chroniclers of the time who often exaggerated the facts. It is possible that they were encouraged by their Mongol employers to exaggerate the tales of cruelty so that the Mongols appeared more frightening to their enemies. ① an exaggerating storyteller ② a courageous emperor ③ an influential figure ④ an utterly ruthless warrior 11. 다음 빈칸에 들어갈 가장 적절한 연결어를 고르면? Our brain processes and stores different kinds of information in different ways. Think about factual knowledge. Fact memory entails learning explicit information, such as names, faces, words and dates. It is related to our conscious thoughts and our ability to manipulate symbols and language. When fact memories are committed to long-term memory, they are usually filed along with the context in which they were learned: , when you think of your new friend Joe, you probably picture him at the basketball game where you met him. ① In short ② For instance ③ Above all ④ In addition 12. 문맥상 빈칸에 들어갈 가장 적절한 것은? As incredible as it sounds, there are some species of insects that will themselves to protect their nests. When faced with an intruder, the Camponotus cylindricus ant of Borneo will grab onto the invader and squeeze itself until it explodes. The ant s abdomen ruptures, releasing a sticky yellow substance that will be lethal for both the defender and the attacker, permanently sticking them together and preventing the attacker from reaching the nest. ① commit ② replace ③ expose ④ sacrifice 13. 문맥상 빈칸에 들어갈 가장 적절한 것을 고르면? E-waste is being produced on a scale never seen before. Computers and other electronic equipment become in just a few years, leaving customers with little choice but to buy newer ones to keep up. Thus, tens of millions of computers, TVs and cell phones are each year. ① efficient - documented ② obsolete - discarded ③ fascinating - reused ④ identical - thrown Ⓐ - 4 14. 다음 빈칸에 들어갈 가장 적절한 것을 고르면? In the last twenty years the amount of time Americans have spent at their jobs has risen steadily. Each year the change is small, amounting to about nine hours, or slightly more than one additional day of work. In any given year such a small increment has probably been . But the accumulated increase over two decades is substantial. ① dazzling ② vulnerable ③ imperceptible ④ compulsory ※ 다음 빈칸에 들어갈 단어를 순서대로 고르면? (15~16) 15. The country with the highest rate of crime in the world is Vatican City, with 1.5 crimes per resident. However, this high ratio is due to the country s tiny population of only around 840 people. It is likely that the vast majority of the crimes, which consist mainly of pick-pocketing and shop-lifting, are by outsiders. The Vatican has a special police force with 130 members responsible for criminal investigation, border control and protection of the pope. There is no prison in Vatican City, with the exception of a few detention cells to hold criminals before trial. The majority of criminals are by Italian courts. ① manipulated - sealed ② dominated - overruled ③ committed - tried ④ conducted - enforced 16. Albert Einstein s general theory of relativity is about to celebrate its 100th anniversary, and his revolutionary hypothesis has the test of time, despite numerous expert attempts to find . Einstein changed the way we think about the most basic things, which are space and time. And that opened our eyes to the universe, and how the most interesting things in it work, like black holes. ① withstood - flaws ② resisted - proofs ③ wasted - examples ④ squandered - pitfalls 17. 다음 글의 목적으로 가장 적절한 것은? Casa Heiwa is an apartment building where people can learn some important life skills and how to cope with living in a new environment. The building managers run a service that offers many programs to children and adults living in the building. For the children, there is a day-care center that operates from 7 a.m. until 6 p.m. There are also educational programs available for adults including computer processing and English conversation courses. ① to argue for a need for educational programs ② to recruit employees for an apartment building ③ to attract apartment residents toward programs ④ to recommend ways to improve the living standard 18. 다음 글을 문맥에 맞게 순서대로 배열한 것은? ㉠ Rosa Parks was arrested, jailed, convicted and fined. She refused to pay. Her experience set off a 382-day boycott of Montgomery city buses. ㉡ According to the segregation laws of the day, Rosa Parks, an African American, was required to sit in the back of the bus. She was accused of encroaching on the whites-only section, and the bus driver tried to convince her to obey the law. ㉢ Instead, Rosa Parks kept both her mien and her seat. At last, the driver warned her that he would send for the police. Go ahead and call them. Parks answered. ㉣ On December 1, 1955, Rosa Parks took a city bus home from her job at a store in downtown Montgomery, Alabama. ① ㉡-㉠-㉣-㉢ ② ㉣-㉢-㉠-㉡ ③ ㉡-㉢-㉣-㉠ ④ ㉣-㉡-㉢-㉠ 19. 다음 글의 분위기로 가장 어울리는 것은? As Ryan Cox was waiting to pay for his coffee order at an Indiana, US fast food drive-through, he decided to try something he d seen on a TV news show ― he paid for the coffee order of the driver in the car behind. The small gesture made the young Indianapolis entrepreneur feel great, so he shared his experience on Facebook. An old friend suggested that rather than paying for people s coffee, Ryan put that money towards helping school students pay off their delinquent school lunch accounts. So the following week Ryan visited his nephew s school cafeteria and asked if he could pay off some accounts, and handed over ＄100. ① gloomy ② serene ③ touching ④ boring 20. 아래 글 바로 다음에 이어질 문장으로 가장 적절한 것을 고르면? The moon is different from the earth in many respects. First of all, there is no known life on the moon. And in terms of size, it is much smaller than the earth. You may think both of them have the same spherical shape. But strictly speaking, they are not the same. The moon is almost a perfect sphere; its diameter differs by no more than 1% in any direction. The faster an astronomical object spins, the more it becomes bulged at the equator and flattened at the poles. ① So spinning objects undergo some changes of their shape, except for the moon and the earth. ② Since the moon rotates more slowly than the earth, it is more nearly spherical. ③ Moreover, the moon s diameter has been varied for the last hundred years. ④ In fact, the moon s spherical shape is rather unexpected, considering its density and gravity.
영어-A.pdf 영어-C.pdf 2016 지방직 9급 영어 해설 이충권.pdf 2016 지방직 9급 영어 해설 강수정.pdf 2016 지방직 9급 영어 해설 강정구.pdf 2016 지방직 9급 영어 해설 김민수.pdf 2016 지방직 9급 영어 해설 김세현.pdf 2016 지방직 9급 영어 해설 김신주.pdf 2016 지방직 9급 영어 해설 김영국.pdf 2016 지방직 9급 영어 해설 성기건.pdf 2016 지방직 9급 영어 해설 성정혜.pdf 2016 지방직 9급 영어 해설 손진숙.pdf 2016 지방직 9급 영어 해설 영스파.pdf 2016 지방직 9급 영어 해설 이동기.pdf 2016 지방직 9급 영어 해설 이리라.pdf 2016 지방직 9급 영어 해설 이영규.pdf 2016 지방직 9급 영어 해설 장서영.pdf 2016 지방직 9급 영어 해설 전경식.pdf 2016 지방직 9급 영어 해설 한덕현.pdf 영 어 A 책형 1 쪽 영 어 ※ 밑줄 친 부분에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것을 고르시오. [문 1～문 3] 문 1. The two cultures were so utterly ________________ that she found it hard to adapt from one to the other. ① overlapped ② equivalent ③ associative ④ disparate 문 2. Penicillin can have an ____________ effect on a person who is allergic to it. ① affirmative ② aloof ③ adverse ④ allusive 문 3. Last year, I had a great opportunity to do this performance with the staff responsible for _______________ art events at the theater. ① turning into ② doing without ③ putting on ④ giving up ※ 우리말을 영어로 잘못 옮긴 것을 고르시오. [문 4 ～ 문 5] 문 4. ① 오늘 밤 나는 영화 보러 가기보다는 집에서 쉬고 싶다. → I'd rather relax at home than going to the movies tonight. ② 경찰은 집안 문제에 대해서는 개입하기를 무척 꺼린다. → The police are very unwilling to interfere in family problems. ③ 네가 통제하지 못하는 과거의 일을 걱정해봐야 소용없다. → It's no use worrying about past events over which you have no control. ④ 내가 자주 열쇠를 엉뚱한 곳에 두어서 내 비서가 나를 위해 여분의 열쇠를 갖고 다닌다. → I misplace my keys so often that my secretary carries spare ones for me. 문 5. ① 그녀가 어리석은 계획을 포기하도록 설득해 줄래요? → Can you talk her out of her foolish plan? ② 그녀의 어머니에 대해서는 나도 너만큼 아는 것이 없다. → I know no more than you don't about her mother. ③ 그의 군대는 거의 2대 1로 수적 열세였다. → His army was outnumbered almost two to one. ④ 같은 나이의 두 소녀라고 해서 반드시 생각이 같은 것은 아니다. → Two girls of an age are not always of a mind. ※ 글의 제목으로 가장 적절한 것을 고르시오. [문 6 ～ 문 7] 문 6. The planet is warming, from North Pole to South Pole, and everywhere in between. Globally, the mercury is already up more than 1 degree Fahrenheit, and even more in sensitive polar regions. And the effects of rising temperatures aren't waiting for some far-flung future. They're happening right now. Signs are appearing all over, and some of them are surprising. The heat is not only melting glaciers and sea ice; it's also shifting precipitation patterns and setting animals on the move. ① Preventive Measures Against Climate Change ② Melting Down of North Pole's Ice Cap ③ Growing Signs of Global Warming ④ Positive Effects of Temperature Rise 문 7. Few words are tainted by so much subtle nonsense and confusion as profit. To my liberal friends the word connotes the proceeds of fundamentally unrespectable and unworthy behaviors: minimally, greed and selfishness; maximally, the royal screwing of millions of helpless victims. Profit is the incentive for the most unworthy performance. To my conservative friends, it is a term of highest endearment, connoting efficiency and good sense. To them, profit is the ultimate incentive for worthy performance. Both connotations have some small merit, of course, because profit may result from both greedy, selfish activities and from sensible, efficient ones. But overgeneralizations from either bias do not help us in the least in understanding the relationship between profit and human competence. ① Relationship Between Profit and Political Parties ② Who Benefits from Profit ③ Why Making Profit Is Undesirable ④ Polarized Perceptions of Profit 문 8. 글의 내용과 일치하는 것은? Electric cars were always environmentally friendly, quiet, clean－but definitely not sexy. The Sesta Speedking has changed all that. A battery-powered sports car that sells for $ 120,000 and has a top speed of 125 m.p.h. (200 km/h), the Speedking has excited the clean-tech crowd since it was first announced. Some Hollywood celebrities also joined a long waiting list for the Speedking; magazines like Wired drooled over it. After years of setbacks and shake-ups, the first Sesta Speedkings were delivered to customers this year. Reviews have been ecstatic, but Sesta Motors has been hit hard by the financial crisis. Plans to develop an affordable electric sedan have been put on hold, and Sesta is laying off employees. But even if the Speedking turns out to be a one-hit wonder, it's been an exciting electric ride. ① Speedking is a new electric sedan. ② Speedking has received negative feedback. ③ Sesta is hiring more employees. ④ Sesta has suspended a new car project. 영 어 A 책형 2 쪽 문 9. 콜라비에 대한 설명 중 글의 내용과 일치하지 않는 것은? Kohlrabi is one of the vegetables many people avoid, mainly because of its odd shape and strange name. However, kohlrabi is delicious, versatile and good for you. Kohlrabi is a member of Brassica, which also includes broccoli and cabbage. Brassica plants are high in antioxidants, and kohlrabi is no exception. Plus kohlrabi contains fiber, useful amounts of vitamin C, together with vitamin B, potassium and calcium. Kohlrabi can be eaten raw: it's delicious when thinly sliced and mixed into salads. You can also roast chunks of it in the oven, or use it as the base for a soup. ＊brassica : 배추속(屬) ① 생김새와 이름이 이상하여 사람들이 좋아하지 않는다. ② 브로콜리와 양배추와 함께 배추속에 속한다. ③ 다른 배추속 식물과는 달리 항산화제가 적다. ④ 날것으로 먹거나 오븐에 구워먹을 수 있다. 문 10. 밑줄 친 부분에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? In an early demonstration of the mere exposure effect, participants in an experiment were exposed to a set of alphabets from the Japanese language. As most people know, Japanese alphabets look like drawings and are called ideograms. In the experiment, the duration of exposure to each ideogram was deliberately kept as short as 30 milliseconds. At such short durations of exposure－known as subliminal exposure－people cannot register the stimuli and hence, participants in the experiment were not expected to recall seeing the ideograms. Nevertheless, when participants were shown two sets of alphabets, one to which they had been previously exposed and another to which they hadn't, participants reported greater liking for the former even though they couldn't recall seeing them! These results have been replicated numerous times and across a variety of types of stimuli, so they are robust. What the mere exposure results show is that _______________________________________________. ① we can learn the Japanese language with extensive exposure. ② duration is responsible for the robust results across studies. ③ it is impossible to register the stimuli at short durations. ④ people develop a liking towards stimuli that are familiar. 문 11. 밑줄 친 부분에 공통으로 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? ○ The psychologist used a new test to ______________ overall personality development of students. ○ Snacks ______________ 25 % to 30 % of daily energy intake among adolescents. ① carry on ② figure out ③ account for ④ depend upon 문 12. 밑줄 친 ‘your dad's character’를 가장 잘 표현하는 것은? I began to get a pretty good sense of your father the first time I came to visit you at your house. Before my visit, he asked me some detailed questions about my physical needs. As soon as he learned about my heavy wheelchair, he began planning how he would build a ramp to the front door. The first day I came to the house, the ramp was ready, built with his own hands. Later on, when your dad found out about your younger brother's autism, he said one thing I will never forget. "If Sam can't learn in school," he told me, "I will take a couple of years off work and we will sail around the world. I will teach him everything he needs to know in those two years." That says everything about your dad's character. ＊autism : 자폐증 ① strict and stern ② funny and humorous ③ lazy and easygoing ④ considerate and thoughtful 문 13. 밑줄 친 부분에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? John : Excuse me. Can you tell me where Namdaemun Market is? Mira : Sure. Go straight ahead and turn right at the taxi stop over there. John : Oh, I see. Is that where the market is? Mira : ______________________________________ ① That's right. You have to take a bus over there to the market. ② You can usually get good deals at traditional markets. ③ I don't really know. Please ask a taxi driver. ④ Not exactly. You need to go down two more blocks. 문 14. 두 사람의 대화 중 가장 어색한 것은? ① A : Would you like to go to dinner with me this week? B : OK. But what's the occasion? ② A : Why don't we go to a basketball game sometime? B : Sure. Just tell me when. ③ A : What do you do in your spare time? B : I just relax at home. Sometimes I watch TV. ④ A : Could I help you with anything? B : Yes, I would like to. That would be nice. 영 어 A 책형 3 쪽 ※ 어법상 옳은 것을 고르시오. [문 15 ～ 문 16] 문 15. ① That place is fantastic whether you like swimming or to walk. ② She suggested going out for dinner after the meeting. ③ The dancer that I told you about her is coming to town. ④ If she took the medicine last night, she would have been better today. 문 16. ① The poor woman couldn't afford to get a smartphone. ② I am used to get up early everyday. ③ The number of fires that occur in the city are growing every year. ④ Bill supposes that Mary is married, isn't he? 문 17. 글의 흐름상 가장 어색한 문장은? Progress is gradually being made in the fight against cancer. ①In the early 1900s, few cancer patients had any hope of long-term survival. ② But because of advances in medical technology, progress has been made so that currently four in ten cancer patients survive. ③ It has been proven that smoking is a direct cause of lung cancer. ④ However, the battle has not yet been won. Although cures for some forms of cancer have been discovered, other forms of cancer are still increasing. 문 18. 주어진 문장이 들어갈 위치로 가장 적절한 곳은? But the truth is, after you successfully make it through this problem, there will be another problem to face. Some people are convinced that life is simply a series of problems to be solved. The sooner they get through with the problem they are facing, the sooner they will be happy. ( ① ) And after you overcome that obstacle, there will be something else to overcome and there's always another mountain to climb. ( ② ) That's why it is important to enjoy the journey, not just the destination. ( ③ ) In this world, we will never arrive at a place where everything is perfect and we have no more challenges. ( ④ ) As admirable as setting goals and reaching them may be, you can't get so focused on accomplishing your goals that you make the mistake of not enjoying where you are right now. ※ 밑줄 친 부분에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것을 고르시오. [문 19～문 20] 문 19. I don't know how it is for women or for other guys, but when I was young, I had a fear of ________________. I thought it was a giant step toward death. So I did all I could to resist it because the idea was frightening to me. Then, one day I met Jane while I was shooting my first film. This changed everything. Jane, who was from Kentucky, was waitressing at that time, and I noticed her right away. She was really beautiful, and it took me all day to get up the nerve to ask her out. Just then a makeup man on the film snapped a photo of the two of us. About two years ago he sent it to me, saying, "Here you are asking a local girl for a date." He didn't know that that "local girl" became my wife. I still remember that day vividly. ① death ② marriage ③ making films ④ taking photos 문 20. One well-known difficulty in finding new things has been termed the 'oasis trap' by the cognitive psychologist David Perkins. Knowledge becomes centered in an 'oasis' of rich findings and it is just too risky and expensive to leave that still productive and well-watered zone. So people stick to _________________________. This is what happened to a certain extent in China over many centuries. The huge physical distances between centers of knowledge in China and the fact that the distant centers turned out to be little different from one another discouraged exploration. ① what they know ② the undiscovered world ③ their dream and imagination ④ how things are going to change
영어.pdf 2015 경찰 3차 영어 해설 강수정.pdf 2015 경찰 3차 영어 해설 강정구.pdf 2015 경찰 3차 영어 해설 기승훈.pdf 2015 경찰 3차 영어 해설 김신주.pdf 2015 경찰 3차 영어 해설 김지현.pdf 2015 경찰 3차 영어 해설 김형섭.pdf 2015 경찰 3차 영어 해설 이동기.pdf 2015 경찰 3차 영어 해설 장현숙.pdf 2015 경찰 3차 영어 해설 헤더진.pdf - 영 어 1 - 1. 다음 문장에서 밑줄 친 부분의 의미와 가장 가까운 것은? He proved himself to be an extraordinary young officer. ① precedented ② exceptional ③ obsolete ④ unremarkable 2. 다음 문장에서 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? The drug dealer went to jail because he wasn't ( ) about his activity. ① discreet ② distributed ③ distilled ④ distorted 3. 다음 문장에서 밑줄 친 부분의 의미와 가장 가까운 것은? Rachel takes after her mother rather than her father. ① supports ② persuades ③ resembles ④ decides 4. 다음 두 문장의 빈칸에 공통으로 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? ·According ( ) the paper, there was an earthquake in Japan. ·I prefer this coat ( ) the coat you were wearing yesterday. ① by ② on ③ for ④ to 5. 다음 ㉠, ㉡에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절하게 짝지은 것은? ·The police officers are responsible ( ㉠ ) maintaining law and order. ·They should be fully committed ( ㉡ ) the study of the law. ㉠ ㉡ ㉠ ㉡ ① to in ② on to ③ for in ④ for to 6. 다음 문장에서 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? The lawyer was fined for ( ) of court for his outburst. ① concept ② contempt ③ continent ④ convince 7. 다음 문장에서 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? I do aerobics three times a week, ( ) makes me stay in shape. ① whom ② which ③ what ④ who 8. 다음 대화에서 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? A: Officer, I'd like to report a theft. B: Yes, what was stolen? A: I was robbed of my wallet in front of the hotel. B: Okay, ( ) ① you need to fill this form out. ② I've already read the instructions. ③ the facts I reported were correct. ④ I'd like to be examined as soon as possible. 9. 다음 ㉠, ㉡, ㉢에서 어법에 맞는 표현을 골라 나열한 것은? A retired minister in a small town does not return from a fishing trip. Police find his car ㉠ parking/parked about halfway to the lake. It is locked and undamaged. In it，they find a half-eaten ham sandwich, fishing tackle, a gun with one shell ㉡ firing/fired, and a copy of Penthouse. The minister is ㉢ missing/missed. You're the reporter and your story is due. ㉠ ㉡ ㉢ ① parking firing missing ② parked firing missed ③ parking fired missed ④ parked fired missing 10. 다음 우리말을 영작한 것 중 가장 적절한 것은? 나를 속이려고 아무리 노력해도 소용없다. ① It is no use to try deceiving me. ② It is no use to try to deceive me. ③ It is no use trying to deceive me. ④ It is no use trying deceiving me. 11. 다음 글의 빈칸에 공통으로 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? Passports can be stolen or counterfeited, while an effective biometric identification system would be difficult to fool. It would be much more difficult to ( ) a fingerprint or an iris than it would be to ( ) a passport. ① establish ② forge ③ purchase ④ utilize 12. 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? Most students are unwilling to believe that their teachers are human beings with human ( ). However, when a student gets to know a teacher well, he finds that this person who always gives orders to students has all sorts of faults and bad habits. He may be late for appointments. His office may be untidy and his children may be ill-mannered. In short, the teachers are just as human as their students. ① merits ② willpower ③ weakness ④ perseverance 13. 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? Before I left home, my father said to me,“Son, remember the ancient proverbs which I have taught you. If you go to a land of one-eyed men, close one eye and join them. If you go to a land of one-legged men, limp with them; do not walk alone.”This proverb has the same message as the English proverb “( )” ① Birds of a feather flock together. ② When in Rome, do as the Romans do. ③ Do to others as you would be done by. ④ A man is known by the company he keeps. 14. 다음 글의 내용과 일치하지 않은 것은? On Monday, April 24, 2006, at approximately 10:14 p.m., the Berkeley Police Department responded to a strong-arm robbery which had just occurred near the intersection of LeConte and Euclid Avenues. The victim, a white female college student in her mid 20s, was walking eastbound on LeConte when she was approached by two men. The first man passed her and then came up behind her. The second man confronted her and demanded her personal property. The victim complied by giving him her backpack and a number of personal items. The suspects fled northbound on Euclid from LeConte. The victim was not harmed; the police searched the area, but were unable to locate the suspects. ① 강도사건의 용의자는 두 명의 남자이다. ② 강도사건의 피해자는 20대의 백인 여대생이다. ③ 용의자 중 한 사람은 Euclid 길가 근처에서 잡혔다. ④ 피해자는 용의자에게 배낭을 순순히 주었고, 다치지 않았다. 【영 어】 - 영 어 2 - 15. 다음 글의 내용과 일치하지 않은 것은? Outdoor canvas fabric can easily become moldy due to the water, sun, and other elements. This mold is impossible to remove and can ruin the fabric. To prevent it, you need to waterproof the canvas. One method is to use blocks of wax. Rubbing blocks of wax on your canvas can make it naturally waterproof. However, wax can change the appearance of the fabric. Another problem with wax is that it’s difficult to apply to small areas. A better method is to use a silicone spray. These sprays are inexpensive and easy to protect your fabric against water damage. Just be sure to apply an even coating across over all the material to get maximum protection. ① 캔버스는 자연적인 요소들 때문에 곰팡이가 쉽게 생길 수 있다. ② 캔버스에 왁스 덩어리를 문질러 자연적인 방수 효과를 줄 수 있다. ③ 방수 캔버스를 만들기 위해 왁스를 사용하는 데 몇 가지 문제가 있다. ④ 왁스를 사용하는 것보다 실리콘 스프레이가 더 좋지만 가격이 비싸다. 16. 다음 글의 내용과 일치하는 것은? The reason emotions have a powerful effect on our performance is that emotions have adaptive value. They can help us cope with the situation at hand. Even emotions that we perceive as negative, anxiety, for example, are great tools for getting our minds energized and focused on the task ahead. Some psychiatrists say anxiety and readiness are physiologically almost the same. Anxiety is a way of reviving us up to be on high alert and ready to react to whatever may come our way. It’s easy to wish the feeling of anxiety away, but when you understand its benefits, you can be grateful for it. The next time you find yourself feeling nervous, see how it goes to say to yourself,‘No, I'm not nervous. I'm alert and ready to react.’ ① 걱정과 준비성은 심리적으로 전혀 다른 것이다. ② 감정은 우리의 행동에 아무런 영향을 주지 않는다. ③ 걱정은 과업에 집중하는데 좋은 수단이 되기도 한다. ④ 성공적인 과업 수행을 위해서는 걱정을 없애야 한다. 17. 다음 글의 내용과 일치하는 것은? One basic form of legal systems assumes that a person is viewed as innocent of any crime until evidence is presented that proves he or she is guilty. This form is known as “innocent until proven guilty”. The belief that anyone who is accused of a criminal offense should be considered innocent until proven guilty is an important part of universal human rights law and is laid down in Article Eleven of the United Nations Universal Declaration on Human Rights. In countries operating under the “innocent until proven guilty” system, society has decided that it is better to allow a guilty person to go free than to imprison an innocent person. The presumption of innocence is a testament to the belief that people are basically honest and respectful of society's laws. This system also aims to preserve the human dignity of accused persons. Under the system of “innocent until proven guilty”, the charge made against any person is not evidence of guilt. This means the law does not require a person to prove his innocence or to produce any evidence at all. The government has the burden of proving guilt beyond a reasonable doubt. If it fails to do so, the person is regarded as not guilty of the crime. ① 정부는 범죄자의 무죄를 입증할 증거를 마련해야 한다. ② 범죄자를 잡기 위해서는 최소한의 희생은 감수해야 된다. ③ 의심할 여지가 없는 상황에서는 범죄자의 유죄가 인정된다. ④ 죄 없는 사람을 감옥에 보내는 것보다는 죄 있는 사람을 풀어 주는 게 낫다. 18. 다음 글의 제목으로 가장 적절한 것은? The term "black swan event” is used to explain how theories, like "all swans are white”, can be turned upside down by something unexpected, like seeing a black swan. But, what would be considered a black swan event in economics? Nassim Nicholas Taleb, a former market trader, introduced the term to financial circles with his book, The Black Swan: The Impact of the Highly Improbable. He borrowed the phrase "black swan” from scientific language to show how unexpected events completely change economic forecasts. The global financial crisis of 2008 fits this category, as it dramatically changed assumptions about financial stability and safe investing. Likewise, the computer crash at the London Stock Exchange on September 10, 2008, was a black swan event that made people rethink the role of technology in the financial markets. ① The Unpredictable Aspects of Life ② Black Swan Events in the Economy ③ The First Discovery of Black Swans ④ How to Cope with Black Swan Events 19. 다음 글의 제목으로 가장 적절한 것은? From 1,000 to 1,500 A.D., people in the eastern hemisphere traveled, traded, communicated and interacted more intensively than ever before. Through travel, people discovered new foods and plants. When travelers brought things to new places, these products often contributed to the region's health, daily life, and economy. One example of this phenomenon was seen in sub-Saharan Africa. Muslim travelers introduced citrus to sub-Saharan Africa, which greatly improved the diet of West Africa. Muslim also introduced cotton to West Africa, which grew very well there and became an important part of the economy. Merchants and travelers also exchanged songs, stories, religious and philosophical ideas and scientific concepts. ① Economic boom in sub-Saharan Africa ② Daily life style of people in West Africa ③ Cultural conflicts between Muslim and Africa ④ Cross-cultural exchange in the eastern hemisphere 20. 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? The number of vehicles on freeways and streets is growing at an alarming rate. Drivers are in such a rush to get to their destinations that many become angry or impatient with other motorists who are too slow or who are in their way. Aggressive drivers react foolishly toward others in several dangerous ways. One way an angry driver may react is to cut off another motorists. Another way is to tailgate the other car. In addition to cutting off and tailgating other cars, aggressive drivers often use rude language or gestures to show their anger. Although law enforcement authorities warn motorists against aggressive driving, the number of people who act out their anger impulses has not declined. Aggressive drivers are endangering everyone because they ( ) by acting and driving foolishly. They should control their anger and learn to drive safely. ① make a short-term plan ② create hazardous conditions ③ criticize the traffic policemen ④ reduce the number of accidents
영어.pdf 2015 국회직 9급 영어 해설 강수정.pdf 2015년도 9급 공개경쟁채용시험 영 어 책형 가 - 5 - 영 어 1. 다음 밑줄 친 부분의 의미와 가장 가까운 것은? I am afraid I should write this e-mail to you concerning your recurrent late arrival at the work place because it has caused a discontent among your co-workers. ① undeniable ② reckonable ③ unjustified ④ repeated ⑤ irregular 2. 다음 밑줄 친 부분의 의미와 가장 가까운 것은? Once a child’s self-esteem is in place, it kindles further success. Tasks flow more seamlessly and troubles bounce off. ① concretely ② dramatically ③ energetically ④ selfishly ⑤ smoothly 3. 다음 밑줄 친 부분의 의미와 가장 가까운 것은? The company has a very strict dress code, and they spell it out for you when you start working there. ① examine it carefully ② make it obscure ③ state it clearly ④ ask it nicely ⑤ order it privately 4. 다음 밑줄 친 부분에 들어갈 가장 적절한 표현은? In this exhibition, the artist reflects her concern about the nature of the conflicts that are taking place in the Middle East. There is strength of feeling and a challenging rawness in the choice and treatment of the subject-matter. The work demonstrates strong determination in taking on such a controversial subject at this period of her life. It’s a testament to her integrity and her __________ courage. ① ubiquitous ② unflinching ③ flattering ④ hypocritical ⑤ impertinent 5. 다음 밑줄 친 부분에 들어갈 가장 적절한 표현은? The horrific criminal scenes which the terrorists left behind them were enough to ___________ their truth and to show the suffering of Joubar citizens as everything in the neighborhood reflects the acts of terrorism. ① divulge ② capitulate ③ impair ④ meander ⑤ precipitate 6. 다음 밑줄 친 부분에 들어갈 가장 적절한 표현은? The personnel department ____________ a job analysis, which is a detailed study of the elements and characteristics of each job. ① pulls out ② carries out ③ gets out ④ puts out ⑤ gets away 2015년도 9급 공개경쟁채용시험 영 어 책형 가 - 6 - 7. 다음 밑줄 친 부분 중 문법상 옳지 않은 것은? Problems can ① be appeared unsolvable. We are social animals who need to ② discuss our problems with others. When we are alone, problems become more ③serious. By sharing, we can get opinions and find solutions. An experiment was conducted with a group of women who had low satisfaction in life. Some of the women were introduced to others ④ who were in similar situations, and some of the women were left on their own ⑤ to deal with their concerns. Those who interacted with others reduced their concerns by 55 percent over time, but those who were left on their own showed no improvement. 8. 다음 중 문법상 옳지 않은 것은? ① With no seat at the table, the man had no choice but to stand there. ② Whether mistakes were made and things just didn’t work out, he had to apologize. ③ The steps toward the goal can be practiced only by oneself. ④ There were nearly 5.6 million open jobs at the end of May. ⑤ The number of women who own guns has been rising rapidly over the past decade. 9. 밑줄 친 부분에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? Scientists say the Philae space probe has gathered data supporting the theory that comets can serve as cosmic laboratories some of the essential elements for life are assembled. ① what ② in what ③ which ④ of which ⑤ in which 10. 다음 밑줄 친 부분 중 문법상 옳지 않은 것은? Researchers at Carnegie Mellon University ① have found that individuals who spend even a few hours a week on-line ② experiences higher levels of depression and loneliness than ③ those who spend less or no time on the Internet. They also found that individuals who use the Internet more tend to decrease their communication with other family members and ④ reduce the size of their social circle. These findings are counterintuitive to ⑤ what we know about how socially the Internet is used. 11. 대화의 흐름으로 보아 밑줄 친 부분에 들어갈 가장 적절한 표현은? A: How was your flight? B: It was good but a little long flight. A: Do you have much trouble with jet-lag? B: ____________________________________________. A: Well, then shall we go to the conference room? The chief is waiting for you. ① I couldn’t afford it ② That’s out of the question ③ I was too busy to do that ④ It doesn’t bother me that much ⑤ The first night is always ruined by it 12. 다음 문장을 영어로 옮길 때 가장 적절한 것은? 많은 전문가들이 한국의 대(對)중국 자동차 수출이 작년부터 계속 감소해오고 있는 것을 우려하고 있다. ① Many experts are worried that China has decreased its exports since last year. ② Many experts are concerned that Korean car exports to China decreased continuously last year. ③ Many experts are worried that Korean car exports to China have stopped decreasing continuously since last year. ④ Many experts are worried that Korean car exports to China have decreased continuously last year. ⑤ Many experts are concerned that Korean car exports to China have been continuously decreasing since last year. 13. 다음 문장이 들어갈 위치로 가장 적절한 곳은? For example, Koreans believe that inequalities in English education lead to the inequalities in job prospects and earnings. The so-called English divide becomes alarming in Korean society. The students’ English proficiency comes to depend on how much their households earn and how much extra-curricular education they are receiving. ① The problem is that English divide is not limited to the sphere of their English proficiency. ② That is why Korean parents are spending huge sum of money in private English education. ③ That is also why there are a lot of ‘wild-goose fathers’ who have sent their families to English-speaking countries for their children’s English education. ④ Given the shadow of polarization in the Korean society, the government should devise effective measures to narrow the English divide. ⑤ 2015년도 9급 공개경쟁채용시험 영 어 책형 가 - 7 - 14. 글의 흐름상 적절하지 못한 문장은? Facial emblems are used by the sender to talk about an emotion while he or she is not actually feeling it. They are different from the actual emotional expressions in that they are usually held for a longer or shorter time than the actual expression and performed by using only a part of the face. ① When you drop your jaw and hold your mouth open, you may be saying that you are dumbfounded by what the other person said. ② Widened eyes, without other features of the surprise may serve the same purpose as a verbal Wow. ③ Facial displays are directed toward the organizational structure of the engaged conversation. ④ If you want to comment nonverbally on your disgust for a situation, a nose wrinkle or raising your upper lip should get your message across. ⑤ Sometimes one or both eyebrows will further communicate I’m puzzled or I doubt that. 15. 주어진 글 다음에 이어질 글의 순서로 가장 적절한 것은? In one survey, 8 in 10 American consumers said that they believe it’s important to buy green brands and products from green companies. The U.S. consumer’s focus on personal health is merging with a growing interest in global health. (A) This label refers to people who worry about the environment, want products to be produced in a sustainable way, and spend money to advance what they see as their personal development and potential. (B) These people represent a great market for products such as organic foods, energy-efficient appliances, and hybrid cars. It is estimated that they make up about 16 percent of the adults in the United States or 35 million people. (C) Some analysts call this new value conscientious consumerism. It’s clear that a sizable number of American consumers are shifting to what is often called LOHAS―an acronym for lifestyles of health and sustainability. ① (A)-(C)-(B) ② (B)-(A)-(C) ③ (B)-(C)-(A) ④ (C)-(A)-(B) ⑤ (C)-(B)-(A) 16. 다음 글의 목적으로 가장 적절한 것은? To the Tenant of Number 11: Due to your failure to uphold the rental agreement, the Belfield Building Management serves this notice of eviction. Several warnings have been issued concerning the odor your restaurant has been emitting. Your rental agreement states clearly that the tenant cannot emit odor beyond his/her premise. You are required to vacate the property premises by September 20, 2015. Failure to conform shall result in legal action, which includes physical removal of the tenants from the property. ① 계약갱신의 시기를 알리려고 ② 공지사항의 확인을 요청하려고 ③ 세입자에게 퇴거를 요구하려고 ④ 법률자문의 중요성을 강조하려고 ⑤ 임대계약 내용의 변경을 알리려고 17. 다음 밑줄 친 부분에 들어갈 가장 적절한 표현은? The birth of a work of art is an intensely private experience. Many artists can work only when they concentrate on their own endeavor completely alone and many refuse to show their unfinished pieces to anyone. Yet, it must, as a final step, be shared by the public, in order for the birth to be successful. Artists do not create merely for their own satisfaction, but want their works recognized and appreciated by others. , the hope for approval is what makes them want to create in the first place, and the creative process is not completed until the work has found an audience. In the end, works of art exist in order to be liked rather than to be debated. ① However ② In fact ③ For example ④ Rarely ⑤ Unfortunately 2015년도 9급 공개경쟁채용시험 영 어 책형 가 - 8 - 18. 다음 밑줄 친 부분에 들어갈 가장 적절한 표현은? In England people remembered a day in 1910 which went down in the annals as black Ascot. In memory of Edward VII, who had just died, all visitors to the course appeared in elegant black. It was the fashion event of the decade. Bearing this example in mind, widows of the society tried to do justice to the demands of mourning during wartime. They insisted on wearing black to express their feeling of mourning. The longer the war went on and the more victims it claimed, however, . Only a few women wore black for a whole year or limited their jewelry to black jet. Gray and even mauve were soon considered just as proper and widows began to wear pearls when they went out. ① the less luxurious their fashion became ② the more conservative their fashion became ③ the less informal clothes became ④ the more relaxed clothing rules became ⑤ the more dominant this fashion became 19. 다음 밑줄 친 부분에 들어갈 가장 적절한 표현은? The longing to know ourselves and to know our fellow man is the mainspring of all psychology. But inasmuch as the desire is to know all of man, his innermost secret, the desire can never be fulfilled in knowledge of the ordinary kind. Even if we knew a thousand times more of ourselves, we would never reach bottom and we would still remain _______________________. ① an enigma to ourselves ② a master to ourselves ③ no one to everyone ④ an enigma to everyone ⑤ a master to everyone 20. 다음 밑줄 친 부분에 들어갈 가장 적절한 표현은? During the Second World War (1939-45), many women in Britain had gone to work in the fields and factories, but afterwards they were encouraged to return to their domestic roles as wives and mothers. The birth rate rose sharply and large families became fashionable. But at the same time . Divorces quadrupled from 8,000 per year pre-war to 32,000 in 1950, and continued to rise. More and more women began seeking the services of psychiatrists and marriage guidance counsellors. ① women were still minorities in medicine ② women’s rights were dramatically curtailed ③ the role of women began to gain recognition ④ there were indications of domestic unhappiness ⑤ the majority of jobs open to women were low-paid
영어A.pdf 영어 B.pdf 2015 지방교행 9급 영어 해설 강수정.pdf 2015 지방교행 9급 영어 해설 기승훈.pdf 영어 A형 1/4 2015년도 지방공무원 공개(경력)경쟁임용시험 영어 A형 ※ 다음 각 물음에 가장 알맞은 답을 골라 답안지의 같은 번호에 컴퓨터용 수성 사인펜으로 정확히 표기하시오. 영어 1.빈칸에 들어갈 단어로 가장 적절한 것은? If you describe someone as , you think that he or she is strange or unusual, often in an unpleasant way. ① peculiar ② extrovert ③ responsive ④ submissive 2.밑줄 친 단어와 뜻이 가장 가까운 것은? Throughout history, food has had a huge impact on civilization as a catalyst of social change, political organization, geopolitical competition, industrial development, military conflict, and economic expansion. ① trigger ② deterrent ③ justification ④ consequence 3.밑줄 친 단어와 뜻이 가장 가까운 것은? Most of the characteristics of the early primates are studied from fossils of their teeth and skulls. Bone fossilization is the process by which minerals slowly replace the organic content of the bones of a dead animal, resulting in a very detailed stone replica of the original bone. Fossils can be so detailed that they show scratches under a microscope. ① emblem ② duplicate ③ remnant ④ craftwork 4.다음 글의 밑줄 친 부분 중 문맥상 단어의 쓰임이 적절하지 않은 것은? To the world at large, Ethiopia is practically ① synonymous with famine and desert, to the extent that the Ethiopian Airlines’ Johannesburg office regularly receives tactful enquiries about what, if any, food is served on their flights. This widespread ② misconception, regarding a country set in a continent plagued by drought and erratic rainfall, says much about the workings of the mass media. It says rather less about Ethiopia. ③ Contrary to Western myth, the elevated central plateau that covers half of Ethiopia’s surface area, and supports the vast majority of its population, is the most extensive contiguous area of fertile land in the eastern side of Africa. The deserts do exist, but they are, as you might expect, ④ densely populated; they have little impact on the life of most Ethiopians―and they are most unlikely to be visited by tourists. To all intents and purposes, the fertile highland plateau is Ethiopia. 5.다음 중 어법상 옳지 않은 것은? ① I saw one of the most impressive government policies in years. ② If I were you, I’d apply for the position just for the experience. ③ That wonderful thought was suddenly occurred after I came to Jeju. ④ I urged in my previous letter that they be treated as his colleagues. 6.다음 빈칸 (A),(B)에 들어갈 표현으로 어법상 가장 적절한 것은? Beekeepers in the United States first noticed that their bee colonies (A) dying off in 2006. Since then, scientists have been desperately (B) to figure out what’s causing the collapse. (A) (B) ① were － tried ② were － trying ③ have been － tried ④ have been － trying 영어 A형 2/4 7.다음 빈칸 (A),(B)에 들어갈 표현으로 어법상 가장 적절한 것은? We tend to organize (A) we perceive into whole, continuous figures. If the stimulus pattern is incomplete, we most likely will fill in the missing elements. Reading the letters K..O.. ..E..A, Koreans are apt to add the missing letter to form the word KOREA. However, a person from another culture might read the letters (B) , not unconsciously supplying the letter R and, hence, arriving at an entirely different interpretation of the letters. (A) (B) ① what － different ② what － differently ③ that － different ④ that － differently 8.밑줄 친 부분 중 어법상 옳지 않은 것은? I met a university professor who reported that his daughter ① had sent thirteen thousand text messages to her friends in a single month. If each message took, say, fifteen seconds ② to key in, the father calculated that the daughter spent hours a day texting, a word my spell-checker does not yet recognize. Sending text messages ③ is obviously an addictive and compulsive behavior. My wife and I once drove past a young man ④ rode no hands on a bicycle. In one hand he was thumbing a text message. In the other he held what looked like a three- or four-month-old baby. 9.밑줄 친 부분 중 어법상 옳지 않은 것은? As our knowledge of emotional intelligence continues to evolve, ① so does this book on emotional and social intelligence. Just over ten years ② have passed since we wrote the first edition of this book. The previous revised editions were driven by the huge increase in knowledge, both scientific and experiential, ③ that arose on this new topic. The present revision is primarily driven by the first major revision of the most widely used test of emotional intelligence in the world, the Emotional Quotient Inventory, now ④ referring to as the Emotional Quotient Inventory 2.0. 10.다음 대화에서 밑줄 친 부분에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? A: I’m starving. B: Me, too. What are you in the mood for? A: Korean food, definitely. You know I’m a huge fan of bulgogi. B: Oh, I heard there’s a nice Korean restaurant near here. A: B: Good! Do you want to go right now? A: Sure. Don’t you think we need a reservation? B: Probably. I’ll call and ask them. ① Then, what are we waiting for? ② Wow, unbelievable! That’s a steal! ③ Didn’t you know that I don’t like meat? ④ I think it just isn’t my day. 11.다음 대화에서 밑줄 친 부분에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? A: Hey. You are late. B: Sorry. I was busy helping Jenny with her math homework. She seemed to have problems with some of the questions. A: What? Jenny with curly hair? B: Yes. Jenny Kim in my class. A: B: What do you mean by that? A: She’s a math genius. She practically knows everything about math. B: Oh, I didn’t know that. She never told me she didn’t need help. A: Jenny is very thoughtful. She probably didn’t want to hurt your feelings. ① You taught a fish how to swim. ② Don’t bite the hand that feeds you. ③ She just jumped on the bandwagon. ④ You locked the barn door after the horse escaped. 12.주어진 글 다음에 이어질 글의 순서로 가장 적절한 것은? For poststructuralist theory the common factor in the analysis of social organization, social meanings, and power and individual consciousness is language. (A) Yet it is also the place where our sense of ourselves, our subjectivity, is constructed. (B) The assumption that subjectivity is constructed implies that it is not innate, not genetically determined, but socially produced. (C) Language is the place where actual and possible forms of social organization and their likely social and political consequences are defined and contested. ① (B)－(A)－(C) ② (B)－(C)－(A) ③ (C)－(A)－(B) ④ (C)－(B)－(A) 영어 A형 3/4 13.다음 글에서 전체 흐름과 관계 없는 문장은? When they sailed across the Atlantic in the early 1600s, the Europeans saw the new world through their own cultural lens. They saw a wilderness that was filled with seemingly infinite abundance, but untamed, having no plowed fields, fences, or farm houses. ① The Native Americans they met were considered to be savage peoples, with none of the characteristics of European civilization, nor did they possess true religion according to this view. ② Lacking civilization, however, they lived closer to the natural world, and some Europeans believed this gave them a simple nobility that Europeans themselves lacked. ③ Native Americans understood through long experience that outsiders could bring war, death, and destruction. ④ Thus, they coined the term “noble savage” to describe Native Americans. 14.글의 흐름으로 보아 주어진 글이 들어가기에 가장 적절한 곳은? Euathlos reasons a little differently, however. If I lose, he thinks, then I will have lost my first court case, in which event, the original agreement releases me from having to pay any tuition fees. Euathlos has learned from Protagoras how to be a lawyer, under a very generous arrangement whereby he doesn’t need to pay anything for his tuition until and unless he wins his first court case. ( ① ) Rather to Protagoras’ annoyance, however, after giving up hours of his time training Euathlos, the pupil decides to become a musician and never takes any court cases. ( ② ) Protagoras demands that Euathlos pay him for his trouble and, when the musician refuses, decides to sue him in court. ( ③ ) Protagoras reasons that if Euathlos loses the case, he, Protagoras, will have won, in which case he will get his money back, and furthermore, that even if he loses, Euathlos will then have won a case and will therefore still have to pay up. ( ④ ) And, even if he wins, Protagoras will still have lost the right to enforce the contract, so he will not need to pay anything. 15.밑줄 친 he(his) 중 가리키는 대상이 나머지 셋과 다른 것은? On October 21, 1984, President Ronald Reagan and his challenger, former Vice President Walter Mondale, held the second of two nationally televised presidential debates in the run-up to the presidential election. President Reagan remained popular, but his support was softening in light of growing concerns about ① his age (he was 73 at the time of the debate). His poor performance in the previous debate, three weeks earlier, had opened the door to questions about ② his mental fitness. When the moderator asked him if age was a concern in the election, he famously replied that ③ he would not make age an issue of that campaign. Reagan said, “I am not going to exploit, for political purposes, my opponent’s youth and inexperience.” Mondale, not exactly a spring chicken at fifty-six, later commented that he knew at that very moment ④ he had lost the campaign. 16.Lawrence Richard Walters에 관한 다음 글의 내용과 일치 하지 않는 것은? On 2 July 1982, American truck driver Lawrence Richard Walters, nicknamed ‘Lawnchair Larry’, built a homemade airship. Using his lawn chair, 45 helium weather balloons, a Citizens’ Band radio, and a pellet gun, he flew to 15,000 feet over controlled airspace near Los Angeles International Airport. After 45 minutes, aware that he had breached commercial airspace, he shot several balloons and began his descent. He lost his pellet gun overboard and eventually got caught in power lines, causing a twenty-minute blackout in Long Beach. His action and subsequent arrest for breaking federal aviation laws caused a media sensation and spawned a wave of cultural reinterpretations in film, theatre, music, and even video games. ① 비행선을 직접 만들었다. ② 여러 개의 풍선을 터뜨려 하강하였다. ③ Long Beach의 정전 사태를 일으켰다. ④ 위기 상황에서도 연방 항공법을 준수하였다. 영어 A형 4/4 17.다음 빈칸 (A),(B)에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? Natural scientists such as chemists or physicists can usually conduct controlled experiments where “all other things” are in fact held constant (or virtually so). They can test with great precision the assumed relationship between two variables. (A) , they might examine the height from which an object is dropped and the length of time it takes to hit the ground. But economics is not a laboratory science. Economists test their theories using real-world data, which are generated by the actual operation of the economy. In this rather bewildering environment, “other things” do change. Despite the development of complex statistical techniques designed to hold other things equal, control is less than perfect. (B) , economic principles are less certain and less precise than those of laboratory sciences. That also means they are more open to debate than many scientific theories. (A) (B) ① For example － Nevertheless ② For example － As a result ③ In contrast － Conversely ④ In contrast － Therefore 18.빈칸에 공통으로 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? Centuries ago, the philosopher Jeremy Bentham wrote, “Pain and pleasure govern us in all we do, in all we say, in all we think.” The institutions and incentive structures of society operate largely in accordance with Bentham’s claim and thus are missing out on some of the most profound motivators of human behavior. What Bentham and the rest of us typically overlook is that humans are wired with another set of interests that are just as basic as physical pain and pleasure. We are wired to be . We are driven by deep motivations to stay connected with friends and family. We are naturally curious about what is going on in the minds of other people. These connections lead to behaviors that violate our expectation of rational self-interest and make sense only if our nature is taken as a starting point for who we are. ① social ② creative ③ intuitive ④ egocentric 19.다음 글의 제목으로 가장 적절한 것은? Throughout history, and in every culture, emotional tears are shed―everyone, everywhere, cries at some time. People weep during funeral rituals, for instance, in every culture except in Bali, and even there people weep in mourning―tearless funerals are made possible only by postponing the rites until two full years after the death. Around the globe, infants cry in hunger and pain and children in frustration and disappointment. However much the rules governing emotional display may vary from time to time and place to place, adults weep for myriad reasons and sometimes, a few claim, for no reason at all. In American culture, even those rare people (usually male) who claim they never cry can remember doing so as children. ① Cultural Benefits of Crying ② Stop Weeping and Start Living ③ Shedding Tears: A Human Universal ④ Diverse Effects of Emotional Crying 20.다음 글의 요지로 가장 적절한 것은? Foraging is a subsistence strategy based on gathering plants that grow wild in the environment and hunting available animals. In some cases, foraging might not seem like production at all. Walking through the forest, finding a fruit-bearing tree, picking the fruit, and eating it might strike contemporary urbanities as living in Eden, not producing. Most people who live in direct contact with the environment and employ relatively little technology in the acquisition of food actually work harder than simply picking low-hanging fruit, but gathering what grows wild in the environment is a form of production. It is also a key economic strategy of foragers. Production refers to any human action intended to convert resources in the environment into food. Berries growing on a bush are simply seed-carriers for the reproduction of the plant; they do not become “food” until they are identified as edible and taken off the bush. Identifying and picking the fruit, then, is an act of production. ① Productive activities are valued for the survival of human beings. ② Foraging strategies for acquiring food in the wild should be developed. ③ It is necessary to improve the environment to support human survival. ④ We need to understand foraging as an act of production.
영어-A.pdf 영어-C.pdf 2015 지방직 9급 영어 해설 이영재.pdf 2015 지방직 9급 영어 해설 장서영.pdf 2015 지방직 9급 영어 해설 전홍철.pdf 2015 지방직 9급 영어 해설 최종수.pdf 2015 지방직 9급 영어 해설 강수정.pdf 2015 지방직 9급 영어 해설 기승훈.pdf 2015 지방직 9급 영어 해설 김영국.pdf 2015 지방직 9급 영어 해설 김정연.pdf 2015 지방직 9급 영어 해설 김지현.pdf 2015 지방직 9급 영어 해설 리스공.pdf 2015 지방직 9급 영어 해설 박두일.pdf 2015 지방직 9급 영어 해설 성정혜.pdf 2015 지방직 9급 영어 해설 이동기.pdf 2015 지방직 9급 영어 해설 이리라.pdf 2015 지방직 9급 영어 해설 이영규.pdf 영 어 A 책형 1 쪽 영 어 문 1. 밑줄 친 부분과 의미가 가장 가까운 것은? There are some diseases your doctor will rule out before making a diagnosis. ① trace ② exclude ③ instruct ④ examine 문 2. 다음 중 어법상 옳은 것은? ① She supposed to phone me last night, but she didn't. ② I have been knowing Jose until I was seven. ③ You'd better to go now or you'll be late. ④ Sarah would be offended if I didn't go to her party. 문 3. 우리말을 영어로 옮긴 것 중 가장 어색한 것은? ① 제인은 보기만큼 젊지 않다. → Jane is not as young as she looks. ② 전화하는 것이 편지 쓰는 것보다 더 쉽다. → It's easier to make a phone call than to write a letter. ③ 너는 나보다 돈이 많다. → You have more money than I. ④ 당신 아들 머리는 당신 머리와 같은 색깔이다. → Your son's hair is the same color as you. 문 4. 밑줄 친 부분에 들어갈 표현으로 가장 적절한 것은? M : Would you like to go out for dinner, Mary? W : Oh, I'd love to. Where are we going? M : How about the new pizza restaurant in town? W : Do we need a reservation? M : I don't think it is necessary. W : But we may have to wait in line because it's Friday night. M : You are absolutely right. Then, I'll __________ right now. W : Great. ① cancel the reservation ② give you the check ③ eat some breakfast ④ book a table 문 5. 다음 글의 (A), (B), (C)에서 어법상 옳은 것을 모두 고른 것은? Pattern books contain stories that make use of repeated phrases, refrains, and sometimes rhymes. In addition, pattern books frequently contain pictures (A) that/what may facilitate story comprehension. The predictable patterns allow beginning second language readers to become involved (B) immediate/immediately in a literacy event in their second language. Moreover, the use of pattern books (C) meet/meets the criteria for literacy scaffolds by modeling reading, by challenging students' current level of linguistic competence, and by assisting comprehension through the repetition of a simple sentence pattern. (A) (B) (C) ① that immediate meet ② what immediately meets ③ that immediately meets ④ what immediate meet 문 6. 밑줄 친 부분에 들어갈 가장 적절한 것은? Culture travels, like people. There are Chinese and Zen gardens in cities from Sydney to Edinburgh to San Francisco. 'World Music' is enormously popular: the latest disco style breezily combines flamenco with jazz and Gaelic traditions. Dance troupes from Africa and South America routinely perform overseas. It would be impossible to disentangle strands of influence in the spaghetti western, samurai film, Hollywood action flick, Indian adventure story, and Hong Kong cinema. In the modern world, no culture, however 'primitive' and remote, remains ___________. The Huichol Indians, who live in mountain villages of Mexico, make their masks and bowls using glass beads imported from Japan and Czechoslovakia. ① isolated ② interconnected ③ multicultural ④ complex ※ 주어진 글의 제목으로 가장 적절한 것을 고르시오. [문 7 ～ 문 8] 문 7. Depending on your values, different kinds of numbers may be important to you. To some, it's cholesterol count and blood pressure figures; to others, it's the number of years they've been married. To many, the sum total in the retirement account is the number-one number, and some people zero in on the amount left on their mortgage. But I contend that your per-hour worth should be among the top-of-mind numbers that are important to you ―no matter what your values or priorities are ― even if you don't earn your living on a per-hour rate. Knowing the value of your time enables you to make wise decisions about where and how you spend it so you can make the most of this limited resource according to your circumstances, goals, and interests. Obviously, the higher you raise your per-hour worth while upholding your priorities, the more you can propel your efforts toward meeting your goals, because you have more resources at your disposal ― you have either more money or more time, whichever you need most. ① Your Time Is Money ② Maintaining High Motivation ③ Part-time Jobs Are Better ④ Living Within Your Income 영 어 A 책형 2 쪽 문 8. Making mistakes is central to the education of budding scientists and artists of all kinds, who must have the freedom to experiment, try this idea, flop, try another idea, take a risk, be willing to get the wrong answer. One classic example is Thomas Edison's reply to a reporter who was lamenting Edison's ten thousand experimental failures in his effort to create the first incandescent light bulb. "I have not failed," he told the reporter. "I successfully discovered 10,000 elements that don't work." Most children, however, are denied the freedom to noodle around, experiment, and be wrong in ten ways, let alone ten thousand. The focus on constant testing to measure and standardize children's accomplishments has intensified their fear of failure. It is certainly important for children to learn to succeed; but it is just as important for them to learn not to fear failure. ① Getting It Right the First Time ② The Secret Inventions of Edison ③ Road to Creativity: Avoid Risks ④ Failure: Nothing to Be Afraid Of 문 9. 우리말을 영어로 옮긴 것 중 가장 어색한 것은? ① 그녀는 젊었을 때 더 열심히 일하지 않았던 것을 후회한다. → She regrets not having worked harder in her youth. ② 그는 경험과 지식을 둘 다 겸비한 사람이다. →He is a man of both experience and knowledge. ③ 분노는 정상적이고 건강한 감정이다. → Anger is a normal and healthy emotion. ④ 어떤 상황에서도 너는 이곳을 떠나면 안 된다. → Under no circumstances you should not leave here. 문 10. 밑줄 친 부분에 들어갈 표현으로 가장 적절한 것은? M : Excuse me. How can I get to Seoul Station? W : You can take the subway. M : How long does it take? W : It takes approximately an hour. M : How often does the subway run? W : _______________________. ① It is too far to walk ② Every five minutes or so ③ You should wait in line ④ It takes about half an hour ※ 밑줄 친 부분과 의미가 가장 가까운 것을 고르시오. [문 11 ～ 문 13] 문 11. Bringing presents for his children alleviated some of the guilt he felt for not spending enough time with them. ① relieved ② accumulated ③ provoked ④ accelerated 문 12. I am not made of money, you know! ① needy ② thrifty ③ wealthy ④ stingy 문 13. Experienced salespeople claim there is a difference between being assertive and being pushy. ① thrilled ② brave ③ timid ④ aggressive ※ 주어진 부분에 들어갈 가장 적절한 것을 고르시오. [문 14 ～ 문 15] 문 14. A growing number of people are seeking medical attention for vitamin D deficiency, a common condition among those who spend a lot of time indoors. It is well known that vitamin D deficiency can affect one's muscles, bones and immunity and is even associated with cancer. Vitamin D is produced by the body in response to skin being exposed to sunlight. A lot of women, however, wear sunscreen before they go out, and this often makes it more difficult for their body to produce vitamin D ― as ___________________________. ① many types of sunscreen may contain beneficial substances ② sunscreen can block vitamin D-producing ultraviolet rays ③ their sunscreen is professionally prescribed ④ they exercise on a regular basis 문 15. Muzafer Sherif's research on the autokinetic effect is a good example of the role of ____________ in perception. People in his experiments were told that a spot of light projected on the wall would move and were instructed to estimate the amount of movement. Although the spot of light never actually moved, the people inevitably reported movement. When told that the spot of light would even trace out letters and words, participants began reporting words and sentences. Clearly what they thought would happen resulted in the addition of a considerable amount of information to their sensations. ① unification ② expectation ③ competition ④ quantification 영 어 A 책형 3 쪽 문 16. 다음 글의 (A)와 (B)에 들어갈 가장 적절한 것은? Mythology was an integral part of Egyptian culture for much of its timespan. Characters and events from myth permeate Egyptian art, architecture, and literature. Myths (A) many of the rituals performed by kings and priests. Educated Egyptians believed that a knowledge of myth was an essential weapon in the fight to survive the dangers of life and the afterlife. There is disagreement among Egyptologists about when mythical narratives first developed in Egypt. This dispute is partly due to the difficulty of deciding what should be counted as a myth. Today, the term myth is often used in an unfavorable way to refer to something that is exaggerated or untrue. In ancient cultures, myth did not have this (B) connotation; myths could be regarded as stories that contained poetic rather than literal truths. Some scholars separate myths from other types of traditional tale by classifying them as stories featuring deities. This simple definition might work quite well for Egypt, but not for all cultures. (A) (B) ① extinguished immoral ② bolstered literal ③ underpinned negative ④ corroborated political ※ 주어진 부분에 들어갈 가장 적절한 것을 고르시오. [문 17 ～ 문 18] 문 17. We rarely get tired when ______________. For example, I recently took a vacation in the Canadian Rockies up around Lake Louise. I spent several days trout fishing along Coral Creek, fighting my way through brush higher than my head, stumbling over logs, struggling through fallen timber ― yet after eight hours of this, I was not exhausted. Why? Because I was excited, exhilarated. I had a sense of high achievement: six cutthroat trout. But suppose I had been bored by fishing, then how do you think I would have felt? I would have been worn out by such strenuous work at an altitude of seven thousand feet. ① we are doing something interesting and exciting ② we get a good night's sleep and a hearty meal ③ we do household chores for our family ④ we are elevated to high altitudes 문 18. The 'ten-thousand-hour rule' states that expertise requires at least ten thousand hours of practice. Clearly, though, time is not the only requirement. Years of one's life spent practicing the wrong things will not lead to expertise any more than spending the same amount of time watching television. Time is a basic prerequisite, but not ____________________________________. Layered upon time are a slew of other ingredients, life focus, precision, discipline, and desire. ① a sufficient one in itself ② a requisite for time ③ a tolerant one of others ④ a predictor of longevity 문 19. George Stephenson에 관한 다음 글의 내용과 일치하지 않는 것은? George Stephenson gained a reputation for working with the primitive steam engines employed in mines in the northeast of England and in Scotland. In 1814, Stephenson made his first locomotive, 'Blucher.' In 1821, Stephenson was appointed engineer for the construction of the Stockton and Darlington railway. It opened in 1825 and was the first public railway. In October 1829, the railway's owners staged a competition to find the best kind of locomotive to pull heavy loads over long distances. Stephenson's locomotive 'Rocket' was the winner, achieving a record speed of 36 miles per hour. The opening of the Stockton and Darlington railway and the success of 'Rocket' stimulated the laying of railway lines and the construction of locomotives all over the country. Stephenson became engineer on a number of these projects and also participated in the development of railways in Belgium and Spain. ① 탄광에 사용된 초기 증기 기관과 관련된 일을 하여 명성을 얻었다. ② 1814년에 그의 첫 번째 기관차를 만들었다. ③ 시속 36마일의 기관차를 개발하여 기관차 대회에서 준우승했다. ④ 벨기에와 스페인의 철도 개발에도 참여했다. 문 20. 밑줄 친 부분에 들어갈 가장 적절한 것은? There are many instances in our society in which it is entirely appropriate for people to play a power role over others. __________________, teachers, coaches, police, and parents all play this role. Any leader of a group of people has to have some kind of authority. Still, the right to wield power and the extent to which an authority should wield power must be questioned and negotiated lest the power be abusive and lead to injustice and unfairness. ① However ② Otherwise ③ For example ④ Nevertheless
영어.pdf 2014 경찰 1차 영어 해설 강수정.pdf 2014 경찰 1차 영어 해설 김정연.pdf 2014 경찰 1차 영어 해설 김형섭.pdf 2014 경찰 1차 영어 해설 리스공.pdf 2014 경찰 1차 영어 해설 심상대.pdf 2014 경찰 1차 영어 해설 이동기.pdf 2014 경찰 1차 영어 해설 이성철.pdf 2014 경찰 1차 영어 해설 정철호.pdf 2014 경찰 1차 영어 해설 제석강.pdf - 영 어 1 - 1. 다음 빈 칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? ① refrain ② remove ③ convert ④ exclude 2. 다음 빈 칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? ① in honor of ② on behalf of ③ for the sake of ④ according to 3. 다음 빈 칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? 4. 다음 빈 칸에 순서대로 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? ① act - people ② experience - perpetrators ③ commit - victims ④ compare - criminals 5. 주어진 설명이 뜻하는 단어로서 예문의 빈 칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? ① bail ② custody ③ warrant ④ restraint 6. 다음 빈 칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? ① alias ② alchemist ③ apprentice ④ avarice 7. 다음 두 문장의 빈 칸에 공통으로 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? ① in ② on ③ to ④ for 8. 다음 빈 칸에 순서대로 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? ① automation – dictatorship ② coercion – authority ③ dictatorship – automation ④ authority – coercion 9. 다음 빈 칸에 순서대로 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? ① on - when - find ② in - that - finding ③ to - what - to find ④ with - whether - found 10. 다음 빈 칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? ① him look ② he looks ③ him to look ④ he is 11. 다음 빈 칸에 순서대로 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? ① hurts – feel – have ② feels – have – hurt ③ has – feel – hurt ④ hurts – have – feel 12. 다음 글의 제목으로 가장 적절한 것은? ① The cause of the Great Depression ② The definition of the Great Depression ③ The prospect of the Great Depression ④ The rule of the Great Depression The Great Depression began in late 1929 and lasted for about a decade. Many factors played a role in bringing about the depression. One was the greatly unequal distribution of wealth throughout the 1920's, and the other was excessive stock market expansion. Initial decision-making and actions vary _____ the nature and type of the incident. A: Hi Josh. How is it going? B: Not so good. I think I need a new job. A: What's the problem? Is it the people you work with? B: No, my coworkers are fine, but ________. A: Maybe you should start looking for a more interesting job. B: You are right. I can probably find something better. As a police officer, your job is to arrest those who ___ crime and protect ___ of crime. ① my workplace is too far from home ② I think my salary is too low ③ I do the same thing everyday ④ I am too busy to find free time A: Do you like Peter's new suit? B: Yes, I think it makes _________ handsome. Inspector Javert discovered that Monsieur Madeleine was not the mayor's real name but an ______________ for Jean Valijean, the ex-convict. ’14년 제1차 경찰공무원(순경)채용시험 문제 - 공채(남․여)․101경비단 - 【영 어】 응시 번호 : 이름 : As Max Weber pointed out, we perceive power ― the ability to get your way, even over the resistance of other ― as either legitimate or illegitimate. Legitimate power is called ____________. This is power that people accept as right. In contrast, illegitimate power called ___________ is power that people do not accept as just. A: Mom, my stomach ____. B: Do you ____ a fever? A: No, I don't think so. B: Do you ____ nauseous? A: No, not at all. But you know, I did have potato chips and peanut butter for dinner. Please _______ from smoking in the restaurant, as it disturbs other people. 설명: a commission or document giving authority to do something 예문: The police had a _______ for his arrest. ·He was sentenced ____ three years in prison. ·When polite requests failed, he resorted ____ threats. ·Global warming has led to an increase ________ temperatures and sea levels, and much less polar ice. ·The big problem is ________ I don't get many chances to speak the language. ·I am very careful with my money and I enjoy ________ a bargain when I go shopping. - 영 어 2- 13. 다음 글에서 밑줄 친 them이 가리키는 말로 가장 적절한 것은? ① people ② bats ③ high-pitched sounds ④ insects 14. 다음 글의 흐름으로 보아 (A), (B), (C)에 들어가기에 가장 적절한 말로 짝지은 것은? (A) (B) (C) ① able distributed enhanced ② able attributed disrupted ③ unable attributed enhanced ④ unable distributed disrupted 15. 다음 글의 종류로 가장 적절한 것은? ① autobiography ② novel ③ obituary ④ advertisement 16. 다음 글에 드러난 Sally의 심경으로 가장 적절한 것은? ① nervous ② relieved ③ satisfied ④ sympathetic [17-18] 다음 글을 읽고, 물음에 답하시오. 17. 윗글의 빈 칸에 들어갈 말의 순서로 가장 적절한 것은? ① like - In contrast - if ② as - For instance - even though ③ to - However - as ④ in - By the way - when 18. 글의 제목으로 가장 적절한 것은? ① Diversity of Women's Careers ② History of Feminist Movement ③ Women's Rights in the Near Future ④ What a True Feminist Is 19. 다음 빈 칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? 20. 다음 글을 읽고, 본문의 내용과 가장 일치하지 않은 것은? ① 법원은 경찰에게 면죄부를 주었다. ② 괴한들이 3명의 여자가 있는 가택을 침입하였다 . ③ 법적으로 경찰은 모든 시민을 보호할 의무가 있다. ④ 전화 신고를 받은 경찰은 즉시 출동하지 않았다. Cats have a memory for things that are important to their lives. Some cats seem to have extraordinary memories for finding places. Taken away from their homes, they seem (A)able/unable to remember where they live. The key to this homing ability could be a built-in celestial navigation, similar to that used by birds, or the cats' navigational ability could be (B)distributed/attributed to the cats' sensitivity to Earth's magnetic fields. When magnets are attached to cats, their normal navigational skills are (C)enhanced/disrupted. Suddenly, Sally heard a voice. “Good afternoon, Let's start with Afternoon of a Faun, please,” the voice repeated wearily. Sally's heart began to pound. She spread her music out on the music stand slowly. A lifetime of preparation, four long weeks of intensive practice, and it all came down to this moment. She felt sweat rolling down on her back. She lifted the flute to her lips, took a deep breath, and began to play. The opening notes of Afternoon of a Faun came from her flute, but her two hands that were holding it were still trembling. A feminist is not a man-hater, a masculine woman, or someone who dislikes housewives. A feminist is simply a woman or man who believes that women should enjoy the same rights, privileges, and opportunities ________ men. Because society has deprived women of many equal rights, feminists have fought for equality. ________, Susan B. Anthony, a famous nineteenth century feminist, worked to get women the right to vote. Today, feminists want women to receive equal pay for equal work. They support a woman's right to pursue her goals and dreams, whether she wants to be an astronaut, athlete, or full-time homemaker. Because the term is often misunderstood, some people don't call themselves feminists _______ they share feminist values. Two women were upstairs in a townhouse when they heard their roommate, a third woman, being attacked downstairs by intruders. They phoned the police several times and were assured that officers were on the way. After about 30 minutes, when their roommate’s screams had stopped, they assumed the police had finally arrived. When the two women went downstairs, they saw that in fact the police never came, but the intruders were still there. As the Warren court states in the opinion: For the next fourteen hours the women were held captive, robbed, and beaten. The three women sued the District of Columbia(D.C.) for failing to protect them, but D.C.’s highest court pardoned the District and its police, saying that it is a “fundamental principle of American law that a government and its agents are under no general duty to provide public services, such as police protection, to any individual citizen.” Bats fly like birds, but they are mammals. Female bats give birth to live young and produce milk. Bats are nocturnal, searching for food at night and sleeping during the day. They roost upside down in dark, quiet places such as caves and attics. People think that bats drink blood, but only vampire bats do this. Most bats eat fruit or insects. As bats fly, they make high-pitched sounds that bounce off objects. This echolocation is a kind of radar that guides them. The public has every right to expect that police powers are used professionally and with integrity, irrespective of who is being dealt with. In other words, the same ( ㉠ ) should be used by police officers whether dealing with a duke or a dustman, a fellow officer or a villain. Additionally, some people who come into contact with the police may be ( ㉡ ), and officers have a requirement to support and protect them. This is especially important when ( ㉡ ) witnesses, such as victims of domestic violence, feel very frightened or inhibited ― often after years of abuse ― about making an allegation against an abuser. ㉠ ㉡ ① freedom - absolute ② impartiality - vulnerable ③ prudence - adamant ④ sincerity - inquisitive Here, you can meet people who make traditional crafts. You'll find presents that are perfect for all your friends. We have clay pottery and beautiful leather bags. Try on a pair of sandals made of straw or a wood mask used in old dances. Bamboo crafts like boxes and baskets are famous in Korea. Korea also has great artists who make things with metal like gold necklaces and brass bowls. You can even take home a stone statue. Come and visit to the Korean Folk Village!
영어-S.pdf 영어-T.pdf 2014 국가직 9급 영어 해설 강수정.pdf 2014 국가직 9급 영어 해설 김정연.pdf 2014 국가직 9급 영어 해설 김형구.pdf 2014 국가직 9급 영어 해설 닥터잉글리쉬.pdf 2014 국가직 9급 영어 해설 두형호.pdf 2014 국가직 9급 영어 해설 박지나.pdf 2014 국가직 9급 영어 해설 심상대.pdf 2014 국가직 9급 영어 해설 유수연.pdf 2014 국가직 9급 영어 해설 이동기.pdf 2014 국가직 9급 영어 해설 이리라.pdf 2014 국가직 9급 영어 해설 제석강.pdf 2014 국가직 9급 영어 해설 한덕현.pdf 2014 국가직 9급 영어 해설 헤더진.pdf 영 어 S 책형 1 쪽 영 어 문 1. 밑줄 친 부분에 가장 적절한 것은? Before she traveled to Mexico last winter, she needed to ______________ her Spanish because she had not practiced it since college. ① make up to ② brush up on ③ shun away from ④ come down with 문 2. 밑줄 친 부분과 의미가 가장 가까운 것은? I was told to let Jim pore over computer printouts. ① examine ② distribute ③ discard ④ correct 문 3. 밑줄 친 부분과 의미가 가장 가까운 것은? Johannes Kepler believed that there would one day be "celestial ships with sails adapted to the winds of heaven" navigating the sky, filled with explorers "who would not fear the vastness" of space. And today those explorers, human and robot, employ as unerring guides on their voyages through the vastness of space the three laws of planetary motion that Kepler uncovered during a lifetime of personal travail and ecstatic discovery. ① faultless ② unreliable ③ gutless ④ unscientific 문 4. 밑줄 친 부분에 가장 적절한 것은? Visitors at Disneyland pay a high admission price and wait hours for rides that last no more than five minutes. Why do they respond so well to a situation that might otherwise cause great ㉠ ? One reason is that the theme park provides extra service wherever they can. They lend cameras at no ㉡ to their guests at designated photo sites. People remember the fun picture with Mickey Mouse and forget the long lines. Clean facilities and friendly staff also go far to ㉢ the negative experiences. ㉠ ㉡ ㉢ ① dissemination chance evoke ② dissemination charge erase ③ dissatisfaction charge erase ④ dissatisfaction chance evoke 문 5. 우리말을 영어로 잘못 옮긴 것은? ① 그녀는 등산은 말할 것도 없고, 야외에 나가는 것을 좋아하지 않는다. → She does not like going outdoor, not to mention mountain climbing. ② 그녀는 학급에서 가장 예쁜 소녀이다. → She is more beautiful than any other girl in the class. ③ 그 나라는 국토의 3/4이 바다로 둘러싸여 있는 소국이다. → The country is a small one with the three quarters of the land surrounding by the sea. ④ 많은 학생들이 졸업 후 취직을 위해 열심히 공부한다. → A number of students are studying very hard to get a job after their graduation. 문 6. 밑줄 친 부분에 가장 적절한 것은? A : I saw the announcement for your parents' 25th anniversary in yesterday's newspaper. It was really neat. Do you know how your parents met? B : Yes. It was really incredible, actually, very romantic. They met in college, found they were compatible, and began to date. Their courtship lasted all through school. A : No kidding! That's really beautiful. I haven't noticed anyone in class that I could fall in love with! B : _________________________. Oh, well, maybe next semester! ① Me neither ② You shouldn't blame me ③ It is up to your parents ④ You'd better hang about with her 문 7. 밑줄 친 부분에 가장 적절한 것은? A : Did you see Steve this morning? B : Yes. But why does he _________________? A : I don't have the slightest idea. B : I thought he'd be happy. A : Me too. Especially since he got promoted to sales manager last week. B : He may have some problem with his girlfriend. ① have such a long face ② step into my shoes ③ jump on the bandwagon ④ play a good hand 문 8. 어법상 옳은 것은? ① While worked at a hospital, she saw her first air show. ② However weary you may be, you must do the project. ③ One of the exciting games I saw were the World Cup final in 2010. ④ It was the main entrance for that she was looking. 문 9. 밑줄 친 부분 중 어법상 옳은 것은? Compared to newspapers, magazines are not necessarily up-to-the-minute, since they do not appear every day, but weekly, monthly, or even less frequently. Even externally they are different from newspapers, mainly because magazines ①resemble like a book. The paper is thicker, photos are more colorful, and most of the articles are relatively long. The reader experiences much more background information and greater detail. There are also weekly news magazines, ② which reports on a number of topics, but most of the magazines are specialized to attract various consumers. For example, there are ③women's magazines cover fashion, cosmetics, and recipes as well as youth magazines about celebrities. Other magazines are directed toward, for example, computer users, sports fans, ④those interested in the arts, and many other small groups. 영 어 S 책형 2 쪽 문 10. 밑줄 친 부분에 가장 적절한 것은? Until recently many experts assumed that under the influence of universal literacy and mass media, regional dialects were being leveled. _____________. Local identity and other social forces exert a stronger influence than even TV on how dialects evolve. The Inland North, the Midland, Canada, and the South are now more different from each other than ever. ① Absolutely true ② Too much so ③ Not so ④ Well enough 문 11. 밑줄 친 부분에 가장 적절한 것은? Body type was useless as a predictor of how the men would fare in life. So was birth order or political affiliation. Even social class had a limited effect. But having a warm childhood was powerful. It's not that the men who flourished had perfect childhoods. Rather, as Vaillant puts it, "What goes right is more important than what goes wrong." The positive effect of one loving relative, mentor or friend can _________ the negative effects of the bad things that happen. ① augment ② convene ③ vanquish ④ reinforce 문 12. 주어진 글 다음에 이어질 글의 순서로 가장 적절한 것은? It's amazing what a little free beer can accomplish. Samso, then known for its dairy and pig farms, would become Denmark's showcase for sustainable power, eventually going carbon-free. How that would happen, however, was far from clear, since the government initially offered no funding, tax breaks or technical expertise. (A) So Hermansen showed up at every community or club meeting to give his pitch for going green. He pointed to the blustery island's untapped potential for wind power and the economic benefits of making Samso energy-independent. And he sometimes brought free beer. (B) It worked. The islanders exchanged their oil-burning furnaces for centralized plants that burned leftover straw or wood chips to produce heat and hot water. They bought shares in new wind turbines, which generated the capital to build 11 large land-based turbines, enough to meet the entire island's electricity needs. Today Samso isn't just carbon-neutral—it actually produces 10 % more clean electricity than it uses, with the extra power fed back into the grid at a profit. (C) Given that almost all its power came from oil or coal—and the island's 4,300 residents didn't know a wind turbine from a grain silo—Samso seemed an odd choice. Soren Hermansen, though, saw an opportunity. The appeal was immediate, and when a renewable-energy project finally secured some funding, he volunteered to be the first—and only—staffer. ① (A) － (B) － (C) ② (B) － (A) － (C) ③ (C) － (B) － (A) ④ (C) － (A) － (B) 문 13. 밑줄 친 부분에 가장 적절한 것은? The emphasis on decoding, translated mainly as phonemic awareness and knowledge of the alphabetic principle, has led schools to search for packaged or commercially produced reading programs that help students master the skills of decoding. According to the teachers we work with, this highly scripted approach to reading instruction has produced many students who know how to sound out words, but that is where the process of reading ends for them. While the students can decode and even become fluent oral readers, they do not truly comprehend the material; they cannot read between the lines, infer meaning, or detect the author's bias, among other things. Reading ___________________. ① is basically decoding since phonemic and alphabetical knowledge is added to the general decoding process ② is much more complex than simply mastering phonemic awareness and alphabet recognition ③ can be more efficiently learned together with peers than either alone or with teachers ④ can be mastered when learners know how to sound out words fluently 문 14. 다음 문장이 들어갈 위치로 가장 적절한 것은? For example, some cultural groups were often portrayed as gangsters, while others were usually shown as the `good guys' who arrested them. One of the challenges we face in the world today is that a lot of the information we get about other people and places comes from the advertising and entertainment we see in the media. ( A ) You can't always trust these types of information. ( B ) To the people who make television programs and advertisements, true facts and honest opinions aren't as important as keeping you interested long enough to sell you something! ( C ) In the past, the messages we received from television programs, advertisements, and movies were full of stereotypes. ( D ) Even places were presented as stereotypes: European cities, such as Paris and Venice, were usually shown as beautiful and romantic, but cities in Africa and Asia, such as Cairo and Calcutta, were often shown as poor and overcrowded. ① A ② B ③ C ④ D 문 15. 내용의 흐름상 적절하지 못한 문장은? The earth is a planet full of life. One of the reasons for this is that our sun is the kind of star that can support life on a planet. All the time the sun continues to send out a steady supply of heat and light. For our sun is a stable star. ① This means that it stays the same size. And its output of energy (heat and light) does not change much. ② Some stars are not stable. They grow bigger and hotter and then smaller and cooler. ③ The heat and light they send out vary greatly. If our sun behaved like that, the earth would boil and freeze repeatedly. ④ Life could exist under these great changes. We are here because a steady amount of energy pours forth from our sun. 영 어 S 책형 3 쪽 문 16. 다음 글의 내용과 일치하지 않는 것은? Chicago's Newberry Library and the Brookfield Zoo were among 10 institutions presented Monday with the National Medal for Museum and Library Service by First Lady Laura Bush at the White House. The annual awards, given by the Institute of Museum and Library Services in Washington, D. C., honor institutions for their collections and community involvement, and include a $ 10,000 award each. The Brookfield Zoo was honored for programs such as Zoo Adventure Passport, which provides free field trips to low-income families. "Brookfield Zoo is a living classroom for local students," Bush said. The Newberry Library was also honored for its extensive collection of more than half a million maps and its role in helping African-Americans trace their family heritage. ① The Brookfield Zoo ran a program that supports free admission for low-income families. ② The Brookfield Zoo assisted African-American kids in tracing their family history. ③ The Newberry Library and the Brookfield Zoo won a $ 10,000 award respectively. ④ The Newberry Library was awarded the medal for an extensive number of maps. 문 17. 피드백에 대한 글쓴이의 주장으로 가장 적절한 것은? Feedback, particularly the negative kind, should be descriptive rather than judgmental or evaluative. No matter how upset you are, keep the feedback job-related and never criticize someone personally because of an inappropriate action. Telling people they're stupid, incompetent, or the like is almost always counterproductive. It provokes such an emotional reaction that the performance deviation itself is apt to be overlooked. When you're criticizing, remember that you're censuring a job-related behavior, not the person. ① 상대방에게 직접 전달하는 것이 바람직하다. ② 상대방의 인격보다는 업무에 초점을 두어야 한다. ③ 긍정적인 평가가 부정적인 것보다 더 많아야 한다. ④ 상대방의 지위와 감정을 고려해야 한다. 문 18. 다음 글의 요지로 가장 적절한 것은? Through discoveries and inventions, science has extended life, conquered disease and offered new material freedom. It has pushed aside gods and demons and revealed a cosmos more intricate and awesome than anything produced by pure imagination. But there are new troubles in the peculiar paradise that science has created. It seems that science is losing the popular support to meet the future challenges of pollution, security, energy, education, and food. The public has come to fear the potential consequences of unfettered science and technology in such areas as genetic engineering, global warming, nuclear power, and the proliferation of nuclear arms. ① Science is very helpful in modern society. ② Science and technology are developing quickly. ③ The absolute belief in science is weakening. ④ Scientific research is getting more funds from private sectors. 문 19. 다음 글의 내용과 일치하는 것은? During the nine-week summer session, services for the university community will follow a revised schedule. Specific changes for campus bus services, the cafeteria, and summer hours for the infirmary and recreational and athletic facilities will be posted on the bulletin board outside of the cafeteria. Weekly movie and concert schedules are being finalized and will be posted outside the cafeteria every Wednesday. Campus buses will leave the main hall every half an hour and make all of the regular stops along their routes around the campus. The cafeteria will serve breakfast, lunch, and early dinner from 7 a.m. to 7 p.m. during the weekdays and from noon to 7 p.m. on weekends. The library will maintain regular hours during the weekdays, but shorter hours noon to 7 p.m. on Saturdays and Sundays. All students who want to use the library borrowing services and the recreational, athletic, and entertainment facilities must have an authorized summer identification card. This announcement will also appear in the next issue of the student newspaper. ① Movie and concert schedules will be notified twice a month. ② During the weekdays, the cafeteria and the library will open at noon. ③ Campus buses will run every hour and make all of the regular stops. ④ A valid identification card is required to use the athletic and entertainment facilities during the summer session. 문 20. 다음 글의 내용과 일치하지 않는 것은? When the children had originally been shown what we think of as an object, like the copper tee, they pointed to an object of the same shape but a different substance, such as a plastic plumbing tee, not to the same substance with a different shape, namely a pile of copper bits. But when they had originally been shown what we think of as a substance, like the hair gel, they pointed to the same substance regardless of its shape, such as three smears of hair gel, and not to the same shape of a different substance, such an identically curved glob of hand cream. So well before children know how the English language distinguishes individual objects from portions of a substance, they distinguish them on their own, and generalize words for them accordingly. Names for solids with a noteworthy shape are taken to apply to objects of that kind; names for nonsolids with an arbitrary shape are taken to apply to substances of that kind. ① With regard to pointing to an object, the children pointed to an object of the same shape but a different substance. ② With regard to pointing to a substance, the children pointed to the same substance regardless of its shape. ③ Children can apply the names for solids with a noteworthy shape to objects of that kind. ④ Children can distinguish objects from substances only after they know how their language distinguishes them.
영어.pdf 2014 국회직 9급 영어 해설 강수정.pdf 2014년도 9급 공개경쟁채용시험 영 어 책형 가 - 5 - 영 어 1. 다음의 밑줄 친 부분과 의미가 가장 가까운 것을 고르면? He did not know the origin of my sufferings, and sought erroneous methods to remedy the incurable illness. ① terrible ② indistinguishable ③ nasty ④ awesome ⑤ incorrect 2. 다음의 밑줄 친 부분과 의미가 가장 가까운 것을 고르면? The development of modern government in England in general began with the Great Reform Act of 1832. The impetus for this act was provided by corrupt practices in the House of Commons, and by the massive increase in population occurring during the industrial revolution. ① motivation ② obstruction ③ responsibility ④ substitute ⑤ strategy 3. 다음의 밑줄 친 부분과 의미가 가장 가까운 것을 고르면? Companies say the main hurdle to explosive growth in the sphere of internet business is that only 40 million people in India are estimated to have access to the Internet. ① repercussion ② incentive ③ modernization ④ reason ⑤ impediment 4. 다음의 밑줄 친 부분에 들어갈 가장 적절한 표현을 고르면? Why ________ the trouble of purchasing a newspaper and getting your fingers dirty when you can set a Google news alert for news items on subjects that interest you? ① break off ② do away with ③ go through ④ put off ⑤ take over for 5. 다음 중 문법상 틀린 것을 고르면? ① Tomato was borrowed from Mexico and pajamas from India. ② Our sandwich was named after a man named Sandwich. ③ That magnificent five-centuries-old palace was constructed by the Korean. ④ Placed 100 yards apart are tall towers. ⑤ In the outback are huge sheep and cattle ranches called "stations." 6. 다음의 밑줄 친 부분 중 문법상 틀린 것을 고르면? The number of new employees ①who requires extensive ②training in customer service procedures ③ has declined since the company ④changed employment ⑤agencies. 7. 다음 중 문법상 틀린 것을 고르면? ① Which candidate do you think likes oysters on the half-shell? ② How come you are so late? ③ There is a man in the garden, isn't there? ④ Is he suppose to be here right now? ⑤ Why was work on Mount Rushmore finally discontinued? 8. 다음 대화 중 내용상 가장 어색한 것을 고르면? ① A: Hello, I’m calling to speak to Mr. Hamilton. B: Sorry, he is currently with a client. ② A: I should have listened to my husband. B: Yes, you really need to be independent of him. ③ A: Let me give you a ride home. B: Thanks, but I drove to work this morning. ④ A: Please make sure you meet the deadline this time. B: No problem. I won’t let you down. ⑤ A: You sure know how to attract the audience’s attention. B: I’m flattered you think so. 2014년도 9급 공개경쟁채용시험 영 어 책형 가 - 6 - 9. 다음 문장을 영어로 옮긴 것 중 가장 어색한 것을 고르면? ① 이상하게 들릴지 모르겠지만 그것은 사실이다. -> Though it sounds strangely, it is quite true. ② 나는 아침에 일찍 일어나는 데 익숙하다. -> I am used to getting up early in the morning. ③ 그녀가 울음을 터뜨린다고 해서 놀라지 마십시오. -> Don't be surprised even if she suddenly bursts into tears. ④ 그에게 부족한 것이 없다. -> He lacks for nothing. ⑤ 그것을 누가했든, 그것이 무엇이든지 간에 별로 상관없다. -> It matters little who did it or what it was. 10. 다음의 대화 중 남자의 말이 의미하는 바와 가장 가까운 것을 고 르면? 여자 : I have yet to see your new baby. 남자 : She seems to grow an inch a day. ① The baby is very small. ② The baby is an inch tall. ③ The baby is growing quickly. ④ The baby is a day old. ⑤ The baby sees him every day. 11. 다음의 밑줄 친 부분에 들어갈 가장 적절한 표현을 고르면? Josh hasn't begun working on his today's assignment working on his yesterday's. ① yet because he is still ② still because he is yet ③ yet as a result he is still ④ still as a result he is yet ⑤ already however he is yet 12. 다음의 밑줄 친 부분에 들어갈 가장 적절한 표현을 고르면? The notion is fairly common that there is a fundamental conflict between science and religion. Many outstanding scientists, however, are profoundly religious and take an active part in church work. They do not feel their science and their religion are _________. ① serious matters of importance ② in good terms with each other ③ in contradiction ④ profoundly rich ⑤ inseparable 13. 다음의 밑줄 친 (A)와 (B)에 들어갈 가장 적절한 표현을 고르면? Households can reduce water use substantially by simple actions such as (A) more efficient appliances and (B) day-to-day habits involving water consumption. (A) (B) ① regulating - undoing ② installing - changing ③ powering - startling ④ operating - inducing ⑤ controlling - billowing 14. 다음의 밑줄 친 (A)와 (B)에 들어갈 가장 적절한 표현을 고르면? James got four letters. One was from his father. (A) one was from his brother. (B) letters were from his friend. (A) (B) ① Another - Other ② Another - The other ③ The other - Another ④ The other - Other ⑤ Other - The other 15. 다음의 밑줄 친 (A)와 (B)에 들어갈 가장 적절한 표현을 고르면? The secretive workings of the Communist Party of China (CPC), founded in 1921, continue to fascinate the outside world even as capitalism has set down roots in Chinese soil. Inspired by the Russian Revolution in 1917 and based on the ideology of Marxism-Leninism, to this day the CPC brooks no political competition in spite of economic reforms which have China positioned as a leading world economy. The party exercises control over its members through the principle of "democratic centralism," which makes each member (A) ______ to the party organization. It has a (B) _____ structure resting on millions of local-level party organizations across the country and reaching all the way up to the highest decision-making bodies in Beijing. (A) (B) ① inferior - flexible ② superordinate - pyramid ③ subject - flat ④ subordinate - hierarchical ⑤ attendant - skeletal 2014년도 9급 공개경쟁채용시험 영 어 책형 가 - 7 - 16. 다음의 밑줄 친 부분에 들어갈 가장 적절한 표현을 고르면? The subjects of an intelligence test are told to do their tasks within a certain time, their results are marked, and the result of each is compared with a scale indicating what may be expected of children of the same age, i.e. what marks are expected of the relatively few bright ones, what marks are expected of the few dull ones, and what marks are expected of the bulk of the population with whom the comparison is being made. That is, the assessment of the intelligence of any subjects is essentially a(n) _____ affair. ① absolute ② troublesome ③ vague ④ contradictory ⑤ comparative 17. 다음 글의 내용과 일치하는 것을 고르면? Indeed science is a good thing, but it is not an end in itself; it is a means toward an end and that end is human improvement. As scientists keep insisting, there is neither good nor bad in any scientific discovery; it is the use to which it is put which makes it beneficial or dangerous; and the decision does not lie with the scientists themselves but with society. ① The ultimate goal of scientists is to prove that the scientific research is complete. ② Scientists are legally responsible for bringing human improvement. ③ Scientists determine the degree to which the scientific experiment is beneficial or harmful for human beings. ④ Scientists are those who decide whether science itself is good or bad. ⑤ Science can be a means of achieving the advancement of human beings. 18. 다음 글의 내용과 일치하는 것을 고르면? The food industry is targeting more and more fatty, sugary food at children. Children are not being given proper guidelines by their parents. The marketing company does brilliant, very witty, very sophisticated advertisements to children. And the net effect is a rapid change in food culture. But it's this kind of culture that European lawmakers are eager to reform. European food manufacturers and retailers have been given one year to stop advertising junk food to children and improve labeling. If they don't, then new legislation could force them to comply. Some manufacturers aren't waiting for legal action. Kraft Food announced a change in global policy earlier this month. It will stop marketing products like its Oreo cookies to children from now on. ① Food manufacturers have been given one year to make more nutritious food. ② Kraft company decided to sell Oreo cookies with no marketing. ③ The advertisements of the marketing company are pretty much conventional. ④ All European food manufacturers are waiting for legal action. ⑤ Kraft company decided to take legal actions against European lawmakers. 19. 다음의 밑줄 친 부분에 들어갈 가장 적절한 문장을 고르면? Lobster hasn’t always been a high-end product. In Colonial New England, it was a low-class food, in part because it was so abundant: servants, as a condition of their employment, insisted on not being fed lobster more than three times a week. In the nineteenth century, it became generally popular, but then, as overharvesting depleted supplies, it got to be associated with the wealthy (who could afford it). In the process, high prices became an important part of lobster’s image. And, as with many luxury goods, expense is closely linked to enjoyment. Studies have shown that people prefer inexpensive wines in blind taste tests, but that they actually get more pleasure from drinking wine they are told is expensive. ________________________. ① If lobster were abundant everywhere, we would enjoy it more. ② The less lobster gets available, the higher its price would go. ③ If lobster went cheaper, restaurants would cut its price down. ④ If lobster were as cheap as chicken, we might enjoy it less. ⑤ People are not usually very sensitive to lobster’s price. 2014년도 9급 공개경쟁채용시험 영 어 책형 가 - 8 - 20. 다음의 밑줄 친 부분에 들어갈 가장 적절한 문장을 고르면? Dreams come from the part of the brain that contains memories, thoughts, and emotions. You dream during a stage of sleep called REM. You can have up to six dreams a night, and each dream usually lasts from 10 to 40 minutes. Whether or not people remember dreams depends on the individual. Some people remember many of their dreams while others do not. Alan Siegel, who studies dreams, has kept asking, “ ” He says, “Dreams help us get in touch with our deeper feelings. They can tell us a lot about ourselves, and may even help us figure out problems.” ① Why do we never dream the same dream again? ② Are dreams easy to understand? ③ How long do we dream during our life? ④ What do our dreams mean? ⑤ Why are we not interested in dreams?
영어.pdf 2014 기상직 9급 영어 해설 강수정.pdf 2014 기상직 9급 영어 해설 김정연.pdf 2014 기상직 9급 영어 해설 제석강.pdf 영 어 문 1. 다음 빈칸에 들어갈 표현으로 가장 적절한 것은? My father will be furious when he hears that I have crashed his car. He will . ① go through the roof ② be over the moon ③ go up in the world ④ go down the drain 문 2. 다음 빈칸에 들어갈 표현으로 가장 적절한 것은? The great artist is thus a(an) figure. He has, as Frost said, a lover’s quarrel with the world. In pursuing his perceptions of reality, he must often sail against the currents of his time. This is not a popular role. ① sociable ② cordial ③ shrewd ④ solitary 문 3. 다음 대화 내용 중 가장 어색한 것은? ① A: Do you think you could possibly water my house-plants for me? I'm away on business for two weeks. B: No problem. I'll keep an eye on your whole flat if you like. ② A: I could kick myself. As soon as I'd handed in the paper, I remembered what the answer was. B: But you still passed the test. That sometimes happens for me too. ③ A: I can't stand the sight of him. That journey was absolute hell all because of his irresponsible behavior! B: I must admit, I'm keen on him, either. ④ A: He invited quite a few friends to his party. B: I'll say. We had to fight our way through millions of people to get to the drinks. 문 4. 다음 빈칸에 들어갈 표현으로 가장 적절한 것은? His ________ mother was willing to let him do anything he wanted. ① fastidious ② tenacious ③ indulgent ④ affluent A형 6 쪽 문 5. 밑줄 친 부분과 의미가 가장 가까운 것은? He is very witty, but does not play to the gallery: some of his more recondite jokes could bring on climate change. ① flagrant ② sophisticated ③ impertinent ④ subliminal 문 6. 다음 중 문법상 바른 것을 고르시오. ① Whatever he leaves the house, he always takes an umbrella. ② Many people have the belief which the economy will get better. ③ Despite he was sleepy, he kept watching TV. ④ Mrs. Johns made the room cleaned by her daughter. 문 7. 다음 밑줄 친 부분 중 어법상 어색한 것을 고르시오. These days, many people find themselves too dependent on digital devices, unable to remember phone numbers or birthdays without them. They prefer ①to store such information on their cell phones or computers rather than use their heads, ②which leads to a condition known as digital dementia, or forgetfulness. In our modern society, people simply aren't required to remember this kind of information because their digital devices do it for them. Due to such dependency, people who often use devices such as cell phones, PDAs and navigation ③is more likely to develop digital dementia. To avoid this problem, experts suggest remembering important phone numbers in your head, and ④concentrating when reading magazines or newspapers. 문 8. 다음 문장이 들어갈 위치로 가장 적절한 곳은? The roots of the trees provide channels down which the water flows, deep into the ground. The water flashing off the land suddenly disappeared when it reached the belts of trees the farmers had planted. [A] This prompted a major research programme, which produced the following astonishing results: water sinks into the soil under trees at 67 times the rate at which it sinks into the soil under grass. [B] The soil there becomes a sponge, a reservoir which sucks up water and then releases it slowly. [C] In the pastures, by contrast, the small sharp hooves of the sheep puddle the ground, making it almost impermeable, a hard pan off which the rain gushes. [D] ① [A] ② [B] ③ [C] ④ [D] 문 9. 주어진 우리말을 영어로 가장 잘 옮긴 것은? 세계의 빈곤은 매우 빠른 속도로 줄어들고 굶어 죽는 사람은 극소수인데 거의 대부분의 경우 무능하거나 부패한 정부들이 아사자 발생의 원인을 제공한다. ① Global poverty is diminishing at a very rapid rate, and very few now starve to death, but when they do, it is almost always caused by incompetent or venal governments. ② Global poverty is minimizing in a very quick rate, and very a few now starve to death, but it is almost always caused by incompetent or corrupt governments. ③ Poverty on a global level is diminishing at a very rapid rate, and few now starve to death, but it happens and always caused by the mismanagement or venal governments. ④ Poverty on a global level is minimizing at a very rapid rate, and very a few now starve to death, but when they do, it is caused by incompetent or venal governments. 문 10. 다음 글의 (A)∼(C)에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? How to Fend Off A Shark Hit back. If a shark is coming toward you or attacks you, use anything you have in your possession—a camera, probe, harpoon gun, your fist—to hit the shark's eyes or gills, which are the areas most (A)[sensible/sensitive] to pain. Make quick, sharp, repeated jabs in these areas. Since sharks are predators and will usually only follow through on an attack if they have the advantage, making the shark (B)[sure/unsure] of its advantage in any way possible will increase your chances of survival. Contrary to popular opinion, the shark’s nose is not the area to attack, unless you cannot reach the eyes or gills. Hitting the shark simply tells it that you are not (C)[defensive/defenseless] (A) (B) (C) ① sensible - sure - defensive ② sensible - unsure - defenseless ③ sensitive - sure - defensive ④ sensitive - unsure - defenseless A형 7 쪽 문 11. 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 알맞은 것은? Why don't I have a telephone? Not because I pretend to be wise or pose as unusual. There are two chief reasons: because I don't really like the telephone, and because I find I can still work, play, eat, breathe and sleep without it. Why don't I like the telephone? Because I think it is a pest and a time-waster. It may create unnecessary suspense and anxiety as when you wait for an expected call that doesn't come; or irritating delay, as when you keep ringing a number that is always engaged. If you have a telephone in your own house, you will admit that it tends to ring when you ________________ - when you are asleep, or in the middle of a meal or a conversation, or when you are just going out, or when you are in your bath. ① are the most alert ② are desperate for a call ③ admit the value of a telephone ④ least want it to ring 문 12. 아래 글의 저자가 주장하는 점은 무엇인가? Americans have paid $15 trillion in a noble but misguided effort to use government agencies and statist policies over the past 50 years. Yet, the poverty rate never fell below 10.5 percent and is now near 15.1 percent, Americans have lost 55 percent of their wealth in the past five years, and nearly 50 million Americans are struggling to make a living. Meanwhile, 126 agencies spending $1 trillion a year cannot seem to gain any ground. Statistics, however, fail to show the reality of the daily suffering endured by single mothers, working parents, and children in inner cities. Some serious flaws in the poverty rate’s calculation exist and are worth addressing. However, no one seriously doubts the prevalence or the destructive nature of poverty on both the national and international scale. For decades, progressive policies have trapped generations of Americans in poverty, bad schools and crime-ridden neighborhoods. ① It’s time for a better war on poverty. ② Economic statistics has been effective in political decision. ③ American government agencies have been successful in helping those who are in need. ④ Tax reform is necessary to mitigate the poverty. 문 13. 다음 글에서 추론할 수 있는 것은? In the 1980s, busybodies at the Center for Science in the Public Interest pushed the idea that America must replace traditional lard, butter, coconut and palm oil with saturated fats, margarine and shortening, all of which contained partially hydrogenated oils. The nutritionists scorned those substances, even though, as science author Gary Taubes observes, there’s no evidence of a causal link to the notion that more than the recommended consumption of saturated fats triggers death in anyone “not already at high risk of heart disease.” Some 30 years on, the scientific “consensus” has flipped, and saturated fats aren’t so terrible any more. We’re told that trans fats are the enemy of the arteries. Although the consumption of trans fats in the United States has been declining, the incidence of heart disease has not. ① There’s no need for the government to ban trans fats. ② Heart disease is mainly affected by diet. ③ Ridding artificial trans fats from America’s kitchens is necessary. ④ Government must make health decisions for people. 문 14. 다음 글의 제목으로 가장 적절한 것을 고르시오. Because women were not permitted to participate in theater productions in ancient Greece, male actors played female roles in dramatic productions. It was possible for actors to play a number of roles, male and female, due to the use of masks. This prevented audience members from identifying an actor’s face with one particular character in a play and served to eliminate the physical inconsistency of men pretending to be women. Specifically, masks with subtle modification allowed audience members to identify the gender, age, and social position of characters. They were also presented with special emotions, letting the audience know if a character was happy, sad, tired, or frightened. ① The Evolution of Theater Productions in Ancient Greece ② The Inconsistency of Mask Use and Its Criticisms in Greece ③ Why Women Couldn’t Act on Stage in Ancient Greece ④ Different Use of M asks that M ade Theater Available in Greece A형 8 쪽 문 15. 주어진 글 다음에 이어질 글의 순서로 가장 적절한 것을 고르시오. The majority of spider species are completely solitary creatures. They eat by themselves, create their own webs, and lay eggs before abandoning their offspring without providing any care. (A)Generations of spiders live and work together in a huge communal web, and with constant repairs, the meter-long nest can be maintained for several years. Consisting of a cluster of leaves and branches held together by silk, the webs will often reach up into the rain forest canopy. (B)However, in rain forests some spiders reside in colonies of up to 1,500 individuals. Adult spiders take care of young spiders and don't even distinguish between their own offspring and those of others. (C)The reason for collaboration among this unusual social group is that in the rain forest, webs often get destroyed by rain or the movements of large creatures. By working together, the spiders save energy as they fix damage caused by web-ripping storms and various animals. ① (A)-(B)-(C) ② (B)-(A)-(C) ③ (C)-(A)-(B) ④ (C)-(B)-(A) 문 16. 다음 밑줄 친 구의 해석을 보고, 순서를 알맞게 배열한 것으로 가장 적절한 것을 고르시오. Many baby birds are fed in the nest by their parents. They all open their mouth and scream, and the parent drops a worm in the open mouth of one of them. The loudness . (각각의 새끼가 지르는 소리의 크기는 그 새끼가 얼마나 배가 고픈가에 비례한다.) ① each baby screams are proportional to how hungry is he ② with each baby screams is proportional to how hungry he is ③ with which each baby screams is proportional to how hungry he is ④ with which each baby screams are proportional to how hungry is he 문 17. 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것을 고르시오. Coconuts are said to be used in India to catch monkeys. People take a coconut and make a little hole just big enough for a monkey to put its paw through. And inside the coconut, which is nailed to a tree, they put something sweet. So the monkey smells something nice inside, and puts his hand in. He catches hold of the sweet inside, so now he has a fist. But the hole is too small for the fist to get out. When the hunters come back, the monkey's caught. But of course, all the monkey has to do is let go. Nobody's holding the monkey except . ① the arbitrary selection out of affection ② the monkey's grasping greedy mind ③ the internal satisfaction of its cleverness ④ the temporary paralysis from the substance 문 18. 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것을 고르시오. We are what we eat. The diet of the animals we eat has a connection with the nutritional quality of our food itself. This should be self-evident, yet it is a truth often by the food industry in its desire to produce vast quantities of cheap animal protein. That greed has changed the diet of most of our food animals from plants to seeds, because animals grow faster and produce more milk on a high-energy diet of grain. But some of our food animals are ruminants that evolved to eat grass. If they eat too many seeds, they become sick. Therefore, do not force them to eat against their natural preference. *ruminants 반추동물 ① overlooked ② overdrawn ③ overpriced ④ overseen A형 9 쪽 문 19. 다음 글의 내용과 일치하지 않는 것은? Dear Mr. Jones, I have been researching our choices for internet providers over the past week, and I wanted to update you on my progress. We have two options: H.C. Cable and Toll South. Both offer business plans, and I will go over the pricing of each plan at the meeting on Tuesday. Both of the options I listed have comparable speed and data usage offerings as well. I called your personal provider, GoGo Satellite, but they did not have any business offerings. They primarily do residential internet service. I will talk with Joe and Susan in IT about these options and get their suggestions. I will also send out meeting requests to everyone, including Mr. Morris in operations. If you have any questions prior to the meeting, please let me know. Respectfully, Tina McAden ① 가격에 대해서는 화요일 회의에서 점검할 예정이다. ② H.C. Cable과 Toll South는 비슷한 서비스를 제공 한다. ③ 필자는 GoGo Satellite의 가정용 서비스를 이용하고 있다. ④ 필자는 IT 팀의 동료들에게 의견을 물어볼 예정이다. 문 20. 다음 글에서 전체 흐름과 관계 없는 문장을 고르시오. Our answer to the "How am I doing?" question depends on our own past experiences, aspirations, and expectations. ①However, the question is virtually never asked or answered in a social vacuum. ②"How am I doing?" almost always carries "compared to others" in parentheses. ③Social comparison provides an objective standard of one's actions and therefore can criticize task-oriented people. ④Many experiences are ambiguous enough that we are not completely sure what to make of them. Is a B+ a good grade on an exam? It is possible to derive approximate answer to question like this, but the approximate answer is not good enough without looking around others.
영어.pdf 2014 법원직 9급 영어 해설 강수정.pdf 2014 법원직 9급 영어 해설 김정연.pdf 【영어 25문】 ①책형 【문 1】다음 이메일의 제목으로 가장 적절한 것은? Subject:_______________________________ Inspired by the Special Olympics, this year's theme highlights competitive and charitable sports situations among Liz Claiborne, Inc., employees, their families, their friends. You might snap a shot of a friend or employee participating in a walkathon to raise funds, a five-mile run, or a company volleyball or soccer game. All Liz Claiborne, Inc., employees worldwide are encouraged to submit photos. The first, second, and third prizes will again be $500, $250, and $100. Now's the time for you to start taking pictures focused on the spirit of competition for Liz Claiborne people and friends! Because of the overwhelming number of entries last year, we're making one contest change this year. For further information call Rosemary at Extension 7645. ① The Special Olympic: Time and Place ② Annual Photography Contest of Liz Clarborne ③ Liz Claiborne's Advanced Service Quality ④ The Keynote Speech on Christmas Day 【문 2】밑줄 친 it이 가리키는 대상이 나머지 셋과 다른 것은? Anger makes problems for relationships when there is too much of ①it, and when people are unable to control the way they express it, and become, for instance, argumentative, aggressive, or violent. It also causes problems when people cannot express their anger and try to keep ②it hidden. It is normal, however, to feel angry at times, and it can also have useful effects. Anger can mobilize you to take action, for example, to set limits to the demands others make of you, to think about why something matters to you or to defend yourself if attacked. ③It can be constructively expressed, and prompt you to explain what ④it is that is distressing or alarming you, and to ask for what you need. 【문 3】다음 글의 내용으로 보아 글의 종류로 가장 적당한 것은? Are you embarrassed by excessive body hair or body hair in the most awkward areas? Well, you can remove unsightly, unwanted hair with laser hair removal treatment. Laser hair removal is a safe and effective medical procedure that uses laser light to remove unwanted hair painlessly within a few minutes. During the procedure, the laser passes through the skin and hits the hair follicle where hair growth originates. Thereafter, the intense heat destroys the hair follicle instantly, clearing the skin of any hair. Treat your legs, armpits, upper lip, chin, bikini line, and any other area. You can finally be free of unwanted body hair, so call our clinic today for more information. ① essay ② novel ③ advertisement ④ article 【문 4】다음 글에서 필자가 주장하는 바로 가장 적절한 것은? 'Zero tolerance' is a phrase that first came to light as a description of the crackdown on trivial crime. The aim of zero tolerance is to prevent petty criminals graduating to serious crime by imposing immediate and harsh sentences for trivial offences such as under-age drinking, small-scale drug use and dealing, shoplifting or vandalism. I think 'Zero tolerance' is an innovative and effective weapon to fight against crime. It sends a clear, tough message that the state will condemn and punish rather than be soft and 'understanding'. This stance functions as an effective deterrent to potential offenders, especially potential young offenders, and also raises public confidence in the police and judiciary. ① 훈화를 통해 잘못을 개선시킴이 가장 중요하다. ② 범죄에 맞선 다양한 대처 방안이 필요하다. ③ 재활센터를 운영해 범법자가 사회에 적응할 수 있도록 도와야 한다. ④ 정부는 소소한 범죄 행위에도 강력하게 대처하여야 한다. 【문 5】다음 글의 밑줄 친 부분 중 어법상 가장 옳지 않은 것은? Across the nation, East Timor ①has been involved in conflicts for more than 30 years to gain independence from Indonesia. In a ②war-torn country, people with intellectual challenges are often forgotten and abandoned. Alcino Pereira, an intellectually challenged orphan from East Timor, ③who is unable to speak, has never had access to health care. He can use one of his arms but only in a very limited way and walks with a limp. ④ Although these intellectual and physical challenges, he loves to run. In his worn-out shoes, Pereira runs every day in his home town of Dili. So he got his nickname, the “running man.” 【문 6】다음 글에 드러난 ‘I’의 심경으로 가장 적절한 것은? I still remember the incident that happened last summer. We were staying at a country inn that had a small movie theater. Before every evening's presentation, my husband and I instructed our three-year-old son to sit quietly. Except for an occasional whispered question, he concentrated on the movie quietly. The soundtrack, however, was impossible to hear. That's because two children bounced on their seats, talked loudly and raced up and down the aisles. Never once did I see their parents. After several evenings of this, I followed the children to the dining room. There sat their parents enjoying a relaxed meal. ① annoyed and irritated ② regretful and apologetic ③ cold and indifferent ④ frightened and scared 1교시 ①책형 전체 20-16 【영어 25문】 ①책형 【문 7】다음 글의 제목으로 가장 적절한 것은? A common but seriously hindering medical condition, stuttering is something that everyone wants to avoid if possible. Some people simply have a genetic predisposition towards stuttering, but there are other factors that contribute to it, though only a few are well understood. Learning a new language is often the cause for stuttering in children, but this is a rather benign form of stuttering. Some people have neurological problems that inhibit the proper brain functions regarding speech, and these problems are often the result of a stroke, accident, or some other trauma. However, the problem might be psychological, too, such as a severe lack of self-confidence or the presence of disproportionate stress. Also, behavioral disorders like autism and attention deficit disorder can lead to the speech disorder. ① The Common Symptoms of Stuttering ② Various Causes of Stuttering Conditions ③ The Factors that Aggravate Stuttering ④ The Harmful Effects of Stuttering 【문 8】다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? Have you ever stopped and spent some time thinking about the two amazing machines located at the ends of your arms? Your hands are really incredible: they work all day, hardly ever taking a break, but they rarely get tired. And not only are your hands strong, they are also __________ . Think about all the different things they do! They knock on doors and turn doorknobs. If you're hungry, they'll take the lid off a cookie jar and then put the cookies to your mouth! And if you are good at computer games, you can thank your hands for that, too. Whatever you are doing, your hands can help you. ① versatile ② tangible ③ eligible ④ genuine 【문 9】다음 밑줄 친 단어의 쓰임이 적절하지 않은 것은? Euphemisms are also problematic for English learners because they often contain more difficult words than their more direct ①counterparts. Learners of English, for instance, have to memorize that an old person can be referred to as "a senior citizen," while a police officer can be described as "a law-enforcement officer." They also have to learn to use euphemisms like "② vertically challenged" when they can get by with "short." Despite the burden that euphemisms pose on learners of English, it is clear that euphemisms are tools which allow us to talk about all kinds of things in ③impolite ways. As old euphemisms fall out of use and new ones come into use, English is ever ④evolving to handle every situation, pleasant or unpleasant. 【문10】글의 흐름으로 보아, 주어진 문장이 들어가기에 가장 알맞은 곳은? She recommended better meal planning, more protein and fresh vegetables, and supplements containing B vitamins, magnesium, and F-theanine. Angie was always anxious and impatient. She regularly skipped meals and ended up driving through fast-food restaurants to eat just as her blood sugar was crashing. ( ① ) Then she usually felt fuzzy brained and wanted to take a nap. ( ② ) She eventually sought the advice of a nutritionally oriented physician for her bouts of fatigue. ( ③ ) Her response to eating more protein - a rotisserie chicken and steamed vegetables on the first day - was nothing short of dramatic. ( ④ ) Several months later, Angie's sister described her as a new person - she slept more soundly and woke up feeling alert and energetic. 【문11】다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? In a new study, it was found that species that live in restrictive environments such as the tropics cannot adapt to a changing climate as well as species in more diverse environments. The reason is ________________. A species adapts to its environment and becomes better at surviving by undergoing physical and behavioral changes. These usually occur due to a gene mutation. If a species already has a more varied set of genes, it is more like to undergo the necessary changes. However, species in the tropics have less varied sets of genes. ① destroyed environment ② isolation from their habitat ③ attack from their predators ④ the lack of variation in their genes 【문12】다음 글의 주제로 가장 적절한 것은? Scientists are currently studying the navigational systems and locomotive strategies of insects to help design the next generation of autonomous robots and vehicles. Also, researchers have recently found that the flipper of the humpback whale is a more efficient wing design than the current model used by the aeronautics industry on airplanes. They are working to apply their findings to future airplane and automotive design. Similarly, engineers have used the rough skin of the shark as inspiration in developing a ridged foil coating for the wings of aircraft, a design which has resulted in six percent less friction and improved fuel efficiency. ① Borrowing from Nature ② The Wonders of Nature ③ The Future of Aerospace Industry ④ Why We Should Preserve Wild Life 1교시 ①책형 전체 20-17 【영어 25문】 ①책형 【문13】주어진 글 다음에 이어질 글의 순서는? President Roosevelt openly blamed the greed of many Americans for the Depression and acted to rectify the problem. At that time, people with a lot of currency or gold hoarded them and did not put them into banks because of the fear of losing their money. (A) It also allowed the government to seize the gold of private citizens in exchange for paper money. (B) This made the Depression worse because banks had no money and were forced to close. (C) In response, Roosevelt enacted the "Emergency Banking Act" which worked to shut down insolvent banks so that they could be reconstructed. ① (B) - (A) - (C) ② (B) - (C) - (A) ③ (C) - (A) - (B) ④ (C) - (B) - (A) 【문14】다음 글의 목적으로 가장 적절한 것은? Feel like a cup of tea, but don't have the time to brew one up? Take a "tea pill" instead. Indian tea scientists have produced a tea-flavored pill that can be chewed or quickly dissolved in hot or cold water. The brownish tablet weighs 0.3 grams and is composed of 80 percent tea and 20 percent their flavors. The inventors at the research center say that it peps you up just like a traditional tea. "You can suck it, chew it, or dissolve it in water the way you like to have it, and still feel the taste of a real cup of tea," they said. "As the liquid tea refreshes, this tea pill will also refresh people because it contains pure tea ingredients." They said the center had applied for a patent, and that the pill should hit the market in six months. ① 차의 성분과 효능을 알리려고 ② 차의 유래와 역사를 설명하려고 ③ 약 복용 시 주의사항을 알리려고 ④ 새로 시판될 알약 형태의 차를 소개하려고 【문15】다음 중 글의 내용과 일치하지 않는 것은? Heart attacks, which take about 550,000 lives each year, occur when the coronary arteries that supply blood to the heart muscle become obstructed. Without oxygen and other nutrients carried in the blood, heart tissue dies or is damaged. If too much tissue is affected, the heart is so weakened that it cannot pump. But even mild damage can kill by disrupting the electrical impulses that govern the heart's rhythmic beating. Each year, stroke claims another 170,000 lives, and is also caused by impeded blood flow, this time to the brain. * coronary artery : 심장의 관상동맥 ① 심장마비는 관상동맥이 막힐 때 발생한다. ② 산소가 없으면, 심장 조직이 손상을 입는다. ③ 심장 조직이 약간 손상되는 경우에는 큰 위험이 없다. ④ 뇌졸중은 매년 170,000명의 생명을 앗아간다. 【문16】다음 밑줄 친 부분 중, 지칭하는 대상이 나머지 셋과 다른 하나는? It's my Aunt Grace's practice to travel by bus and to notice what ①most people miss. One Saturday morning the 144 bus passed a busy intersection. She saw two young girls outfitted for camping. They looked nervous. When her bus arrived at the next intersection, she saw two young men outfitted in the same manner standing by a car. They were waiting for an appointment. Grace got off the bus and approached the young men. They spoke to her in a foreign accent. Grace described the girls she had seen, and the young men left. When ② the small happy band returned to thank her, what she had supposed was confirmed. There had, indeed, been a mix-up! Anxious to return good for good, ③the chattering little group insisted they be allowed to take her home. Grace refused. Instead, the young people crossed the avenue to gift shop and returned with a little cotton elephant. Now there is a remembrance in Grace's apartment, but there are also ④four young people who are bound to remember a friendly lady. 【문17】다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? Despite progress in the field of child and adolescent mental health, millions of young people every year do not get proper help. Only one in five children with a serious emotional disturbance actually uses specialized mental health services. Although today, child welfare services, the juvenile justice system, and our schools often provide care to children in need, none of these institutions has as its first priority the delivery of mental health care. In addition, the complexity of promoting collaboration across agency lines of all professionals serving the same child is daunting. All too often there is no cooperation, not enough money, and limited access to trained mental health professionals - and children and their families _________________________________. ① require their rights ② receive good health services ③ suffer the tragic consequences ④ are reluctant to go to hospitals 【문18】다음 글의 밑줄 친 부분 중, 어법상 가장 옳지 않은 것은? People who are satisfied appreciate what they have in life and don't worry about how it compares to ①which others have. Valuing what you have over what you do not or cannot have ②leads to greater happiness. Four-year-old Alice runs to the Christmas tree and sees wonderful presents beneath it. No doubt she has received fewer presents ③than some of her friends, and she probably has not received some of the things she most wanted. But at that moment, she doesn't ④stop to think why there aren't more presents or to wonder what she may have asked for that she didn't get. Instead, she marvels at the treasures before her. 1교시 ①책형 전체 20-18 【영어 25문】 ①책형 【문19】주어진 문장에 이어질 글의 순서로 가장 적절한 것은? It would be hard to find anything more controversial than the subject of cloning. People find it either totally fantastic or totally frightening. (A) But for most people, the cloning of humans is different. The idea of duplicating human beings the same way we make copies of book pages on a copy machine is terrible. (B) In addition, it could be useful in increasing the world's food supply by the cloning of animals. Bigger and healthier animals could be produced. (C) Cloning holds the promise of cures for what are now incurable diseases, sight for the blind, hearing for the deaf, new organs to replace old worn-out ones. ① (A) - (C) - (B) ② (B) - (A) - (C) ③ (C) - (A) - (B) ④ (C) - (B) - (A) 【문20】글의 흐름상 밑줄 친 부분이 문맥에 맞지 않는 것은? Britain caused hardship in the Indian cloth industry by putting a 30 percent import tax on Indian cloth. This made Indian cloth too ①expensive to sell in Britain. When the Indian lost their British customers, their cloth industry was ruined. Then British cloth factories profited by selling British cloth to the Indians. The Indian people were ②discontent under British rule. In 1930 Mohandas Gandhi took up the cause of Indian independence. He encouraged Indians to protest in nonviolent ways. He encouraged them not to pay taxes to the British, and he ③resisted a boycott of British-made product. After great struggle, both nonviolent and violent, the British ④withdrew, and in 1947 India became a self-governing, independent country. ① expensive ② discontent ③ resisted ④ withdrew 【문21】다음 글의 제목으로 가장 알맞은 것은? A study by the USA's Northwestern University provides biological evidence that people who are bilingual have a more powerful brain. Drs Viorica Marian and Nina Kraus investigated how bilingualism affects the brain. They found that studying another language "fine-tunes" people's attention span and enhances their memory. In particular they discovered that when language learners attempt to understand speech in another language, it activates and energizes the brainstem – an ancient part of the brain. Professor Kraus stated: "Bilingualism serves as enrichment for the brain and has real consequences when it comes to attention and working memory." ① The Effect of Bilingualism on Brain ② Tips for Learning Foreign Languages ③ The Negative Effect of Bilingualism ④ The Necessity of Learning Foreign Languages 【문22】다음 문장이 들어갈 위치로 가장 적절한 곳은? However, poor people began making their own boxes and asking employers and customers for money in recognition of their service. Have you ever heard of Boxing Day? It's a holiday celebrated in the United Kingdom and British Commonwealth countries on December 26 every year. ( ① ) Some people say that the ancient Roman tradition of gift giving during the winter festival inspired Boxing Day, but no one knows for certain. ( ② ) This gift giving eventually took the form of placing alms boxes in churches on Christmas Day so that people could drop coins into them for later distribution to poor people. These early "Christmas Boxes" were made of clay and had holes cut in their tops but no 'stoppers' at the bottoms. It was "smashing fun" opening them! ( ③ ) During the seventeenth century, the alms-box of giving stopped. ( ④ ) From that time on, it became a tradition to give money to delivery people and other service workers on Boxing Day. 【문23】다음 (A), (B), (C)에서 문맥에 맞는 낱말로 가장 적절한 것은? Companies often seek the services of well-known sports or entertainment personalities to promote their products. Although this is a good practice when the person embodies wholesome qualities, it can backfire when the person engages in scandalous or (A)moral / immoral behavior. In such cases, the public comes to associate antisocial behavior with the product, and will avoid buying it. It is advisable that before deciding whom to star, a complete background check be made. If a person has exhibited (B)desirable / undesirable behavior in the past, he will probably exhibit undesirable behavior in the future. Also, the contract should cancel automatically, should the personality bring (C)credit / discredit to the product advertised. (A) (B) (C) ① moral --- desirable --- credit ② moral --- desirable --- discredit ③ immoral --- undesirable --- credit ④ immoral --- undesirable --- discredit 1교시 ①책형 전체 20-19 【영어 25문】 ①책형 【문24】주어진 글 다음에 이어질 글의 순서는? The only way for different marine animals to survive in their harsh aquatic environment is to help each other. This is especially true in the case of the clownfish and the poisonous sea anemone. (A) Other fish, fearing the anemone's poison, won't attack the clownfish there. (B) On the other hand, the anemone benefits by eating leftover food provided by the clownfish. (C) In return for cleaning the anemone, the clownfish, which is not affected by the anemone's poison, lives safely among the animal's tentacles. ① (B) - (A) - (C) ② (B) - (C) - (A) ③ (C) - (A) - (B) ④ (C) - (B) - (A) 【문25】다음 글의 요지로 가장 적절한 것은? ABC Airlines uses the same scent everywhere, for instance, in the perfume worn by its flight attendants, in its hot towels, and in other elements of its service. Among the sensory elements, using a scent is a relatively recent marketing strategy adopted by many retailers. More and more research shows that smell affects consumer behavior, which stimulates the demand for scent marketing by stores, hotels, and even museums. Advertising studies in Martin Lindstrom's book Brand Sense suggest that although most contemporary commercial messages are aimed at our eyes, many of the emotional moments people remember on a given day are actually prompted by smell. ① Certain scents energize us for work. ② Sense of sight is mightier than sense of smell. ③ The demand for scent marketing is increasing. ④ Our sense of smell becomes dull over the years. 1교시 ①책형 전체 20-20
영어(A).pdf 영어(C).pdf 2014 사복직 9급 영어 해설 강수정.pdf 2014 사복직 9급 영어 해설 리스공.pdf 2014 사복직 9급 영어 해설 문민.pdf 2014 사복직 9급 영어 해설 이동기.hwp 2014 사복직 9급 영어 해설 제석강.pdf 2014 사복직 9급 영어 해설 한덕현.pdf 영 어 A 책형 1 쪽 영 어 ※ 밑줄 친 부분에 들어갈 표현으로 가장 적절한 것을 고르시오. [문 1 ∼ 문 4] 문 1. In his book, Marco Polo does not mention the important invention of paper, which was first introduced by the Chinese. The Moors, having been taught by Chinese paper makers, brought paper into Europe. By the twelfth century Spain and then France knew the art of papermaking, thanks to their Moorish invaders. However, at that time, most of the European printing continued to be done on parchment, since the paper was considered too _________________. ① convenient ② durable ③ fragile ④ fervent 문 2. Unless disposed of in a responsible way, batteries are detrimental to the environment and humans. That’s because batteries sometimes contain heavy metals, which, if __________, don't really leave the organism's body. ① ingested ② disgusted ③ suggested ④ evacuated 문 3. The exhibitors at the trade fair __________ free samples to stimulate interest. ① pull through ② pass out ③ put aside ④ pay for 문 4. My mother does not like sports. That's why she walks out of the room whenever my father _________________ sports. ① turns down ② catches out ③ brings up ④ copes with ※ 밑줄 친 부분 중 어법상 옳지 않은 것을 고르시오. [문 5 ∼ 문 6] 문 5. Sometimes a sentence fails to say ① what you mean because its elements don't make proper connections. Then you have to revise by shuffling the components around, ② juxtapose those that should link, and separating those that should not. To get your meaning across, you not only have to choose the right words, but you have to put ③ them in the right order. Words in disarray ④ produce only nonsense. ① what ② juxtapose ③ them ④ produce 문 6. When I was growing up, many people asked me ① if I was going to follow in my father's footsteps, to be a teacher. As a kid, I remember ② saying, "No way. I'm going to go into business." Years later I found out that I actually love teaching. I enjoyed teaching because I taught in the method ③ in which I learn best. I learn best via games, cooperative competition, group discussion, and lessons. Instead of punishing mistakes, I encouraged mistakes. Instead of asking students to take the test on their own, they ④ required to take tests as a team. In other words, action first, mistakes second, lessons third, laughter fourth. ① if ② saying ③ in which ④ required ※ 우리말을 영어로 잘못 옮긴 것을 고르시오. [문 7 ∼ 문 8] 문 7. ① 그가 전화를 하고 나서야 나는 지갑을 잃어버린 것을 알았다. → I did realize I had lost my wallet until he called me. ② 그를 보는 순간, 그가 범인이라는 감이 왔다. → The moment I saw him, I had a feeling that he was the criminal. ③ 그는 대통령 선거에서 누가 이기든 상관하지 않을 것이다. → He won’t care who wins the presidential election. ④ 초록 단추를 눌러야 한다. 그렇지 않으면 작동하지 않을 것이다. → You have to press the green button; otherwise it won't work. 문 8. ① 당신은 그 영화를 봤어야 했다. → You should have watched the movie. ② 당신을 성공으로 이끄는 것은 재능이 아니라 열정이다. → It is not talent but passion that leads you to success. ③ 시간을 엄수하는 것은 모든 사람들이 갖추어야 할 미덕이다. → Being punctual is the virtue everyone has to have. ④ 사람들은 나이가 들면서 엄해지는 경향이 있다. → People tend to be strict as though they got old. ※ 밑줄 친 부분에 들어갈 표현으로 가장 적절한 것을 고르시오. [문 9 ∼ 문 10] 문 9. A : I'll let you into a secret. B : What's that? A : I heard your boss will be fired soon. B : It can't be true. How is that happening? A : It's true. This is strictly between us. OK? B : All right. ___________________________ ① I'll spell it. ② I can't share that with you. ③ I'll keep it to myself. ④ I heard it through the grapevine. 영 어 A 책형 2 쪽 문 10. A : It's so hot in here! Do you have air-conditioning in your apartment? B : You see that air-conditioner over there? But the problem is, it's not powerful enough. A : I see. B : But I don't care, cause I'm going to move out anyway. A : _____________________________________ B : Well, I had to wait until the lease expired. ① You should've moved out a long time ago. ② You should've turned it on. ③ You should've bought another one. ④ You should've asked the landlord to buy one. ※ 다음 글의 요지로 가장 적절한 것을 고르시오. [문 11 ∼ 문 12] 문 11. There is widespread fear among policy makers and the public today that the family is disintegrating. Much of that anxiety stems from a basic misunderstanding of the nature of the family in the past and a lack of appreciation for its resiliency in response to broad social and economic changes. The general view of the family is that it has been a stable and relatively unchanging institution through history and is only now undergoing changes; in fact, change has always been characteristic of it. ① The structure of the family is disintegrating. ② The traditional family system cannot adapt to broad social changes. ③ Contrary to the general view, change has always characterized the family. ④ The family has been a stable unit but is undergoing changes nowadays. 문 12. Biologists often say that the tallest tree in the forest is the tallest not just because it grew from the hardiest seed. They say that is also because no other trees blocked its sunlight, the soil around it was rich, no rabbit chewed through its bark, and no lumberjack cut it down before it matured. We all know that successful people come from hardy seeds. But do we know enough about the sunlight that warmed them, the soil where they put down the roots, and the rabbits and lumberjacks they were lucky enough to avoid? They are beneficiary of hidden advantages and extraordinary opportunities and cultural legacies. ① Success comes through the disadvantages. ② Heroes are born in bad circumstances. ③ Success arises out of the accumulation of advantages. ④ Success depends on the efforts of the individual. ※ 다음 글의 제목으로 가장 적절한 것을 고르시오. [문 13 ∼ 문 14] 문 13. The digital world offers us many advantages, but if we yield to that world too completely we may lose the privacy we need to develop a self. Activities that require time and careful attention, like serious reading, are at risk; we read less and skim more as the Internet occupies more of our lives. And there’s a link between self-hood and reading slowly, rather than scanning for quick information, as the Web encourages us to do. Recent work in sociology and psychology suggests that reading books, a private experience, is an important aspect of coming to know who we are. ① In Praise of Slow Reading ② In Praise of Artificial Memory ③ In Praise of Digital World ④ In Praise of Private Life 문 14. The heavy eye make-up favored by ancient Egyptians may have been good for the eyes. Lead is usually a risk to health. But the study by French scientists published in the journal Analytical Chemistry suggests that the lead salt in the cosmetics helps prevent and treat eye illness. At very low levels, salts promote the action of cells in the immune system to fight off bacteria that can cause eye infections. The scientists from the Louvre Museum and the CNRS research institute also found that the lead salts found in the make-up could actually have a positive effect to protect people against eye disease. ① Egyptians Suffering from Lead ② Eye Make-up Has Health Benefits ③ Eye Make-up Causes Eye Infections ④ Cosmetics Attract People's Attention 문 15. 다음 문장이 들어갈 위치로 가장 적절한 것은? Such large numbers are necessary since blood reserves are perishable and constantly need to be replenished. New York City Blood Center has experienced a constant shortage in blood donation. ( A ) To meet the needs, approximately 2,000 people need to donate blood every day to maintain its supplies. ( B ) One pint of donated blood can save up to three lives. ( C ) And one out of every three people will need a life-saving transfusion at some point in their lifetimes. ( D ) Donate blood through the New York City Blood Center. ① A ② B ③ C ④ D 영 어 A 책형 3 쪽 ※ 밑줄 친 부분에 들어갈 표현으로 가장 적절한 것을 고르시오. [문 16 ∼ 문 17] 문 16. In fact, newspapers and magazines often stress that they print the news "straight." But the big problem is that there is the variable of human observation. For example, suppose 10 people view an accident, and afterwards, they are interviewed by a reporter. Each one offers a slightly different version. The overlap and its consistencies in their views all go into reconstructing what happened. The absolute truth is impossible to discover because each one saw the accident from a different position. In conclusion, many factors make it difficult to _________ the truth. ① conceal ② disapprove ③ distort ④ discriminate 문 17. Although intimately related, sensation and perception play two complementary but different roles in how we interpret our world. Sensation refers to the process of sensing our environment through touch, taste, sight, sound, and smell. This information is sent to our brains in raw form where perception comes into play. Perception is the way we interpret these sensations and therefore make sense of everything around us. To illustrate the difference between sensation and perception, take the example of a young baby. Its eyes take the same data as those of an adult. But its perception is entirely different because it has no idea of what it is looking at. With experience, perception enables us to assume that ______________________________________, even when we can only see part of it, creating useful information of the surroundings. ① the whole of an object is present ② objects are impossible to identify ③ optical illusion is caused by our brain ④ our perception gives us inadequate information 문 18. 다음 글의 주제로 가장 적절한 것은? According to Dr. Weil, green tea is prepared in a much more gentle fashion than ordinary black tea. Green tea leaves are steamed, rolled and dried to preserve the antioxidant compounds that give us health benefits. Dr. Weil suggests this antioxidant protects our heart by lowering cholesterol and boosting metabolism, and guards against cancer by removing radicals that can damage cells and push them in the direction of uncontrolled growth. Green tea also has antibacterial properties, which help prevent and fight illness. In China, green tea has been used as a medicine for at least 400 years, and numerous studies are reporting drinking green tea brings positive aspects to their health. ① advice for curing cancer ② food choices making us positive ③ manner of drinking and serving tea ④ health advantages of drinking green tea 문 19. 다음 글의 addax에 대한 설명과 일치하지 않는 것은? The addax is a large antelope with long and thin spiral horns with two and sometimes three twists. Its coat is grayish brown in the winter and changes to nearly white in the summer. The addax is a desert creature and hardly ever needs water except from the drops of water it gets from eating plants. The addax prefers to travel through the desert at night in search of sparse vegetation in the desert that manages to grow during rainfall. It is believed that the female gives birth to just one calf after a pregnant period of 8 to 9 months. There are only a few hundred left in the wild. Excessive hunting for its flesh and hide seems to be the main cause of decline for the addax. ① 여름에는 털이 거의 흰색으로 변한다. ② 식물을 통해 다량의 물을 섭취한다. ③ 식물을 찾기 위해 밤에 사막을 돌아다니는 것을 좋아한다. ④ 암컷은 한 번에 새끼를 한 마리씩 낳는다고 여겨진다. 문 20. 다음 글의 ㉠, ㉡에 들어갈 가장 적절한 것은? In the mid to late 1990s, Brazil was one of Latin America's fastest growing economies and "was the darling of the international investment community." In particular, the country's middle class was experiencing significant work-related opportunities to improve its standard of living. ㉠ , the effects of late-1990 economic "meltdowns" in Russia and Asia were crippling for the Brazilian economy. ㉡ , the global economic turmoil resulted in a decline in sales of 27.5 percent from 1997 to 1998 for Brazil's automobile industry alone. In response to the nation's crisis, the country's president instituted a major currency devaluation. In 1998, employers eliminated over 580,000 jobs. The fortunes of the middle class became bleak as job losses found them unable to cope with the demands of financial purchases they made during the "good times." ㉠ ㉡ ① However Nevertheless ② However For example ③ Therefore Similarly ④ Therefore On the other hand